Cherry plum Kuban comet - how to plant and grow


The Kuban comet and its popular species are some of the best representatives of this culture. The exuberant bloom of luxurious, lush trees creates a spring mood. Juicy berries are tasty and aromatic. A gardener who is thinking about planting cherry plum should first of all familiarize himself with these varieties.

Description of the variety and popular species

The variety was isolated at the Crimean (Krasnodar Territory) experimental station and transferred for state variety trials in 1977. Included in the state register in 1987. Zoned in the North-West, Central Black Earth, North Caucasus and Lower Volga regions.

The tree is small in stature, the crown is flat-round, of moderate density. The bark is gray, smooth, overgrown shoots are short. Each flower bud forms two flowers. Winter hardiness according to the State Register is higher than average, according to VNIISPK (All-Russian Research Institute of Breeding of Fruit Crops) - high. Flower buds are capable of tolerating recurrent frosts. The variety is moderately resistant to drought and relatively immune to major diseases.

Each flowering bud of the Kuban comet forms two flowers

The yield of the Kuban comet is very high, annual. From one tree, they collect from 10 to 50 kg (depending on the age of the tree and the quality of care). Ripening period is early. Depending on the region, they start picking berries from the second decade of July to the first decade of August. Self-fertility is partial, the presence of pollinators is desirable, which can be other varieties of cherry plum or plum, for example, Mara, Traveler, Red ball. It is important that pollinators have the same flowering time. The Kuban comet blooms at the end of April.

The yield from one tree of the Kuban comet reaches 50 kg

The berries are usually large, egg-shaped. The average weight is 30 grams. With large yields, the berries grow smaller. The skin is thin and dense, covered with a slight waxy coating, the color is burgundy (according to VNIISPK, it is red). The pulp is dense, fibrous, juicy. It has a yellow color and a characteristic aroma. The stone is small, it separates poorly. The taste of the berry is good, sour-sweet. Tasting score - 4.6 points. Short, firmly attached, the stalk does not allow even an overripe berry to fall. The fruits do not crack, they tolerate transportation well. Slightly unripe berries are especially well stored and transported, which subsequently ripen well and take on the usual color. The appointment is universal.

Video: cherry plum Kuban comet

Late comet

Originally also from Krymsk, in the State Register since 2006. Unlike the Kuban comet, it is zoned only in the North Caucasus region.

The tree is medium-sized, with an oval, raised crown of medium thickening. It tolerates winters with frost down to -30 ° C, thanks to which the seedlings of this variety (despite its tolerance region) can be found on sale even in the Moscow region. Possesses average immunity to diseases, high early maturity.

Conflicting data on self-fertility. In the State Register, the self-fertility of the variety is noted, but VNIISPK has a directly opposite point of view and reports the self-fertility of the late comet. Gardeners in forum reviews are more inclined towards the first version. In any case, the presence of pollinators will be a positive factor.

Brings high yields, which ripen in the second half of July. The purpose of the fruit is universal, from fresh consumption to the preparation of juices, compotes, jams and preserves.

The berry is quite large, with an average weight of 32 grams, has a dark red or burgundy color. The shape is oval, the surface is covered with a wax coating. The dense, cartilaginous red flesh has a very good sweet and sour taste and characteristic aroma. The size of the stone is medium, it does not come off very well.

Berry of Comet Late is quite large, with an average weight of 32 grams, has a dark red or burgundy color

July rose

She is the June rose, she is the early comet. Under the first name, it was entered in the State Register in 1999 for the North Caucasus region. Homeland - Krasnodar Territory.

The tree is medium-sized, with a gray, even, medium thickness, stem and flat-round, medium thickened crown. Possesses high winter hardiness, average drought resistance and good early maturity. In the third year, it begins to bear fruit, and by the age of eight the harvest reaches 10 kg per tree. Early flowering - in early April. Self-infertile, although VNIISPK reports partial self-fertility. Good immunity to clotterosporia and other diseases. High adaptability to growing conditions.

The fruits ripen first among the other varieties of cherry plum. Already at the end of June, the first ripe berries are removed, but they ripen unevenly. The fruits are ovoid and dark red in color with a pinkish tinge. The average berry weight is 29 grams. The pulp is dense, fibrous, yellow, slightly juicy. It darkens slowly in the air. The taste is sweet and sour, pleasant. The aroma is weak. The purpose of the fruit is universal.

