The lawn, in the garden, almost certainly represents one of the "green" elements of fundamental importance for its aesthetic performance and for the duration of the external natural environment. The turf of the garden is used to be able to easily walk on the ground, to allow children to play outdoors without getting hurt, for pets to run around outside in an environment that is perfectly compatible with their needs. All this is achieved by taking care of your lawn, first of all making it grow healthy and luxuriant and then avoiding making it wither due to difficult external conditions or attacks of diseases or parasites. Whether it is large, medium or small, a garden lawn must be planned from the moment of the design and construction of the garden itself, choosing the right seeds that can give life to particularly durable herbs and capable of resisting the typical agents of the outside world.
The garden lawn originates from the sowing of particular seeds that can be purchased in nurseries. Many lawns are made with a single species of seeds, others with mixtures. The mono or multi-plant choice will depend on the climatic conditions of the area where the garden is located, the quality of the soil and the particular characteristics of the seeds chosen. Going to a nursery will find seed mixes suitable for gardens that are too sunny or too shady. The mixtures are usually composed of a selection of seeds that respond to the precise climatic characteristics and the type of soil in which they will be sown. With the mixture you will not risk seeing the grass suddenly wither and you will be able to count on an evergreen lawn all year round. However, for the most demanding, the idea of having a lawn with different herbs may not be ideal in order to achieve perfect symmetry of the turf. In this case, you can opt for single herbs, choosing them from those most compatible with the conditions of the climate and the soil in which the soil stands. Generally, fast-growing grasses are to be preferred and resistant to both trampling and periodic or short cuts over time.
The grasses most used for garden lawns are grasses, a large family of monocotyledonous herbaceous species that easily adapt to any type of soil and climatic condition. Grasses are able to grow practically anywhere: from sandy soils, to wet and wooded ones and on ruins made of stone. These are herbs that grow very quickly and do not deform with continuous trampling and frequent cuts. The grasses are also able to withstand arid climates, including some aquatic species. These grasses are usually mixed with other species of the same family, in order to make the turf more durable and to regulate its growth. The most used grasses are the fescue or ryegrass. This grass, if the climatic conditions allow it, germinates within a week. If planted alone, it allows to have a nice turf in the first year at the most, while from the second and third there will be a thinning that will lead to its definitive disappearance. The mixture with other grasses allows, however, to slow down the growth of the grass and make it more durable over the years. To sow fescue only, you need an arid and dry soil. In wet areas, in fact, this grassy species makes a good effect only at the beginning, and then gradually disappears under the attacks of excessive humidity. The grasses also include species that resist high temperatures and guarantee a beautiful green lawn even in the summer. These species are called macrotherms. But grasses also include herbs, called microtherms, suitable for mild and humid climates. The microtherms allow you to keep the lawn green even in winter, but to prevent it from wilting or turning yellow in summer, it is necessary to water it very frequently. A high essence present in the mixtures of grasses is poa which is able to resist very well in moist and nutrient-rich soils. This species, botanically called Poa pratensins, is able to give a beautiful dark green lawn because it emits many underground rhizomes. Other species of grasses widely used for garden lawns are: Agrostis, Pennisetum, Lolium, Dichondra, Cynodon, Paspalum, Stenotaphrum, Zoysia. The last four species are widely used for the meadows in the areas of central and southern Italy, especially those of the coasts.
As already mentioned, the choice of one species of grass rather than another will determine the result of the turf of a garden both in terms of the density of the mantle and of the color, of the uniformity of growth, of the resistance to external agents and to trampling. Resistance to pests and diseases must also be considered when choosing the seeds to use for the creation of the turf. Macrotherms withstand high temperatures, grow fast and are better resistant to fungal attacks, while they are particularly vulnerable to summer insects. The reverse must be done for microtherms which are easily attacked by fungi and are not afraid of insect attacks. The garden lawn made up of mixtures of grasses also has another criticality, namely the presence of large-leaved weeds that threaten the aesthetic appeal of the outdoor space. Some of these always belong to the grasses that make up the green mantle, only they grow in a disorderly manner, ruining the aesthetic appearance of the lawn and creating empty spaces inside it. To avoid the infestation of these herbs, it is necessary to use preventive herbicides, that is, they kill the weeds when the seeds germinate. These products should be used between the end of April and the beginning of May, to kill weeds, such as the pabbio, which germinate precisely between May and August.
