Growing cypress indoors


Under the sign of Capricorn

According to the horoscope, the sign of the Zodiac Capricorn (December 22-January 20) corresponds to deremskaya and fragrant dracaena, ficuses, elephant yucca, fan palms, silvery and sickle-shaped fat woman ("money tree", "monkey tree"), noble laurel, "living stones", coniferous crops.

In the assortment of coniferous indoor plants among amateur flower growers, cypress occupies a more modest place and is much less common than such conifers as araucaria, thuja and cypress, widely known in home floriculture.

The cypress has several more names - cypress and false cyparis... According to a number of experts, his genus (Chamaeparis) unites 7 species and belongs to the Cypress family (Cupressaceae).

In natural conditions, the cypress lives in North America on the coast of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, as well as in the subtropical regions of East Asia. In the wild, it is found in the form of trees and tall shrubs with a conical crown, reaching a height of 50 m or more.

Some lovers keep the cypress at home in the form of a bonsai style: then its plants do not reach impressive sizes. But if he is provided with sufficiently favorable conditions and care in indoor conditions, he is able to relatively quickly turn into a rather large plant.

Therefore, it is preferable to keep the cypress in a spacious room or in a winter garden. This is an evergreen tree with a conical crown, with branches, flattened (horizontally located), drooping, arranged in two rows.

Although the cypress belongs to a rather shade-tolerant plant, for optimal maintenance it needs to choose a sufficiently bright place, but where direct sunlight is excluded from its foliage.

When placed in the garden, take into account that it does not tolerate excessive exposure to the sun. For the summer, it is preferable to take a houseplant out into fresh air (in a garden, on a loggia or balcony), but it must be protected from drafts. If it is planted in open ground, then excessive waterlogging or flooding is not allowed. During this period, he needs enough heat (temperature at least 20 ° C).

In addition, this coniferous plant is quite sensitive to a lack of moisture in the air and soil, so it is often and regularly watered with a small amount of soft water, preventing it from stagnating in the pan. To keep the substrate constantly moist (especially in the hot season), it can be placed on pebbles spread out on a wide pan with water.

To reduce the evaporation of moisture from the topsoil, it is also recommended to mulch it; it is advisable to spray the crown of the plant with water several times a day, since it needs high humidity. In the fall, watering is reduced, preventing the earthen coma from drying out.

Since this plant takes out nutrients relatively slowly, top dressing (in the form of weak solutions of liquid organic fertilizers), even during the period of active growth, is done moderately (once every two weeks), having previously loosened the soil surface (preferably after preliminary spilling with a small amount of water).

In the spring, dry branches must be removed. If pruning is carried out, then new extra shoots are removed so that the crown does not grow, and the branches turn out to be proportional in size to each other. But after the appearance of the leaves, the shoots are not recommended to be partially cut, they should be removed completely, evenly cleaning all the dried leaves from the crown.

The cypress grows relatively slowly. If the grower allows the plant to grow naturally and does not restrain its development, then the transplant is carried out as needed. When growing it in the bonsai style, a transplant is done every 3-5 years - only at the beginning of spring.

For growing, a sufficiently spacious container is selected for the cypress, since it forms a large root system. The soil substrate is prepared from fertile loose (porous) clay-soddy calcareous soil. A drainage layer of broken brick or pebbles must be placed at the bottom of the pot. For the winter period it is better to define it in a room with a temperature of 10 ° C

Cypress is propagated by seeds (in spring) and semi-lignified cuttings (from autumn), the survival of which is accelerated when using the treatment of sections with hormonal preparations and with lower heating of the soil.

A remarkable feature of the cypress is the ability of some of its branches to mutate, which allows you to get new specimens of trees from cuttings, a huge variety of forms and varieties that differ in appearance, leaves, the color of which varies from bright green to pale grayish.

Its forms can grow not only in closed ground, but also in a garden, where they need to be covered for the winter, therefore, when a certain height is reached, the plant can be moved to open ground if desired, since its interesting characteristic feature, according to a number of experts, is stability to the cold.