The fruits of the Early Comet are ovoid and dark red with a pinkish tinge.

Video: a brief overview of the cherry plum berry Early Comet

Planting cherry plum

Planting cherry plum is no more difficult than any other fruit tree. As usual, start by choosing a location. Cherry plum, although a winter-hardy plant, does not like cold northern winds. And also it does not tolerate wetlands and close occurrence of groundwater. Loves the sun, warmth, airing, but not drafts. So, in summary, we can formulate a characteristic of a place that is successful for planting and growing cherry plum. On a small southern or southeastern slope, with deep groundwater, protected from the north or northeast by natural barriers - tall trees, a house wall, a fence. And also with loose, well-drained soil with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. If there is such a place, you can think about landing.

The best time for planting cherry plum is early spring, before sap flow begins. At this time, the seedlings should be in a dormant state, but already ready to awaken. If seedlings with a closed root system are purchased, the planting time is uncritical. They can be planted in the ground from April to October.

Step-by-step instructions for planting cherry plum

Following simple recommendations, even a novice gardener can plant cherry plum.

  1. The first thing to do is purchase a seedling. So that the gardener is not disappointed, it is better to do this in specialized nurseries. It is better to purchase in advance, in the fall. It was at this time that there was a massive digging of seedlings for sale. They choose a one or two-year-old plant - these take root better than overgrown ones. Of course, they pay attention to the condition of the root system - it must be well developed, have fibrous roots. And also the bark of the tree should be smooth, without cracks and other damage. Seedlings should be sold in a dormant state, if foliage remains on them, it should be cut off.

    Pay attention to the condition of the root system of the seedling - it must be well developed, have fibrous roots

  2. When the seedling is purchased, it will have to be preserved until spring. To do this, you need to dig it in the garden, after dipping the roots into a mess of clay and mullein. A tree is placed in a pre-dug hole of a suitable size, the roots are covered with sand and watered. After that, the hole is completely covered with earth, it is possible with a small mound, leaving only the top of the tree on the surface. You can store the seedling in the basement, if the air temperature in it is maintained within the range from 0 to +5 ° C.

    For the winter, the seedling should be buried

  3. Prepare the landing pit. They do it in the following order:
    1. At the chosen place, you need to dig a hole about 80 centimeters in diameter and the same depth. If the topsoil is fertile and rich in humus, set it aside for later use.
    2. At the bottom of the pit, a ten-centimeter layer of drainage is poured, for example, crushed stone, gravel, expanded clay, broken brick, etc.

      At the bottom of the pit, a ten-centimeter layer of drainage is poured, for example, crushed stone, gravel, expanded clay, broken brick, etc.

    3. Fill in the nutrient mixture. It can be cooked directly in the pit. Mix composition:
      • black soil (you can use the soil deposited at the beginning);
      • well rotted humus or compost;
      • bottom peat;
      • sand - these components are taken in approximately equal amounts;
      • wood ash - 2-3 liters;
      • superphosphate - 300-400 grams.

        The nutrient mixture can be prepared directly in the pit

    4. The mixture is mixed well with a shovel or pitchfork and covered with something moisture-proof until spring - roofing material, film, etc.
  4. In the spring, as soon as the favorable time comes, they proceed directly to planting the plant.
    1. They take out the seedling from the storage place, inspect it. If there are dried or damaged roots, cut with a pruner.
    2. The seedling is soaked in a bucket of water for 2-3 hours. You can add growth and root stimulants to the water, for example, Kornevin, Epin, etc.
    3. A small mound is prepared in the pit and a stake is driven in at a distance of 10-15 cm from the center. Its height should be at least 80 centimeters above the soil level.
    4. A seedling is placed on a mound with its root collar to the top. The roots are gently spread around the mound.

      The roots are gently spread around the mound

    5. They fill the hole with earth, ramming it in layers.
    6. Make sure that the root collar is not buried. If it is located a few centimeters above the soil level, then after watering the earth will settle and the root collar will drop to the soil level - this is how it should be.
    7. The seedling is tied to a peg, taking care not to crush the trunk.
    8. A trunk circle is formed around the tree from the remaining soil. It is convenient to do this with a flat cutter or a hoe.
    9. The soil is watered abundantly with water for good adherence to the roots and elimination of air sinuses, which inevitably form during backfill.

