Melon - Cucumis melo

The melon

The melon, common name for cucumis melo, belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family, is a very widespread annual plant, which grows in particular along the Mediterranean basin. In our country it is therefore widespread from north to south. The fruit is eaten especially in summer, a season in which it is appreciated for its freshness and high water content. Few people know that the famous melon is from the same family of pumpkins and cucumbers, as well as watermelons. Like cucumbers, melons also need warm environments suitable for their development, especially in the early stages of life, preferably in a greenhouse or in hot boxes. The melon grows regularly at good temperatures, which do not drop below ten degrees and reach 25 degrees, or a little more. While, for its cultivation in greenhouses, it is good to keep the temperature constant at 25 degrees throughout the day. Its sensitivity to the wind is remarkable. In case of frequent gusts the plant can run into serious development problems.


The preferred soil of the melon is a medium-textured soil, sufficiently drained, rich in organic matter and with a happy exposure to keep the plant in the warm climate it needs.


The sensitivity of the plant also extends to the need to require a very fertile soil. It is therefore very advisable to enrich the soil with nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium and calcium which the melon feeds generously. We recommend using about 5 quintals of manure or compost every 100 square meters of land.


The melon plant associates favorably with lettuce and beans, especially the kidney bean. An association that can provide excellent results is also found between melon and sweet corn. In fact, if rows of melon alternate with 3 rows of sweet corn, an interesting windbreak function is obtained.


It operates in the months between February and April in a greenhouse or in a warm bed for the colder reasons of the north center. In the south you can proceed in the same months in the open field. From April to June it is grown without protection. The melon does not like cold temperatures at all, therefore it is highly advisable to proceed with sowing in phases of the year in which any harmful late frosts do not occur and the soil temperature remains around 15 degrees. We proceed with sowing by placing the seeds in full head or in peat pots. Be careful to place them with the tip down to a depth of about 3 centimeters, either isolated or in 4-seeded postarelle. Consider that in case of sowing in the open field, up to 50 grams of seed will be needed for every 100 square meters of surface. When the seedlings reach 3 leaves, the transplant can be carried out. Until the month of June it is advisable to shelter the seedlings with glass bells or other shelters. Following the transplant, you will have to mulch and avert the dangerous attacks of snails by using a circle of ash that will then have to be rearranged in case of heavy rain. The pantas are distributed at a distance of about 180 centimeters between the rows and at a maximum of 100 centimeters on the same row, taking care never to bury the collar.


It works by regularly cutting the tops of young plants above the first two normal leaves. Around the end of June, some opposite leaves grow on the stems developed at the axil of the previous leaves. It is therefore necessary to cut above the third group of leaves that will be preserved, so that 6 leaves + 2 leaves remain on each stem. From the cutting point, further stems will grow and on these the following month we will proceed with the cutting of the third leaf and on these the flowers from which the melons will grow will grow.


Melon needs good watering care. The plant in fact has a high need for water, and it is better to operate in irrigation by sprinkling rather than by flow. An interruption of the interventions in the period just before the ripening of the fruits will lead to a development of a much sweeter flavor.


The most common enemies for the melon are aphids, ladybug, red spider mite which causes the appearance of light spots on the leaves, while its web damages a regular growth of the shoots. A common evil for the plant is tracheofusariosis which causes, in the pre-leafing period, damage to the leaves with yellowing and sudden withering. Later also of desiccation. To tackle the problem, intervene using resistant varieties.

Melon: Harvest

The harvest starts in June and can last until August, or, in later cases, especially in the warmer regions of Southern Italy, it is harvested until the autumn season. Approximately 250 kg of melons are harvested for every 100 square meters of land. The signs that warn of the next ripening will be the half-closing of the leaves of the sprig bearing the fruit, the drying out of the cirrus clouds and the disappearance of that down that covers the unripe melon.