Experts call the cypress species the most suitable for indoor cultivation - pea (Chamaecyparis pisifera) and, less often, Lawson (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana).

In vivo pea cypress grows on moist acidic soils of the subtropics of Japan, reaching a height of 25-27 m. It has a conical crown and horizontally spread branches, densely leafy shoots, bluish-blue needles, fluffy. The pea cypress has several low-growing forms that can be successfully used at home.

Thus, the form of Filifera nana cultivated in the bonsai style is a dwarf-sized shrub with dark green scaly needles, reaching at the age of 25 about 40 cm in height and 90 cm in width.

Filifera Sangold is a short, very slowly growing form (up to a maximum of 1 m in height over the same period) with a wide-conical crown (up to 2 m in diameter). It has reddish brown bark and scaly, golden yellow needles.

Lawson's cypress (C. lawsoniana) - originating from the southern states of the Pacific coast of North America (California). In nature, its specimens reach a height of 50 m. This evergreen, often wide-pyramidal plant has branches with small, scaly, compressed needles (green above, silvery or bluish-green below) in the form of a fan. It has a fairly elastic wood, so different styles can be formed from the original wood.

There are many decorative forms, differing in the structure and size of the crown, color and length of the needles. Some of them are even capable of wintering in central Russia. On the lateral branches, all branches of the following orders are located in one plane, which at first has a vertical position, then deviates into a horizontal one.

In room culture, it is considered relatively unpretentious, but growing rather quickly, therefore, rather rare dressings are carried out - once every 1-1.5 months (spring-autumn). Its form Fletchery nana (height 1-1.2 m) - in culture since 1939 - is characterized by a wide-conical crown and thin and delicate needles. According to experts, Lawson's cypress reproduces well by seeds (main species) or cuttings from young shoots (varieties).

Along with the eastern thuja, most common in indoor floriculture, cypress is a good decorative material for indoor gardening. Its tubular specimens in summer can be of great interest for landscaping terraces, balconies and lobbies. For these purposes, especially spectacular forms with a pyramidal, columnar, spherical and weeping crown are selected.

The appearance of fungal diseases on the cypress is possible when the corresponding phytosanitary standards are not observed during trimming and the infection is introduced.

A red tick, which can settle in a room with low air humidity, is removed with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol, and is also destroyed by spraying with an acaricide solution (actellic or neoron), but the concentration of these drugs is reduced by 2-3 times against those recommended on ordinary plants. In addition, it does not hurt to first check the possibility of burns on the needles from the prepared concentration on a separate branch.

A. Lazarev,
candidate of biological sciences,
Senior Researcher, All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Protection


How to grow strawberries at home on a windowsill.

Growing strawberries on a windowsill

Strawberries are a very tasty and healthy berry. It contains many vitamins. Unfortunately, fruiting does not last long, and in the rest of the months you have to buy imported or greenhouse berries.

It turns out that strawberries can be grown on the windowsill of the house. In winter, it is very pleasant to enjoy homemade berries.

Having decided to grow strawberries on a windowsill, first of all you need choose the right planting material ... The fact is that it is better to grow indoors varieties that are unpretentious to environmental conditions .

In addition, in the room where the containers will be located, you need to create special microclimate. So that the strawberries do not hurt and grow quickly, it is required to install in the room comfortable temperature. It is equally important to control during the growing season lighting and humidity levels.

Which varieties are suitable for growing on a windowsill

Strawberry varieties, for growing at home on a windowsill, must be repairing , unpretentious to daylight hours and temperature.

To grow strawberries on a windowsill at home, it is better to choose varieties such as:

  • Homemade delicacy F1
  • Eternity S1
  • Temptation
  • Pink dream
  • Grandian F1
  • Elan F1.

To successfully plant and grow strawberries at home on a windowsill, certain rules and conditions must be followed.

Growing place

The best place to grow remontant strawberries is on a sill facing south or east. It is possible to grow culture on the eastern and northern windowsill only under the condition of constant additional light.