      The soil is poured abundantly with water for good adhesion to the roots and elimination of air sinuses

    10. Mulch with a suitable material - hay, sunflower or buckwheat husks, humus, etc.
    11. The seedling is trimmed to a height of 60–80 cm, if there are branches, they are shortened by a third.

Features of growing and subtleties of care

Agrotechnics of growing cherry plum The Kuban comet and its species are not complicated.

Watering and feeding

These types of care are important but do not have any special requirements. A gardener, even a beginner, has an idea of ​​how to carry them out. Therefore, in short:

  • The cherry plum is watered during the growing season about once a month.
  • Water consumption for a young tree is 40-50 liters, for an adult - more. It should be checked - to what depth the earth is moistened. For normal development, you need 25-30 centimeters.
  • The next day after watering, the soil is loosened and mulched.
  • You need to feed the cherry plum starting from the third year after planting.

Table: what and when to fertilize cherry plum

Pruning

Cherry plum requires regular pruning. Forming and regulating pruning is especially important.

Crown formation

Without correct and timely formation of the crown, the gardener will lose part of the crop... Sometimes cherry plum is given a sparse-tiered shape, but the formation in the form of a bowl is preferable. In this case, all leaves and fruits are maximally illuminated by the sun's rays, the crown is well ventilated, the berries ripen well and are filled with juice. The bowl can be simple, when all branches grow from the trunk at the same level and are directed in different directions. In this case, with large yields (and this is not uncommon for the Kuban comet) there is a risk that the branches may break off under the weight of the fruit. The improved bowl allows you to distribute the load along the trunk due to the fact that the skeletal branches are at different heights and are located one above the other.

In winter, the skeleton of a cherry plum tree is clearly visible. The Kuban comet, formed like a simple bowl

Important. Work on the formation of the crown is carried out only in early spring, before the buds swell.

How to correctly form a cherry plum crown in the form of an improved bowl - step by step instructions.

  1. If the gardener has not forgotten to cut the seedling when planting, a 50-60 cm seedling - the first step has already been taken.
  2. The second step can also be done when planting - select four growth buds on the trunk with an interval of about 10-15 centimeters between them. The countdown is carried out from the upper cut. All the kidneys below are blinding. If this step is taken a year after planting and young shoots have already grown, then using the same algorithm, four of them are selected, the rest are cut into a ring. The center conductor (if it was not cut during planting) is cut into the kidney.
  3. On each of the skeletal branches, 1–2 branches of the second order are formed and shortened by a third.
  4. In the following years, you need to monitor the thickening of the crown, thinning in time. And also do not allow one of the branches (usually it is a branch of the second order) does not take on the role of the central conductor and does not begin to grow up.

    The formation of the cherry plum crown according to the type of an improved bowl begins at the time of planting

Regulatory trim

A bowl-shaped crown usually produces a large amount of growth and needs periodic adjusting pruning. So they are called because they consist in adjusting the filling of the crown. They are usually carried out in early spring by removing the shoots growing inside the crown, as well as vertical tops. The cuts are made on the ring.

Supportive pruning

Its essence is to maintain the yield of the tree at a high level. It is carried out by shortening annual shoots by 10-12 cm, which causes their branching and additional formation of fruit buds. This method is also called chasing. It is carried out in the summer during the period of rapid growth of shoots.

Sanitary pruning

Required by any fruit tree. It is carried out in late autumn and / or early spring. It consists in removing dry, diseased and damaged branches.

How to propagate cherry plum Kuban comet

Cherry plum reproduces well in many ways. In order to choose the right one, first of all, you need to determine - the propagated tree is own-rooted or grafted.

Reproduction of grafted cherry plum

The grafted cherry plum can be propagated in the following ways:

  • Vaccination. Only cherry plum or its hybrids with the Ussuri plum or with the Chinese plum can act as a stock for cherry plum.
  • Lignified cuttings. Step-by-step instruction:
    1. At the beginning of summer, cuttings are cut from annual shoots 20-30 cm long, having two to three growth buds.