The rind is very thin and is ivory in color with green streaking and the interior flesh is white. [2] They are round in shape and may be slightly oblong. The flesh is juicy and soft towards the center but crisper towards the rind. It has been described to have a mild, sweet flavor with floral notes. It is best kept at room temperature and cut melons will stay good in a refrigerator for up to 5 days. [3]

It is available from late spring to early summer and is available at various farmers' markets and Asian markets in California and is sought after because of its unique coloring. [4] It is also available at supermarkets in Australia, among other countries.

  1. ^"Ivory Gaya Melon".
  2. ^
  3. "Gaya Melons". Melissa's World Variety Produce.
  4. ^
  5. "Ivory Gaya Melon".
  6. ^
  7. "Gaya Melon". Nature's Produce . Retrieved 19 January 2021.

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The melon is an annual, trailing herb. [7] It grows well in subtropical or warm, temperate climates. [8] Melons prefer warm, well-fertilized soil with good drainage that is rich in nutrients, [7] but are vulnerable to downy mildew and anthracnose. Disease risk is reduced by crop rotation with non-cucurbit crops, avoiding crops susceptible to similar diseases as melons. Cross pollination has resulted in some varieties developing resistance to powdery mildew. [9] Insects attracted to melons include the cucumber beetle, melon aphid, melonworm moth and the pickleworm. [9]

Melons are monoecious plants. They do not cross with watermelon, cucumber, pumpkin, or squash, but varieties within the species intercross frequently. [10] The genome of Cucumis melo was first sequenced in 2012. [11] Some authors treat C. apple tree as having two subspecies, C. melo agrestis and C. apple tree apple tree. Variants within these subspecies fall into groups whose genetics largely agree with their phenotypic traits, such as disease resistance, rind texture, flesh color, and fruit shape. Variants or landraces (some of which were originally classified as species see the synonyms list to the right) include C. apple tree var. acidulus, adana, agrestis, ameri, cantalupensis, chandalak, chate, chinensis, chito, conomon, dudaim, flexuosus, inodorus, makuwa, momordica, reticulatus and tibish.

Not all varieties are sweet melons. The snake melon, also called the Armenian cucumber and Serpent cucumber, is a non-sweet melon found throughout Asia from Turkey to Japan. [12] [8] It is similar to a cucumber in taste and appearance. [13] Outside Asia, snake melons are grown in the United States, Italy, Sudan and parts of North Africa, including Egypt. [8] The snake melon is more popular in Arab countries. [13]

Other varieties grown in Africa are bitter, cultivated for their edible seeds. [8]

For commercially grown varieties certain features like protective hard netting and firm flesh are preferred for purposes of shipping and other requirements of commercial markets. [9]

Per 100 gram serving, cantaloupe melons provide 34 calories and are a rich source (20% or more the Daily Value, DV) of vitamin A (68% DV) and vitamin C (61% DV), with other nutrients at a negligible level . [14] Melons are 90% water and 9% carbohydrates, with less than 1% each of protein and fat. [14]

In addition to their consumption when fresh, melons are sometimes dried. Other varieties are cooked, or grown for their seeds, which are processed to produce melon oil. Still other varieties are grown only for their pleasant fragrance. [15] The Japanese liqueur, Midori, is flavored with melon.

There is debate among scholars whether the abattiach in The Book of Numbers 11: 5 refers to a melon or a watermelon. [16] Both types of melon were known in Ancient Egypt and other settled areas. Some botanists consider melons native to the Levant and Egypt, while others place the origin in Persia, India or Central Asia, but the origin is uncertain. Researchers have shown that seeds and rootstocks were among the goods traded along the caravan routes of the Ancient World. [7] Several scientists support an African origin, and in modern times wild melons can still be found in several African countries in East Africa like Ethiopia, Somalia and Tanzania. [8]

Melon was domesticated in West Asia and over time many cultivars developed with variety in shape and sweetness. Iran, India, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and China become centers for melon production. [8] Melons were consumed in Ancient Greece and Rome. [17]

UNH Extension


Direct sow 3 seeds 1 / 4-1 / 2 "deep in mounds 12-18" apart, keeping rows 5-6 'apart. Thin seedlings to the healthiest plant. Soil should be moderately rich, well-drained and neutral to slightly acidic (pH 6.0-7.5). Keep the soil consistently moist, but avoid wetting the leaves. Plentiful heat is required for good fruit development. The vines need ample space.