The garden lawn is created and designed by choosing, first of all, the grasses suitable for the conditions of the soil and the climate in which the garden is located and then proceeding with the sowing. The mixtures of the seeds, as you already know, are bought in nurseries. If you buy seeds composed of mixtures of microthermal species you will have to proceed with sowing at temperatures between 15 and 18 degrees, while if you use seeds composed of macrotherms you will have to prefer temperatures between 24 and 30 degrees. The ideal period for sowing will therefore be in spring or autumn, the season will naturally always depend on the species of seeds chosen. The time for sowing is usually in the morning which, in the seasons indicated, has decidedly mild or cool temperatures. In the event of excessive temperature variability, just choose the time when they drop and have a constant level of humidity. The mixtures to be sown can also be chosen based on the use that will be made of the lawn, in the case of the garden it will naturally be an ornamental lawn, where the grasses with a soft and dense development are very suitable. The seeds can be spread by hand or with the spreader. The ideal quantity of seeds is 30 grams per square meter. The same must be buried at a depth of at least 5 millimeters.
Before proceeding with the sowing of the lawn, the soil must be adequately prepared, eliminating stones, debris and other foreign elements. Subsequently it is necessary to carry out the milling, that is the turning and digging of the soil to a maximum depth of 20 centimeters. On the soil thus worked, it will be necessary to proceed with the leveling and leveling of the surface, which will have to accommodate the distributed fertilizer, evenly. For ornamental lawns, granular fertilizers based on urea nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, iron and magnesium are used. The gradual action of these fertilizers accompanies the entire growth phase of the lawn, giving a turf of an intense green color and more resistant to trampling and leaf yellowing. After fertilization, you can proceed to spread the seed, which will be buried using a rake. The preparation of the soil is more complex in the English lawn, which is one of the most common ornamental lawns in gardens inspired by a certain elegance and refinement. For the English lawn, the soil is prepared by adding sand and peat, in order to better level it and enhance its drainage. In this type of lawn, weeds must be eliminated, which can damage its aesthetic appearance and its uniform and well-defined appearance.
Garden lawn maintenance will always depend on the type of grass you choose. Frequent watering is not necessary with macrothermal herbs because these species tolerate high temperatures well, while they risk wilting at lower temperatures. Of course, the growth of the garden lawn must also be accompanied by proper maintenance. After sowing it is necessary to proceed with daily irrigations (in the evening or early in the morning), even if not too abundant. After 20 days we will witness the development of the grass which will be cut after about a month and only if it has reached a height of 10 centimeters. After cutting, the height should be 3 centimeters. The first cut must be followed by the distribution of a gradual release fertilizer. The frequency of irrigation for the lawn that has already grown will always depend on the type of grasses used and will be more frequent in the microtherms and less frequent for the macroterms, which are often used in sports lawns.
Sowing the lawn is not an operation that everyone knows how to do. To overcome the complexity of this procedure, there are also turf, always sold in nurseries. These are natural grass rugs that roll up for easy transport. These rugs can also be placed on surfaces that are not exactly linear. The use of turf also simplifies the preparation of the soil which will be limited to the elimination of debris and leveling. The turf maintenance procedures remain unchanged.
When you decide to grow a lawn in your garden, attention is focused above all on the seeds and the care needed for a luxuriant growth. An often overlooked but decisive factor is instead consistency of the soil. The right choice of substrate allows a healthy and resistant germination: this is why it is important to avoid economic solutions and go in search of the best mixture.
The soil for lawn is different from that intended for plants, because it is closely linked to the type of vegetation cover. The mixture of earth and natural substances must be suitable for the type of seeds that will be planted.
Tourist attractions in the area, including the Church of San Francesco and Prato Cathedral, are within walking distance of Hotel Giardino. The hotel has a private parking nearby.
The Basilica of Santa Maria delle Carceri is 350 meters from the hotel, while the Politeama Pratese Theater is 200 meters away. The property is located 1 km from the center of Prato.
Prato C.Le train station can be reached in 15 minutes on foot.
The hotel offers 28 rooms equipped with television, minibar and safe. They feature bathrooms with a shower, shower caps and bath sheets.
Breakfast is served at the bar each morning. The Soldano in Duomo and the Baghino restaurants are a 5-minute walk away.