      At the beginning of summer, cuttings are cut from annual shoots 20-30 cm long, having two or three growth buds

    2. On the lower part of the cutting, notches are made on the bark. Then place the lower ends in water. You can add root stimulants, for example, Kornevin or Heteroauxin.
    3. Withstand 12 hours.
    4. It is best to root the cuttings in 5–6 liter containers. Plastic water bottles with a cut-off neck are good for these purposes.
    5. The prepared containers are filled with a substrate of a mixture of sand and peat in equal amounts.
    6. Cuttings are placed in a substrate, leaving one bud on the surface.
    7. Watered and covered with foil to create high humidity.
    8. The containers are placed in a greenhouse or under a canopy, sheltering from the sun. It is necessary to maintain a temperature of 25-30 aboutFROM.
    9. Roots should appear in 2-3 weeks. The film can be removed.
    10. For the winter, it is better to place containers in the basement or build some kind of insulated shelter. Storage temperature - 0-5 aboutFROM.
    11. In the spring, they are planted in a permanent place along with the substrate.
  • Green cuttings.Step-by-step instruction:
    1. In early summer, young twigs with leaves are cut.
    2. Cuttings with three leaves are cut from these branches, the two lower ones are cut off.

      Cuttings with three leaves are cut from the branches, the two lower ones are cut

    3. A layer of light nutrient mixture is poured into the box, for example, peat in half with sand, 5–7 cm thick.
    4. A layer of sand 2-3 cm thick is poured on top and moistened.
    5. The lower end of the stalk is deepened into the sand to a depth of 2-3 cm together with the two lower buds.

      The lower end of the stalk is deepened into the sand to a depth of 2-3 cm together with two lower buds

    6. Cover the box with foil so that it does not touch the cuttings.
    7. Place the box in a shaded place, keeping the temperature in it no higher than 30 aboutFROM.
    8. Roots are formed in 30-40 days.
    9. In winter, the box is stored in the basement at a temperature of 0-5 aboutFROM.
    10. In the spring, they are planted in the ground in a permanent place.

Video: how to root green cuttings correctly

Reproduction of rooted cherry plum

Own-rooted cherry plum, as a rule, has a multi-stemmed bush formation. This allows you to get seedlings in the following ways:

  • root cuttings;
  • root shoots;
  • layering.

Diseases and pests

Cherry plum is quite resistant to diseases and pests. If you help her with timely prevention, then you can not worry about the safety of the crop.

Table: preventive measures against diseases and pests

Table: the main diseases of cherry plum and treatment

Photo gallery: signs of cherry plum diseases

Table: the main pests of cherry plum

Photo gallery: cherry plum pests

Testimonials

The Kuban comet has indisputable advantages - yield, excellent quality of berries, undemanding care. Having opted for one of these varieties, the gardener will never regret it. It will not be difficult to grow such a tree. And the joy of family members after the first harvests will be a reward for their work.

  • Print

Hello! My name is Pyotr Vladimirovich. I am 63 years old. By education - a mechanical engineer.

Rate the article:

(2 votes, average: 5 out of 5)

Share with your friends!


Landing features

Cherry plum is planted in early autumn or early spring. It is very important to choose the right planting site and purchase healthy seedlings.

Sapling selection

When choosing a cherry plum seedling, preference should be given to trees with a closed root system.

The main indicators of quality planting material:

  • seedling height - 1-1.2 meters
  • the root system contains many small roots, has good branching
  • the kidneys should be swollen
  • bark of branches and trunk without mechanical damage, stains, ulcers and traces of pests
  • the cut of the shoot should be moist, yellow-green in color.

It is best to purchase two-year-old zoned seedlings. They tolerate the change of the place of growth well and take root faster.

When buying seedlings in the nursery, you should pay attention to the trunks of the seedlings - they must be even, with healthy twigs

Choosing a landing site

The ideal place for planting cherry plum Kuban comet is the southern side of the sunny area. Shaded areas are not suitable for this variety. Also cherry plum does not like strong winds and drafts. It develops well when planting near buildings, where on one side it is covered with a solid wall. Dislikes clay and loamy soils. Planting is most favorable on sandy and fertile soils with neutral acidity. The groundwater level should be no higher than 1 meter.

Site preparation

Before planting seedlings, planting pits with a size of 80x80x80 cm are preliminarily prepared. The excavated soil is mixed with:

  • humus - 12 kg
  • superphosphate - 250 g
  • potassium sulfide - 50 g.

If necessary, the soil is deoxidized with a solution of lime or ash.

