When choosing a strawberry variety for breeding, each person pays attention to various factors that are important specifically for him. For some, the main role is played by the quantity and quality of the crop, while for others the resistance and unpretentiousness of the plant itself. The modern market can offer a huge number of species that are completely different from each other and differ in their characteristics. And the main one among all varieties is the favorite berry. But we will not miss the description of other varieties.
Favorite - This is a remontant variety of garden strawberries, which grows quickly, begins to bear fruit early and is famous for its high yield. A short and compact shrub with long peduncles that rise above the foliage. This fact greatly simplifies harvesting.
The berries are quite large in size, on average, their weight is 20-25 grams. They have a conical, slightly elongated shape and are colored bright red; the surface of the strawberry is smooth and shiny. The flesh of the fruit is quite dense, so that they can be easily transported. The fruits are sweet and juicy according to their taste.
The first harvest of garden strawberries favorite can be obtained in June, the fruiting period lasts until early September.
Berries are versatile in their use, suitable for fresh consumption, freezing and making blanks.
This variety is not afraid of frost and drought; it can be grown even in the northern regions of Russia. The plant bears fruit best in the open field on chernozem soils and in open, sunny areas. It is also worth noting that the favorite is immune to root diseases and powdery mildew.
Kokinskaya early Is a variety of garden strawberries, bred in 1974 at the Kokinsky stronghold of the All-Russian Institute of Horticulture and Nursery. Early Macherauch and Ketskill became the parent varieties. The plant is recommended for cultivation in the central and northwestern regions of the country.
The medium-sized and spreading bush forms a large number of mustaches and rosettes, making it very easy to propagate such strawberries. Peduncles are rather short, located below the level of the leaves. Flowers are small and few, bisexual.
The berries themselves are small, their weight is usually 10-14 grams. Fruits have the shape of a blunt cone, no neck. The deep red skin shines brightly in the sun. A large number of slightly depressed yellow seeds can be seen on the strawberries. The pulp is firm, juicy and sweet with a strong aroma of wild strawberries. This berry can be used for a variety of purposes.
Begins to bear fruit in early to mid June, thanks to which it is well suited for areas with a changeable climate, because by this time the threat of return frosts should have passed.
The yield is low, from 1 bush you can collect 200-300 grams of berries.
When growing Kokinskaya early, one must not forget that the plant loves moisture and mineral fertilizing. The variety is immune to several diseases. Winter hardiness is high, but snowless winters can destroy bushes with strawberries.
Venta garden strawberry was bred at the Lithuanian Institute fruit and vegetable farming by crossing Zenga-Zengan strawberries and festival. The resulting variety has high yields, which makes it in high demand, both among amateur gardeners and in commercial cultivation.
Up to 10 tons of tasty and juicy berries can be harvested from one hectare of planting.
The shrub is low, slightly spreading, the whiskers are formed slowly and in insufficient quantities. Outwardly, the berries look very attractive. They have the shape of a blunt cone with a small neck, the surface is bright red, shiny. The presence of small achenes, weakly impressed into the pulp, is characteristic. On average, the weight of one berry is 10 grams. It is also worth noting that due to the absence of empty cavities, the resulting fruits lend themselves well to transportation.
Fruiting begins in the middle... This strawberry tastes sweet and sour, with a very tender and juicy red pulp. Venta strawberries can be used for a variety of purposes. It is consumed fresh, frozen, boiled jams, jams and confitures.
The plant has an average frost resistance and is recommended for cultivation in the north-western region in the presence of winter shelter. On the bushes of garden strawberries, you can often find gray rot, brown and white leaf spot.
Garden strawberry Cambridge favorite was bred in England and is considered one of the most successful foreign breeding experiments. It brings a rich, large-fruited crop, due to which it is very often used on an industrial scale.
The shrub is medium in size, but quite spreading. The leaves are large, ribbed, light green with a shiny surface. Peduncles are located at the level of leaves and, despite the apparent strength, very often they bend to the ground under the weight of ripe berries. The inflorescences are quite compact and consist of a large number of flowers.
The berries ripen early enough and very amicably, on one bush you can find a large number of fruits. The first wave of strawberries has a wide conical shape, the subsequent harvest is round-conical.
Fruit color is deep red, with a glossy skin, into which yellow, small achenes are slightly impressed. On average, the weight of one berry is 20-30 grams, which is considered a very good indicator.
