How to create a garden of aromas on the site: the wisdom of growing aromatic herbs


Smells play a significant role in the life of any person. If you do not like the natural scent of other people, then they will never be with you, because it is impossible to persuade yourself to constantly inhale what you dislike. The easiest way to fill your life with positive energy is to grow herbs. What could be more beautiful than a whole symphony of aromas that will surround you from the very morning. An additional advantage of fragrant herbs is that they are often used to make various medicinal drugs and balms. And spices are also used for food. We will tell you how to create a garden of scent with your own hands, and which plants to choose for this.

Brief historical summary

In the old days, square-shaped courtyards were created on the territory of monasteries in Western Europe. The paths in these courtyards were located crosswise, and the landings had strict geometric shapes.

Medicinal herbs were often bred here, from which various medicines were prepared. Later, plants with wonderful aromas were also planted to create incense.

Monastic gardens with aromatic and medicinal plants can be seen in Europe to this day. They keep their wonderful traditions

The landings were divided along the cardinal points, which corresponded to the sectors of the courtyard. Sometimes herbs were planted on the basis of their properties and subsequent use: medicinal, beautiful, aromatic, and so on. Thanks to the traditions of the monastery gardens, rabatki appeared, and later the idea of ​​a closed fragrant courtyard.

Medicinal plants in flower beds are grown to this day: https://diz-cafe.com/ideas/klumba-aptechka-na-dachnom-uchastke.html

Today, the practice of creating secluded fragrant corners is not forgotten. They are still organized in a well-lit, but usually closed part of the garden. For them, plants are carefully selected, guided by either the principle of continuous flowering, or the rule of complementing and enhancing one aroma with the help of another.

Why do we need such a garden at all?

Smell is one of the most important channels through which we receive information about the world around us. During the day, we breathe in and out the air many times, getting the information we need.

The sense of smell gives a sense of freedom to a person. We have a wonderful opportunity, following the familiar scent, to plunge into memories and dreams.

The magical power of smells lies in their ability to affect certain parts of the brain that shape our mood. Unbeknownst to ourselves, we associate the resulting aromas with those emotions and events that are associated with them.

Using this ability, you can influence the mood, stimulate the emotions we need. Even the most gloomy and gloomy day under the influence of the right scent may not interfere with the surge of cheerfulness and positiveness.

The advantages and disadvantages of such a solution

The fragrant garden is an original landscape design idea. It usually takes the form of several flower beds that exude sweet or refreshing scents.

The advantages of aromatic corners are as follows:

  • such a recreation area on your site can provide the necessary therapeutic effect: to cheer up or relax, relieve tension;
  • your suburban area will acquire a special originality, it will become unlike others;
  • smells not only shape the mood, but also have healing effects;
  • if you choose flowers as carriers, then you can experience not only aromatic, but also visual pleasure.

Since we are listing the advantages, we will not forget to mention the disadvantages. Rather, about what you should pay attention to when creating your own fragrant corner.

There are not so many disadvantages of this idea:

  • Everyone has their own ideas about beauty. For example, men may not share feminine love in an intoxicatingly sweet perfume. And the woman will transfer her addictions to the garden, serious problems may arise in the family. To prevent this from happening, the decision to create a fragrant site should be made by everyone together. You don't buy yourself a perfume that obviously annoys your other half, do you? One of the options for a compromise may be the division of the site into male and female zones. Let the woman smell her favorite lilies and roses, and let the man enjoy mint, spruce and pine.
  • Do not make the fragrant zone too closed. This will increase the concentration of odor to critical levels, which, in turn, can ruin rest and negatively affect health. Let the wind help you spread the scents, making them pleasant.
  • You need to be very careful when choosing plants for planting. Not only do some of them provoke an allergic reaction, they can also affect certain functions of your body. For example, jasmine, cloves, and lovage increase general arousal. Consider whether this will negatively affect your health.

As you can see, there are no insurmountable shortcomings in the composition. It is enough to take into account all the above nuances and disadvantages of this idea will simply disappear.

