The Kuban comet and its popular species are some of the best representatives of this culture. The exuberant bloom of luxurious, lush trees creates a spring mood. Juicy berries are tasty and aromatic. A gardener who is thinking about planting cherry plum should first of all familiarize himself with these varieties.
The variety was isolated at the Crimean (Krasnodar Territory) experimental station and transferred for state variety trials in 1977. Included in the state register in 1987. Zoned in the North-West, Central Black Earth, North Caucasus and Lower Volga regions.
The tree is small in stature, the crown is flat-round, of moderate density. The bark is gray, smooth, overgrown shoots are short. Each flower bud forms two flowers. Winter hardiness according to the State Register is higher than average, according to VNIISPK (All-Russian Research Institute of Breeding of Fruit Crops) - high. Flower buds are capable of tolerating recurrent frosts. The variety is moderately resistant to drought and relatively immune to major diseases.
Each flowering bud of the Kuban comet forms two flowers
The yield of the Kuban comet is very high, annual. From one tree, they collect from 10 to 50 kg (depending on the age of the tree and the quality of care). Ripening period is early. Depending on the region, they start picking berries from the second decade of July to the first decade of August. Self-fertility is partial, the presence of pollinators is desirable, which can be other varieties of cherry plum or plum, for example, Mara, Traveler, Red ball. It is important that pollinators have the same flowering time. The Kuban comet blooms at the end of April.
The yield from one tree of the Kuban comet reaches 50 kg
The berries are usually large, egg-shaped. The average weight is 30 grams. With large yields, the berries grow smaller. The skin is thin and dense, covered with a slight waxy coating, the color is burgundy (according to VNIISPK, it is red). The pulp is dense, fibrous, juicy. It has a yellow color and a characteristic aroma. The stone is small, it separates poorly. The taste of the berry is good, sour-sweet. Tasting score - 4.6 points. Short, firmly attached, the stalk does not allow even an overripe berry to fall. The fruits do not crack, they tolerate transportation well. Slightly unripe berries are especially well stored and transported, which subsequently ripen well and take on the usual color. The appointment is universal.
Originally also from Krymsk, in the State Register since 2006. Unlike the Kuban comet, it is zoned only in the North Caucasus region.
The tree is medium-sized, with an oval, raised crown of medium thickening. It tolerates winters with frost down to -30 ° C, thanks to which the seedlings of this variety (despite its tolerance region) can be found on sale even in the Moscow region. Possesses average immunity to diseases, high early maturity.
Conflicting data on self-fertility. In the State Register, the self-fertility of the variety is noted, but VNIISPK has a directly opposite point of view and reports the self-fertility of the late comet. Gardeners in forum reviews are more inclined towards the first version. In any case, the presence of pollinators will be a positive factor.
Brings high yields, which ripen in the second half of July. The purpose of the fruit is universal, from fresh consumption to the preparation of juices, compotes, jams and preserves.
The berry is quite large, with an average weight of 32 grams, has a dark red or burgundy color. The shape is oval, the surface is covered with a wax coating. The dense, cartilaginous red flesh has a very good sweet and sour taste and characteristic aroma. The size of the stone is medium, it does not come off very well.
Berry of Comet Late is quite large, with an average weight of 32 grams, has a dark red or burgundy color
She is the June rose, she is the early comet. Under the first name, it was entered in the State Register in 1999 for the North Caucasus region. Homeland - Krasnodar Territory.
The tree is medium-sized, with a gray, even, medium thickness, stem and flat-round, medium thickened crown. Possesses high winter hardiness, average drought resistance and good early maturity. In the third year, it begins to bear fruit, and by the age of eight the harvest reaches 10 kg per tree. Early flowering - in early April. Self-infertile, although VNIISPK reports partial self-fertility. Good immunity to clotterosporia and other diseases. High adaptability to growing conditions.
The fruits ripen first among the other varieties of cherry plum. Already at the end of June, the first ripe berries are removed, but they ripen unevenly. The fruits are ovoid and dark red in color with a pinkish tinge. The average berry weight is 29 grams. The pulp is dense, fibrous, yellow, slightly juicy. It darkens slowly in the air. The taste is sweet and sour, pleasant. The aroma is weak. The purpose of the fruit is universal.