The pulp is light red, very juicy and sweet. Strawberries of this variety can be used both for fresh consumption and for processing. The resulting berries tolerate transportation well and are stored for a long time.
It is not afraid of frost and hibernates well under cover. Disease susceptibility is low. To obtain a stable harvest, plantings must be placed on fertile and well-drained soil.
All the varieties described above are somewhat similar to each other, but at the same time they are completely different. In order to understand which one of them has the necessary characteristics, you can draw up a comparative table with which you can see all the main indicators:
|Favorite||Kokinskaya early||Venta||Cambridge Favorite|
|Fruit taste and appearance||Excellent||Excellent||A great||A great|
|Berry size||Large, 20-25 grams||Medium, 10-14 grams||Small, up to 10 grams||Large, 25-30 grams|
|Frost resistance||The plant needs shelter for the winter.||Hibernates in unfavorable conditions under cover||Withstands cold temperatures in the presence of shelter||Bushes can only hibernate if they have shelter.|
|Resistance to common diseases||Average||High||Average||Average|
Based on all the data, we can come to the conclusionthat all varieties have excellent taste characteristics. For industrial use, the Venta and Cambridge favorite are best suited, they bring a rich harvest of versatile berries and are unpretentious to care for. The favorite can be used for various purposes, it is grown both in the beds and on plantations. For home cultivation, Kokinskaya early is well suited, which is not afraid of recurrent frosts and does not require close attention.
When choosing a specific strawberry variety for cultivation, first of all, you need to decide on the desired characteristics, based on which the selection will take place.
Fragrant strawberries (garden strawberries) are a wonderful treat on a warm summer evening. The historical homeland of the berry is America, and today it is cultivated throughout the globe. It's hard to meet someone who doesn't like strawberries. In order to get the maximum yield, you need to see the best strawberry varieties with photos and descriptions.
Strawberries are grown in almost any garden area, because thanks to the sweetness of this berry, everyone loves to eat it. To get a good harvest, you must first choose the right variety. Most gardeners breed large-fruited garden strawberries, of which there are many different varieties, their difference is different yields under the same climatic conditions and care. Therefore, before planting it, you should figure out which varieties of strawberries have better performance than others.
When choosing what to plant in your garden, the following criteria should be considered:
To get a harvest throughout the summer, it is recommended to plant varieties of different ripening periods at the same time.
The best early strawberry varieties:
The best varieties of mid-season large strawberries:
The best late-ripening strawberry varieties:
The most productive varieties are:
In such growing conditions, these varieties yield from 195 kg to 210 kg of strawberries per one hundred plantings.
This strawberry variety is completely undemanding to the quality of the soil, however, preference is still given to well-prepared (pre-treated) areas. Such processing usually boils down to the following operations:
On a note. The timing of planting seedlings for the Cambridge Favorite variety is usually set either at the very end of summer, or with the arrival of spring. Most professional gardeners prefer autumn plantings.
Do you want to grow very large, beautiful and tasty strawberries? Yes, such that she would lie longer and not wrinkle? Then plant the Favorite variety.
More precisely, it is called the Cambridge Favorite. The name is English and the variety is purely English. At the moment it is quoted as one of the largest-fruited and high-yielding varieties of foreign selection.
And outwardly, it does not particularly strike the eye. Low, medium-sized bushes give themselves away only with unusual large burdock leaves. Flowers and berries, although they do not fall on the ground, are located at the level of foliage, "not showing their nose" to birds and other lovers to profit from other people's gardens.
The berries themselves are impressive. Especially the first ones are comb-shaped, two or three things can hardly fit in the palm of your hand. The later berries are slightly smaller, but still very large and even.
Berries attract attention not only in size. Their color is very bright, deep red, shiny, striking from a distance. Achenes are weakly immersed in the berry and only add elegance.
And the tasty dense pulp does not wrinkle even during long-distance transportation, and the harvest will never flow.
The variety is resistant to diseases. Losses from rust are minimal, there were almost no berries damaged by gray rot even in this rainy year. (But almost everyone's Bogotá has completely rotted away).
In general, the variety is very good, if not for one thing: low winter hardiness. Because of her, Cambridge Favorite is zoned in our country only in the Krasnodar Territory. Of course, it is impossible to resist. This strawberry is planted in the Stavropol, and in the Rostov, and in the Volgograd regions, diligently covering the bushes with straw for the winter.
They are trying to get crops farther north under such shelter.
