Video about calathea - growing, fertilizing and watering calathea, signs of calathea


Video about kalatea

Calathea is an unusual flower, in which early in the morning the foliage is horizontal, and in the evening the leaves of the plant are strictly vertical. Like all arrowroots, to the family of which this plant belongs, the leaves of the calathea fold at night or during rain. In the homeland of kalatei, in the evenings, you can sometimes hear the friendly rustle of leaves when they rise in the evening. Because of this feature, many growers call this flower a "prayer book".

As a rule, calathea is bought not as an ornamental flowering plant, but as an ornamental deciduous plant, because of its beautiful leaves. The leaves are openwork, they come in various shapes: oval, elongated, and round. But not only the shape is different, but also the color. A feature of the calathea leaves is the purple underside of the leaf plate.

Calathea grows well and retains the color of the leaves in partial shade, in bright light the leaves lose their color, the leaves will not be expressive. There are calatheas who buy because of the flowers - her leaves are not very beautiful, but she pleases the owners with orange flowers on high peduncles - this is saffron calathea... This view is the most capricious, but its beauty is simply amazing. Bright orange flowers will make you abandon all your business and take care of the sissy, because the result is worth it.

Features of caring for calathea

She is very demanding on air humidity, does not like drafts. The temperature when keeping calathea at home should be from 16 degrees and above. Calathea is transplanted every two years. It can be propagated by division, but the plant tolerates such a procedure very poorly. But if you did divide the calathea, then after that it needs to be provided with greenhouse conditions - you can wrap it in cellophane and put it in heat so that it takes root well. But even if the plant is divided into 2 bushes, it is not a fact that it will survive.

Calatheas can be found more and more often in flower shops, but they are not so widespread in offices and apartments. It would seem incomprehensible why such a gorgeous plant did not gain great popularity among indoor florists? And only those who at least once tried to grow calathea will easily understand why it did not become the second ficus in our homes. This plant cannot be called unpretentious. Without careful attention and thoughtful care, it is unlikely to be preserved.

Air humidity

Calathea still belongs to capricious plants, because air humidity is needed very high. Either it is necessary to constantly spray it, or you can make a double pot - one pot is inserted into the second larger one, and the gap between them is filled with wet sphagnum moss, or you can use wet peat instead of sphagnum, but not wet. If there is not enough moisture, then the tips of the leaves dry out in calathea, and it can also be affected by spider mites with high dry air. Therefore, when buying a plant, you must immediately inspect for the presence of pests. If pests have started, then you need to treat with insecticides.

Fertilizer calathea

From April to August, calathea is fed with liquid complex fertilizer for indoor decorative deciduous plants every 2 weeks. Calathea saffron is fed with fertilizer for decorative flowering indoor plants.

How to water calathea

It is better to alternate watering with fertilizers and watering with clean water, given that the number of dressings per month should not exceed 2. Calathea loves slightly acidified soil. If you buy a special soil for kalata, then you do not need to add anything additional to it for acidification. And if the land was compiled independently, then you can water the calathea with slightly acidified water. It is enough to add citric acid literally at the tip of a knife for half a liter of water.

Calathea - signs

Experts who study the bioenergetic properties of plants claim that the arrow-shaped energy of calathea is directed outward. The plant will be useful in a house where a large family lives, where everyone is busy with hectic activities. Calathea absorbs the energy of aggression, contributes to the success of any collective business, since it helps to bring the work begun to the end, avoiding quarrels and contradictions. Calathea helps to decide, makes timid people more courageous, encourages bored people to find something to do. Thanks to her, a person gains an inner core, begins to better understand what he wants from life. Believe it or not - you decide, but calathea is considered a plant of family happiness among flower growers.

Sections: Shade Tolerant Videos


Caring for calathea at home with a photo

Colombia and Brazil are considered the birthplace of the flower. Growing up, in these hot countries, not every housewife takes root calathea. Calathea home care photos, which are adorned with gardening magazines, are worth the effort and time. The flower itself belongs to the Marantov family, with more than 100 plant species. Calathea literally means "basket" in translation from the ancient Greek language. Such an unusual name was fixed due to the fact that it was from the leaves of this flower that baskets were woven, which were distinguished by their long service and strength.

The height of the plant does not even reach 80 cm. In many species, a superficial root system is formed, from which rosettes grow and leaves open. The flower is distinguished by its beautiful oval leaves of all kinds of green shades. The leaves are large, dense, more than 30 cm long, in some species are elongated.

