Shelling beans and asparagus

From readers' letters
A neighbor at the dacha suggested trying her new product - pickled green beans. It turned out - very tasty. We want to sow beans next year. Does she have any special requirements?

Hulling bush beans

Green bean pods, properly prepared, not only tasty, but also very useful. And it's no coincidence that frozen beans are so expensive in supermarkets. And if your desire to grow it continues until next spring, then this is commendable. Indeed, bean pods contain a lot of protein, therefore, in terms of energy value, it is equal to meat. There are vitamins, mineral salts and amino acids, and they are the same as in beef.

Traditional healers it is recommended to drink an aqueous infusion of vegetable beans in the initial stages of diabetes mellitus, this reduces the blood sugar content by a quarter.

Like many other heat-loving plants, beans are sown when the soil at a depth of 10 cm warms up to a temperature not lower than + 10 ° С. This usually happens (depending on the season) in the third decade of May or early June, when there is no threat of return frosts. If the bean plants are exposed to cold temperatures, they will die.

The beans are sown not very deeply: on light soils they are deepened by 4-5 cm, on heavy ones - by 3-4 cm. The fact is that during germination, seedlings of asparagus beans bring their thick cotyledons to the surface of the earth (see photo). On very dense ground, this will be difficult. Therefore, it is advisable to add a sufficient amount of organic matter - humus to the garden allotted for sowing beans in the fall, compost... Now is the time to start preparing future ridges.

In the spring, when sowing, the seeds are placed in rows at a distance of 10-12 cm from one another, but a distance is left between the rows, depending on the size of the future bush. If it is compact, then 25 cm is enough; for spreading bushes, up to half a meter is left between the rows.

Curly beans

As you know, there are two types of beans - shelling beans (when ripe, mature beans are husked from the pods, which are used for cooking various dishes, and asparagus - this is exactly what your neighbor treated you to. juicy and without fibers, so they are boiled in an unripe state, pickled, etc. Varieties of asparagus beans come with green and yellow pods, which look very nice in jars after conservation.

In addition, there are curly and bush beans. Also, the varieties of shelling beans differ in the color of the beans. They are white, red, yellow, variegated, black.

Beans love warmth, but they also cannot withstand extreme heat.

One summer resident complained to me that this summer the beans were not pollinated in her entire garden, and curly varieties also suffered. This is because in their area (in Belarus) the heat was up to + 30 ° C and higher, and there was no opportunity to water often, knocking down the heat. As you know, the optimum temperature for the growing season of beans is + 25 ... + 28 ° C.

Most often, gardeners and summer residents grow asparagus beansespecially in the Central Region and the Northwest, because it reaches the phase where juicy pods can be removed quite quickly. And shelling varieties may not have time to ripen.

Experienced gardeners plant beans several times at 10-day intervals to constantly re-harvest. You can sow it this way until mid-July, then harvesting until the fall. Hulling varieties ripen up to three months and longer, therefore it is most often grown in more southern regions.

Longest pod

Now there are many varieties of beans of all kinds - both asparagus and shelling. The asparagus variety Saks 615 is very popular - it is bushy, up to 40 cm high.Forms tubular juicy pods up to 12 cm long.

Another variety of asparagus beans known among gardeners is Caramel. This is also an early variety. Ripens in 60 days.

Ten days earlier than the previous varieties, the Oil King variety ripens. It is a bushy plant with delicate delicacy pods up to 25 cm long.

Among the asparagus varieties there are also curly ones, for example, the Golden Nectar variety. It ripens in 60-70 days. Its pods are yellow, up to 25 cm long.

Among the peeling varieties, gardeners are in demand for the varieties Dream of the Hostess, Gribovskaya (ripens in 90 days), Zolotistaya and others.

Beans in ornamental gardening

You can extend the growing time of beans. To do this, gardeners cover the garden bed in spring with a film two to three weeks before sowing, warming the soil. Do not remove it even after the emergence of shoots, in order to maintain warmth inside for this sissy.

Beans have another useful property. She like peas and other legumes, accumulates nitrogen in the nodules on the roots, enriching soil... Therefore, experts recommend chopping the roots and all the tops of beans in the fall and embedding them in the soil, improving its structure and fertility.

If you have any unsightly structure on your site, then you can decorate it by growing some climbing plants... But you can get two benefits at once if you sow curly beans near its wall and let its stems along guides, for example, twine, to the roof of the building. As a result, you will get a green screen of bean leaves, decorativeness will complement its flowers. And later, pods will appear there - you will also harvest the crop.

E. Valentinov
Photo by Tatiana Lybina, Olga Rubtsova and the author

What are the best beans

In all the variety of varieties of beans for each specific case of its cultivation, there are certain representatives that are best suited for these conditions. They are usually the result of selection (both professional and amateur) in which the most important characteristics are selected for the desired use.

