Golden mustache (Latin Callisia fragrans), or fragrant callis Is a species of the genus Callisia of the Commelinaceae family, a popular herb that is usually grown in room culture for medicinal purposes.
The golden mustache comes from Mexico, and it was brought to Eastern Europe in 1890 by the famous botanist and geographer, founder of the Batumi nature reserve, Andrei Krasnov. For some time this type of callisia was forgotten, but today the golden mustache is again popular, both in our country and in the West.
Read more about growing a golden mustache below.
The golden mustache flower is a liana-like herb with two types of shoots: some are erect and fleshy, from 80 cm to 2 m long, covered with normally developed, almost linear alternate leaves up to 25 cm long; the latter are horizontal, with poorly developed leaves. When a golden whisker leaf plate, which is very similar to a corn leaf, breaks, you can see how thin threads of rubber stretch between the scraps. Cranked horizontal whiskers with young rosettes at the ends extend from the stems, with which the golden whisker reproduces. The flowers of the fragrant callisia are fragrant, small, collected in hanging inflorescences, however, at home, flowering occurs infrequently.
Fragrant callis is not just an ornamental houseplant. The beneficial properties of the golden mustache have been known for a long time, and many would like to have this medicinal plant in their home. How to grow a golden mustache on a windowsill? Quite simple, since the plant is unpretentious to the conditions of maintenance and undemanding to care. However, there are some subtleties of growing a golden mustache that you need to know.
In the photo: Useful plant golden mustache
If you need a golden mustache as a medicinal plant, you need to place it indoors so that direct sunlight falls on it in the morning, before 12 noon. From the midday and evening sun, the leaves of callisia curl, discolor, the plant ceases to form a mustache and loses its medicinal properties. Over time, you will need establish a support and tie the stems of callisia to it.
The optimum temperature for keeping a golden mustache is 25-27 ˚C during the growing season and 12-15 ˚C in the winter. The golden mustache needs a constant flow of fresh air, but the plant does not like drafts. In summer, it is better to keep the pot with callisia on the balcony or terrace.
Water the plant in moderation, but regularly with settled water at room temperature, and sometimes it is better to skip watering than to make the roots of the plant soak in liquid mud. The winter watering regime depends on the room in which the golden mustache spends a dormant period: if the plant is in the recommended conditions (12-15 ˚C), then watering should be reduced, but if there is callisia in a room with operating heating devices and dry air, humidification of the substrate in a pot with a plant, it is carried out, as in the summer, in addition, you will have to wash the leaves of callisia several times a week or spray them with warm water.
Feeding a golden mustache is optional, but if for some reason it develops too slowly, apply complex fertilizer in a low concentration to the substrate. Top dressing should contain all the main elements: potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen.
Young plants of fragrant callis are transplanted annually, and adults - once every 2-3 years. It is better to do this in the spring, at the beginning of the growing season. The substrate for the plant is prepared with approximately the following composition: coarse sand, compost and leafy earth in equal parts. The optimum pH of soil for a golden whisker is pH 5.0-5.5.
In the photo: How a golden mustache blooms
First, a layer of drainage material is placed in the pot, which should take up at least a quarter of the volume. Then the plant is transferred into the container and immersed to such a depth that the surface of the substrate is 2 cm below the first leaf. The remaining space is filled with a substrate, which, after planting, is slightly compacted and watered, and when the soil settles, you can add more soil mixture to the pot.
You can propagate a golden mustache by seeds or vegetatively: cuttings, layering or pieces of mustache. It is best to do vegetative propagation in March or April, but if necessary, you can do it at other times.
Cut off the top of the shoot with several internodes from an adult plant, remove the lower leaves, and shorten the plates of the upper leaves by a third of the length. Let the cuttings dry for a few hours, then plant the tops in pots of damp substrate, spray them with a spray bottle and cover with a transparent hood to create a humid environment for the cuttings.
You can separate a rosette of leaves with a small piece of stem from the lateral horizontal shoot and plant it in a vessel with water. Within two weeks, a powerful root system will develop at the outlet, and it can be planted in a pot with wet soil.