For rapid growth and ripening of strawberries, the duration of daylight hours should be 12-14 hours. In summer, the bushes have enough sunlight, and in autumn and winter, strawberries need supplement with fluorescent lamps.

Lighting devices need to be turned on 2 times a day: from 6 to 9 o'clock from 16 to 20 o'clock.

The temperature for growing strawberries at home should be at +18 .. + 20 C. If the temperature is lower, the plants start to ache.

Air humidity should be 70-80%.

During the heating season, when the air in the apartment is very dry, the bushes are sprayed with standing water at room temperature from a spray bottle.

Planting capacity

First, the seeds are sown in small cups, and as soon as they release the first pair of leaves, they are transplanted into larger containers.

When the strawberry seedlings form 5-6 leaves, they can be transplanted into a pot for further home cultivation.

You can plant strawberries in long boxes with a volume of 10-15 liters. When planting in such containers, the distance between the bushes should be at least 20 cm.

Regardless of size, there should be drainage holes in the bottom of the planting container to allow excess water to drain out.

Soil for planting

You can buy potting potting soil at a specialist store or make your own. For indoor strawberries, any soil designed for growing vegetables and flowers is suitable.

Strawberries will feel good if the humidity is in the area 70-80%. In the midst of the heating season, in winter, when the air in the apartment is very dry, bushes sprayed from a spray bottle with settled water at room temperature. yum.

What container to plant

Initially, the seeds are sown in small cups, and as soon as they release the first pair of leaves, they are transplanted (dived) into larger containers. When the strawberry seedlings have already formed 5-6 leaves, they can be transplanted into a pot for further home cultivation.

You can also plant plants in long boxes with a volume of 10-15 liters ... When landing in such containers the distance between the bushes must be at least 20 cm ... Regardless of size, there should be drain holes in the bottom of the planting container to allow excess water to drain out.

Preparation of planting material

It is better to grow strawberries at home on a windowsill with seedlings, growing seedlings from seeds is a rather long and troublesome business. Planting material can be purchased from nurseries or taken from your site if you grow remontant varieties.

The preparation of strawberry seedlings for planting at home is carried out as follows:

It is most convenient to plant strawberry seedlings for growing in indoor conditions in the fall, after in the summer you propagate it with a mustache.

  • From the available rooted sockets, only the largest and healthiest.
  • Planting material separated from the mother plant and planted in a pot, and first remove all leaves from them, except for the youngest 1-2.
  • To give the strawberries a dormant period, the container is placed in a cool place for 14 days, - basement or cellar.

Planting seedlings

Before starting planting, a drainage layer, crushed stone, pebbles, expanded clay, small pieces of slate or brick are placed on the bottom of the pot.

Strawberry seedlings are planted at home like this:

  • A drainage layer and a little earth are poured into the pot.
  • The seedling rhizome is dipped in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for several minutes.
  • Then the seedlings are placed in a pot and the roots are spread. The root must be full-grown in the pot. The rhizome must be shortened if, when planting, it is necessary to bend its ends strongly (it is impossible for them to be twisted).
  • They fill up the missing soil to the point of growth (heart), while it is important not to deepen it.
  • Next, they carefully compact the earth and water it.

Growing strawberries with seeds

You can use seeds to grow strawberries at home on a windowsill. Then the harvest will have to wait longer than when planting seedlings.

In order for the seeds to sprout well together, they need to be hardened. The planting material is laid out on a damp cloth, then it is folded in half and put in a bag and sent to the top of the refrigerator for 30 days.

The sequence of planting strawberries at home on the windowsill seeds:

  • A shallow box is covered with prepared soil and slightly moistened.
  • Keeping a distance, the seeds are laid out in rows.
  • Sprinkle the seeds with a thin layer of soil.
  • then the box is covered with plastic or glass and placed in a warm place.
  • As soon as the seedlings germinate, the shelters are gradually removed, and the container is placed on a light windowsill.
  • Plants with a pair of real leaves are transplanted into a spacious pot.

The optimal time for planting strawberry seedlings in an apartment is early spring or from August 15 to September 20.