At the same time, varieties, subspecies or hybrids of a universal type were often obtained, both in their culinary properties (for example, the ability not to lose taste during shock freezing), and in the characteristics of cultivation and resistance to diseases. An example of such results are asparagus varieties of American selection - they are unpretentious in cultivation, disease resistant and versatile in use.

The best varieties of beans for open ground

Polka. A mid-ripening subspecies with a ripening period of 6-8 weeks. The size of the bushes is not more than 50 cm. The pods are relatively short - up to 12 cm, white-green. They contain up to 4-6 large white beans weighing up to 2 g. Taste properties are excellent. Resistant to bacteriosis, anthracnose and mosaic.

Ruby. Refers to late-ripening varieties with a ripening time of up to 2.5 months. The size of the bushes is 25-35 cm. The amount of green mass is small. The beans are maroon in color, sometimes with white spots. This subspecies is ideal for growing as undersized beans in the open field. Has increased drought resistance. Productivity up to 3.5 kg per sq. m. It has a high protein content and good taste.

Spanish white. A peeling subspecies with short pods (11-12 cm) with 3-5 large white beans. Bean seeds of this variety weigh about 7 g. It has a late ripening period - up to 75 days. A bush with curly stems, up to 2 m high. Fruits have an excellent taste and are ideal for stewing and preserving.

The most productive varieties of beans

Turk. It belongs to the most productive varieties of beans, the maximum yield reaches 500 kg per one hundred square meters. Bred relatively recently in Russia. The height of the bushes is very large - up to 2.5-3 m. The pods are long, dark green with purple strokes (or yellowish with purple) up to 20 cm long, about 2 cm thick. The fruits have a flattened shape. Ripening dates are late.

Octave. Also a tall plant, reaching 3 m. Bred in Russia by the company Gavrish. Unlike Turchanka, it has earlier maturity dates - about 48 days. Fruit pods up to 30 cm long, inside there are a dozen round-shaped beans. The yield is high - about 400 kg per one hundred square meters.

Lambada. A medium late ripening shrub (about 65-70 days), bred by Aelita. It has curly stems that require support. Pods of medium length, up to 15-16 cm, 7-9 medium-sized beans are located in them. The pods are greenish with purple spots, the beans are green, they also have a slight spotting. The yield reaches 350 kg per one hundred square meters.

Low-growing beans

Aida Gold. The plant is considered dwarf - its growth rarely exceeds 26-32 cm. It has a low yield, no more than 110-130 kg per hundred square meters. It can be grown with equal success in greenhouses and in the open air. However, the subspecies has a strong dependence on the weather: ripening times can vary from 65 to 80 days. During technical ripeness, the pods turn yellow. Even fully ripe, the fruits do not crumble for a long time.

Moscow white green-leafed 556. Low-growing mid-season subspecies. The size of the plant reaches 25-30 cm. The leaves have an emerald hue and a characteristic gloss. The pods are white-green, no more than 12 cm in size. They contain medium-sized and white beans. The fruits have excellent taste. The variety is undemanding in care, well adapted to an arid climate. In rainy weather, the roots do not rot. Ripeness occurs in 7-8 weeks.

Dewdrop. The height of the bushes is in the range of 30-40 cm. The yellow pods are 10-12 cm long. Inside them there are up to 12 beans of snow-white color with a mass of about 2.5-3 g. The yield at this size rarely exceeds 1.2 kg per 1 square meter. m. Reach ripeness within 7-8 weeks, depending on weather conditions. The fruits have good taste and can be successfully preserved.

Early bean varieties

Saksa 615. Representative of fiberless green beans. A subspecies of domestic selection, produced about 70 years ago. It has large fruits, the ripeness of which occurs one and a half months after planting. The growth of the bushes continues until they reach 45 cm. The ovaries contain up to a dozen fruit pods, up to 12 cm long, they contain up to 8-12 seeds weighing from 2 to 5 g. Yield indicators are about 200 kg per one hundred square meters.

The oil king. One of the most common early maturing subspecies. The time to maturity is 6-7 weeks. On one square. m you can arrange three dozen bushes, they are so compact. Thin and long pods (25 cm long and 2-2.5 cm in diameter) are located very densely and tightly, which allows you to get solid yields, up to 250 kg from one hundred square meters. The color of the fruit is honey. Each pod contains no more than 6 peas weighing 4-5 g. It is considered a versatile plant, since it is used fresh, canned and frozen.