You can also grow a golden mustache in the garden. It is necessary to cut off a fragrant mustache from a home callisia, put them in water, and after about a month, when they grow roots, they are planted in a garden bed in soil fertilized with superphosphate and wood ash. If you take good care of the golden mustache in the open field, then in one season you can get up to three harvests of this medicinal plant.
Usually, problems with fragrant callis at home arise not from infection with harmful microorganisms, but from improper maintenance or poor care.
Try to find the perfect balance of light and moisture for the scented callis, and then the symptoms of ill health will disappear on their own.
In the photo: Medicinal plant golden mustache
The golden mustache flower needs high humidity, and if you provide the plant with this condition, no pests will settle on it. But in a room with dry air, fragrant callis can fall prey to thrips and spider mites, which feed on its cell sap.
Prevention of sucking pests consists in regularly spraying and washing the leaves of the plant with a damp sponge or under a warm shower, but if the pests do appear, try to deal with them with a folk remedy: tobacco infusion with the addition of laundry soap.
In cases where sparing measures do not help, you will have to spray the golden mustache with Aktellik or Fitoverm and, to enhance the effect of the insecticide, cover the pot with the plant for several days with a transparent plastic bag.
In folk medicine, the golden mustache medicinal plant is considered one of the most effective means in the fight against infectious diseases. The composition of fragrant callisia includes steroids, flavonoids quercetin and kaempferol, ascorbic acid, the entire group of B vitamins, phytosterols, pectins, nicotinic acid, tannins, macro- and microelements calcium, iron, zinc, magnesium, cobalt, potassium, nickel, rubidium, copper, vanadium, strontium, bromine and other biologically active substances.
Medicines of fragrant callis normalize metabolism, strengthen immunity and blood vessels, remove toxins and toxins from the body, relieve pain and heal wounds. Golden mustache has anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing, tonic, diuretic, anti-allergenic, antioxidant and anti-edema effects. It slows down the aging process in the body.
Golden mustache is used in the treatment of arthritis, arthrosis, dysfunction of the pancreas, adrenal glands, spleen, genitourinary and endocrine systems, inflammation of the prostate gland, edema of the mucous membrane, mastopathy, periodontitis, periodontal disease, coronary artery disease, varicose veins, vascular spasms, impotence, hemorrhoids glaucoma, anemia, dysbiosis, tonsillitis, anemia, osteochondrosis, rheumatism, dystrophy, urticaria, mycoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, cystitis, liver failure and other diseases and painful conditions. Outwardly, the golden mustache is used to treat skin diseases, frostbite, lichen, ulcers, skin cancer, healing deep wounds and burns.
Medicinal preparations of the golden mustache are plant juice, tablets, oil emulsion, decoctions, syrup, ointment, balm and alcohol or vodka tincture of the golden mustache.
In the photo: Golden mustache ointment
Tincture for the treatment of bronchial asthma, diseases of the upper respiratory tract and digestive organs: chop 10-15 internodes of a golden mustache, put in a half-liter bottle, pour alcohol or vodka and keep in a dark place for 2 weeks, then take one dessert spoon three times a day 45 minutes before meals, without drinking or eating anything.
Fragrant callus preparations are contraindicated for pregnant women, lactating women and children under six years of age, as well as for allergy sufferers, patients with prostate adenoma, bronchial asthma and individual intolerance to the substances that make up the plant. Even if you have no contraindications, when taking drugs, you must strictly observe the dosage and the prescribed treatment method, otherwise headaches, an increase in the thyroid gland, swelling of the throat, damage to the vocal cords and other symptoms of poisoning may occur.
Sections: Houseplants Ornamental-deciduous Commeline Medicinal Plants for Z
Many indoor plants have medicinal properties. Everyone knows such a flower as aloe, but the golden mustache is no less popular. He not only decorates the interior of the home, but is also a home doctor.
The beneficial properties of the golden mustache, indications and contraindications, recipes and instructions for them will be discussed.
The people call the golden mustache homemade ginseng, attributing amazing properties to it. It is difficult to list all its benefits for the treatment of diseases. Let's name its main useful properties:
Named only a small part of the beneficial properties of this magical plant. It is worth saying that having in its composition vitamins C, group B and carotenoids (provitamins A), callisia strengthens the immune system, has a positive effect on cell membranes, normalizes metabolism, including in the myocardium and nervous tissue. And a large amount of vitamin PP perfectly calms the nervous system.