How to care after planting and before harvest

Caring for strawberries on the windowsill consists of the following actions: watering, feeding, pruning, pollination and pest control.

For watering strawberries, use only settled water at room temperature.

It is necessary to moisten the soil in containers with strawberries on the windowsill 2 times a week. It is best to moisturize the soil in the afternoon. After watering, the soil is loosened.

It is recommended to feed indoor strawberries once every 2-3 weeks, after the first leaf appears on the bush. As a fertilizer, you can use conventional complex dressings or special nutrient mixtures for strawberries. Top dressing is applied in accordance
with instructions.

If you do not want to, you can prepare your own food for indoor strawberries.

In a 3-liter jar, crushed eggshells are poured into a third. Then 1 glass of ash is poured and the jar is filled to the top with slightly warm water. At the end of 5 days of infusion, the solution is filtered. Before making the top dressing is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 3.

You can also fertilize strawberries on the windowsill with weak solutions of mullein 1: 10 or chicken droppings 1: 20.

Strawberries need pruning to maximize yields. To do this, the first few flowers are plucked on seedlings grown from seeds.

You do not need to cut off the flower stalks on the strawberries planted with seedlings.

If further expansion of indoor plantings is not planned, and it is not necessary to replace adult bushes, it is necessary to regularly remove the mustache.

So that after flowering berries are set, it is recommended to pollinate the strawberries. There are several ways to artificially pollinate at home:

  • The blossoming flowers are alternately drawn with a paintbrush throughout the entire flowering period.
  • A fan is directed at the plants . Under the flow of air, pollen is transferred from one flower to another, and the strawberries are pollinated.

Diseases and pests

During fruiting, strawberries are sometimes affected spider mite. To get rid of this worst enemy, plantings are sprayed garlic tincture. To prepare a solution, 2 cloves are crushed and filled with 100 ml of water. Insist 2-3 hours and then filter, pour into a spray bottle and process the affected plants.

Terms of germination and harvesting

Strawberry seeds planted in an apartment sprout for a rather long time: the first seedlings make their way to the surface 20-30 days after sowing.

Repaired strawberries, planted by seedlings, grown at home on a windowsill, bloom in 30-35 days, and ripe berries begin to pick up after about a couple of months after landing.

The year-round cultivation of remontant strawberries on the windowsill is an exciting activity that does not require so much time and effort. To do this, you need to choose the right planting material, observe the rules and conditions for growing on the windowsill, skillfully care after planting and harvesting, and also fight pests.

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Mini-garden in an apartment: how to grow vegetables, herbs and even strawberries at home

Cucumbers, peppers, carrots and even strawberries! All this can be grown on a balcony or windowsill and there is fresh, eco-friendly, and most importantly, free vegetables and fruits all year round. Right now, we'll tell you how to set up a mini-garden in a city apartment.

Growing food in a city is popular all over the world. So, Britta Riley (Britta Riley) lives in a tiny apartment in New York. She came up with a vertical hydroponic vegetable garden. It takes up little space and produces a good harvest. Britta talked about her innovation at TED.

In the West, if a product is labeled eco, bio or organic, it means two things. Firstly, these products are grown, harvested and processed in accordance with environmental standards, that is, without pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, growth stimulants and other "nasty". They have been certified, and serious organizations have guaranteed their quality. Secondly, organic products are much more expensive than conventional ones.

In Russia, the “clean food” market is just emerging. Biocertification and control systems have not yet been formed. And the difference in prices between organic products and ordinary vegetables and fruits sometimes reaches 1,000%! Therefore, for us, the most eco, bio and organic are products grown by our own hands.

But not everyone has dachas and relatives in the village. What should urban children do, who are accustomed to seeing potatoes washed and in nets, and greens in vacuum packages? Grow vegetables and fruits directly on the balcony or windowsill.