There are practically no obstacles to creating a garden of aromas, except for the individual intolerance of a particular smell, but you can always exclude it

Determine the type of dominant smell

Before thinking about what kind of plants we will plant on our own plot, you need to know what we want to get as a result. Let's decide on the type of aroma that certain cultures create:

  • Tender: rosemary, sage, lavender, mint.
  • Spicy: fennel, nasturtium, azalea, cloves.
  • Sweet: elderberry, clover, heliotrope, honeysuckle.
  • Honey: musky rose, hawthorn, barberry.
  • Fruit: geranium, hyacinth, magnolia.
  • Pink: certain varieties of honeysuckle, peony, rose.
  • Refined: iris, sweet peas, lilac, wisteria.

Of course, you understand that the proposed gradation is rather arbitrary, nevertheless, it is considered traditional and therefore is given here.

Pink scent forms the basis of many perfumes, but be sure to discuss with other family members if they would mind making it dominant in the garden.

Choosing plants for aromatic gardens

Now that you have given preference to a particular scent, you can discuss specific herbs that most often form fragrant flower beds.

Thyme, thyme, Bogorodskaya herb

Thyme is often called the Bogorodskaya herb, because this discreet, but very fragrant plant was used in Russia to decorate the iconographic image of the Most Holy Theotokos. However, thyme was appreciated even in pagan times, when it was considered capable of not only healing people, but also reviving them.

Fragrant thyme was appreciated in Ancient Greece and Rome: its dry twigs were set on fire and fumigated with smoke from the premises, driving away ailments and all kinds of evil spirits. Its strong spirit can really overpower unpleasant odors and has healing properties and balsamic effects.

For sensitive and insecure people, psychotherapists recommend thyme as a source of energy and positive emotions. In addition, thyme contains substances that restore male health.

The ancient Romans bathed in a decoction of thyme, believing that in this way they were charged with energy. In addition, it was added to food as a flavoring agent. The scientist Theophrastus, who founded botany, dedicated a whole treatise to thyme. This spice spread throughout Europe thanks to the Benedictine monks who grew it in their gardens.

Today thyme is used in cooking and medicine. It is used both in the production of alcoholic beverages and for food preservation. Thyme is rich in essential oils, which is why it has such a pronounced smell. Thyme oil is used in cosmetology and pharmaceuticals.

From all the variety of species and varieties of thyme for the site, it is best to choose the covering thyme. It grows well, and blooms with purple flowers in June-July. Thyme is often adorned with alpine slides and the space along the path.

Sage - bright and contrasting

A rare aromatic garden is complete without sage. It has many varieties, blooms for a long time and is often used to create contrasting transitions in design. This plant reached its greatest popularity during the Renaissance. However, it is still popular as a spice and in medicines.

It is also used in cooking, both dried and fresh. It is a frequent participant in all kinds of culinary mixtures precisely because of its bright and pleasant scent.

Of course, like any other drug, sage preparations are not shown to everyone. This should be remembered and never self-medicate.

The ether contained in sage made it famous in cosmetology and perfumery. As a flavoring, it can be present in some types of tobacco, in sausages, tea, or in certain types of cheese. It is also added when preparing pickled herring.

Sage has medicinal properties: astringent and hemostatic. With its help, heal a wide range of diseases of internal organs. Outwardly, it helps in the treatment of purulent wounds and bruises. Inhalation is done with it, since it has bactericidal properties.

Lavender - a guest from the Mediterranean

Sky blue or purple lavender flowers are well known to us from the numerous images of this plant. It drooped into Russia from the Mediterranean. Even the ancient Romans, while taking baths, used it as a flavoring agent.

Lavender will fit perfectly into a Mediterranean-style garden. Along with mint and sage, other herbs can grow in such a garden: https://diz-cafe.com/plan/sredizemnomorskij-stil-sada.html

Lavender is an excellent disinfectant and can relieve cramps and soothe. A bath with her, taken before bedtime, will relieve fatigue and stress. Moreover, it is actively used in perfumery and cosmetology, it is used in soap making, and lavender oil helps with burns, abrasions and minor scratches.