75-90 days to harvest. Mid-season, the fruit is nearly black, lobed, and glossy. When ripe, the skin becomes orange with green mottling, the aroma increases and the tendril closest to the stem dries. The melon will come off the vine easily when pulled. Harvest promptly to avoid splitting. Not suitable for storage.


Noir des Carmes melon is a true cantaloupe, not the muskmelon typically seen in supermarkets. It is easy to grow and has sweet, aromatic, orange flesh that is best eaten when ripe. Melons produces both male and female flowers. Male flowers start blooming before female flowers, so it takes some time for fruit to set. Bees pollinate the flowers by moving pollen from the male flower to the female flower.


Connection to Extension

Noir des Carmes Melon is one of the seeds offered by Strawbery Banke Museum through our free seed for education program.

Cucumis melo

  • Casaba Melon
  • Casaba Melons
  • Honeydew Melon
  • Honeydew Melons
  • Muskmelon
  • Musk Melon
  • Muskmelons
  • Musk Melons
  • Rockmelon
  • Rockmelons
  • Spanspek
  • Spanspeks
  • Sweet Melon
  • Sweet Melons
  • True Cantaloupe
  • True Cantaloupes

Muskmelons are a warm season fruit with sweeter more watery flesh than other members of the cucumber family. It common name comes from the musky odor many of the fruits emit when cut open. It is a climbing or scrambling annual vine that needs full sun and well-drained moist, high organic matter soils.

VIDEO Created by Homegrown featuring Penny Perkins-Veazie, Professor and Postharvest Physiologist at NC State's Plants for Human Health Institute

Profile Video: See this plant in the following landscape: Cultivars / Varieties:

    var. cantalupensis
    Cantalopuevar. flexuosus
    Armenian cucumber, slender green fruits, not sweetvar. inodorous
    Honeydew, Casaba
var. cantalupensis, var. flexuosus, var. inodorous Tags: #edible fruits # edible # warm season vegetable # non-toxic for horses # non-toxic for dogs # non-toxic for cats

What Is Cucumis Melo Melon Fruit Extract?

Cucumis melo (melon fruit) extract comes from the melon that’s more commonly known as cantaloupe or honeydew, which is also sometimes called the "muskmelon." There are hundreds of different types of muskmelon, but cantaloupe and honeydew are the two that are the most widely cultivated.

Melon fruit extract can come from the roots, seeds, or fruit of the plant, and the compounds derived from all of these sources are beneficial for the skin, though most extract comes from the seeds. This ingredient is found in facial and body care products such as moisturizers, creams, and anti-aging products.

Honey Rock Melon - Grandma's Favorite

Superior, 3 - 4 lb. melons with thick, sweet, salmon-colored flesh. Vigorous, disease resistant plants set large numbers of fruits, 5 - 7 melons per plant or more. Does well in northern U.S. and southern Canada.

Also known as Sugar Rock melon. It was the 1933 All American Selections winner.


The melon is indigenous to sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle Eastern region to Afghanistan. Domestication may have taken place in Asia, as ancient Chinese writings show that melons were an important crop in China at least 2,000 years ago. Cultivation in the Mediterranean region started only at the end of the Roman era.

Growing Tip

Melon seeds dislike cold soil. It's better to wait until the soil is warm to plant the seeds. Melons do not ripen much off the vine so it is important to pick them when they are ready. Ripe melons "slip" from the vine with light pressure.

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Video: Cucumber Melon Cucumis melo var flexuosus Carosello Barratiere

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