Inga. Shelling type of beans. Ripening time from 6 to 8 weeks. The weight of fruits removed from one hundred square meters is up to 200 kg. The color of the pods and fruits is bright white, without any spots or marks. Sometimes there is a barely noticeable wrinkling of the fruit, which does not affect their taste in any way. The size of the plant is up to 35 cm in height and 20-30 cm in width. The variety is equally good in all forms of preparation - from boiled to preservation and freezing.

Bean varieties for freezing

Golden nectar. It is an asparagus crop with weaving stems. It has a height of up to 3.5 m. Ripening time later - up to 10 weeks. Fruit pods are golden in color and up to 30 cm in size. Numerous flowers are bright white. The fruits are also white in color. The yield of this variety is high - more than 300 kg per one hundred square meters. Perfectly retains its taste properties when frozen and preserved.

Crane. Representative of American Asparagus Bean. A universal sugar variety. The size of the bushes is 50 by 40 cm. Fruit pods look like elongated cylinders of emerald color. Ripens very early - by the middle of the 7th week. One hundred square meters can be harvested up to 250 kg. Increased resistance to disease.

Flamingo. Mid-season sugar-type variety. The size of the bushes is about 60 cm. Fruit pods are about 17 cm in size. Their color is variegated, with white blotches. The fruits are of the same color. They are large and juicy. The yield is about 300 kg per one hundred square meters. Technical ripeness, when the fruits are suitable for freezing, is 8-9 weeks.

Canned beans

Kidney. The height of the bushes is from 0.2 to 0.6 m. The pods are up to 10 cm long, they contain up to 12 beans. Fruits weighing up to 1 g are kidney-shaped and purple in color. When heat treated, the color changes to pink. Ideal for cooking and preserving. It is believed that the plant has medicinal properties - it is recommended to use it for diabetes and rheumatism.

Akito. It belongs to climbing plants. The height of the bushes can reach 1.5-2 m. It has black fruits with light areas, which have a characteristic mushroom aroma. The pods are relatively thin. Despite this, the yield can reach 250 kg per hundred square meters. A feature of the plant is its high resistance to the main crop pest - the caryopsis.

Gina. Asparagus variety, up to 50 cm high. Pods are green, medium length (up to 17 cm), slightly curved. It has an excellent taste that lasts when preserved. Ripening time is about 50 days. Productivity up to 300 kg per one hundred square meters.

Varieties popular with Russian gardeners

There are a lot of varieties of beans, so a preliminary study of their description, advantages and disadvantages can make the choice.

Bush beans

Russian gardeners got acquainted with beans relatively recently, but they appreciated this culture very quickly. The most popular with them are bush asparagus varieties, but other varieties are also grown:

