Autumn gooseberry transplant: optimal timing and transplant technology

Autumn is the most optimal time of the year when it is best to transplant gooseberries. The season has already ended, the berries have been collected from the bushes, which means that after transplanting to a new place, the bush will direct all its forces to rooting and take root better.

Choosing a suitable place for a gooseberry transplant

Not everyone succeeds in initially planning the arrangement of beds, shrubs, trees and flower beds on the site so that later they do not have to regret their decision. The reasons why there is a need to redevelop the site may be different: someone has an idea to create a Moorish lawn in front of the house, others are uncomfortable with overgrown trees and shrubs, and still others are trying to save weakened plants that were planted in an inappropriate place for them. ... And if adult fruit trees in most cases have to be cut down at the root, then with shrubs the situation is much simpler - so, transplanting gooseberries in the fall does not require much trouble from the gardener and does not take much time.

As you know, gooseberries, which are planted in places open to the sun, protected from strong winds, grow and bear fruit best of all. In damp areas, where groundwater is too close, and in areas with heavy clay soil, the shrub will often be subject to fungal diseases, and the berries, if they appear, are very small.

Gooseberry transplant video

To get a good harvest from gooseberries:

  • choose areas with light loamy soils, sandy loam soil can be diluted with clay, and sand can be added to clayey;
  • since gooseberries do not favor acidified soil, if necessary, add lime to it just before planting the bushes;
  • after raspberries and currants, it is better not to plant gooseberries, since after them the soil is depleted, and the pests of these crops are common - they will gladly pounce on weakened gooseberry bushes;
  • stick to the most appropriate dates when you can transplant gooseberries;
  • be sure to weed the soil thoroughly before replanting the bushes.

Gooseberries, which are planted in places open to the sun, grow and bear fruit best of all.

If you needed a gooseberry transplant in order to free up space on the site, then you can place the bushes along the fence, at a distance of one and a half meters from it, or near young trees, leaving a free distance of at least two meters.

Step-by-step instructions on how to properly transplant gooseberries

Although each gardener has his own opinion about when it is more convenient and more effective to transplant gooseberries, transplanting is undesirable in the spring because this thorny shrub blooms very early. You can easily miss the appropriate dates for transplanting gooseberries, and after the buds appear on the branches, it is highly undesirable to damage the root system of the bush.

In autumn, in September-October, you will have time to cut the gooseberries, removing all the old thorny branches and leaving only the youngest, strongest shoots (they will need to be shortened by a third), making it much easier to work with the bush.

In the fall, in September-October, you will have time to cut the gooseberries by removing all the old thorny branches.

Transplanting gooseberry bushes is as follows:

  • the cut gooseberry is dug in from all sides at a distance of at least 30 cm from the base of the bush, all thick roots are chopped off with an ax;
  • then the bush is removed from the ground with a shovel or crowbar, put on film and transported to the transplantation site;
  • a hole is dug in the selected area of ​​a slightly larger diameter than an earthen lump with a root system (about 50 cm deep);
  • 4 buckets of water are poured into the pit;
  • a mixture is poured from the top layer of the removed fertile soil with compost (it is better not to add fertilizers so as not to burn the roots);
  • the gooseberry bush is installed in the pit and the gaps on the sides are filled with the remaining fertile mixture;
  • the soil around the bush is compacted and watered with three buckets of water;
  • dry earth and peat chips are poured on top as mulch.

Video about caring for gooseberries

The transplanted gooseberry should be buried five centimeters deeper into the ground than it used to grow. Before the onset of cold weather, the bush will need to be watered regularly, pushing the mulch back and returning it to its place. For the winter, it will be enough to cover the near-trunk circle with sawdust, there is no need to cover the bush.

A gooseberry transplant in the fall can be used not only to free up an area for a lawn or to transfer a bush to a more comfortable place. This information will also be useful to those who are interested in how to plant gooseberries in order to reproduce them. Autumn transplantation provides excellent survival rate of shrubs, so you can safely propagate gooseberries not only by layering, but also by dividing the bush.

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What you need to know about a gooseberry transplant

For various reasons, gooseberries have to be transplanted at their summer cottage: overgrown bushes, initially the wrong place or the allocation of territory for construction. Sometimes you have to completely remove all the bushes, sending them to a new place of residence. In this case, it is important to adhere to certain rules so that the plants take root faster.