Bunches of fragrant lavender were also used in ancient Greece: with their help, dwellings were given a fresh floral spirit.

It is lavender that Spanish, Italian and French chefs like to add to various dishes. It perfectly complements sauces, lamb dishes and fish specialties. When dried and crushed, lavender is used as a spice and a pleasant addition to tea.

Growing lavender in central Russia is not easy. There are some tricks to know. In particular, only frost-resistant varieties should be selected for planting. For the winter, lavender needs to be covered, but this should be done especially carefully so that the delicate grass does not melt. Lavender loves good light and favors dry climates. But an excess of moisture is destructive for her.

Unpretentious and charming mint

Probably, it is mint that is the oldest plant, the properties of which were appreciated by humans. This herb is mentioned in the cuneiform tablets of Assyria and Egypt. Avicenna and Hippocrates talked about her. Its essential oils are used in medicine, in perfumery, and in the food industry.

Mint is added to various alcoholic drinks. It is also used as a fragrant seasoning for various dishes. In cooking, it is used both dried and fresh. Peppermint is also widely used in official medicine. Not only cough drops are made from it.

It is included in ointments, drops and tablets because it has analgesic and vasodilating properties. Mint is used in the form of decoctions and essences, it relieves severe headaches and problems with the digestive system.

Mint is great in salads and sauces, marinades and baked goods. Drinks with the addition of wonderful mint take on a very special flavor

Growing mint is not too difficult: it grows quickly and is unpretentious. If you need to avoid unnecessary spread of this herb, you can plant it directly in pots. In this case, the rhizome will not be able to spread.

In addition to its pleasant aroma, mint has another pleasant effect: it scares away mice from the site. More on this and other helper plants in the discussion: https://diz-cafe.com/vopros-otvet/parazity/kak-izbavitsya-ot-myshej.html

Rosemary - sea freshness

Thin leaves, which are so similar to needles, and a pleasant spicy aroma - it's hard not to recognize rosemary in this description. His homeland is also the Mediterranean. Its Latin name means sea freshness. Today he is known not only in Europe.

The scent of rosemary is like a mixture of essences of lemon, eucalyptus, camphor and pine. It is found in a wide variety of popular culinary blends. These are, for example, the French herbs of Provence. On its basis, vinegar and various sauces are prepared, with which meat dishes are flavored.

At the same time, rosemary retains its resinous aroma even with prolonged cooking. There are many ways to make a flavorful and delicious meal just by adding a little olive oil and a couple of fresh seafood leaves. It is important not to overdo it, because the fragrant leaves are able to interrupt the bouquet of the dish itself, which is usually undesirable.

Rosemary - This spice has gained recognition and widespread use. In the wild, it can still be found in southern Europe today.

In the spring and at the very beginning of summer, rosemary is covered with delicate blue flowers. The problem with growing it is that it is not able to survive the Russian winters, even in a sheltered form. He needs a positive temperature. But in the conditions of a balcony or insulated veranda, rosemary will survive. And in the summer it can be safely transferred to the ground. Learn more about planting and grooming.

Hyssop melliferous plant

In Europe, Asia and even in North Africa, hyssop can still be found in the wild today. In Russia, it grows in the steppe and forest-steppe zones. Back in the days of Avicenna and Hippocrates, it was described as an excellent expectorant. Today, hyssop is infused with figs and honey and is used as a medicine for colds.

The essential oils exuded by hyssop can cleanse rooms of infection and are also used as an effective remedy for head lice. In July - August, this honey plant is covered with flowers. At this time, its collection begins. Well dried hyssop can be used within two months.

During early Christianity, hyssop was used as a condiment during the fast. They flavored bread with salt

Hyssop can be planted in light, fertile soil in the form of seeds or cuttings. In the northwestern part of Russia and in the Non-Black Earth Region, it is better to use seedlings grown from seeds at a temperature of 18-20oС, in the dark and in conditions of constant humidity for this purpose. Seed germination is observed two weeks after the sowing date.