  • Saks without fiber 615. The variety was created in the USSR in the 40s of the last century. Large beans of early ripening, pods are formed in 45-50 days. They grow up to 9–12 cm in length, slightly curved. Lime beans. The plants are very compact, the height of the bush does not exceed 35–40 cm. Each pod contains 4–10 beans weighing 5–5.2 g. The variety is valued for its good yield (over 2 kg / m²). This is achieved due to the fact that there are 6-10 pods in each sinus. It also noted the presence of good immunity against diseases typical of the culture, especially those caused by viruses and bacteria, and anthracnose. Beans are high in vitamin C and amino acids
  • The oil king. Another extremely popular early maturing variety. One of the recent achievements of breeders. Ripens almost at the same time as Saksa. Suitable for outdoor cultivation in temperate climates. Plant height up to 40 cm, compactness allows you to place 30–35 bushes per 1 m². The flowers are white. The pods are rather large (up to 20–25 cm in length), but thin (1.5–2 cm in diameter), honey-yellow in color. Each contains 4-6 beans. Their weight reaches 4-5.1 g, they are considered large. The variety is suitable for both cooking and canning. The yield is not bad - 2.1-2.3 kg / m²
  • Purple Queen (also known as Purple Lady, Red Duchess, Purple Queen). A mid-season bean variety that is appreciated by gardeners for its extreme ease of care, as well as for its excellent taste. It takes root successfully and brings a bountiful harvest in almost any substrate. The flowers are lilac-pink. The pods are about 15 cm long and have a deep purple color. During heat treatment, they change the shade to dark green. The average weight of the beans is 4.5-6.6 g. The yield varies from 1.6 kg / m² to 3 kg / m².
  • Nagano.An ultra-early Dutch variety, beans ripen in 40–45 days. You can sow these beans in open ground already in mid-May. The variety is distinguished by unpretentious care, resistance to diseases typical of the culture. The pods reach a length of 12-14 cm, are painted in a deep green color. The beans are white or white-green, each containing 4-10 pieces. They weigh about 3.5 g. Average yield - 1.2 kg / m²
  • Bona. Variety from the mid-early category. Originally from Poland. Recommended by the state register for cultivation in the Central region. When planted on time, the crop is harvested in July. It ripens in 45–78 days. The flowers are white. In each axil of the leaf, 3–10 green pods 12–15 cm long are formed. Each of them contains 4–6 white glossy beans. The yield is not bad, but not a record one - 1.4 kg / m². The pods are very tender and are good for fresh consumption. The variety is valued for the stability of fruiting, good immunity, suitability for mechanized harvesting.
  • Inga. Ultra-early high-yielding bean variety. The growing season is only 45–48 days, you can count on more than 2 kg of beans per 1 m². The pods are pale green, short (8–10 cm), about 2 cm in diameter. Each has 4–10 barrel-shaped beans. Differs in versatility of purpose and compactness of the bush. Its height does not exceed 35 cm
  • Note. Beans of medium ripening. The duration of the vegetative period is 56–59 days. Due to its very high (3.3–3.4 kg / m²) yield, the variety is popular among those who grow crops on an industrial scale. The height of the bush is 35–40 cm. Up to 18–25 bright green pods 12–15 cm long and about 0.8 cm in diameter are formed in the axil of each leaf. The beans are brownish, weighing 2.6 g
  • Cinderella. Early ripe beans. The height of the bush reaches 50–55 cm. The flowers are large, bright pink. The pods are yellowish, slightly curved, 12–14 cm long and about 0.5 cm in diameter. The pods are elliptical, white. Productivity is about 1.7 kg / m². The variety has an "innate" immunity to bacteriosis and anthracnose.
  • Dewdrop. The vegetative period is about 2 months (if you are lucky with the weather, the beans ripen faster). The bush grows up to 35–40 cm in height. The pods are light yellow, 10–12 cm long. The beans are snow-white, medium-sized, weighing about 3 g. The variety does not differ in high yield. 1.2 kg of beans ripens per 1 m²
  • Siesta. Early ripening variety. The bushes are undersized, up to 45 cm. The pods are sunny yellow, 12–14 cm long. The beans are white or cream, weighing 4.5–5 g
  • Aida Gold. The pods and beans are golden yellow in color. Dwarf bushes, up to 40 cm. Low yield - 1.1–1.3 kg / m². Suitable for outdoor and greenhouse cultivation. The ripening period for beans is highly dependent on the weather, it can vary from 1.5 months to 70-75 days. Even fully ripe pods do not crumble for a long time
  • Sugar triumph 764. The harvest ripens in 50–65 days. The height of the bush is no more than 40 cm. The flowers are crimson. The pods are light green, slightly flattened, very juicy, 12–16 cm long. The beans are yellow. The yield is not bad - 2 kg / m² or slightly less. The variety is relatively rarely affected by pathogenic fungi.
  • Moscow white green-leafed 556. Mid-season variety, the harvest ripens in 50–65 days. Plants are no more than 30–35 cm in height. Lime-colored leaves, glossy. The pods are bright green, 9–11 cm long, the beans are snow-white. The variety is valued for its excellent taste, it tolerates both lack and excess of moisture.
  • Tatyana. Early beans. The plant is 45-50 cm high. The flowers are large, bright purple. The pods are bright yellow, curved. The beans are almost black, medium to large in size. Their taste is amazing, but the yield, unfortunately, is low - 0.73 kg / m².

Photo gallery: varieties of bush beans

Sachs beans without fiber 615 are relatively rarely affected by diseases Beans Purple Queen, even against the background of "relatives" stands out for unpretentiousness Nagano beans are one of the first to harvest Bona beans can be harvested not only by hand Inga beans are distinguished by the compactness of plants The high yield of Nota beans makes the variety interesting for those who grow crops on an industrial scale. Cinderella beans do not suffer from bacteriosis and anthracnose The ripening period of the Dewdrop beans depends on how successful the summer weather will be. Siesta beans will not take up much space in the garden Sugar Triumph 764 beans have good resistance to fungal diseases Green beans Moscow white beans are valued for their resistance to the vagaries of the weather and excellent taste of beans. Tatiana's bright yellow bean pods contrast effectively with almost black beans

Black Eyed Peas

Asparagus beans can be either bush or curly. Both varieties are quite popular with gardeners.

