Licuala palm


A plant like licuala is directly related to the rarest dwarf palms. This genus unites more than 100 plant species, which are rather stunted.

Under natural conditions, such a palm tree can reach a height of no more than 3 meters, which is relatively small for plants of the palm family. As a rule, palms are quite tall.

Licuala large or large (Licuala grandis) is very popular among florists. Its distinctive feature is beautiful "pleated" rounded leaves, painted in a rich green color. They are very similar in shape to Chinese fans.

Young leaves are similar to small shoulder blades. Full mature leaves are almost round in shape. The leaf plate is divided into separate segments only in the upper part. In adult specimens, leaves can be up to 1 meter wide.

In Thailand, spectacular licuala leaves are used in the manufacture of hats.

Likuala is a large native of South Asia, more precisely from the island of New Britain. Under natural conditions, this type of palm tree can reach a height of 2 meters. When grown indoors, the plant height is slightly lower. Home Likuala is a spectacular tree with a slender trunk. This plant bears fruit quite abundantly. Large bright fruits are collected in hanging bunches. However, in indoor conditions, this plant practically does not bloom.

Licuala palm care at home

Illumination

It needs bright lighting, but it is recommended to shade it from the direct rays of the sun, as they can injure the spectacular leaves. It is recommended to place such a palm tree in the immediate vicinity of a western or eastern window.

Temperature regime

The recommended temperature of the content is from 16 to 25 degrees. In order for the plant to grow and develop normally, it is recommended to maintain an evenly warm environment without sudden temperature changes throughout the year. In winter, it is necessary to ensure that the temperature in the room is not lower than 16 degrees.

How to water

In the spring and summer, when the air temperature is high, watering should be abundant. After the average daily temperature becomes less than 16 degrees, you need to water a little less. In winter, the plant needs moderate watering.

It is recommended to systematically moisten the foliage from a sprayer. Well-settled, soft, lukewarm water is perfect for this. In winter, the frequency of spraying is reduced. The cooler it is in the room, the less often you need to spray.

Earth mixture

Suitable soil should be neutral or slightly acidic. To prepare a suitable soil mixture, it is necessary to combine leaf and sod land, sand and peat, taken in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1. You can also purchase ready-made palm substrate.

Fertilizer

It is necessary to feed the plant in spring and summer, but if desired, fertilizers can be applied to the soil all year round. So, in the spring-summer period it is done 1 time in 2-4 weeks, and in winter - 1 time in 4 weeks. It should be fed only with organic fertilizers, because salinization of the substrate for this plant is undesirable.

Transplant features

Licuala should be transplanted only if absolutely necessary, because she very badly tolerates this procedure. As a rule, the transplant is carried out once every few years.

Reproduction methods

The plant can be propagated by seeds. Sowing is carried out in lukewarm moist soil to a centimeter depth. The container should be covered with glass or polyethylene. The first seedlings may appear after quite a long time, and they are often rather weak.

Flowering features

Licuala blooms only when grown in a greenhouse. Ripe fruits of deep red color, collected in hanging bunches, look very impressive.

Diseases and pests

Mealybugs, spider mites or scale insects can settle on the plant.

This palm is sick, as a rule, due to violations of the rules of care.

  1. Yellow foliage - too poor watering. Start to water more abundantly, but make sure that the water does not stagnate in the soil.
  2. Pale dry spots appear on the foliage surface - too intense lighting. Move the palm to a different shaded area.
  3. Mold has formed on the walls of the pot and on the surface of the soil - due to overflow in winter. The mold should be removed with a damp cloth and watering should be reduced somewhat.
  4. The tips of the leaves become brownish. - too low air humidity. Spray the palm tree more often, and in the summer, you need to increase the frequency of airing.
  5. The leaves darken and fade - the room is too cold.

Any plant requires a certain amount of care. Improper maintenance, transplanting, watering can negatively affect indoor flowers. Therefore, it is important to know how to properly care for a licuala so that it pleases the eye.

