For those who came directly to this part of the article, it will be useful to know that at the end of the article there will be a link to the continuation list of indoor palm trees, where Hamedorea, Govea, Ropalostilis, Butea, Brachea and Date palm are described. Here we will talk about other indoor palms and, in brief, about the features of caring for them. This will help you decide on the choice of palm trees for your home.
This is an unpretentious and very beautiful fan palm. Even frosts down to -8 ° C do not scare her. Therefore, there are so many of these palm trees on the streets of Yalta, Alushta and other coastal Crimean cities.
Unlike other palms, Washingtonia grows very quickly - 10 to 14 new leaves appear per season. The fan-shaped leaves of Washingtonia do not grow in a bunch, but on opposite sides of the trunk - this makes the palm tree so unusual and attractive. However, it is precisely because of this sprawlingness that it is impossible to keep Washington in the conditions of an average static city apartment. She needs a lot of space. But a large country house with an impressive winter garden will suit her.
Livistona is often grown at home (sometimes called Latania). This is a beautiful large palm tree. The huge shiny fan leaves look especially attractive. But Livistons, like many fan palms, are very demanding on air and soil moisture. Constant watering and regular spraying are indispensable conditions for growing the Livistona palm. In addition, it grows slowly, but good lighting, high humidity and warm air in the room stimulate its growth. Livistona is very sensitive to stagnation of water in the ground, so the soil in the flowerpot needs to be loosened regularly.
Florists, limited by a small area of u200b u200bthe room, can quite afford to grow the Rapis palm tree. For a small room, this is ideal. Rapis is a low bushy palm tree, the dark green dissected fan leaves of which look spectacular against the background of a thin trunk covered with dense fibers.
Rapis is undemanding in leaving. It does not need frequent spraying and watering like other fan palms. Rapese tolerates shade better than direct sunlight. If the light is too bright, it can hurt, but it tolerates frosts down to -8 ° C.
The Sabal palm tree feels great at home. Its tough gray-green fan leaves are dissected to 3/4 of their length. Sabal is undemanding to air temperature and humidity. But in the warm season, watering Sabal should be more abundant than in winter. Only soft water can be used to moisten the soil and air.
Trachikarpus is so popular in our homes that it is even grown outdoors in the southern regions. The traditional appearance of a palm tree - a slender trunk covered with coarse fibers, fan leaves - made this plant a popular decoration of winter gardens, greenhouses and streets of southern cities. It is not difficult to grow Trachikarpus at home. Trachikarpus is cold-resistant, even withstands frosts down to -7 ° C. Moist air is very important for the active growth of a palm tree, but if you forget to moisturize it, Trachikarpus will courageously endure temporary discomfort.
Another palm tree available for home breeding is Hamerops. It is resistant to high and low temperatures and insufficient humidity. But the lighting for this palm tree plays an important role. Hamerops loves loose soil very much, but is afraid of waterlogging of the soil, which can lead to decay of the roots.
In appearance, Gioforba, or bottle palm, combines some of the features of fan and feathery palms. She is somewhat reminiscent of Butia. The thickened smooth trunk is crowned with fan-shaped leaves, which consist of feathery parts. Gioforba looks neat and compact, but requires special care. The bottle palm needs high humidity and air temperature, requires regular spraying and watering. If you allow yourself to neglect its requirements, the leaves of Gioforba will quickly hang. The bottle palm does not like the bright sun, the rays of which leave burns on the leaves. Gioforba prefers partial shade.
Yucca is a special palm. In any case, this is the opinion of the cats, persistently eating the leaves of Yucca. Therefore, taking out a palm tree in the summer on a balcony, terrace or just in the garden, ensure its safety: cats are everywhere. Yucca loves light, so don't be afraid to expose her to the bright sun. Yucca also loves water: do not allow yourself to miss spraying and watering with settled water. You will walk for a walk in winter, when the homemade yucca will not need moisture so much. In winter, care must be taken to ensure that no stagnant water forms in the roots, which can lead to root disease.
My favorite palm is Cariota. Its uniqueness lies in its unusual two-feathery leaves, because of which it is called "fish tail". And if they had not given it to me, I would have bought myself this beautiful palm tree: its original shape, corrugated leaves on long petioles look like those made of paper. They hang down, really resembling fish tails. In addition to the original appearance, its advantage for home cultivation is its low growth. Cariota's care is simple. It tolerates inadequate air humidity and low temperatures well. But if you create favorable conditions for her, Cariota will grow very quickly. From preferences: likes bright light without direct sun and a warm room.