Leisure opportunities at Hotel Giardino include a golf course and a bar.
Wi-Fi is available throughout the hotel and is free.
Wi-Fi is available in the hotel rooms and is free.
Private parking is possible nearby at EUR 20 per day.
The Prato area is a large open space in the west of the historic center of Florence, once not paved as it was used for the weekly livestock market. The area was and still is wedged between the area of influence of the Dominican convent of Santa Maria Novella and that of the humiliated of Ognissanti and also housed some hospitals for lepers which made it rather unhealthy.
From the mid-sixteenth century the area underwent a real rebirth becoming a place of representation and strolling, a redevelopment sealed by the wedding between the Grand Duke Ferdinando I and Christina of Lorraine in 1589, which took place in this area, magnificently furnished with sets created by great artists of court like Giambologna, Bartolomeo Ammannati and Bernardo Buontalenti.
Precisely in those years, exactly in 1590, the first stone of the building was laid on a raised area of the Prato, designed by Buontalenti for Alessandro Acciaiuoli, an aristocrat with a passion for botany, who wanted to own a "casino", one of those constructions that were very fashionable at the time, which consisted of a sort of villa in the city surrounded by a large park.
For this reason, the building essentially develops on the ground floor, where the family lived near the garden, with high ceilings and decorations that were normally reserved for the noble floors of the city palaces. The "kneeling windows" belong to the original project, ie with corbels resting on protruding supports, with broken tympanums that can still be seen. A few years later, however, the bankruptcy of the Banco dei Ricci, a family friendly and financially linked to the Acciaioli, led to an effective blocking of the works.
In 1620 the property was sold to the Corsinis and the deed of sale speaks of a unfinished building, of an simplistic, that is, of a vegetable garden of medicinal plants as they were cultivated in the Giardino dei Semplici, and of one ragnaia, that is a grove of holm oaks, where the nets for the capture of birds were also installed.
Filippo Corsini entrusted the construction of an Italian garden to Gherardo Silvani, who created the beautiful avenue adorned with statues that still exists at the rear of the villa, with the sculptures resting on pedestals of sloping height to create a perspective effect of greater breadth.
Inevitable geometric decorations with box hedges decorated the park, along with two wild, that is, two wooded areas in one of which a laurel labyrinth was built, and three lemon groves, testifying to the unbridled passion of the time for citrus fruits, beautiful and exotic plants for the harsh Tuscan winters.
In the eighteenth century the family reached its apogee with the election to the papal throne of Cardinal Lorenzo Corsini as Pope Clement XII, whose nephew Neri was a great collector of antiquities, as evidenced by the collection of various ancient tombstones and inscriptions (Greek, Latin and Etruscan) inserted under the loggia of the facade of the building in decorative frames, similarly to what was done by the Riccardi in the Medici Riccardi palace.
In the nineteenth century, what was a temporary summer residence (compared to the Corsini palace on the Lungarno) became the permanent residence of the Marquis Neri Corsini of Lajatico, and underwent important enlargement works by the architect Ulisse Faldi, with the creation of two side wings in Neo-Renaissance style. Subsequently, around 1860, Vincenzo Micheli built a new building overlooking the Prato, on the site of the ancient convent of Santi Maria e Giuseppe sul Prato, on which a balcony was found to be able to watch the Palio dei Berberi, a horse race, Florentine version of the Palio di Siena, which was held until around 1870, from via Ponte alle Mosse (which owes its name to the fact that the race took the moves, that is, it started from here) to Porta alla Croce (the current Piazza Beccaria).
The garden underwent a new transformation on the impulse of the painter Antonietta Wald Stratten according to the then dominant fashion of the English garden in a romantic style, with the spiderwebs transformed into thickets of fast-growing trees, crossed by paths, and with the opening of a small lake in front of the lemon house, which was soon buried due to the stagnation of the water which brought insane colonies of mosquitoes. However, there remains the graceful statue of a child on a turtle executed for the center of the body of water.
The last arrangement was designed by Oliva di Collobiano on behalf of Giorgiana Corsini (1939-2020), who in the 1980s remade the flower beds of the Italian garden with peonies of various shades of pink, a pleasant choice, but not a philological one. to the ancient garden.
Once a year, in mid-May, it hosts the exhibition dedicated to artisan excellence and ancient crafts Handicraft and Palace.