The trace element composition is also impressive: chromium, nickel, calcium, copper, zinc, iron.
The use of tinctures, decoctions of compresses helps to cure many diseases.
From personal experience. A friend of mine, who celebrated her 88th birthday, has been drinking this herb tincture for over 30 years. Until today, he goes to the pool, sees well, has a good memory and rarely suffers from high blood pressure.
What does this plant cure? The healing properties are so multifaceted that traditional healers recommend using the plant for all ailments, even in cases where traditional medicine is powerless.
It can be used by heart patients with diabetes mellitus, for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, thyroid gland, joints, blood vessels, and non-healing wounds.
Marigolds in folk medicine: the best recipes for healers
Hello dear friends! Did you know that the use of marigolds in traditional medicine helps to get rid of health problems? We have made a selection of folk recipes for the treatment of pancreas ...
The medicinal properties of dog mint are due to the large amount of nutrients contained in the aerial part of the plant:
In addition, the plant contains caffeic and resin acids, gum. Budra contains 35 trace elements, the main of which are:
In Western Europe and America, dog mint is recognized as an official medicine and is used to treat:
In the post-Soviet space, you can find dog mint in the composition of imported medicines, brought privately, or dietary supplements. Officially, the budra plant hanging in Russia is not a medicinal plant.
It turns out that you can grow this wonderful and useful plant in your garden. Despite the fact that its natural environment is distant mountain corners, the golden root will take root well in the summer cottage. You just need to create suitable conditions for him.
Let's choose an open and sunny place for it. The soil should be sufficiently loose and fertile. Several stones need to be buried in it and a root should be planted among them, but you should not bury it deeply - part of the rhizome should protrude above the surface. Litter from the coniferous forest can be added to the soil.
Rhodiola pink among stones
It should be remembered that under our usual conditions, that is, at a low altitude, the golden root blooms early - in the spring, and then its shoots begin to fade gradually, and the plant loses its decorative effect. Therefore, you need to think about how and with what to disguise it. It is not worth planting the golden root in a conspicuous place, or you need to place a plant next to it, which will later close it.
The most suitable place would be in a rockery or on an alpine slide, among stones and other similar plants. On my site, the golden root grows next to other "natives" from Gorny Altai - a fern kochedzhnik, a badan, a red brush (Rhodiola four-part).
Rhodiola rosea among other plants
Rhodiola requires almost no maintenance. Where it naturally grows, it often rains, and the plants themselves are almost in the water - among the stones on the banks of mountain rivers and streams. Therefore, it is advisable to water it often in the garden, especially in dry times, preferably by sprinkling.
You can divide the golden root at any time, but it is better after flowering. For this, a part of the rhizome with two or three buds is cut off, the cut is slightly dried, then planted in a new place.
Seed propagation is also possible, but there are some difficulties. The seeds of the golden root must be stratified. To do this, they must be sown in a box in late autumn, sprinkled with a thin layer of sand and buried in the area, covered with a film on top. Also, stratification is carried out in the refrigerator, sowing in a bowl, or wrapping it in a damp cloth. It will take a month and a half to keep them there.
The seeds prepared in this way are then germinated indoors at a temperature of +18. + 20 ° C. It is better to leave the emerging seedlings in the box, as they grow slowly, especially in the first year. And after a year or two, young plants can be planted in a permanent place.
Legumes in horticulture are represented by three types:
The most common decorative forms:
Decorative bean trees can serve as a hedge in your garden, decorate an arch. Hanging lianas decorate ponds and ponds, and can be easily shaped in the bonsai style. It goes well in group plantings: they look harmoniously with spireas, scarlet.
Common goldenrod has a positive effect on the human body, which makes it possible to use it in folk medicine. The healing properties of the golden rod cannot be overestimated. The fees help in the treatment of various diseases of the skin and soft tissues, inflammation of the gums, destruction or erosion of the tissues lining the gingival sulcus, edema of the tissues of the subcutaneous tissue.