Now in stores and at agricultural stations you will be provided with a huge selection of palm trees. But for novice palm lovers, we recommend staying at the most unpretentious and hardy of them. When you already have experience in caring for palm trees, you can choose a more demanding specimen. The main condition for the acquisition of this exotic plant is the size of your home or office sufficient for its cultivation. If you do not have the required footage, do not torment the plant.
Sections: Houseplants Ornamental Deciduous Palms
Beautiful, long-stemmed palms with large leaves that resemble feathers or a fan are reminiscent of the sea, sun and romantic adventures. Of course, many will want to have one at home. But here's the problem: most palms are quite tall and "swing" up to several meters, some - up to 20-30 meters. In addition, these are tropical plants, and they feel uncomfortable in the room. Is it possible to grow them in an apartment. Let's hurry to console fans of exotic plants: there are types of indoor palms, quite unpretentious. We provide their description with photos and names so that everyone can choose a tree to their liking.
Plants of the arecaceae (palm) family are tree plantations of the monocotyledonous class. They grow mainly in the tropics, and are found in the subtropics. The native land of the plant is North Africa. The domestic palm tree has a thick trunk and huge spreading leaves growing at the very top. Most of its species do not form flowers in an enclosed space. Fruit does not form due to the dry air and cool temperature.
By far the most popular of the palms. Its fruits - sweet dates, can be found everywhere, they are a favorite delicacy of young and old.
And, in this regard, flower growers are tempted to plant a date stone. This venture will be crowned with success, because the date pits are easy to germinate and the palm tree will grow and delight you, but not for long.
Indoor maintenance is not suitable for its size - the palm tree will suffer, hurt, and is unlikely to give you fruits. Unlike the special date palm.
Robelena - adapted for growing at home, grows to a height of no more than three meters. And, what is especially pleasant, it is capable of bearing fruit at home. The peculiarity of the date palm is that it can have more than one trunk.
Finger dates - a spectacular palm tree growing both in the wild and in apartments. How a potted crop reaches a height of two meters.
Often used in decor. Her leaves are rather large and finger-like (fan-shaped). It easily adapts to keeping in room conditions and includes several varieties suitable for this.
Washingtonia filifera (filamentous) Is a species native to North America. Dried leaves do not fall off, but go down, forming a kind of "beard" and practically hide the trunk.
Pruning leaves is not recommended.
Washingtonia robusta (strong) - originally from Mexico and has a more compact size than the thread carrier.
Those who decide to have such a copy at home should remember that Washingtonia is growing very quickly and after 5-6 years it will not have enough space in the room. Likes good lighting, abundant watering, warmth and high humidity.
Originally from the coast of Australia. Differs in large feathery leaves.
It takes root quite well at home and suffers a lack of light, while the leaves remain green, do not dry out or turn yellow, even with insufficient air humidity.
The palm tree is immune to spider mites and other pests.
The plant is almost not affected by spider mites and other pests. In addition, the palm tree grows very slowly, and will delight you with its beauty for a longer time.
The palm tree is native to Asia. Well adapted to home conditions and easily tolerates drought and low soil moisture.
But if she does not have enough light, then this directly affects her appearance.
Has its own varieties of indoor palms.
Rapis excelsa (high) - bad for direct sunlight. It is characterized by slow growth and it can be planted several pieces in a pot to achieve greater decorativeness
Multifida rape (multi-cut) has large cuts on the leaves, similar to fingers.
The palm tree is native to Mexico. Under natural conditions, it grows in groups or "hides" in the forests, because it is afraid of the hot sun and wind. It adapts to apartments and their low humidity quite easily.
It grows slowly and can be planted in a pot in two or three pieces. It grows in one stem. The feathery foliage withers and wilts. It is affected by spider mites, slugs and pests that eat the leaf plate, provided that the palm tree is taken out into the garden in summer.
If the palm is not well cared for, the leaves will turn brown or brown.