The fruits of the Early Comet are ovoid and dark red with a pinkish tinge.
Planting cherry plum is no more difficult than any other fruit tree. As usual, start by choosing a location. Cherry plum, although a winter-hardy plant, does not like cold northern winds. And also it does not tolerate wetlands and close occurrence of groundwater. Loves the sun, warmth, airing, but not drafts. So, in summary, we can formulate a characteristic of a place that is successful for planting and growing cherry plum. On a small southern or southeastern slope, with deep groundwater, protected from the north or northeast by natural barriers - tall trees, a house wall, a fence. And also with loose, well-drained soil with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. If there is such a place, you can think about landing.
The best time for planting cherry plum is early spring, before sap flow begins. At this time, the seedlings should be in a dormant state, but already ready to awaken. If seedlings with a closed root system are purchased, the planting time is uncritical. They can be planted in the ground from April to October.
Following simple recommendations, even a novice gardener can plant cherry plum.
Pay attention to the condition of the root system of the seedling - it must be well developed, have fibrous roots
For the winter, the seedling should be buried
At the bottom of the pit, a ten-centimeter layer of drainage is poured, for example, crushed stone, gravel, expanded clay, broken brick, etc.
The nutrient mixture can be prepared directly in the pit
The roots are gently spread around the mound
The soil is poured abundantly with water for good adhesion to the roots and elimination of air sinuses
Agrotechnics of growing cherry plum The Kuban comet and its species are not complicated.
These types of care are important but do not have any special requirements. A gardener, even a beginner, has an idea of how to carry them out. Therefore, in short:
Cherry plum requires regular pruning. Forming and regulating pruning is especially important.
Without correct and timely formation of the crown, the gardener will lose part of the crop... Sometimes cherry plum is given a sparse-tiered shape, but the formation in the form of a bowl is preferable. In this case, all leaves and fruits are maximally illuminated by the sun's rays, the crown is well ventilated, the berries ripen well and are filled with juice. The bowl can be simple, when all branches grow from the trunk at the same level and are directed in different directions. In this case, with large yields (and this is not uncommon for the Kuban comet) there is a risk that the branches may break off under the weight of the fruit. The improved bowl allows you to distribute the load along the trunk due to the fact that the skeletal branches are at different heights and are located one above the other.
In winter, the skeleton of a cherry plum tree is clearly visible. The Kuban comet, formed like a simple bowl
Important. Work on the formation of the crown is carried out only in early spring, before the buds swell.
How to correctly form a cherry plum crown in the form of an improved bowl - step by step instructions.
The formation of the cherry plum crown according to the type of an improved bowl begins at the time of planting
A bowl-shaped crown usually produces a large amount of growth and needs periodic adjusting pruning. So they are called because they consist in adjusting the filling of the crown. They are usually carried out in early spring by removing the shoots growing inside the crown, as well as vertical tops. The cuts are made on the ring.
Its essence is to maintain the yield of the tree at a high level. It is carried out by shortening annual shoots by 10-12 cm, which causes their branching and additional formation of fruit buds. This method is also called chasing. It is carried out in the summer during the period of rapid growth of shoots.
Required by any fruit tree. It is carried out in late autumn and / or early spring. It consists in removing dry, diseased and damaged branches.
Cherry plum reproduces well in many ways. In order to choose the right one, first of all, you need to determine - the propagated tree is own-rooted or grafted.
The grafted cherry plum can be propagated in the following ways:
At the beginning of summer, cuttings are cut from annual shoots 20-30 cm long, having two or three growth buds
Cuttings with three leaves are cut from the branches, the two lower ones are cut
The lower end of the stalk is deepened into the sand to a depth of 2-3 cm together with two lower buds
Own-rooted cherry plum, as a rule, has a multi-stemmed bush formation. This allows you to get seedlings in the following ways:
Cherry plum is quite resistant to diseases and pests. If you help her with timely prevention, then you can not worry about the safety of the crop.