  • Golden nectar. Curly beans. It matures in an average of 2 months. The pods are about 25 cm long, golden, the beans are pale yellow. It is often grown to decorate the site. The flowers are very beautiful golden orange. Due to the severity of the crop, it definitely needs a trellis or other support
  • Winner (Turkish Beans). A late-ripening variety, the harvest will have to wait at least 3 months. Compared to other varieties, this variety of curly beans is quite capricious in its care. It is especially demanding on heat, therefore it is sown quite late, when the probability of recurrent spring frosts is minimal. When planting between plants, you need to leave at least 30 cm, the lashes are strongly spreading. The pods are bright green, 20-30 cm long. The flowers are most often bright scarlet, but can be crimson or pale pink, often there are white streaks and spots on the petals. Flowering is very abundant, it lasts from June to September. Pods are pale lilac, pinkish or almost white with a pattern of brown-black specks or monochromatic
  • Sweet courage. Early beans from the bush category. The height of the plants does not exceed 40 cm. The flowers are snow-white. The harvest ripens in 45–55 days, very amicably. The pods are bright yellow, cylindrical, slightly curved, reaching 15–16 cm in length. The beans are snow-white, medium-sized (about 3 g). The yield is not bad, 1.8-3.3 kg / m²
  • Crane. An early bush variety. The crop ripens in an average of 50 days. Plants are compact, 40–52 cm high. The variety is easy to care for. Designed mainly for winter freezing and canning. The length of the bright green pod is 11.7-13 cm, the diameter is up to 1 cm. The beans are snow-white, weighing 2.9-3.2 g. The yield is not too high - 0.9-1.3 kg / m². The variety is not affected by bacteriosis
  • Panther. One of the most common varieties of asparagus beans. The height of the bush is up to 40 cm. The beans ripen in 2 months or a little more. Fruiting is amicable. It is advisable to plant seeds in a well-warmed substrate. The beans are yellow and fleshy. The pods are slightly paler, curved, up to 15 cm in length. The variety has a very high immunity to bacteriosis and anthracnose. Also appreciated for its good yield (over 3 kg / m²).

Photo gallery: popular varieties of asparagus beans

Beans Golden nectar not only brings a bountiful harvest, but also blooms very beautifully Beans Winner - a "two-in-one" variety, this is both abundant flowering and a good harvest Bean harvest Sweet courage ripens almost simultaneously Beans Zhuravushka are very good in canned form, they are stored for a long time after freezing. Panther is a very popular variety of asparagus beans among Russian gardeners.

Curly beans

Climbing beans can be grown not only for the sake of harvesting, but also as a stage crop if other plantings need to be shaded.

  • Blauchilde (Bluhilda). A very powerful vine, which definitely needs support. The lashes grow up to 5 m in length, the pods - up to 25 cm. The pods and flowers are inky purple, over time the leaves also acquire a lilac hue. The crop ripens in 95-110 days. These beans begin to bloom quite early, flowering continues almost until the first frost. Harvest on time - overripe pods become harsh. When heat treated, they turn green. The beans are lined, weighing about 5 g, creamy beige. Becomes a little oily after cooking
  • Turkish Woman (also known as Fiery Red). Mid-season variety of asparagus beans. The length of the liana is 3–3.5 m. Thick foliage is characteristic. The stems are thin. The flowers are snow-white. The length of the flattened pods is 18 cm, the diameter is slightly more than 2 cm. They are painted in a salad color with ink-violet specks. The average yield is 4–4.5 kg / m². The variety almost never suffers from bacteriosis and anthracnose.
  • Harmony. Semi-sugar beans. The variety has an average ripening period (65–80 days). Differs in unpretentiousness in care and yield stability. Fruiting is extended, continues until the first frost. The length of the vine is 3-4 m. The pods are pale golden, about 20 cm long. The yield per plant is 0.3-0.5 kg of snow-white beans. They are slightly elongated in shape, kidney-shaped.
  • Spanish white. It is appreciated for the large size of the beans and their excellent taste. The pods are not edible. They are painted bright green, with an average diameter of 2.5 cm, reaching 11-15 cm in length. Each contains 3-5 beans weighing about 7 g. The crop ripens in 70-75 days. The length of a powerful liana is up to 4 m.The flowers are large, with snow-white petals
  • Borlotto. Asparagus beans are native to Italy. The length of the vine reaches 3–3.5 m. It takes 55–60 days to the stage of technical maturity, and 70–80 days to the full ripening of the beans. The flowers are fiery red. The pods grow up to 12-14 cm in length. On the cream background, a pink-scarlet pattern gradually appears, similar to the stains on marble. Each of them contains 4–5 beans of the same color. As they ripen, a similar pattern appears on them. After boiling, these beans acquire a light nutty flavor.
  • Green giant. Curly asparagus beans. The pods are large, 20–22 cm long, tender and juicy. The length of the vine is about 3 m. The first pods ripen 55 days after planting, then fruiting continues until the first frost. The flowers are small, the color of the petals varies from pale lilac to bright purple
  • Violetta (Violet). Also known as Draconic Tongues among gardeners. The length of the liana is up to 2.5 m. The flowers are large, mauve. The pods are painted in a delicate lilac color. The beans, as they ripen, change their hue from salad to brownish. Productivity - 2.3-2.5 kg / m²
  • Nomad. A variety of medium early ripening. The beans are ovoid, sandy in color with a pattern of fine lilac strokes. It is valued for its high resistance to anthracnose and good resistance to gray rot. When grown in a greenhouse in a temperate climate, fruiting continues until the end of October.
  • Gerda. Early ripening asparagus beans. The length of the vine does not exceed 3 m. Support is required. The pods are pale yellow, up to 20 cm long and just over 1 cm in diameter. Productivity - about 4 kg / m². The flowers are small, snow-white. The beans are also white, medium-sized
  • Gold neck. An early ripe asparagus variety. Liana is very short, rarely grows more than 1.6 m. Flowers are large, snow-white. The pods are curved, pale yellow. Productivity - 2.8 kg / m². Beans medium and large, white
  • Festival RZ. Semi-sugar variety of Dutch selection. Recommended by the state register for cultivation in greenhouses. The crop ripens in 67 days. The length of the liana reaches 2–3 m. The pods are straight, bright green, very large (up to 35 cm), but do not exceed 1.5–1.7 cm in diameter. The beans are salad-colored, each pod contains 10 pieces. The variety has a long fresh shelf life and is also suitable for freezing. The yield is very high - 9-11 kg / m²
  • Lambada. Medium late asparagus beans. It is appreciated by gardeners for its drought and cold resistance, excellent taste. The length of the liana rarely exceeds 3 m. The flowers are pale pink. Pods 25–28 cm long, curved, flat, lettuce-colored with vague purple spots. Productivity - 3 kg / m²
  • Pink. The length of the vine reaches 2.5–3 m. The crop ripens in 65–80 days. Pods up to 20 cm, each with 6-10 beans. On the general salad background, bright purple thin strokes and stains are clearly visible. Differs in excellent taste
  • Fatima. A high-yielding variety, 3.2–3.5 kg of beans are harvested from 1 m². The length of the vine is up to 3 m. A distinctive feature of the variety is the aligned, straight pods. They are very delicate, lettuce-colored, reach 21 cm in length and 2 cm in diameter. Each contains 4-10 beans. The height of the bush is 40–45 cm. The variety is classified as early. The crop ripens in an average of 55 days. Elongated fruiting, excellent taste
  • Hell Rem. The variety is unremarkable in almost nothing, except for a pronounced aroma, reminiscent of the smell of mushrooms. Because of this, it is widely used in cooking. The pods are very delicate, pale yellow, the beans are pinkish.