Hamedorea metallica... Leaves, divided into feathers, have a glossy surface and a metallic or bluish sheen
Hamedorea graceful... Grows well, not capricious, likes darkening. The leaves are pinnate. Blossoms with small yellowish fragrant flowers
Hamedorea one-color - has thinner and longer leaves than graceful
Hamedorea high - grows up to five meters in height. Long branches are abundantly covered with narrow green foliage. It is planted several palms in a pot
Hamedorea Ernest-August - the smallest palm of this species. The leaves are wide and glossy, the flowers are bright orange.
The palm tree has original rich bifurcated leaves resembling a fish tail in shape - therefore, this is what the people called it. Loves the sun and frequent feeding, thanks to which it is quite easy to adapt to home conditions.
But for the plant to be strong, with shiny leaves and to show immunity to pests, it is necessary to maintain a fairly high air humidity.
While the palm tree is young, it grows very slowly, but having reached a height of one and a half meters, it accelerates. One of the few palms that blooms, but only once a year.
In flower shops you can find a variety cariota mitis (soft) - grows in 2-3 stems and karyote urens (burning) - has only 1 stem.
The fan palm is distinguished by its rapid growth and unpretentiousness. However, with a lack of air humidity, the hanging ends of the leaves begin to dry. At the age of five it reaches its maturity.
Several varieties have been adapted for indoor floriculture.
Livistona chinensis (Chinese) despite the small size of the palm tree, it does not have enough strength to grow and develop normally at home, even if it is fed and transferred to larger pots
Livistona saribus - the leaves are shorter and the plants themselves are noticeably more compact.
Bamboo palm, got its name from the similarity of the leaves to bamboo leaves. It grows quickly, it is not demanding in care. The main condition for good growth is frequent and abundant watering.
Coconut Weddel can be grown at home, but the tree is demanding on air humidity, temperature and illumination.
Brachea - has leaves shaped like a fan. Unpretentious. Grows well on clay-sandy substrate. Dislikes waterlogged soil.
Butea - a gorgeous, but very capricious palm tree: it grows for a long time, does not like drought and stagnant water. Requires good lighting and high soil moisture.
Gioforba - a small but spectacular palm tree. Requires daily spraying of foliage with lime water. It is necessary to provide it with high humidity and good sunlight, without direct rays.
Cat palm (calathea). The leaves are lush and wide, forming green cascades. He loves watering with distilled water and almost daily spraying in the summer.
In indoor floriculture, in addition to the above, they use such varieties as:
All of them are spectacular enough to be seduced and turned on at home. And most of them require adherence to a set of standard rules, which we describe below.
Flower shops offer us palms not only of different varieties, but also of age. Now it is quite affordable to buy an already developed mature palm tree grown in a special nursery, but you should not rush with such a purchase.
Firstly, such a specimen will be quite expensive, and, secondly, an adult palm tree adapts much worse to environmental and care conditions.
Therefore, when choosing a palm tree, you should give preference to younger trees.
They may not be as spectacular as adults, but you will be able to observe all the features of their growth and development.
Palm leaves are of the greatest value for decorating a room. Palms of different varieties differ in the shape of the leaves.
Leaves can be wide or narrow, straight or rounded. It is important to remember that you cannot cut the leaves of palm trees - this can lead to the death of the plant.
Damage to the growth point is especially dangerous.
Palm trees do not react well to stagnant water, therefore, the pot must have drainage from expanded clay, and the soil itself must include sand, peat and vermiculite for looseness.
This condition even applies to those palms that are recommended to be watered often and abundantly. In the summer, frequent watering is necessary for almost all palms, especially since many specimens cannot tolerate overdried soil.
In winter, the frequency of watering is reduced, and watered as needed, but, at the same time, it is impossible to bring the land to complete drying out. After each watering, pour out excess moisture from the pot pan
Palms are demanding for light.At the same time, they need very good illumination, but they are afraid of direct sunlight, that is, there should be a lot of light, but scattered. You can use tulle to get an "openwork" shading.
All palms need high humidity. To do this, sprinkle and wipe the leaves with a sponge, put containers with water next to the palm trees or use special air humidifiers.
In summer, provide warmth, but not heat, and in winter, moderate temperature (15-16 ° C). If the house is constantly warm, then preference should be given to the date palm, if it is cool, then the fan
All palms are sensitive to drafts, so they need to be protected
It is produced only when the palm has visually "grown" from the planting container, because the tree does not like when its root system is disturbed. This is done in the spring. The old palm is not transplanted at all.
