Insecticides


Agravertine designed to combat a whole range of pests: thrips, spider mites, aphids, whites, apple moth, larvae and adult Colorado potato beetle, moths, cabbage moth and scoops, sawflies and moths.


According to the instructions for use, Mospilan refers to insecticides of contact-intestinal action. It contains acetamiprid, a toxic substance that has a nerve effect on insects at all stages of their development.

When spraying, the drug penetrates the cells of the plant and spreads with the juice to all its parts, causing the death of pests even in those areas that have not been treated with insecticides. The agent blocks the transmission of nerve impulses, causing convulsions and subsequent death of the insect.

According to the instructions for use, Mospilan is effective against the following pests:

  • apple moths and sawflies
  • colorado beetles
  • whitefly
  • scabbards
  • weevils
  • leaf rollers
  • flea
  • apple and miner moth
  • bug harmful turtle
  • lurkers
  • aphid.

The manufacturer recommends using Mospilan for thrips, various types of locusts, leech larvae, mealybug, bread beetle and sandy linger.

The insecticidal preparation is fast acting. The first results can be seen within 24 hours; it will take no more than 2-3 days to completely destroy the pests.


Description of the drug and scope

Zolon is an organophosphorus preparation with a wide range of effects. It is used as an acaricide to control herbivorous mites and as an insecticide to protect plants from most known insect pests.

When processing plants, you can save the harvest

The main active ingredient of Zolone - fosalon - is a derivative of dithiophosphoric acid. Zolon and fosalon are essentially synonymous. Also, the insecticide is known by the names:

  • quark
  • benzophosphate
  • rubitox.

Ash is produced in the form of an emulsion (35% concentrate) in the following packaging:

Zolon belongs to intestinal and contact insecticides. Penetrating into the insect's body through chitinous digestive tracts and chitinous integuments, it depresses the nervous system, paralyzing it.

The active ingredient fosalon inhibits the activity of the cholinesterase enzyme, which promotes the transmission of nerve impulses.

The drug is active against rodents, mining and sucking insects, for sawfly caterpillars it is low-toxic.

When fosalon enters the body, the insect dies within two days. Ash does not pose a high danger to beneficial insects, but highly toxic to fish. It is prohibited to enter it into the reservoirs of fish farms.

The effectiveness of Zolon, according to reviews, has been tested on the following crops:

  • Cereals (barley, wheat). Pests - cereal fly, aphid, meadow moth, drunkard.
  • Cruciferous (horseradish, mustard, cabbage, radish). Pests - aphids, rape flower beetle, white beetle, cabbage scoop, moth.
  • Legumes (peas, soybeans). Pests - tick, scoop, thrips.
  • Fruit (apricot, peach, pear, apple, cherry). Pests - aphids, leafworm, moth, mite, leaf flies, cherry fly.
  • Vegetables (beets, tomatoes, eggplants, potatoes). Pests - Colorado potato beetle, cotton scoop, potato moth, spider mite, weevil, etc.

The danger of ash to plants has not been identified. It accumulates in the peel of fruits and cuticle (cuticle) of plants, remaining there for up to 30 days. In soil, Zolon is stored for up to 20 days. The protective effect of the insecticide lasts from 15 to 30 days. The drug is highly resistant to low temperatures, retaining its characteristics and properties even at + 10 ° C.


Precautions:

  • The drug Bazudin - phytotoxictherefore it can harm birds, bees and aquatic fauna. Therefore, after using the container, do not allow the substance to enter water bodies.
  • Store the drug out of the reach of children and animals, at temperatures from + 35 ° to -10 °, in a dry place. Neighborhood with food is also unacceptable.
  • Some growers practice the use of Bazudin at home for the treatment of indoor plants... This is possible if there are no small children in the house, since after processing the soil in an apartment, the drug emits an unpleasant odor, which increases every time the soil is moistened. Smell of the drug can provoke headaches and dizziness in children.
  • When working with insecticide, be sure to follow safety precautions: use protective equipment. During the processing period, the use of food and smoking is unacceptable. Do not use kitchen utensils to prepare the mixture or solution.
  • Do not work with pesticides for more than 3 hours in a row!
  • Soil dressing is best done in the morning or evening in calm weather.
  • If a large amount of Bazudin gets on the soil surface, first sprinkle the area with sand, and then remove the soil layer (10 cm).