Photo gallery: varieties of curly beans

Lianas near beans Turkish woman densely leafy Harmony beans fruiting continues until the first autumn frosts Spanish white beans are very large and tasty beans Borlotto beans by their one look cheer up Ripe Violetta bean pods appear almost black Nomad beans are desirable to grow in a greenhouse The liana of Gerd's beans is not too long, but powerful, so a support is required Festival RZ - a popular variety of beans all over the world, originally from Holland Lambada beans tolerate drought and short-term temperature drops well Pink beans are distinguished by outstanding taste. Fatima beans have one-dimensional very tender pods. Blauhilde beans become tough when overripe The green giant bean pods are large, but not tough or coarse

Shelling (grain) beans

Beans extracted from shelling beans must be soaked in cold water for at least 2-3 hours before eating, and then boiled for at least 60 minutes. They have a very high nutritional value; for vegetarians they may well replace meat products.

  • Chocolate girl. The variety is medium late, the harvest ripens in 80-100 days. The height of the bush is 33–62 cm. The flowers are bright pink. The beans have an unusual dark brown color. The variety is distinguished by drought and heat resistance, it is recommended for cultivation in the southern regions. Ripening pods do not crumble from the bush. The amino acid content of beans is slightly lower than that of most types of beans. Rarely affected by anthracnose and bacteriosis, more often by ascochitosis
  • Swallow. The variety is medium early, undersized, the height of the bush is no more than 40 cm. The pods grow up to 15 cm in length. The beans are snow-white, covered with bright purple spots. They are mostly round in shape. These beans are unpretentious, drought-resistant, have good "innate" immunity
  • Ruby. Shrub variety of average ripening period (74–87 days). Plant height varies from 25 cm to 57 cm. The flowers are pink. The pods are narrow, 12–15 cm long. The beans are rich cherry color, sometimes with a purple undertone. The shade is preserved during heat treatment. The protein content in beans is very high, up to 27%. The variety does not suffer from bacteriosis. Demanding on lighting and soil quality
  • The mistress's dream. The variety has an average ripening period (64–86 days). Recommended by the state register for cultivation in the Krasnodar Territory. The bush is 31–58 cm high. The flowers are white. The pods are flattened, 20–25 cm long. The beans are very large, monochromatic, snow-white. The variety is drought-resistant, mature pods do not crumble. The plant rarely suffers from ascochitis and anthracnose.
  • Ballad. Bush beans of medium late ripening (77-105 days). Plant height - 36-50 cm. The flowers are pink. The pods are solid, bright green. The beans are creamy beige or yellowish, with small lilac specks. The variety is drought-resistant. Differs in a high content of amino acids. Practically does not suffer from bacteriosis, can become infected with anthracnose
  • Little Red Riding Hood. The height of the bush does not exceed 35 cm. The leaves are lime-colored, the flowers are snow-white. The beans are white with a bright red spot covering about half the surface area. The crop ripens in 95-100 days.Fruiting is amicable.