Frost-resistant Baltic Venta
Take, for example, the Baltic variety Venta. It was bred in Lithuania by crossing two famous varieties: our Festival and German Zenga-Zengana. Both of these varieties are grown almost throughout our country, everywhere they give excellent yields and are unpretentious. Their Russian-German alliance was no less successful. The berries turned out to be very large, on average 12 grams (the former are only slightly inferior in size to the Favorite, gradually becoming smaller). It is even more beautiful in elegance - in hot summer, it is generally dark red, with the highest sugar content.
The pulp is just as dense and aromatic, with good transportability. The bushes are resistant to mites and powdery mildew and are very hardy. It only suffers from gray rot, from which it is recommended to treat it with Tiovit. In general, the Venta variety is excellent for growing in the North-West region.
A second wave of popularity came to this generally well-known variety. Gardeners plant Carmen again on their plots. There are two reasons. The first is that the berries are painfully beautiful, and there are no problems with the sale of the harvest.
The second reason is surprisingly aromatic fruits, which are appreciated both in fresh berries and in processing. In general, the variety is at a height: it is harvestable, resistant to diseases and rather large-fruited. In the middle lane, it suffers from winter frosts, which is why it reduces yields.
An English variety that belongs to the middle ripening period. The ripening and filling period of the berry is extended. High yield, large fruits (the largest ones reached 80-110g). The shape is rounded-conical, the color is bright red. Thick and sweet. The advantage of the variety is its self-pollination and frost resistance, as well as the ability to grow in one place for more than 10 years. Suitable for industrial cultivation.
Strawberries produce one crop per season. In terms of ripening, strawberries are early, medium and late.
Early strawberry varieties bloom in mid-May; berries are harvested in mid-June. The yield of early varieties is 2 times less than that of later strawberries. This is a pattern
Description... The bushes are powerful, erect with a thin head of foliage, and consist of numerous rosettes.
The berries are regular, without a neck, blunt-conical, large, dark red, shiny, fragrant. The pulp is dense, dark red, sweet and sour taste. For cultivation in the North Caucasus region and in the Crimea.
Benefits... Great dessert taste. Strawberries are suitable for transportation.
disadvantages... Low winter hardiness. It is moderately affected by diseases.
Description... New Russian early strawberry variety. Sprawling bushes, thin foliage cap. The number of whiskers is average, they are pale red. Fruits are conical, red, without a neck, on thick, powerful stalks. The pulp is juicy, loose, red, sweet with sourness. For cultivation in the Volga-Vyatka region.
Benefits... Excellent taste, high winter hardiness. Drought resistance is average. Strawberry mite resistant.
disadvantages... Unsuitable for transportation and processing. Strawberries are for fresh consumption only. In rainy summers it is strongly affected by powdery mildew and gray mold.
Description... A very early strawberry, yields a harvest in early June. The pulp is tender, sweet and sour.
The berries are large, shiny, of good presentation. The first fruits are large, up to 30 g, the next 20-25 g. For cultivation in the Central Black Earth and southern regions.
Benefits... Refers to non-kill varieties: resistant to fungal leaf diseases, strawberry mite. Drought-resistant, winter-hardy.
disadvantages... Fruits are affected by gray mold. Unsuitable for transportation. To obtain a high yield, it requires high agricultural technology.
Description... A new promising non-killer variety. Vigorous bushes with medium leaves. Strawberries are bright red, large (first up to 38 g), the flesh is very dense, sweet, aromatic.
Benefits... It is practically not affected by spider mites and strawberry mites, powdery mildew, leaf spots, verticillosis. Very resistant to gray fruit rot, winter-hardy, grows well and bears fruit in any conditions. Suitable for long distance transportation. Today one of the best early varieties.
disadvantages... The variety is under trial, no shortcomings have yet been identified.
Description of the variety... Nice old Dutch strawberry. Bushes are powerful, tall. The leaves are light green, very large, this is a characteristic feature of Lambada, by its leaves it is easy to recognize it among other varieties. The whiskers are numerous, are formed very actively, they are cut off every 3 days. The fruits are large, conical, red. The pulp is firm, sweet and sour.
Benefits... Suitable for transport, resistant to fungal diseases, except for powdery mildew. Ultra-early, with warm spring, flowering begins in the second decade of May, berries appear in mid-June.
disadvantages... It is affected by powdery mildew.
Medium strawberries bloom at the end of May, bears fruit at the end of June.