The flowering of calathea is not particularly bright, the flower does not give out unusual inflorescences like other indoor plants, with the exception of a few species. But if the calathea has bloomed, then its flowers have an original shape, each species blooms especially, and is pollinated by the smallest species of bees.

Know! Another name for calathea is "prayer flower", given to the plant for its amazing property to raise leaves up in the late afternoon and lower them during the day.


How to care for rapese

Lighting and location

Like any other palm, the rapese tree requires good lighting and, despite its relative compactness, there is enough space. Rapeseed at home is usually grown in the most spacious and lighted room. The best place for her will be the corner of the room between the two windows. There is more space here and the lighting is bright and uniform. Ideal if the windows are oriented towards the east. In this case, the rapis will receive enough light. But it can also exist in light partial shade. But it is easy. Therefore, it is better not to choose the north side for placing the rapese. If there is only one light source, then periodically rotate the palm tree relative to it so that the crown develops evenly.

Temperature

The most acceptable temperature for rapese is within + 20-22 degrees. In summer, if there is such an opportunity, the palm should be taken out into the fresh air. These are the most ideal conditions for her. At the same time, take care of protecting the rapeseed from strong precipitation and wind. In winter, it is advisable to provide the palm tree with conditions for a dormant period. To do this, you will need to reduce the temperature of the content to + 10-16 degrees. But if this is difficult, then you can do without a dormant period.

Watering, air humidity, feeding

As with any indoor plant, the correct watering of the rape is one of the main conditions for caring for it. Waterlogging and overdrying the soil in a pot are equally dangerous. In the warm season, and if the rapese is not dormant in winter, the ground should be constantly moist. But only slightly. The rate of drying of an earthen coma mainly depends on the air temperature, although there are other factors - the size of the pot, the size of the plant, the humidity of the air, and others. But the main factor is the temperature, the higher it is, the more often the rape will have to be watered. If the palm is kept at the recommended temperature, the watering frequency will be on average once every three days. If in winter the rapese is kept at a lower temperature, then the intervals between waterings increase by about three times.

It is believed that rapese is not particularly demanding for air humidity. But if the air in the room is too dry, then the tips of its leaves will begin to dry. To prevent this, ensure its normal humidity. The usual regular spraying is sufficient. But it is possible to spray only when kept in warm conditions; when kept in cold conditions, spraying is excluded.

Fertilizers can only be applied in the spring and summer. The most optimal are specialized fertilizers for palms. But the normal result is also obtained by feeding the rapeseed with a universal complex fertilizer. The frequency of feeding the palm tree depends on the recommendations for each specific fertilizer, but on average it is once or twice a month.

Rapis transplant

When transplanting, it is undesirable to clear the entire earthen lump from the roots of the palm tree, so as not to injure them. It is enough to transfer with it into a more spacious container and fill up with fresh earth. The frequency of replanting depends on the age of the plant and the growth rate. Young rapeseed can be transplanted annually in springtime, provided it develops normally. That is, if the pot has become small. If the plant is large and transplanting has become difficult, then it will be enough to update the topsoil. The pot for planting-transplanting rape should not be taken too deep. This plant has superficial roots. Therefore, it should be wide rather than deep. But if a deep rapeseed pot is used, fill it up to half the height with drainage material. Do not forget about drainage in other cases. For transplanting, you can use a specialized mixture for palm trees or compose yourself from two parts of sod land, one part of leafy land, one part of humus, peat and sand... Experienced growers add sphagnum moss or hydrogel to such mixtures, which allows them to retain moisture in the ground longer.

Reproduction of rapeseed

This palm tree actively grows new trunks, eventually turning into a lush bush. Therefore, the easiest way to propagate rapeseed is to divide the rhizomes or to separate the young offspring during transplantation. But in addition to this method, seed reproduction is rarely used. But this method is very unreliable and time consuming. Germination of seeds can last for several months, and it is not a fact that it will happen.

Pests

As you know, prevention is the best method of dealing with various misfortunes. If the rapese is kept in normal conditions with proper care, then it will not be afraid of any diseases and pests. But the most likely pests that can attack rapeseed are scale insects, thrips, spider mites.

Rapis is a perfect plant for palm lovers to grow at home. Native to China and Japan, this indoor palm is very easy to care for and can be successfully grown even by novice growers.


Planting and transplanting

Calathea does not tolerate transplants very well, but they are necessary due to the rapid development of the root system. Therefore, you will have to transplant it every 2–4 years, and the young plant will need to be transplanted every year to provide more room for growth.