6 reasons to arrange a mini-vegetable garden at home

  1. You can pamper yourself with fresh vegetables and herbs full of vitamins all year round.
  2. Saving. Vegetables and fruits are expensive, especially in winter. With a home garden, you no longer have to adjust to the season (we eat plenty of tomatoes only in July, and apples in September).
  3. You yourself can grow a plant from a tiny seed with your own hands, you can collect fruits. This is a creative activity that charges with positive energy.
  4. You can improve your knowledge of biology, gain useful skills and acquire an exciting hobby.
  5. Your children will see how tomatoes, cucumbers and other vegetables grow, and they will understand that they do not materialize miraculously in the refrigerator, their cultivation is a serious work.
  6. You can surprise your friends and acquaintances. Imagine showing off your harvest by showing your window beds. )

What you need to grow vegetables and herbs at home

  • A place... This is usually a windowsill or balcony. Better if they face the sunny side. If not, lamps will be required for additional lighting. If necessary, the window sill can be expanded or racks for "beds" can be built (the minimum distance between shelves is 50 cm).
  • Capacities... Clay or plastic pots, wooden boxes can serve as beds for a home garden. The main thing is that there are holes in the bottom for draining water. It is recommended to place containers on pallets.
  • Priming... There are many potting mixes available for indoor gardens. As a rule, several layers are made: peat, compost, turf. You can prepare the soil yourself, or you can buy it in a specialized store.
  • Seeds... Some varieties of tomatoes or cucumbers grow well at home, while others do not even sprout. Therefore, before you start indoor gardening, you need to sit on the forums, read articles on the Internet and find out which seeds to buy.

In addition, you may need fertilizers, top dressing, a thermometer and a vessel for settling water (house plants are watered with water at room temperature, separated from chlorine).


How to root cuttings in peat tablets?

Peat tablets are great for rooting cuttings of various plants: grapes, conifers, flowers: petunia, pelargonium, etc. For this, the tablets must be prepared according to the scheme described above. Kornevin can be added to the soaking water by preparing the solution according to the instructions. After they swell, you should make a small depression in the center and insert the cut cutting into it.

To root a petunia stalk, cut it with a sterile knife over the fifth leaf. Then remove the lower leaves, and cut the largest upper leaves in half.

After that, plant the cuttings in peat tablets and press with your fingers at the base of the stem.

Cover the container with cuttings with a transparent lid with holes and place in a warm, well-lit place, but not in direct sunlight. Make sure that the temperature in the improvised greenhouse does not rise above 25 ° C. After the roots appear, which will protrude beyond the mesh material, transplant the cutting into a container with nutrient soil.

Peat tablets have worked well because they improve seed germination, make it easier to grow seedlings, and reduce the risk of various infections. However, due to the high cost, the use of this product is not always justified, especially when it comes to growing a large number of seedlings.


Sowing dates for eggplant seeds

Eggplants are distinguished by a long growing season and a slower pace of development. Depending on the length of the period from germination to technical maturity, eggplants are divided into 3 groups:

  • early,
  • average
  • late.

In early eggplants, the technical ripeness of the fruit occurs 85-90 days from germination, in the middle 90-120 and in the late 120-150 days.

In the southern regions of Russia and other regions, eggplant seeds are sown for seedlings in late February - early March. Seedlings are planted in open ground from mid-May - until the first decade of June. Depending on the timing of fruit ripening, sowing for seedlings is shifted in relation to the first term by 10-12 days.

You can sow early, middle and late varieties of eggplants for seedlings at the same time, but the timing of transfer to open ground will be different: early eggplants at the age of 45-55 days, average 55-70 days and late 70-80 days. You can plant seedlings at an earlier date on a permanent basis, if it outgrows (stretches) and the weather conditions are suitable.

In the middle lane and northern regions of Russia, when planting seedlings in open ground or unheated greenhouses, under temporary shelters, eggplant seedlings are planted at the age of 60-70 days, that is, sowing for seedlings is carried out on the 15th of March. Planting on a permanent basis is extended until the first ten days of June, when stable warm weather sets in. Late varieties can also be grown in these regions, but heated greenhouses, additional lighting and other additional conditions are needed (which is unprofitable).

