Conifers will be an exquisite decoration for any garden. If you pick up certain dwarf varieties, then you can decorate even a very small area in this way.
Thuja Danica owes its unusual beauty to a slender trunk and small leaves of bright green color. The plant is used for alleys and hedges. You can plant thuja in a rock garden, and it will become the color accent of any composition of restrained tones.
The shrub reaches a height of 80 cm, and the crown diameter is about a meter. Danica is not growing very quickly, which is convenient enough for a small area. Its needles do not require special care. An interesting feature: the leaf cover of the bush changes color in the cold season, becoming almost brown.
Thuja Danica is resistant to frost, grows well on poor soils. It is better to fertilize the soil before planting, and lighten the heavy soil by introducing drainage materials.
This species is more common in Eastern Siberia and the Far East, as well as in Japan, Korea and Manchuria. Dwarf pine is a shrub with a usually curved trunk and branches creeping along the ground. If a tree is directed upward, it grows no more than 5 m.
This pine grows rather slowly and reaches two meters in height by the age of twenty. It has soft and fluffy needles with small shiny cones, the seeds of which can be eaten. Thanks to the shallow root system, the shrub will easily adapt to stony or sandy soils.
The plant does not like overheating and stagnant water. Its resistance to frost is high. Ephedra is most often planted in rockeries or on a slope to anchor it.
This is one of the smallest varieties of mountain pine. Breeders from Great Britain worked on its creation.
Susie grows very slowly, by the age of 20 she reaches 30 cm in height with the same crown width. The shoots are quite strong, and the needles are light green in color, short, with needles collected in bunches. The crown looks a little flattened, it is almost perfectly flat at the edges, with small bumps.
Due to the small annual growth, the plant has become a favorite of designers in small summer cottages. Susie is undemanding to soil, the main thing is that the soil is well drained. The tree is frost-resistant, loves sunlight, does not need abundant watering.
An important point: the plant easily tolerates air pollution, which makes it suitable for large cities. It can also grow in the shade. Dwarf pine is often used to create undersized decorative compositions.
Spruce Minuta forms an almost perfectly even spherical crown; in an adult tree, it is decorated with miniature cones. Young shoots are bright green, later they darken somewhat. The multicolored spots of dwarf fir trees are delightful to look at along the hedge of a small garden.
The plant is sensitive enough to frost, so in cold weather it will have to be covered. It does not like swampiness, and in case of stagnant water, the soil is drained by introducing natural material. However, along streams and rivers, this dwarf ephedra feels quite well.
The tree prefers sandy loam and loamy acidic soils. Grows well in shade and tolerates dry climates.
Icebreaker fir is a relatively new variety. The crown of the tree grows up to 1.2 m wide and resembles a lush volumetric pillow. At the same time, the height of the ephedra is only 0.8 m. Sometimes leading shoots appear on mature trees, which form a multi-stemmed crown.
The fir needles are deep green, and the bottom is silvery-white, soft to the touch. Its beams are twisted in such a way that the lower surface becomes immediately visible to the observer. This color does not go unnoticed by landscape designers: fir is used with pleasure in rockeries compositions and in open areas next to low perennials.
Volterdingen larch is a nest-shaped dwarf tree. By the age of 10, it reaches 0.4 m in height. The diameter of the crown is about 0.7 m. The shoots are even, there is almost the same distance between them, which makes the appearance of the tree ideal. At the ends of the branches, dense, slightly twisted needles of a bluish-green hue.
Larch is planted in a rock garden along with other conifers. With its help, you can zone a site or arrange a row of trees along a path or path.
Volterdingen larch grows well in sunny areas, tolerates the heat of temperate latitudes. For a small garden, this is just a godsend. With easy maintenance, the plant is able to give the territory a special presentability due to its unique decorative qualities.
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To spray such trees, it will take less time, which significantly saves both time and material resources. Plus, the simplicity of harvesting, as well as the fact that the number of broken fruits is reduced, acts as a plus. Fruiting is observed annually, the fruits themselves look better and have larger shapes.
The disadvantages of this solution include the fact that miniature crops have a shorter life span. The root system is located on the surface, so the trees can be damaged by strong winds.
Conifers are found everywhere today, but it is difficult not to get confused in the variety of species. Many names are familiar to gardeners, but not all decorative forms are recognizable. For the convenience of the representatives of the coniferous world, they are classified by height. Tall ones grow from 10 m and more, medium-sized ones - from 3 to 9 m, and undersized ones - no more than 3 m.
Of tall specimens, the following are recognized as popular for growing in the open field:
Medium-sized and low-growing conifers are the most popular, since they do not overload the territory, they are easier to combine with other plants. Representatives of medium height, who most of all prefer to land the owners of suburban areas:
Without creeping and dwarf conifers, the design of alpine slides and rockeries would not have been possible. Low-growing conifers in the garden have their own decorative value.
Interesting for the garden will be:
These are just a few examples of evergreens. Due to the variety of species in nature and the activities of breeders, today you can purchase a huge number of copies to create a unique garden style.
In terms of placement, decorative conifers are universal. They are original alone and in a group, and the composition can consist only of conifers or supplemented with deciduous ones. One of the popular solutions is to land on a smoothly mowed lawn. Dwarf varieties are purchased for framing garden paths, artificial reservoirs. Spiny centenarians successfully take root on retaining walls and in rocky gardens.
One of the main tasks of a landscape designer is with what to combine conifers. Spherical and columnar crowns look good in one ensemble. Some examples of successful combinations:
You can create multi-tiered mixborders from tall and dwarf conifers, cereals, flowering shrubs. Planting next to conifers is preferable:
The choice of coniferous trees for planting is done on the basis of its description: what it likes, requirements for light and humidity, whether pruning or feeding is needed. The group of plants should be selected taking into account the growing conditions and external characteristics. It will not be possible to isolate one plant, since the whole group has the same soil, the amount of light and moisture.
Video with an example of garden design.
In order for conifers to please the eye both in winter and in summer, they need constant care... An important role is played by the location of the plant. The ideal planting spot is a semi-shaded spot in the corner of the garden. The soil should be sufficiently moistened, and the level of its fertility can be medium, since you can always add the missing elements yourself by applying the appropriate fertilizers. However, any rule has its exceptions - pines grow better in the sun, and yews and spruces feel quite comfortable in the shade.
If you only planning to plant conifers and shrubs, then you should not worry about the lack of black soil on your site - they will need only 20-25 cm of fertile land. As a last resort, apply a small layer of black soil and some fertilizers. It is also recommended to mulch the soil - this will save it from sharp freezing during the onset of frost and protect it from weeds.
Useful withthe properties of conifers were known to people five centuries ago... This is confirmed by the found tablets of the most ancient civilization - the Sumerians. By planting only a few units of yew or juniper in your garden. You will arrange a "health resort" right next to your home, and conifers will "thank" you for your care and attention for many years to come.