For autumn preparation, fresh manure or humus is used. In the spring, the pit is prepared 2 weeks before planting, while nitrogen fertilizers and fresh humus are not added to the nutrient soil mixture.

Step by step process

Before planting, the seedlings are kept for 1 hour in a clay mash or treated with a root formation stimulator.

  1. A small amount of earth is poured into the bottom of the planting pit in the form of a mound.
  2. A wooden peg is driven into the hole.
  3. The seedling is lowered to a depth at which the root collar rises 6 cm above ground level.
  4. The tree is covered with earth and carefully tamped.
  5. Tie the seedling to the peg with a string.
  6. Form a hole with a diameter of 40 cm.
  7. Water a young tree with 2-3 buckets of water.
  8. After the water is completely absorbed, the hole is mulched with wood chips.

After watering and subsidence of the soil, the root collar of the tree should be at ground level

When planting several trees, it should be borne in mind that the feeding area of ​​one tree is about 9 m², so the distance between rows should be at least 3 m, and between trees - 2.5–3 m.

Pollinators

The Kuban comet is a partially self-fertile variety. To improve fruiting, other varieties of cherry plum are planted on the site (Mara, Pramen, Pchelnikovskaya, Seanets Rocket, Gift to St. Petersburg, Traveler) or Chinese plum (Skoroplodnaya, Orlovsky souvenir, Red ball).

The best pollinators for the cherry plum variety Kuban comet in the photo

Plum early-fruited is characterized by winter hardiness of flower buds Plum Orlovsky souvenir annually brings a bountiful harvest of fruits Plum Red ball is distinguished by large, beautiful fruits Cherry plum variety Seedling Rocket is resistant to fungal diseases Alycha Pchelnikovskaya is weakly affected by moniliosis of fruits and clotterosporia Cherry plum Traveler is a versatile variety of hybrid origin The cherry plum variety Pramen has a high yield. A gift to St. Petersburg - a hybrid variety of cherry plum, which is zoned for the cold climate of the northern regions Alycha Mara is a versatile medium-ripening variety

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety - table

Dignitydisadvantages
Adapted to the conditions of the Central Chernozem and Northwestern regionsUneven ripening, collection takes about a month
Disease resistantPlum moth worms start in the fruits
High yielding, fruits are formed every yearIn order for the cherry plum to be large, the ovary must be thinned out in the spring.
Due to its compactness, the tree is easy to prune, spray, harvest, etc.Drought resistance - medium
Fruits do not crumble, are resistant to cracking, tolerate transportation well
The cherry plum collected at the beginning of staining ripens, acquires a characteristic color
Fruits are large, tasty, universal.

The Kuban cherry plum variety is very productive, the branches are strewn with fruits


Kuban cherry plum is not highly resistant to diseases and pests of stone fruit crops. But timely methods of control and prevention, presented in the tables, will prevent the defeat of the cherry plum.

Methods of control and prevention

Trees treatment in early spring with 3% carbamide solution. The affected leaves must be collected and burned.

Before flowering, the plum must be treated with copper sulfate. After flowering, Kuprozan is used. Whitewashing of cherry plum trunks can be a preventive measure.

After trimming the shoots, the sections are necessarily processed with petrolatum. To prevent the disease, you need to monitor the acidity of the soil, the timing of fertilization and the irrigation regime.

Processing shoots with 1% Bordeaux solution immediately after bud break. For prevention, the affected branches are removed and the soil is sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate.

Below are the main pests and methods for their destruction.

Destruction and prevention methods

After the insects creep out, it is necessary to treat the bark with Dichlorvos. For prophylaxis, before the beginning of flowering, the plum is treated with Trichlorol-5.

Three weeks after the end of flowering, the tree is sprayed with Avant three times with a break of 12 days.

For prevention, dry branches should be regularly cut down and burned, as well as mosses and lichens should be removed from the bark.

During the growing season, the plum is sprayed with Virin-ENZH. To prevent the appearance of the pest, they are treated with Nitrofen before the appearance of the kidneys.


Watch the video: HOW TO PLANT FRUIT TREES IN CONTAINERS - Peach, Plum, Cherry, Nectarine - STARKS Thanks LeadFarmer73


Previous Article

Stenocereus beneckei f. inermis

Next Article

Prairie Garden Design: Tips For Creating A Prairie Style Garden