Eggplant. © Brittany Hotard


Cypress propagation: seeds and cuttings

It is quite problematic and expensive to purchase ready-made cypress seedlings, while no one can guarantee the high quality of such planting material. Therefore, independent reproduction remains relevant.

Seeds of a cypress of full maturity have a fairly high germination capacity, but they need to be prepared before sowing. Cypress forms the first cones in adulthood after 4-5 years of cultivation. Male and female cones appear on one plant. Cones ripen only in the second year, therefore, for harvesting seeds, you need to take not young green cones, but mature brown-gray ones.

The collected seeds must be stratified by placing them in the refrigerator for 3 - 4 months. The day before planting, the seeds are soaked overnight (at least 10 hours) in warm water. Sowing is carried out in a special mixture for conifers, which can be bought at any flower shop. A seedling box can be used as a container. A drainage layer of chopped bark of deciduous trees is laid at the bottom of the box, and then the soil mixture is poured.

Sowing maintenance consists of regular watering, the substrate should always be moistened. Seedlings appear no earlier than a month later. Seedlings grow slowly. When they reach a height of 6 cm, it is necessary to plant them in separate pots of small diameter. When transplanting, you need to ensure that the root collar does not remain buried in the substrate. The first year, seedlings are grown as a houseplant, but for the winter it is better to place the pots in cooler places (veranda of a private house, loggia).

In the second year, grown seedlings can be planted in open ground, but two or three years of room maintenance is also allowed to obtain a stronger and grown plant.

Cypress cutting can take place in 3 terms:

  • from mid to late April
  • end of June
  • first week of September.

For grafting, you should take branches from the very top, cutting them off with a "heel". Before soaking the cuttings in the growth regulator, they need to remove the lower modified needles. Processing lasts a day, after which the cuttings are planted in a substrate similar to that used for sowing seeds. The only difference is that a thin layer of wet river sand is laid on top. The cuttings are buried by 1/3 of their length and covered with glass or a thick film. It is recommended to air the disembarkation every few days for an hour. Rooting lasts about 2 months, after which a full-fledged seedling can be planted in open ground.


Tops, greens. The main thing is the tail.

Root parsley is a biennial plant: it produces roots in the first year, and seeds in the second. Research has shown that parsley roots are rich in nutrients that are beneficial to our body. They help to heal wounds, strengthen the gums, preserve vision, and improve kidney function.

Root crops contain salts of potassium, phosphorus, iron, etc.

Root parsley

Parsley varieties

Of the root varieties of parsley, the most common Sugar and Yielding.

Parsley is a more cold-resistant culture than carrots, and with good shelter (fallen leaves, sawdust, peat) it can overwinter in the garden and give greens in early spring. Greens can be grown in the autumn-winter period at home on a windowsill, planting 2 roots in pottery pots.

Root parsley

Growing parsley

They begin to prepare a bed for parsley in early spring. During the second digging, 0.5 buckets of humus, 2 liter cans of river coarse sand, 1 tablespoon of superphosphate are introduced per 1 m. The soil is dug up, leveled and watered.

Parsley seeds germinate very slowly. To accelerate germination, pour them into a glass, pour two tablespoons of warm water and leave for two days. With this preparation, seedlings appear on the 5th - 7th day.

Seeds are sown on a bed in grooves watered with water at a distance of 15 cm between grooves to a depth of 1 cm.

Root parsley

To obtain root crops, seeds are sown in late April - early May. When shoots appear, they are thinned out, leaving 2 - 3 cm between them. Care and feeding are the same as for carrots.

Parsley roots are harvested in September, dried and stored in dry sand.

Some of the roots are used to produce greens in winter.

Root parsley

To obtain parsley seeds, you need to save the root crops, and in the spring, on April 25, plant 2 - 3 root crops in the garden. When planting, you need to try so that the upper part of the root crop (by the shoulders) is at the level of the soil. Root crops are planted at a distance of 40 cm from each other. The flowering of plants lasts 35 - 46 days. The seeds need to be harvested as they ripen. Store seeds in a bag indoors at a temperature of 18 - 20 ° C.



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