Description... The bushes are powerful, erect, with many rosettes, the leaves are dark green. The first berries are very large (up to 30 g), the rest are smaller, regular, blunt-conical, without a neck. The color varies from bright red to orange-red, the flesh is light red, dense, aromatic, sweet and sour. For growing in the Volgo-Vyatka, Central Black Earth and Far Eastern regions.
Benefits... Strawberries are drought and frost resistant, high disease resistance. Well transported over short distances.
disadvantages... Average winter hardiness. There is a very large difference in the size of the first and subsequent berries.
Description... A Soviet variety, which was again included in the register 17 years after the collapse of the USSR, which confirms its high qualities. Strawberries are tall, compact, actively forming a mustache that has a pale red color. The whiskers grow so quickly that they have to be torn off every 3 days for better fruiting. The fruits are very large, symmetrical, strongly elongated, without a neck, light red, with a shine. One of the best Soviet varieties for the North-West region.
Benefits... Strawberries tolerate winter thaws well and are drought tolerant. It is practically not affected by diseases, except for gray rot, the resistance to which is average. Berries are suitable for transportation.
disadvantages... Not heat resistant and not suitable for southern areas.
Description... The newly revived Soviet strawberry variety Moscow Jubilee. The bushes are powerful, tall, the leaves are light green. The mustache is numerous. Fruiting is fast, the yield is highly dependent on the climate and agricultural technology. Fruits are very large, the first reaches 110 g folded (in a fan), mass collection - blunt-conical, weighing 60-90 g. Berries are dark red, very juicy, dense, without an inner cavity. A characteristic feature of the variety is the accretion of several berries.
Benefits... An excellent fruitful strawberry, resistant to diseases of the root system, very hardy and frost-resistant. Suitable for transportation.
disadvantages... Due to the large size of the fruits, their number is reduced. The imbalance of the first berries, in a damp summer, is affected by gray rot.
Description of the variety... The bushes are medium, with a dense dense head of foliage. The formation is average, the mustache is pinkish-green. The berries are conical, red, shiny, without a neck. The pulp is dense, juicy, sweet and sour. Designed for cultivation in the Central and Middle Volga regions
Benefits... High resistance to everything that can threaten strawberries: rot, spots, strawberry mites, nematodes. High frost resistance and winter hardiness. Strawberries practically do not freeze. Suitable for transportation.
disadvantages... The taste is not very sweet, there is not enough sugar in the berries.
Characteristics of the variety... The bushes are powerful, the whiskers form a little, they are pale pink in color. Fruits are large, ovoid, without a neck, the lower end is usually bifurcated, dark red with shine. Red pulp with aroma, sweet and sour taste. The first strawberry is large, the last one is small, uneven, asymmetrical. Recommended for cultivation in Western and Eastern Siberia.
Benefits... High winter hardiness.
disadvantages... In rainy summers, strawberries are heavily affected by gray rot. Very picky about agricultural technology. With poor care, it gives small sour berries, the yield decreases.
Description... Bushes are tall, spherical. The first strawberry is extremely large - up to 50 g, the last - 15 g. Fruits are round-ovate, with a uniform red color. The pulp is dense, sweet and sour, aromatic. The variety is tested in different regions of Russia.
Benefits... Non-kill variety. Resistant to diseases affecting strawberries, strawberry mites. Excellent winter hardiness and drought resistance. It tolerates transportation well.
disadvantages... Not identified yet.
Characteristics of the variety... The bushes are medium, semi-spreading. The formation is average. The first berries are up to 40 g, the last - 10 g, regular shape, dark red. The pulp is dark red, firm, sweet and sour. The strawberry shape resembles a torpedo. For growing in the Volga-Vyatka region.
Benefits... Suitable for transportation. It is resistant to strawberry mites and freezing.
disadvantages... Insufficient resistance to gray mold.
Description... The bushes are small, the foliage is medium. The first fruits are very large - up to 50 g, mass collection 22-30 g, without a neck, with a wide rounded base, the color is dark red, almost burgundy. The pulp is red sweet and sour, juicy, dense, with aroma. Suitable for growing in the Central region.
Benefits... High drought and heat resistance. Good winter hardiness: without snow, it can withstand frosts down to -15 ° C practically without being damaged. Suitable for transportation.
disadvantages... There is a very big difference in the size of the first and last berries.