Before replanting seedlings, 1 tablespoon of Effect fertilizers and up to 2 kg of manure must be added per meter of soil area. The beds should be dug onto a shovel bayonet, leveled and trampled down a little. Seedlings are planted in rows, leaving 30 cm between them, and 60 cm between rows.

Winter marjoram is called oregano because of its resistance to winters and frosts. This is a honey plant that grows everywhere in Russia, except, perhaps, in the Far North. Oregano prefers to grow in open rocky areas, in floodplain meadows, on forest edges and in open glades. It is widely used in medicine.

Most often, oregano is used as a spice. In cooking, its leaves are added to meat dishes, vegetables and potatoes.The presence of oregano in tea or sauce makes its taste richer, more fully revealing the possibilities of a dish or drink.

Oregano is very good in homemade baked goods. If you use it in the preparation of marinades, then all home preservation is better preserved.

Oregano prefers rich soils of neutral acidity. We are cultivated as a melliferous plant and a source of ether. Oregano reproduces with the help of seedlings. Her plantations require replacement in 3-5 years. This herb has a pleasant smell and a tart, slightly astringent taste.

How to care for a “fragrant garden”?

No special maintenance required. Everything is as usual: the plants require care, feeding and watering. If you are just planning to plant, be sure to carefully dig up the site, say goodbye to all weeds and spice up the soil with complex fertilizers that will benefit all the herbs planned for planting.

If you are planning to build a flower bed that smells good, then you can make it long-flowering as well. To do this, you should select flowers with different flowering periods. At the beginning of the season, lilies of the valley, hyacinths and daffodils can delight you. Then the baton will be picked up by tobacco, peas and mirabilis. And phlox, meadowsweet and carnations will end the season.

It is a pity that the video is unable to convey the smell, but you can appreciate the appearance of the garden:

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The most fragrant plants for the garden. Putting together a collection of fragrances

A piece of paradise, where everything around is fragrant and pleasing to the eye ... Is that how you want to see your garden in moments of relaxation? A perfectly understandable desire, and we will tell you how to bring it to life.


How to turn your site into a fragrant paradise?

A breath of fresh air is our first impression after the flight when we arrive at a distant resort. At these moments, we are especially acutely aware of the changes - the south greets us with aromas. Having reached the final point of the journey, we see that it could not have been otherwise: not only flowers, but also trees with shrubs are fragrant.

Sources of pleasant smells do not always reveal themselves at first sight. Sometimes you have to come close to see small and not very interesting flowers, or to be surprised to find that it is not flowers that smell at all, but leaves or needles. Northern nature is poorer in aromas, but in the garden we can collect them in a "bouquet", sufficient to turn the summer cottage into a fragrant paradise.

What is needed for this? It would seem that everything is very simple: plant more fragrant plants. But remember: point "blotches" of aromas will dissolve in space, so it makes sense to "increase the concentration." It is clear that the contribution from a lilac or jasmine hedge is incomparably greater than from an individual bush, and the aroma from a wide strip of snowdrops and corydalis planted under it spreads farther than from a small curtain in a flower bed.

Important: each fragrant plant has its own "critical mass", at which it is able to declare itself at a distance. It is this factor that should be guided by.


Crown mock orange, or garden jasmine (Philadelphus coronarius) - an excellent choice for a fragrant hedge

There is one more important nuance: more often than not, we are primarily attracted by the beauty of plants, and not their aroma. Therefore, creating a fragrant corner, we are faced with a contradiction, discovering that our favorite plants sometimes tend to deceive us a little, not living up to expectations. But this trouble is fixable, because the same garden culture is often represented by varieties, both fragrant and odorless. On the one hand, peonies, lilies and roses also have varieties without aroma, which, in our opinion, "should" be fragrant.

On the other hand, pleasant surprises also happen where we do not expect them. For example, in the sea of ​​scentless tulips, there are masterpieces not only in beauty, but also in aroma.

Advice: without giving up your favorite plants, find among them varieties that, more fully affecting feelings, give rise to more pleasant emotions.