    The pot should be wide and low as the root system is shallow. Do not take too large a container in the hope that the plant will have a reserve of space for the future: the soil will quickly acidify and become detrimental to the roots. A pot with a diameter of 7–9 cm will be enough for one cutting; in subsequent transplants, take dishes 3–5 cm wider.

For calathea, choose low, wide pots.

Be sure to provide good drainage for the flower.

It is important to choose the right substrate

Zircon will help Kalatea adapt after transplant

How to transplant calathea - video


Calathea: growing difficulties and pests

The most common and terrible pests for the flower are thrips and spider mites. For the purpose of prevention, the plant is irrigated with warm water in the shower, and also treated with chemical insecticides against parasites.

With unfavorable care for calathea at home, the gardener may face the following problems:

  • The formation of spots on the leaves, dryness and discoloration. If they are yellow, then the leaves are beating down the sun. The flower needs to be rearranged in partial shade. If dark, reduce spraying.
  • The leaves curl and wither. The cause of the disease is insufficient humidity, drafts.
  • The leaves are thin and elongated. The reason is the lack of light. Locate the pot in a bright spot. In order not to break the calathea, make a support and tie it up.
  • The leaves turned yellow - the reason is cold, excessively dry air, underfilling or overflowing, overfeeding the flower.


To solve the problem, you need to figure out what you are doing wrong. Once again, study the rules for growing and caring for a flower in indoor floriculture.


The nuances of home care

In order for calathea to grow and develop well, it must be carefully looked after.

How often to water

The plant is very demanding for watering. The delicate superficial root system can suffer from both dryness and excess moisture. Calathea is abundantly moistened with soft water at room temperature as the top layer of the soil dries up. Water is plentiful in summer, slightly less in autumn and winter.

This culture does not tolerate cold water - leaves and roots lose their elasticity and rot. Calathea Makoya is especially sensitive to water temperature.

Lighting

Calathea is a tropical forest plant, therefore direct sunlight, however, like deep shadow, is contraindicated for it. In bright light, the leaves lose their color and become smaller, and with a lack of lighting, the plant turns pale and stretches. The best option is strong enough but diffused light.. The eastern and western windows are ideal for growing calathea. In south-facing rooms, the flower will have to be shaded from direct sunlight.

In the diffused bright light, calathea grows magnificently

For the full growth of kalatea, a long daylight hours are required at any time of the year, therefore, in the autumn-winter period, the plants are "supplemented" with fluorescent lamps.

Microclimate

To get the most decorative leaves, it is necessary to create a suitable microclimate for the calathea. The most important condition is high humidity within 70–90%. For this, the plants are sprayed once or twice a day from a fine spray. Large drops of water should not fall on the leaf plate, this can provoke the appearance of brown spots.

In rooms with very dry air, as well as in the summer, pots with calathea are placed on pallets with wet moss or expanded clay. In this case, the bottom of the pot should not be in the water.

Another important factor in keeping is temperature. In summer, it is maintained within 25-30 degrees during the daytime and 23-27 degrees at night. In winter, the room should be slightly cooler - 18-25 degrees. In this case, do not forget about the temperature of the soil, because it often happens that the plants are in a warm room, but on a cold windowsill. In the case of calathea, this is unacceptable. The temperature of the earthen coma should be kept within 20-25 degrees. The plant does not tolerate drafts and temperature changes, so the pots are placed away from the vents and heating appliances.

Calathea grows well in florariums, indoor greenhouses, paludariums. Only there it is possible to create conditions for her that are as close as possible to tropical ones.

Well-groomed calathea looks very decorative

When and what can you feed

From mid-spring to early autumn, calathea is fed in one to two weeks with complex fertilizers for decorative deciduous plants. In winter, feeding is reduced to 1 per month. Fertilizers are applied only after abundant watering, so as not to burn the roots. Flowering species of kalata are fed with fertilizer for flowering plants.

Table: fertilizers suitable for calathea

Drug nameDosageWhen and how to deposit
Liquid fertilizer EtissoDissolve 10 ml (1 dispenser) in 1.5 l of waterFrom March to September - once a week, from October to February - once a month
Master for ornamental foliage plants5 g (1 teaspoon) in 2 liters of waterWater at the root every 10-14 days during the period of active growth
"Gilea" for decorative deciduous plants1 cap for 1 liter of waterWater every two weeks in the spring and summer, in winter, reduce the fertilizer concentration by half (1 cap per 2 liters of water)
Agricola for flowering plants5 g (1 teaspoon) powder in 2 liters of waterWater flowering kalata species during budding and flowering every 7-10 days

Blooming calathea care

Most often, in room conditions, saffron calathea blooms. In order for the flowering to be abundant and long, the plant must be properly prepared. From mid-autumn to January, when the first buds begin to appear, a dormant period with a shortened daylight hours is organized for the flower.... To do this, from six in the evening until eight in the morning, that is, 14 o'clock, the pot must be in the dark - it is covered with a large opaque box or simply taken out into an unlit room.