Description... A Dutch strawberry variety developed in the early 1980s. Bushes of medium height, erect, forming a sufficient number of whiskers. The mustache is thick. The first berries are large, massively harvested - medium size, regular "strawberry" shape, no neck, shiny. The pulp is dense, juicy, red, sweet and sour taste with aroma. Designed for cultivation in the Volgo-Vyatka and North Caucasian regions.
Benefits... High winter hardiness, stable fruiting. Suitable for transportation, can be stored without spoiling for up to 3 days in room conditions.
disadvantages... It is not resistant to drought, the yield is significantly influenced by weather conditions.
In late varieties, fruiting occurs in mid-July.
Description... One of the best late varieties of domestic selection for resistance to a complex of pests, diseases and unfavorable environmental factors. Suitable for those who make a lot of compotes, preserves, jam, etc. from strawberries. Bushes are medium, with dense foliage. The mustache is thick, pinkish-green. Berries of regular shape, red, shiny, no neck. The pulp is dense, sweet and sour, juicy with aroma.
Benefits... Absolute resistance to anything that can threaten strawberries. Suitable for long distance transportation. The best grade for processing.
disadvantages... The berries taste mediocre., They are not very large.
Description... The bushes are medium-sized with a very dense foliage head. They have a lot of mustaches of a pale red color. The first berries are large (25 g), mass harvest - 14-16 g. The shape is blunt-conical, the color is orange-red, which makes them seem immature, without a neck, with shine. The pulp is red, juicy with aroma, dense.
Benefits... High heat and drought resistance. Good winter hardiness. Practically unaffected by diseases and pests. One of the best varieties in terms of vitamin C content. It belongs to non-killer varieties.
Description... Canadian very late strawberry variety. The first berries are large (28-30 g), red, shiny, well aligned. The pulp is loose, juicy, sweet and sour, with a pleasant strawberry aroma, dark red. A distinctive feature of the variety is the superficial arrangement of achenes.
Benefits... Strawberries are large, undemanding to agricultural technology. High taste. Resistant to gray mold.
disadvantages... Strongly affected by powdery mildew, sometimes even berries suffer.
Description... New high-yielding Belgian variety. Bushes are strong, compact, with dark green leaves. The formation is average. The sockets are strong, powerful. Fruits are large, bright red, round-ovate, glossy, well aligned. The pulp is juicy, sweet and sour.
Benefits... Strawberries can grow on heavy clay soils, are resistant to adverse factors, diseases, unpretentious and undemanding to care for. Suitable for transportation.
disadvantages... In our conditions, it is not winter-hardy and frost-hardy enough, although it tolerates not very cold winters with a small amount of thaws.
Description... The variety was developed in Czechoslovakia. Medium late. Bushes are powerful, tall, with dense dark green foliage. The first fruits are large - 35-40 g, the berries of the mass harvest are smaller (15-20 g). The pulp is dark red, juicy, dense. The taste is sweet and sour. Provides stable yields.
Benefits... Good quality berries at a time when the main varieties of strawberries have already departed.
disadvantages... Insufficient winter hardiness and drought resistance. There are many attacks in the spring.
Description... Quite an old English variety. The bushes are compact, with dense foliage, stand out on the plantation with their light green color. Usoobrazovanie moderate, in hot weather gives a little mustache. The berries are dark red; when fully ripe, they become dark cherry in color. The pulp is dark red, sweet and sour, juicy. The first fruits are flattened, weighing up to 40 g. The berries of the mass collection are rounded.
Benefits... The best berry flavor of all late varieties. Large strawberries. Powdery mildew resistant. Flowers are not affected by spring frosts.
disadvantages... Low winter hardiness, affected by gray rot and spots. For the winter, the bushes are covered.
Description... Dutch strawberry variety, characterized by very long fruiting - 4-6 weeks. The berries run out only by the end of July. By the end of fruiting, the chopping of the berries is insignificant.Strawberries are medium in size, with a neck, dark red, very attractive in appearance as in the picture. The pulp is juicy, sweet and sour, intense red, dense, with aroma. In dry summers, abundant watering is necessary.
Benefits... The best strawberry for its taste. It is resistant to powdery mildew, tolerates rainy summers and excess moisture in the soil.
disadvantages... Not hardy enough, not resistant to gray rot.
All modern strawberry varieties have a number of advantages that are revealed with proper care. If you imagine how much labor, time, effort was spent to breed a new variety, then you stop scolding varieties for imaginary or real shortcomings.
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