  • Ground requirements.In nurseries, licuala palm is grown in a peat substrate saturated with micronutrients and compounds. At home, such a soil quickly loses its properties. When watering with ordinary settled water, nutrients are quickly washed out, and the earth is leached. It is recommended to immediately replace the substrate. A slightly acidic soil is suitable. To increase fertility, it is better to add humus or compost to it.
  • Transplant rules.A plant transplant is carried out no more often than once every few years. Pay attention to the filling level of the pot with roots. It is recommended to carry out transplantation in the spring, when the plant comes out of dormancy. Before placing the palm tree in a new container, it is recommended to soak it for several hours in warm water with the addition of potassium permanganate. After the old substrate is soaked, it is separated from the roots. After that, the plant is ready for transplantation. The capacity for the plant should be chosen according to the size of the root system. Leave some room for growth. A drainage layer must be laid out at the bottom of the pot. It is recommended to use perlite or large damaged expanded clay granules. It is the broken integrity of the stones that prevents the development of fungal diseases.
  • Mulching the soil.Due to the fact that the soil is usually not occupied, it quickly rots. Therefore, it is recommended to mulch the soil surface. There are several ways. The easiest way is to fill the pot on top with any non-rotting material. These can be pieces of decorative glass, pebbles, decorative pebbles, or chips. If this option is not to your liking, you can plant the empty land with ground cover plants. Some growers sow the soil with decorative lawn grass. However, it should be borne in mind that there will be additional troubles associated with timely cutting it. If you don't feel like fooling around, ivy or dwarf ficus is suitable for mulching.
  • Watering.There are many opinions on how to water the liquor. But they all lead to the same conclusion - balance is important. The palm tree does not like drought, but also has a negative attitude to waterlogging. In addition, experienced flower growers note that just settled tap water, although less harmful to the plant, does not lose its rigidity. Therefore, it is recommended to boil it first. Then all the calcium precipitates, and does not remain on the walls of the flowerpot. From time to time, the likuala needs to be washed with a warm shower. Since it is considered a natural filter, the leaves quickly become covered with dust and are less effective in purifying the air. Timely washing of the plant will have a beneficial effect on its appearance.
  • Fertilizer.There is an opinion that top dressing should be applied in the spring. Indeed, during dormancy, the plant does not assimilate useful trace elements. This is not true. Fertilization of the soil must be carried out all year round, regardless of the season. Only the doses change. So, for example, in winter, the amount of dressing should be halved if the palm tree grows in a warm and well-lit room. If the room is cool and no additional light source is provided, it is better to refrain from fertilizing. To avoid damage to the root system, feeding is carried out at regular intervals and in small portions. It is best to combine the procedure with watering. Then the concentration of substances decreases.


Likuala atroviridis Henderson

Single stems of the species grow up to 30 cm in height and 14 cm in diameter. The crown of a palm tree is formed by 23 leaves, which are attached to the trunk with 135-cm petioles. The leaves are dissected into 22-28 segments, the middle of them does not differ externally from the rest, only a little denser, since the continuation of the petiole passes through it. The plates of the sheets are painted in a deep light green color.

Long pedicels (up to 1 m) rise above the greenery of the palm. Inflorescences are attached to them, consisting of one or two partial inflorescences. Bracts glabrous, tubular. Each partial inflorescence consists of 7-9 buds, each of which grows 12-16 cm in length and 2 mm in diameter. They grow in pairs or singly. Milky flowers. Sometimes a greenish tint appears.

The plant is distributed mainly in Vietnam on steep slopes in evergreen or deciduous moist forests.


In summer, it is very important that this plant is moist when it is outside. Especially on hot days, it needs to be watered every day so that the root ball is well saturated with moisture. On cooler days, watering can be skipped for a few days. This is so important because otherwise the plant will "drink" moisture from its leaves, which will lead to their drying out and, ultimately, death.

When winter approaches, the rules change! When the Hawaiian palm is outside, it must remain dry so that moisture does not freeze and damage the plant. The plant is in a kind of hibernation during this period.

When the plant is indoors in winter, it should be slightly damp, not through and through (as in summer), but simply so that the root ball is slightly damp.


Sowing palm trees

Before sowing, the seeds must be separated from the pulp or shells, if any, and soaked for 2-3 days, changing the water daily. If possible, sowing is carried out in a time frame that allows you to get seedlings in spring. But freshly harvested seeds are sown immediately, regardless of the season. It is better to make a box for artificial supplementary lighting of seedlings than not to get them at all.

The seeds are sown in a mixture of sand and chopped sphagnum or in clean sand, lightly sprinkled with a substrate. It is better to sow immediately in separate pots so as not to pick delicate seedlings. For the same purpose - to postpone the time of the first transplant - the following sowing method is recommended: a fertile mixture is poured into a pot up to half the height (the composition is the same as for rooting offspring), 2-3 cm of sand mixture is sown on it, on which seeds are sown. To maintain high humidity, the dishes with crops are covered with a cap and placed in a dark place.

Important nuances

Successful germination of palm seeds is possible only at a temperature of + 25-30 degrees. Crops are periodically ventilated and the moisture content of the substrate is monitored. After the emergence of seedlings, the pots are placed in a bright, protected from direct sun place, regularly watered and sprayed. In the first 5 years of life, young palms are quite tender and often have juvenile leaves that differ in appearance from the leaves of adult plants. Further care is carried out, guided by the needs of a particular species.

Tip: Planting a coconut

Special attention should be paid to sowing coconut. Naturally, the pot for the Nut is sized appropriately, the fruit is laid on its side and covered with substrate so that the three embryonic pores, visible at the top, are above the soil surface.


Watch the video: Palmeras de interior - Decogarden


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