When a transplant is needed

It is not always easy for a gardener, especially a beginner, to correctly plan the location of the beds, shrubs and trees on the site. If, when planting any culture, an unsuccessful place was chosen, then it is either uprooted or transferred to a new place.

The reasons why there is a need for a gooseberry transplant often lie in the poor choice of location. Gooseberries grow well and bear fruit in an open, sunny area protected from the cold wind.

Important... In a damp place, where groundwater lies close, and in an area with heavy clay soil, the bush begins to ache, and the berries grow small and unsweetened.

If movement was required in order to free up space on the site, then it is convenient to place bushes along the fence, at a distance of a meter from it, or near young trees, leaving a free distance of at least 2 m.

A transplant is required if several bushes planted nearby have grown and interfere with each other. In this case, the plant will lack light and nutrients. If the bushes are spreading, the optimal distance between them is 2 m.

In addition, moving to a new location helps rejuvenate the bush. If the plant was originally planted in a well-lit place, but the berries are still small, it is moved to a new place for renewal.

Planting gooseberries in the fall in the ground

Preparing for landing

For gooseberry breeding, choose seedlings one or two years old - they adapt much faster and easier than three to four years old. The seedlings should have at least three skeletal roots about 15 cm long with yellow bark, the fibrous roots should also be well developed, and the ground part should be one or two shoots up to 40 cm high.

Before planting, you need to remove all the leaves from the seedling, carefully running along the shoots from the bottom up with a loosely closed gloved hand. Then you should cut off damaged or dry roots, and then lower the roots into a clay mash with the addition of a root formation stimulator. They make a chatterbox for 15-20 seedlings according to this recipe: 1 kg of black soil and 1 kg of clay, 1-2 sachets of Kornevin, 6 g of Aktara are diluted with three liters of water and mixed thoroughly.

Then plant the gooseberries

In a small summer cottage, gooseberries are usually planted along a fence or between fruit trees, but the latter option is not the best - the roots of the trees dry out the soil. The best precursors for gooseberries are row crops - early potatoes, beets, peas, beans, as well as lupine and clover as siderates. After currants and raspberries, gooseberries cannot be grown. Do not plant gooseberries next to currants because they share common diseases and pests.

Gooseberry soil

Gooseberries need more elevated and lighted places than currants. He loves slightly acidic or neutral (pH about 6), humus-rich, air-permeable chernozems and loams, in which groundwater is located no higher than at a depth of 1.5 m. Soils that are not cleared of weed roots, in particular, wheatgrass, gooseberries are not fit.

Plant transplant timing

The next point of interest to gardeners is when to transplant gooseberries. The best period for this procedure is autumn. But it is allowed to carry out the procedure in early spring. With the onset of autumn, the plant goes into a dormant state. In this form, it takes root better in new conditions. Transfer to a new place is carried out before the onset of frost.

During the spring transshipment, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the sap flow of the plant after wintering begins early. This moment cannot be missed. The transplant must be carried out before the kidneys swell. Otherwise, the plant may not tolerate the procedure or will slow down its growth.

Note! The best period is early March. In the northern regions, for example, in the Urals or Siberia, it may be April.

Features of transplanting gooseberries in the fall to a new place:

  • mulching of the near-stem circle. It retains moisture and prevents the formation of an earth crust. They use sawdust, tree bark, hay, peat. The layer should be up to 10 cm
  • abundant watering before frost.

Correct mulching of the bush after transplanting

During the spring transplant, the following activities are performed:

  • mulching in the same way as in autumn
  • regular watering without allowing the soil to dry out.

Top dressing of the shrub is also carried out in the spring. The first time after 14 days from the moment of swelling of the kidneys, nitrogen fertilization is applied. That is, add chicken droppings, rotted manure or fermented grass. When organic matter is introduced, a mixture is prepared in a ratio of 1:10, then the bushes are watered.

Important! In the first year after transplanting, it is not recommended to use mineral-based fertilizers.

Transplant in summer

The question often arises whether it is possible to transplant gooseberries in June. If necessary, you can, although the likelihood of survival of the bush is very low. In summer, you can plant a seedling that has already taken root in the pot by transshipment.

We transplant the gooseberries. When and how to transplant gooseberries correctly?