Types of drugs

Toxic remedies for pest control of indoor plants, indoor plants, horticultural crops are made on the basis of several active ingredients. The compositions differ in degree, speed of exposure to harmful beetles, worms, arthropods.

Insecticides of a wide spectrum of action are actively used to destroy pests of the garden, vegetable garden, insects that parasitize indoor flowers. Modern biological and chemical preparations are suitable for the prevention of diseases in indoor, greenhouse, and garden plants.

Insecticide groups:

  • based on imidacloprid. Confidor Extra, Biotlin, Iskra Gold
  • pyrethroids. Senpai, Tsunami, Kinmix, Decis, Intra Vir
  • based on malathion. Actellic, Karbofos, Fufanon - nova, Iskra - M, Antimite, Fenaxin Plus
  • the phenylpyrazole group. Regent, Cosmos, Standak Top, Axial
  • class of neonicotinoids. Aktara, Neoron
  • based on avermethines. Fitoverm, Agravertin, Vermitic.

Systemic

Characteristic:

  • drugs act on roots, leaves, stem, flowers
  • the death of insects occurs after contact with any part of the plant. The pest eats particles of an indoor flower, garden culture or cereals, receives a portion of poison, and dies after a while
  • positive point: systemic insecticides work regardless of weather conditions
  • there is only one drawback: the death of insects does not occur immediately
  • systemic drugs are divided into acaricidal (against ticks), anthelmintic (destroy parasitic worms), nematicides (to combat roundworms).

Intestinal

Characteristic:

  • the effect of chemicals begins after the penetration of toxic components into the stomach of the insect
  • the components of the insecticide irritate the digestive tract, cause poisoning, the pest dies.

Contact

Characteristic:

  • preparations have a detrimental effect on pests at the site of application
  • negative consequences for insects occur when any part of the body comes into contact with drops or particles of a toxic agent
  • in an area not treated with a contact insecticide solution, pests do not feel discomfort
  • advantage: active action immediately after application
  • minus - rain, fog reduce the effectiveness of the formulations, many drugs are unstable to washout.


Insecticide hazard classes

The level and hazard classes of insecticides are regulated by the state standard GOST 12.1.007-76. According to the current version of this document, all chemicals are divided into 4 classes:

  • 1st (I) - extremely hazardous substances.
  • 2nd (II) - highly hazardous substances.
  • 3rd (III) - moderately hazardous substances.
  • 4th (IV) - low-hazard substances.
The hazard level of an insecticide according to this classification is calculated on the basis of 7 indicators, including the limiting concentration in the air, the lethal dose when it enters the stomach, the lethal dose when applied to the skin, and a number of other factors. A complete list of them, if desired, you can find in the official text of GOST. The hazard class of a drug is always indicated on the product label or in its official instructions.

Substances of classes 1 and 2 are usually used either in professional pest control products, or they include preparations based on obsolete, acutely toxic substances. Class 3 often includes more or less modern insecticides, in the development of which attention was deliberately paid not only to their effectiveness, but also to safety. The 4th hazard class is basically all products in ready-made form for household use and preparations based on natural ingredients, for example, pyrethrum (Bona Forte) or diatomaceous earth (Ekokiller).

Caution!

What is permissible to mix and what is not?

When preparing a solution for treating cultures, it must be remembered that by mixing different preparations, a kind of unique mixture is obtained. The result can be anything you want.

  • oily substances with boron based fertilizers
  • sulfur and phosphorus with calcium supplements
  • calcium with substances based on zinc, iron, magnesium, manganese
  • complex liquid preparations with a multicomponent composition
  • several different types of growth regulators
  • sulfur-based fungicides with oil-based preparations
  • insecticides and fungicides with calcium-based fertilizers
  • with Bordeaux liquid any means of protection and fertilizers (except for sulfur-based fungicides)
  • organophosphorus preparations with alkalis
  • substances with acidic and alkaline reactions.



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