The Kuban comet has indisputable advantages - yield, excellent quality of berries, undemanding care. Having opted for one of these varieties, the gardener will never regret it. It will not be difficult to grow such a tree. And the joy of family members after the first harvests will be a reward for their work.
Hello! My name is Pyotr Vladimirovich. I am 63 years old. By education - a mechanical engineer.
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Cherry plum is planted in early autumn or early spring. It is very important to choose the right planting site and purchase healthy seedlings.
When choosing a cherry plum seedling, preference should be given to trees with a closed root system.
The main indicators of quality planting material:
It is best to purchase two-year-old zoned seedlings. They tolerate the change of the place of growth well and take root faster.
When buying seedlings in the nursery, you should pay attention to the trunks of the seedlings - they must be even, with healthy twigs
The ideal place for planting cherry plum Kuban comet is the southern side of the sunny area. Shaded areas are not suitable for this variety. Also cherry plum does not like strong winds and drafts. It develops well when planting near buildings, where on one side it is covered with a solid wall. Dislikes clay and loamy soils. Planting is most favorable on sandy and fertile soils with neutral acidity. The groundwater level should be no higher than 1 meter.
Before planting seedlings, planting pits with a size of 80x80x80 cm are preliminarily prepared. The excavated soil is mixed with:
If necessary, the soil is deoxidized with a solution of lime or ash.
For autumn preparation, fresh manure or humus is used. In the spring, the pit is prepared 2 weeks before planting, while nitrogen fertilizers and fresh humus are not added to the nutrient soil mixture.
Before planting, the seedlings are kept for 1 hour in a clay mash or treated with a root formation stimulator.
After watering and subsidence of the soil, the root collar of the tree should be at ground level
When planting several trees, it should be borne in mind that the feeding area of one tree is about 9 m², so the distance between rows should be at least 3 m, and between trees - 2.5–3 m.
The Kuban comet is a partially self-fertile variety. To improve fruiting, other varieties of cherry plum are planted on the site (Mara, Pramen, Pchelnikovskaya, Seanets Rocket, Gift to St. Petersburg, Traveler) or Chinese plum (Skoroplodnaya, Orlovsky souvenir, Red ball).
|Adapted to the conditions of the Central Chernozem and Northwestern regions||Uneven ripening, collection takes about a month|
|Disease resistant||Plum moth worms start in the fruits|
|High yielding, fruits are formed every year||In order for the cherry plum to be large, the ovary must be thinned out in the spring.|
|Due to its compactness, the tree is easy to prune, spray, harvest, etc.||Drought resistance - medium|
|Fruits do not crumble, are resistant to cracking, tolerate transportation well|
|The cherry plum collected at the beginning of staining ripens, acquires a characteristic color|
|Fruits are large, tasty, universal.|
The Kuban cherry plum variety is very productive, the branches are strewn with fruits
Kuban cherry plum is not highly resistant to diseases and pests of stone fruit crops. But timely methods of control and prevention, presented in the tables, will prevent the defeat of the cherry plum.
Methods of control and prevention
Trees treatment in early spring with 3% carbamide solution. The affected leaves must be collected and burned.
Before flowering, the plum must be treated with copper sulfate. After flowering, Kuprozan is used. Whitewashing of cherry plum trunks can be a preventive measure.
After trimming the shoots, the sections are necessarily processed with petrolatum. To prevent the disease, you need to monitor the acidity of the soil, the timing of fertilization and the irrigation regime.
Processing shoots with 1% Bordeaux solution immediately after bud break. For prevention, the affected branches are removed and the soil is sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate.
Below are the main pests and methods for their destruction.
Destruction and prevention methods
After the insects creep out, it is necessary to treat the bark with Dichlorvos. For prophylaxis, before the beginning of flowering, the plum is treated with Trichlorol-5.
Three weeks after the end of flowering, the tree is sprayed with Avant three times with a break of 12 days.
For prevention, dry branches should be regularly cut down and burned, as well as mosses and lichens should be removed from the bark.
During the growing season, the plum is sprayed with Virin-ENZH. To prevent the appearance of the pest, they are treated with Nitrofen before the appearance of the kidneys.