Onion, just like chives, batun and other types of onions, can be used for growing indoors for greens in winter, during a period of acute deficiency of vitamins and other biologically active substances.
Forcing onions can be successfully carried out using all known methods of growing green plants. Usually, for this, they use the soil left behind after growing other cultivated plants. You can grow green onions hydroponically, using sand, sawdust, expanded clay, etc. as a substrate.
To ensure a green conveyor, i.e. a gradual and constant supply of juicy vitamins to the table, planting the bulbs in pots or boxes must be carried out in stages, with an interval of 2-3 weeks. For planting, you can use the bulbs germinating in the winter-spring period. For forcing onions on a leaf, it is better to use onions - small bulbs 3-4 cm in size. Forcing begins in October and is carried out almost throughout the winter-spring period.
To onion rooted faster and began to grow back, it must be cut by the shoulders before planting. The bulbs are planted in boxes in a bridge way - tightly to each other and watered abundantly with warm water. The bulbs should not be deeply buried. It is impossible to compact the soil under them, since in the future, growing, the bulbs will rise on the roots.
When choosing a variety for forcing, it is necessary to take into account the dormant period of bulbs of different varieties. Southern varieties, as a rule, are less maturing and begin to grow back 2-3 months after harvest. Varieties of the central part of Russia: Arzamassky, Bessonovsky, Pogarsky, Rostovsky, Spassky, etc. - have a longer dormant period - 5-9 months, and local northern varieties can be stored without germinating until a new harvest.
After the rooting of the bulbs and the regrowth of the leaves, you can feed the plants with ammonium nitrate or urea at the rate of 5 g / l of water. After feeding, the plants should be thoroughly watered with clean water from a watering can with a fine strainer.
Forcing green onions can be considered complete after the leaves reach a length of 20-30 cm. With this method of growing green onions in winter, there is practically no increase in yield. The appearance and growth of green leaves is due to the nutrients that are present in the bulbs.
Growing green onions is a lucrative profitable business that can generate good income throughout the year. Plus, fresh herbs are a great addition to a family meal that shouldn't be passed up. Today, many farms are engaged in the cultivation of green onions on a feather, and it can be organized on almost any site.
In order to plant onions on greens at home in winter, you do not need to have containers with soil. Many people do it simply: an ordinary jar of water serves as a container. Advantages of the method:
Regardless of the growing method you choose, you need to properly prepare the bulbs. Before planting an onion at home, it must be carefully examined, it should not have:
Good specimens for planting onions at home on greens are heads with a 4-centimeter diameter.
In order for the sprouts to germinate better, before planting, it is required to carefully cut off the tops of the heads, then soak them in a solution of potassium permanganate for 15-25 minutes. In the absence of potassium permanganate, you can use wood ash. After processing, the head is transferred to cool water. How much the feather of the bulb grows, its safety depends on the correct preparation. Usually, greens germinate well after 1-1.5 weeks.
In water, onions give a feather for about 3 weeks. After cutting off the feather, the bulb is thrown away, it is not suitable for eating and growing. Then you can plant a new bulb.
Important! Before placing the head in the soil for growing, you need to completely get rid of the husk.
For growing green onions in water at home, jars and other containers are used. You can grow onions in a pot, glass of water.
Important! the neck of the container must be of a suitable width, then the bulb will not fall and sink too deep into the water. The container should be filled with water so that the bulb is only slightly immersed. It is impossible to sink the head too deeply into the water, since the lower part may rot.
Before the roots appear, you need to make sure that the lower part of the head is in the water. Add water as needed.
You can sprout onions at home not only in glass containers. For growing, transparent containers for storing food or boxes after ice cream, vegetable salad are quite suitable. You will also need a sheet of thick cardboard of a suitable size, in which you need to make holes to accommodate the bow. Then water is poured into the container, and the bulbs are placed in the holes made. With this method of growing, the heads should be placed in the water shallow.
Important! By sprouting onions in water using this method, you can wait 2 weeks to get feathers. The process can be accelerated by fertilizing the water with mineral fertilizing.
When the roots begin to grow, the first shoots of greenery will appear, the plant can be fed. There are several options and in each case the amount of water in which the fertilizer is diluted is 1 liter:
It should be noted that this measure is optional. Science says that additional fertilization is unnecessary and even contraindicated as the bulb itself contains the nutrients and energy needed to grow.