The presence of fruits and berries in the garden makes it possible to continuously replenish the amount of useful vitamins and minerals in the body. The more crop options that grow on the site, the better, but it is important not to forget about planting gooseberries. This plant has a lot of useful properties, therefore it is rather difficult to imagine a garden without it. In order for the number of bushes to be sufficient, you need to know how to transplant them correctly, and when to do it.

Features of seasonal transplants

From time to time, you have to transplant gooseberries to another place due to a number of reasons, among which may be:

  • the wrong choice of the place where the bush is currently growing
  • the need to occupy the area with gooseberries for other needs
  • overgrown bushes.

The process of transplanting gooseberries to a new place can be carried out in spring or autumn. Choosing a particular option has both advantages and disadvantages. As for the summer, at this time it is possible to reproduce the bush by dropping its branches, which will become autonomous by autumn.

In order for the transplanted bush to begin, it is important not only to carry out the procedure at the right time, but also to prepare everything for this. The soil in which the culture will grow is very important; in the wrong land it will be difficult for any plant to develop. The next factor that should be taken into account in the process of work is the illumination of the sun. If the lighting is weak, then the gooseberry will not be able to fully grow and develop, and therefore bear fruit.

The procedure for transplanting and caring for bushes in spring and autumn will be radically different. First of all, this is due to the fact that the autumn option involves the preparation of a place, a hole and planting a bush with a little watering, which makes it possible for the root system to take root and settle in a new place, after which the work ends, and the bush remains for the winter. As for the spring work, then much more effort is needed here, because in addition to preparing the pit and planting, you need to fertilize the bush, spray it, cut it off, water it correctly, and carry out all these actions throughout the spring.

In order to more clearly understand what the differences are between transplanting gooseberries in autumn and spring, as well as the front of work with it in the summer, it is worth considering them in more detail. Complete information will enable the gardener to choose the right transplant time that is right for him, based on climate conditions, gooseberry varieties and personal beliefs.

- Spring

Spring is the time of the awakening of nature, including in the summer cottage, because the gardener needs to prepare well for the winter period, read various articles on the culture of interest to him in order to know exactly what to do in the garden with the arrival of heat. Regarding gooseberries, experienced gardeners consider spring time less suitable for plant transplant work, noting some of the disadvantages of this procedure.

  • Difficulties in choosing the right date for transplanting, because this culture tends to wake up quickly after winter. In order for the bush to grow well and give a crop, it is important to start work before the sap flow process.
  • In the spring, the leaves are actively growing, and then the roots, because during the development of the top of the bush, the bottom may not take root, which will cause problems in the further development of the plant.

In the case of planting gooseberries in the spring, the process of adaptation to new conditions is much slower, and there is no need to talk about the harvest. Another problem can be called the selection of seedlings, if you do not have your own, because most of the material remained from the fall and it is difficult to determine its condition. The pluses of a spring transplant include the ability to choose a garden bed and form a vegetable garden so that all crops grow near favorable neighbors.

The process of transplanting gooseberries in the summer is not carried out, since this time is allotted for the growth, development and fruiting of the bush. The only activity that can be done at this time of the year is breeding new bushes. In summer, it is possible to get more seedlings thanks to green cuttings and arcuate cuttings. Both options make it possible to grow a new bush, which will get stronger by the fall and will have its own, independent root system.

Post-transplant care

Gooseberry is an unpretentious and viable plant. A healthy bush tolerates transplanting well. Moreover, a correctly carried out transplantation in a convenient and fertile place can rejuvenate it and increase its yield. By replanting an adult plant in the fall, you can expect the harvest next year. The exception is a health-improving transplant of a plant that grew in the wrong place, hurt. In this case, the harvest can be in a few years - from 2 to 4, depending on the degree of neglect and pruning of the plant.

After planting in the fall, the plant is watered regularly (pushing and returning the mulch after watering to its original place) until frost.If necessary, fertilizing is applied in the spring, when the bush has taken root and began to grow. Then urea, potash and phosphorus fertilizers are applied. If there is no urgent need, they get by with seasonal feeding, adding a little fermented slurry or poultry droppings to the water.

After the spring transplant, they also monitor the moisture content, only you need not to overdo it, pay attention to the amount of precipitation. Further care consists in weeding, feeding, pest control. Since the roots are shallow, it is better to remove the weeds by hand, and after watering, renew the mulch layer.

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