Goldenrod speeds up the metabolic process, helps to remove harmful toxins from the blood. For medical purposes, decoctions, tinctures, goldenrod teas are used.
Canadian goldenrod is also prized for its medicinal qualities. The inflorescences of the plant and its rhizomes are used.
Harvesting of medicinal raw materials is carried out at the beginning of summer, when the perennial blooms. The plant is harvested, gently washed, dried, sheltered from the sun.
Infusions and decoctions from the medicinal herb goldenrod are taken, suffering from inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, with pathology of the kidneys and urinary tract, dermatological problems, diseases of the large and small intestines.
Before using drugs, you should consult your doctor. It is important to know that there are contraindications for the use of goldenrod, since the composition contains strong toxic substances.
Preparations based on goldenrod are contraindicated in pregnant women, women during breastfeeding, children under 14 years of age.
It is forbidden to drink infusions and decoctions when:
In the event of violations of the body's functions, it is necessary to urgently refuse to take drugs.
Broth, tea, honey and infusions of goldenrod have medicinal properties, affect the body. They ensure the removal of bronchial secretions from the respiratory tract, inhibit growth and even destroy bacteria and other harmful microorganisms. Drugs can reduce the reabsorption of water and salts in the kidney tubules, increase their excretion in the urine, increase the rate of urine formation and, thus, reduce the fluid content in the tissues, accelerate the healing process, relieve inflammation and pain.
Healers say that with the help of goldenrod you can get rid of the presence of stones in the urinary system, poisoning of the body and diarrhea, amenorrhea, urinary disorders, sexually transmitted diseases.
Decoction recipe, option one: a tablespoon of ground medicinal raw material is poured with 200 ml of hot water, put in a boiling water bath for five minutes. The broth is insisted for three hours, filtered. Drink ready-made goldenrod extract 30 ml 3 times a day with kidney stones.
Decoction recipe, second option: two tablespoons of ground medicinal raw materials are poured with 500 ml of hot water and insisted for ten minutes in a boiling water bath, then the broth is filtered, they drink 100 ml 4 times a day for chronic kidney disease.
The recipe for the infusion, option one: a tablespoon of ground medicinal raw material is poured with 500 ml of hot boiled water, insisted for about 7 hours, then the resulting infusion is filtered and drunk 2/3 cup up to 4 times a day.
Recipe for infusion, option two: add 200 ml of hot boiled water to a tablespoon of dry perennial, insist for an hour, filter. Tincture of goldenrod is used to rinse the mouth for stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontitis.
Tea recipe, option one: 400 ml of cold water is added to two teaspoons of goldenrod, then boiled and infused for two minutes.
Tea recipe, option two: 400 ml of hot boiled water is added to two teaspoons of goldenrod and infused for ten minutes, then the tea is filtered and drunk up to four times a day.
Bees collect goldenrod honey from common goldenrod, which is beautiful as a honey plant. Goldenrod honey quickly crystallizes, and is in liquid form for up to 2 months. The honey turns out to be thick, caramel color, with a bitterness, not candied.
This honey is an effective natural preparation used in the treatment of pathological processes in the body. Goldenrod honey is mixed with black currant berries, one teaspoon of the mixture is taken before meals, for the treatment of liver pathologies.
When regulating the functions of the urinary system, one teaspoon of goldenrod honey is dissolved in 100 ml of heated water. Take a mixture of 1/4 cup twice a day before meals.
In the treatment of pyelonephritis, about 120 g of goldenrod honey is mixed with lemon juice and rosehip extract, taken before meals.
Herbaceous perennials are suitable for natural and traditional home gardens, where they can be used to dilute vegetation or as a framing of a flower bed, rabatka. Goldenrod with its graceful attractiveness, long stems, bright ears of flowers always brings something special to the garden.
Goldenrod is actively used in a set of measures and solutions for garden improvement. Hybrid varieties of goldenrod bloom next to other crops in flower beds, without interfering with neighboring plants. Yellow bushes look great in tandem with conifers, as well as with fragrant bright flowers.
Goldenrod is beautiful not only in the garden, but in every home. The bouquet will be fresh for at least two weeks, exuding a pleasant, delicate aroma.