When sprouting green onions on a windowsill in water, it is important to follow simple growing rules:
Important! In order for green onions to always be on the table, it is required to sprout new specimens every 2 weeks.
Avitaminosis and colds often accompany us in the winter-spring period, forcing us to regularly look for ways to strengthen the immune system. Many of us are content with expensive drugs from pharmacies, but most enterprising citizens still use the old method of obtaining natural "drugs" on their own windowsills. Spinach, dill, lettuce and mustard, onion, parsley, basil - this is an incomplete list of home-grown vegetables rich in macro- and microelements and vitamins C, A and K. Their use in salads raw and as an additive to main courses can improve health and increase the body's resistance to infections.
Of all these vegetables, onions are most often grown at home. This is due to several reasons: bulbs are readily available planting material, they contain enough nutrients to grow well even in water, and, besides, onions are less whimsical than other vegetables in terms of keeping conditions. If you set out to supply your family with natural vitamins in the form of green onions during the winter, first decide on its type. At home, you can grow not only onions for greens, but also chives, shallots, multi-tiered onions and slimes.
Bulbs sprouting during storage onions most often used for forcing in the autumn-winter period. The green feather of them grows more than 20 cm after 2-2.5 weeks and is ready for cutting. After use, the depleted bulbs are discarded.
Shallot (kushchevka, family) is interesting in that it gives the feather volume 1.5 - 2 times more and grows 5 days earlier, however, it requires mandatory cutting after 26 - 35 days, otherwise the harvest may be lost. Until mid-February, this type of onion has a rather deep dormant period and, when planted, germinates very poorly earlier. Shallots, which have already been completely cut off the feather, can be immediately reused for forcing: it must be cut across just below the middle, planted again and get a second crop of greens.
Outdoor Grown Perennial chives also successfully used for distillation. In October, a 2 - 3-year-old rhizome of chives is dug up with a clod of earth, dried well and left on the edge of the garden until the first frost. Then they plant it in a pot with fertile soil and transfer it to the windowsill. Several pots of chives can be stored in the basement and brought in one at a time every two weeks. Green arrows of this type of onion grow 2 times faster than that of onions and are ready to eat in a week, and after cutting they begin to grow back within 10 days. In the spring, at the end of the forcing period, chives can again be planted in open ground.
Onion 2 times richer in vitamin C than onions, its growth rate is similar to that of chives, but more greens are formed. The feather tends to quickly become rough, so you need to cut it off no later than once every 30 - 35 days. To get green onions at home, 2 - 3-year-old batun bushes in October - November after the first frosts are dug with a lump of earth at least 10 cm thick, transplanted into pots (boxes) and transferred to a lighted windowsill.
Tiered bow yields a higher yield than onions and has very delicate greens. It does not have a pronounced dormant period, so this type of onion can be used for forcing from November to February. The green leaves are ready to cut after 25 days.
Slime onion differs from previous species in that its leaves do not coarse during the growing season, but remain tender and juicy. It is recommended as an alternative to onions for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. For distillation, 2 - 3-year-old bushes, dug up in October before severe frosts, are divided, the cuttings are planted in different pots and transferred to the room. The greens are cut at a feather height of 20 - 25 cm.
As already mentioned, onions can be grown at home even in water, but this method is relatively laborious. To do this, choose large (with a diameter of 4 cm), better already sprouted, onions and deep dishes (plates, glasses). So that the bulbs do not start to rot during forcing, they are placed in a bowl so that only the bottom with roots is in the water. As a support device, thick cardboard is used with a cut out hole slightly smaller in diameter than the onion. They cover a glass (plate) and put an onion in the hole: it will hold steadily even with herbs, and the water level in the container will be conveniently controlled. "Planting" is kept for 3 - 5 days in the shade, then placed on well-lit windowsills. Before the roots appear, the water is changed every day in the morning and in the evening, and with the beginning of feather growth - once a day, while washing the roots and dishes under running water. Water for germination must be taken at least within a day, since chlorine retards the growth of the bulb. The temperature in the room should not be higher than 22 ° C, otherwise the arrows will grow thin, pale and will fall, but not lower than 17 ° C, since in the coolness the ripening period of the greens lengthens. The green onion arrows growing above 20 cm are cut as needed (starting from the outer ones) or the entire crop is removed at once, and the bulbs are thrown away.