Among the beauties of lilies (left), the most fragrant are oriental hybrids. It is better to buy tobacco and heliotrope (on the right) by seedlings, then you definitely will not be mistaken with the choice of the variety


FROM THE HISTORY OF AROMATIC GARDENS

Scent gardens existed for 7 thousand years BC. In the annals of the priests of Ancient Egypt, records of such gardens are kept in the mysterious country of Atlantis, the descendants of the inhabitants of which the Egyptians are considered.

By the way, it is in Cairo that the famous Fragrance Museum is located, which exhibits almost all the pleasant and healthy smells of known and already extinct plants.

In ancient Egypt, China, Mesopotamia, India and other countries, even before our era, they learned to extract aromatic substances from plants and make various incense, oils, elixirs and candles from them, with the help of which they cured a variety of diseases.

Ancient farmers and healers planted huge gardens of spicy and fragrant herbs, shrubs and trees.

It was there that the rulers and their families, as well as the richest and noblest people, restored their health and peace of mind.

In Ancient Russia, the treatment with smells was used by the warriors of Perun. They knew the secrets of the aromas of various flowers and herbs, which they inhaled during certain exercises. they received tremendous power.

As a rule, this happened in small, closed, highly heated rooms, which were called "chepuchina". Subsequently, they served as a prototype for the village bath.

Unfortunately, most of the knowledge accumulated by ancient sages and healers was lost.

But now many domestic and foreign research institutes and centers have begun to actively engage in aromatherapy. And we can say that in our time this most valuable science is receiving its second birth.


Floribunda

Fragrant garden flowers and ornamental shrubs create a unique floral scent in your garden.

If you love spicy smells, then start growing spice plants on your site that are used as spices, spices and seasonings for food. Their special, "tasty" aroma will delight you throughout the summer.

Since ancient times, the so-called kitchen gardens (kitchen gardens), in which herbs and spices for the kitchen were grown. In Russia, the analogue of kitchen gardens was a vegetable garden.

Thyme in the garden. Photo: Raffi Kojian.

Spice gardens, due to their exquisite aromas, are quite popular in modern ornamental gardening. The regular vegetable garden is often used as a decorative element of the garden in landscaping. It is not at all difficult to create such a fragrant spicy garden on your site.

It is better to grow herbs in the garden near the kitchen or eating area. Their aroma stimulates appetite, contributes to aesthetic pleasure when eating.

Heat-loving spice plants can be grown in containers. In the summer they are taken out into the garden, and in the cold season they are taken into the house.

Perennial herb up to 1 meter high, has a strong aroma.
The flowers are small white, blue, light purple, collected in racemose inflorescences. Blooms in summer from late June to late August.
Peppermint is widely used in medicine, cooking, perfumery and cosmetics.
Valuable honey plant. The honey obtained from this plant has a pleasant mint aroma.
In ornamental gardening, the following types of mint are most often grown: peppermint (Mentha? Piperita L.), fragrant mint (Mentha suaveolens Ehrh.), spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) and others.

These are thermophilic plants, in nature they grow in southern latitudes. In our temperate climate, they can be grown at home as decorative potted plants. In the summer they are taken out into the garden, for the winter they are taken into the house.

An evergreen tree or shrub. In nature, it grows in the subtropics.

Bay leaf is a popular spice and food condiment.

Since ancient times, laurel wreaths have been a symbol of victory and glory. In ancient Greece, laurel was considered a sacred tree. From the name of this tree came the words laureate and phrases "rest on our laurels", "reap laurels".


How to plant petunias

Whose scent is better: the most exquisite French perfume or an elegant tea rose blossoming on a clear heat? Perhaps, a controversial issue and opinions are likely to be divided. Any aromas are remembered by our subconscious, associated with different events in our life and the state of the soul at one time or another. Therefore, in your favorite garden you want to get pleasant emotions not only from the contemplation of luxurious flower beds, but from their smells. And your own scent garden can help.