Photo gallery: varieties of grain beans

Lack of beans Shokoladnitsa - relatively low content of amino acids Beans Swallow has a high resistance to diseases typical of the culture The name of the Ruby beans is due to the color of the beans. Beans and beans The hostess's dream is very large Ballada beans tolerate prolonged drought well Beans Red Riding Hood belongs to the category of late-ripening varieties

Video: Grain and Asparagus Beans

Unusual varieties of beans

Some varieties of beans bred by breeders look so that not everyone will dare to try these beans. Although, at the same time, they often differ in an unusual taste or have other features inherent only to this variety.

  • Black eye. The beans are white, small, with a thin skin. They do not need to be soaked before cooking. Each has a small black spot. Because of this, the variety got the name
  • Preto. The beans are black with a fine white rib. The core is beige and cream. They have a pronounced berry aroma. The taste is sweet, with a slight piquant bitterness. The skin is very dense, they are boiled for at least 1.5 hours
  • Kidney. The beans are shaped like kidneys. They are painted in a very dark red color, which appears black from a distance. In the process of heat treatment, the skin becomes thinner to such an extent that it practically disappears, its color changes to pastel pink
  • Welt. Bright pink or raspberry glossy beans contrast very effectively with lettuce pods covered with lilac touches. The undoubted advantage of the variety is its good resistance to anthracnose and ascochitosis.

Photo gallery: varieties with unusual fruits

Black beans, including the Preto variety, are very popular in South America Kidney beans brighten when boiled. The skin of the beans is the black eye so thin it doesn't even need to be soaked Rant beans shine as if varnished

So what should you choose?

If you are not chasing external effects and first of all want to get a good harvest, pay attention to the variety ‘Green Giant’. This is a liana (height up to 3 m), hung with long (up to 22 cm) and wide (2-3 cm) beans of light green color, which are distinguished by their impressive appearance and delicate taste. This is a fast growing (technical ripeness in 55 days after germination) and powerful plant needs strong and stable support, which will not be knocked down by its own weight or strong gusts of wind.

Also noteworthy is the mid-early (from germination to the technical ripeness of beans 65-70 days) asparagus variety ‘Helda’. Large curly beans (up to 2–2.5 m in height) produce juicy, fleshy and long (20–25 cm) beans of light green color. The variety is not only very productive, but also not capricious - it adapts well to growing conditions.

Differs in abundant fruiting and excellent taste and mid-season variety ‘The Snow Queen’, The early variety possesses the same qualities’Blue Lake', Only its beans are slightly longer (14-16 cm) and have a dark green color (you can read about it and some other varieties in the article How not to confuse beans and beans. Peculiarities of cultivation and favorite varieties). The vines of these plants grow no higher than 1.5 m, so the support for them can be made easier.

You can choose beans seeds on our market, where products from different online stores are presented. View a selection of bean seeds.

What is the difference between asparagus beans and green beans: photos of legumes and the difference between them

Green beans are rightfully considered one of the most valuable and useful representatives of legumes. Her homeland is Central America, but today the culture is grown all over the world, including in our country.

Green beans are known to everyone, but few know what asparagus beans are. Can green beans and asparagus be considered one product? And if not, what's the difference? In this article, we will take a closer look at the similarities and differences, talk about the peculiarities of growing and using these two crops in cooking.

Curly beans: cultivation features

Planting curly beans

Growing curly beans is no different from growing conventional beans. It is possible to note only a great thermophilicity and intolerance to frost, therefore, for growing curly beans, they choose only the southern side, where there are no cold winds.

Soil for planting curly beans should be neutral and even slightly alkaline. Otherwise, it should be deacidified in the fall, and at the same time fertilizer should be applied - manure, compost and superphosphate. And if earlier potatoes, cabbage or cucumbers grew on this place, then the climbing beans can not be fed at all, since the soil after these crops is fully enriched with minerals for the climbing beans. By the way, after growing beans, the soil becomes extremely rich in nitrogen - this is the work of the nodule nitrogen-fixing bacteria living in its root system. Like all legumes, beans are a very healthy precursor for resting the earth.