Growing onions at home is more profitable to organize in the ground: the bulbs can be taken with a diameter of 2 - 4 cm, and from large - only cut bottoms there is the possibility of obtaining a second and third (depending on the type of onion) harvest of greens, there is no need to constantly wash the planting material. Tanks for planting onions are taken so deep that above the drainage layer under the bottom of the bulb the layer of earth is at least 10 cm thick; there must be drainage holes in the bottom. It is better to take small containers (pots) and plant onions in small batches after 5 to 7 days to ensure a continuous supply of greens from the windowsill. The soil for growing domestic onions is made up of equal parts of fertile garden land, peat and humus, or they take ready-made soil mixtures ("Biogrunt", "Rose"). The mixture is poured into containers for drainage and the cut bottoms with primordia are planted as soon as possible according to the 4 × 4 cm scheme, sprinkling with soil 1 - 2 cm from above.Already germinated bulbs are buried into the soil up to the neck and planted either close to one another, or at a distance 1 - 2 cm. Non-sprouted bulbs are soaked in hot water (40 - 50 ° C) to accelerate their growth, after 12 hours the soaked husks are removed from them, the neck is slightly shortened and planted in pots. The first 7 - 10 days containers with bulbs can be kept in the shade, and then they are transferred to the windowsills and in November - January, additional lighting with fluorescent lamps (20 - 40 watts) is organized for planting in order to extend the daylight hours to 12 - 14 hours. Water the onion with settled water once a week and maintain the temperature at 17 - 22 ° C.
In perennial onions (batun, slime, chives), before forcing in October, the leaves are cut by 2/3 of the length, the roots - by 10 cm and planted in containers with a depth of at least 15 cm.First time (10 - 12 days) onions for rooting contain at a temperature of 10 - 12 ° C, and after - at a temperature of 18 - 21 ° C. It is very important to take planting material for forcing exactly from 2 - 3-year-old bushes of perennial onions.
Fertilizing home-grown onions is strongly discouraged in order to preserve the usefulness and naturalness of the greens as much as possible. Do not be lazy to "plant a garden" on the windowsill and strengthen the body only with natural vitamins of nature.
As already mentioned, there are two types of planting material - seeds and ready-made seedlings. What points should be considered when choosing each of the directions, let's figure it out.
I remember it was already November, the very beginning, and when I saw onion sets packed in bags on the counter, I asked what kind of miracle it was and how much.
It turned out that I have long been in the past, and people have long noticed this winter onion, and that it is nothing more than the time-tested best winter variety. onion Dutch selection Radar.
Later I found out that there are still many winter varieties, but in our region I have not yet met others, so I will describe what I did, maybe someone else will come in handy.
So, the bulbs were very small, about 1 cm in diameter, or even smaller. I took 250 g, and it was enough for me for a 6 m garden bed.
The garden bed was just empty after the strawberries, it was resting, the mustard was sown on it, but it was already withered, so it did not bother me. I drew rows, it turned out 5 every 15 cm, and left the same distance between the bulbs, although 10 cm is possible - it will also be fine.
My land is loose, I embed a lot of green manure in the soil.
I love phacelia very much, I, like many, do not understand whether the flowers in the garden are growing or still vegetables.
Marigolds and phacelia already sprout by themselves, and when they start to oppress their fellows strongly, I pull them out and put them in the aisles, and in the fall I mix it all with the soil, and it turns out well for everyone: for me - because the earth is soft, and for hard workers feed.
I deepen the bulbs a little deeper than during spring planting - by 6-8 cm, and do not cover them with anything. winter was with a lot of thaws, and a lot of snow piled up - well, I think, my onion will blow out.
But no, everything is in order - all has risen, germination is almost 100%, well, maybe 2-3 just for some reason did not emerge. I did not feed him with anything, he also proved to be resistant to shooting (only one arrow in the garden was), as well as to downy mildew and powdery mildew.
In general, I like podzimnie crops more: there are many times less problems with them. There are no diseases.