Calathea flowers are considered inconspicuous among experts, but some species bloom very beautifully.

After the buds are formed, the shading is stopped. Calathea begins to be fed with fertilizer for flowering plants and watered abundantly.


Home care

Rapis easy to clean... It is successfully used for landscaping offices or private houses, grows well in winter gardens. A palm tree, with proper care, can bloom. The flowers are white or ivory. But flowering is very rare.

Features of care after purchase

After purchasing Rapis quarantine required... He painfully endures the change of scenery. This palm tree is quite light-requiring, but immediately after purchase it must be placed in a shaded place. After 7-10 days, you can gradually change the location to a more illuminated one. After another 7 days, she can take her permanent place.

Lighting

Rapis loves good lighting... It can even tolerate direct sunlight in the morning hours. Therefore, the best location would be windows facing the east side. Placing a palm tree at the southern windows needs shading. The scorching sun at lunchtime can burn the leaves. In order for the crown to develop evenly, the Rapis must be periodically rotated.

In the summer months, it is advisable to take out the palm tree to fresh air. You just need to equip a shaded place.

Temperature

In the summer months the room should be no more than 22 degrees. Ventilation is also a prerequisite.

In winter it is advisable to keep Rapis in a poorly heated room. The temperature should not exceed 16 degrees, and also drop below 10 degrees.

Air humidity

There are no special requirements for humidity. In summer, in dry weather, spraying is carried out 1-2 times a week with settled water to avoid drying out of the tips of the leaves.

During the autumn and winter months spraying is not performed.

Watering

Needs in moderate watering... The rape does not tolerate dry soil as well as waterlogging. In the summer months, watering is done every 3 days, the soil in the pot should be damp.

In winter watering is reduced. It is enough to water every 10 days.

Soft settled water at room temperature is used to moisten the soil.

Fertilizers (top dressing)

In the spring and summer fertilizers are applied to the soil no more than 1 time in 2-3 weeks. Organic and mineral fertilizers are used for indoor plants.

During the autumn and winter months feeding is not necessary.

Transfer

Rapis is transplanted as needed, about once every 4 years... In an adult plant, an annual replacement of the top layer of soil in the pot is desirable. An alternative to replanting is to transfer the plant to a new pot.

For planting it is best to use slightly acidic or neutral soil mixture... In the flower shop, you can purchase ready-made soil for palm trees. When cooking on your own, you need to mix turf, compost and peat soil with sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 2.

Growing

Rapis propagates in two ways - with the help of seeds and division of the rhizome.

Seed propagation Is a rather laborious process. Seeds are sown into the planting container in March and the soil is gently sprayed. It must be covered with plastic wrap or glass and placed in a darkened place. The soil must be sprayed periodically. Small shoots will appear in 2-3 months. When several leaves are formed, a young plant is transplanted into a separate pot.

In April-May, you can propagate a palm tree dividing the rhizome... For this, part of the stem with the root system, with the earth on it, is transplanted into a new pot.

Diseases and pests

Lowering and lethargy of leaves indicates insufficient watering. It is necessary to increase watering.

When foliage tips dry it is necessary to spray. This happens in dry air.

About darkening and wilting of leaves says the lowered temperature. To eliminate this disease, you need to increase the temperature in the room.

With a lack of minerals in the soil, there is slow growth... It is necessary to apply fertilizers to the soil.

If a young leaves bloom very quickly, then this indicates an excess of moisture in the soil. When the root system decays, the leaves quickly wilt and fall off. In this case, it is necessary to carefully pull the plant out of the pot and cut off all rotten roots. Rinse the roots under running water and treat with wood ash. Then transplant into a pot with new soil, ensuring good drainage.

Of the pests are found spider mites, scale insects and mealybugs. If a spider mite is affected, a thin cobweb will appear between the leaves. Brown spots will begin to grow on the leaves themselves, followed by their fall off.

Shield looks like gray bumps. When damaged by a scabbard, the green part of the plant rapidly withers.

On defeat mealybug a fluffy bloom will appear on the leaves.

For pest control, a soap or soap-alcohol solution is used. In case of a big defeat, it is worth using chemicals bought in a specialized store.

In this video, you are a slideshow of the pictures of the Rapis palm tree.

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