Reproduction is carried out exclusively by seeds while maintaining a constant temperature of 27 ° C. This is a rather complicated and time-consuming process, therefore it is recommended to buy a ready-made seedling.
To do this, you will occasionally need to wipe the foliage with soapy water.
When planting a palm tree at home, it is worth remembering that it is a representative of the tropical flora and indoor conditions, despite adaptation, are not very suitable for it.
According to statistics, only a few out of a hundred sprouted palms survive in indoor conditions!
However, if you provide her with all the necessary conditions and constant care, then she will harmoniously fit into the interior of the house and will delight her with her appearance and health.
It can be called an obvious fact that exotic palms are becoming more and more popular with home growers.
Yes, and modern offices are already difficult to imagine without huge tubs with such beautiful vegetation.
And you should not be surprised at such a hobby. Indoor palms are not only a tribute to fashion, but also a way to significantly enrich the room with oxygen in parallel with its design.
Each palm tree is a magnificent specimen created by nature.
Selection of palms
Having "caught fire" with the desire to acquire a tree with a spreading crown, you should weigh your decision several times.
You should not mindlessly buy exactly what you liked (even if myths promise good luck to the house with the acquisition of some exotic).
So, if all the factors (beautiful appearance, compact dimensions and harmlessness) "come together" in a single plant, then these indoor palms are worth buying.
Indoor palm trees
You can choose a large variety of palms for offices and private homes. But the most popular are the ones below.
Hoveya Forster... An unusually beautiful native of Australia grows very slowly at home, regardless of the fertility of the soil.
Large leaf-fans indoors have a more horizontal direction of growth (compared to natural conditions). It is popular due to its unpretentiousness to the conditions of care.
Palm umbrella requires increased attention to herself (although she is a countrywoman of Hovea), so she should not violate the regime of care.
She is susceptible to diseases if she does not feel enough moisture. Outwardly, the tree is amazingly beautiful, because it's worth the effort to keep it healthy.
Very original palm tree Rapis with beautiful fan-shaped leaves (native to Asia). It has several original subspecies, which do not always look alike in appearance. The hybrid varieties of Rapis have unusual foliage in shape and color and are very expensive.
Hamedorea graceful with its thin feathery leaves, it is most often found in offices.
Apparently, because the plant is small and tolerates droughts (although the palm itself comes from the humid jungles of Mexico).
All indoor palms (and those that were not mentioned in the article) deserve to settle in your home. You can't think of a better addition to the interior design.
Plants need a warm, humid climate and good lighting.
In ordinary apartments, the air is warm but dry, so constant spraying of the leaves becomes more important than watering. In the summer, this procedure is carried out at least 2-3 times a week, during the operation of central heating - daily. In winter, watering the tree is carried out in the same mode - 2-3 times a week. Spraying is recommended not with tap water, but with distilled water, devoid of minerals.
Tap water is not suitable for irrigation; it is better to settle it or pass it through a filter. The salts in the water worsen the condition of the soil. If the water stands open for several days, they precipitate. With a high content of minerals in the soil, the development of the plant stops.
The sun's rays falling on the leaves should be scattered, not direct.
All types of these trees do not tolerate drafts, the root system is sensitive to cold, for this reason, plant pots cannot be placed on the windowsill and on the floor in winter.
Transplanting young trees should be carried out annually, adults - less often. After transferring the plant to a new tub, it cannot be fed for 6 months. Compositions selected for indoor flowers are used as fertilizers.
Zamia - Zamia
Evergreens with a low turnip, hidden underground, a trunk and few loose-leafed leaves. Homeland - the tropics of America.
In culture Zamia rough (Z. furfuracea). Zamia average is grown in greenhouses. In a room culture, Zamia is sometimes grown low, or dwarf (Z. pygmaea), whose homeland is Cuba and the Bahamas.
The genus includes about 35 species of ancient gymnosperms, distributed from Florida and Mexico to tropical regions of South America.
In culture, zamia rarely blooms and, moreover, does not give seeds. Prized for its beautiful leaves and endurance. It grows very slowly, but over time it can reach a height and width of 1 m.
Florida Zamia – Zamia floridana. It lives in pine forests, but not tropical, but subtropical, as well as on coral reefs in the north of the range of the genus, in Florida. Its completely underground tuberous stem passes deeper into a carrot-like main root, and a strobilus forms among the leaves above the soil. In female plants, it is often larger than the stem that formed it and is almost sessile.