Planting curly beans directly into the ground is carried out only when the threats of night frosts have gone (late spring - early summer). There are early ripening varieties, the harvest from which can be harvested within two months after planting, and there are also late ones, ripening for more than 100 days. The latter are best planted through seedlings in order to have time to fully enjoy the harvest, especially when it comes to the middle lane, and not about the southern regions.

Planting curly beans through seedlings

They begin to cook it in early May, so that by the time of planting on the beans there are two real leaves. The grains are soaked in water for a day and put in a warm place, after which they are immersed in pots or cups with soil for seedlings so that the sharp end of the beans is in the ground, and the other slightly "peeps" out of the soil. It is recommended to grow seedlings of climbing beans at a temperature of 16-18 0 C. Thanks to this, the plants will be stocky, with a good root system. In a month, the seedlings will be ready for planting. For planting, they are prepared in holes (ash, humus, compost can be put into the holes, if fertilizer has not been applied since autumn), the plants are planted in increments of about 10-20 cm, to a depth of no more than 5 cm, near the supports.

Planting curly beans through seeds

The beans, previously soaked in warm water for a day, are planted in holes or rows to the depth of the phalanx of the finger, that is, about 5 cm (the lighter the soil, the deeper). You can plant one piece at a time, or several, depending on the support. Ash, humus or compost are placed in the holes.

In the event of a severe cold snap, crops or planting of curly beans are covered with lutrasil, film, etc.

Curly bean support

Curly beans grows from one and a half to three meters in length, so you need to take care of the support in advance. The support should not only be high - about 2.5 meters, but also strong, since beans build up a lot of heavy green mass.

What can be used to support the curly beans?

- wooden gazebos, fences, stairs, picket fences and other existing structures

- Rabitz... Not a good option: the beans will braid the mesh cells so tightly that it will be difficult to get rid of even dry lashes. In addition, a plant with its weight can simply fill up an unreliable chain-link.

- lower branches of trees... Beans are a good neighbor, as they can accumulate nitrogen and improve the soil. Among the minuses - the tree creates a shadow, the beans that are unwanted for the beans climb quite high and tenaciously along the branches, and it can be problematic to harvest, and later get rid of dry residues.

- wooden structure like "grape" or "cucumber"... And since cucumber is an excellent predecessor for our beans, you can take the trellises on which you grew cucumbers last year as a support.

- poles dug into the ground to a depth of at least half a meter, and rising above the ground by at least two meters. You can put the poles in the form of a hut of the letter "T" or "P" with threads connecting the horizontal poles and the ground in the form of the letter "V", etc.

When the curly beans grow by about 15 cm, they are spudded, and as they grow, they help to "grab" the support: they twist along a pole or trellis counterclockwise.

Curly Bean Care

Like other garden plants, climbing beans need regular watering, weeding and loosening, pinching and mulching.

How to feed curly beans? Beans do not need large doses of nitrogen, so they should not be fed with pure nitrogen fertilizers. For the first feeding, a month after germination, it is recommended to feed the curly beans with full fertilizer. If the plant has a nitrogen deficiency (thin pale sprouts, chlorotic leaves), which happens during drought, watering can be combined with the introduction of mullein, diluted bird droppings, herbal infusion, etc. After a month, another top dressing of curly beans - already for the formation of fruits. The easiest way is to feed the culture with ash (one glass under a bush) or other fertilizers containing the necessary potassium, magnesium and phosphorus.

How to water curly beans? Before setting the pods, the beans do not need abundant watering. On an anhydrous diet, the plant will grow unpretentious, with a powerful root system, not susceptible to disease. However, after flowering, everything changes dramatically: in the absence of rain, the beans are thoroughly watered, and the ground around them is mulched. You can't get a good harvest without water

When should you pinch beans? Pinching the curly beans is done when you no longer want the plant to grow in length. You can also pinch the growing point to direct the plant's forces towards ripening the beans / shoulder blades, or grow a small crop - for example, 1 meter or 1.5 meter.

How to Harvest Curly Bean Pods? As well as regular beans - as they ripen. The more often you do this, the more beans your bush will bring. Usually curly beans in August-September looks like this: the top blooms, in the middle - unripe pods, below - mature ones. Harvesting curly beans stretches for about a month, up to frost. 3-5 kg ​​of beans are harvested from 1 "square" of the productive garden.

In this way, growing curly beans allows you not only to decorate your garden, but also to get a good harvest. And what soups, what kind of potatoes you can cook with beans! Moreover, many varieties of curly beans are distinguished by larger and more delicate beans than bush forms. But the choice of the bean variety is another story.

Watch the video: αγρια σκορδα -allium ursinum

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