Traditionally, it is customary to divide fragrances into male and female. So, the first include the tart notes of cypress, pine, refreshing herbal - mint, thyme, lemon balm or the licorice smell of the grate. Women prefer the sweeter scents of daffodils, lilies, and roses. Although, of course, this division is very arbitrary and, as a rule, each of us has several preferences, which also depend on the mood and state of the body. If you need to cheer up and feel a surge of fresh energy, then it is better than citrus aromas, it is difficult to find, just as good in this case are verbena and rosemary. And if you want to relax and unwind, then rose and lilac are more appropriate. All these nuances are the reason that certain plants are planted in different parts of the fragrant garden in order to be able to arrange "aromatherapy sessions" as intended.

When combining plantings and creating fragrant flower beds, you should take care that opposite aromas do not mix, because you are unlikely to be able to relax or, conversely, freshen up, walking in a garden in which sweet and tart, light and heavy aromas are mixed. On the other hand, planting catnip, lavender or sage flower borders along the paths, you don't even have to bend over to feel the wonderful sweet-spicy scent - they will scent from the slightest breeze or being accidentally hit by your feet.

Plant fragrant flowers right next to the resting place - an open terrace or veranda and make a fragrant flower bed an all-season flower garden, pleasing to the eye and smell from spring to autumn. In the spring you will enjoy the scents of lilies of the valley, daffodils and hyacinths. In the summer they will be replaced by annuals: scented tobacco, mattiola, sweet peas, heliotrope, lobularia and mirabilis, planting and caring for which will not cause trouble. From perennial flowers, you can plant phlox, meadowsweet, grayish-blue carnation, monarda and evening primrose.

In the garden, scents subtly change depending on the stage of blooming, the time of day and the weather. So, the buds have a slightly freshish smell that has not fully opened up, the blossoming flowers smell characteristic and intense, wilting - recall with bitterness. In the morning, waking up, the flowers emit an aroma "half-heartedly", and closer to noon they reveal the whole gamut of smells. On a hot day, the aromas are weaker, and in the evening, in calm, windless weather, they open up in full force, by the way, on windy days the smells are almost imperceptible - they are carried away by the wind even before we could feel them. Terry flowers often smell stronger than ordinary flowers, but simple flowers leave a cloud of light pleasant aroma.

There are many ornamental shrubs that emit a fragrance during flowering, many of those listed here are suitable only for our southern regions with mild winters. This decorative viburnum Farrera, witch hazel, Corelopsis bloom among the first. In May-June, sucker, fothergilla and golden rain bloom. By the end of summer, the garden is filled with the unusual aroma of autumn leaves by the scarlet, or Japanese perennial (Cercidiphillum japonicum) - Yes Yes! It is the leaves of this plant, on the eve of leaf fall, that emit an unusual smell that gives an extraordinary charm to the fragrant garden.

In the northern regions, the undisputed favorites are lilac, chubushnik, numerous species of rose hips and varietal roses, as well as liana honeysuckle honeysuckle. In spring, wolfberry blooms, then Korean Abelia and Mahonia.

Where there are fragrant flowers, there are also light-winged elves - butterflies, elusively decorating the garden of aromas and giving it a fabulous look. They can also be attracted by David's buddley, perovskia and lavender - for the southern regions, and monarda, catnip, echinacea, heliotrope grown from seeds, telekia and many others - for the northern ones. Enjoy the scents together!

If you have a desire to create a mood in your garden with the help of fragrances, then try to organize a small corner for relaxation by paving a small area for installing garden furniture and planting fragrant flowers around.

1. Climbing rose 'Bobby james’Is considered to be one of the most fragrant.

2. Rose ‘New down’Will look great paired with the first one.

3. Buddley of David with a honey aroma that attracts numerous butterflies.

4. Rough action does not have a strong odor, but is well suited for this composition.

5. Lily - it's hard to imagine a garden of fragrances without her.

6. Daylilies can also smell good, especially the ‘Shooting Star’ and ‘Gentlie Shepherd’ varieties.

7. Fragrant violet will serve as the lower fragrant layer for lilies and daylilies.

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