Popular tulip varieties, flower groups and classes


Garden plants

Tulips were discovered in the wild not too long ago, but nearly 2,500 varieties of these flowers have been bred since then. However, there are many wild tulips in nature - more than 150 species. They grow mainly in Asia, North Africa, Southern Europe, Japan, Iran. It was the wild species of tulips that became the basis for breeding various varieties and varieties of this flower in culture. Botanists believe that the cultivated species of tulips were bred from the Gesner and Schrenk tulips, which are common in Asia Minor and Central.

History of tulip breeding

Although everyone is used to considering tulips as a symbol of Holland, they were originally brought from Persia to Turkey in the 16th century. And the first mentions of this flower are found precisely in connection with Persia. And the name "tulip" comes from the Persian word toliban, which means "turban", apparently because the flower bud resembles this oriental headdress in shape. Now there are a huge number of tulip varieties with different flower shapes.

Back in the 16th century, tulip breeding was first started in Turkey. And by the end of the century, nearly 300 varieties were bred.

Tulips were first introduced to Europe, namely to Germany, in 1559. The tulip bulbs were sent to Augsburg by the German ambassador to the Turkish court to Senator Gerwarth.

But the most serious about the issue of breeding new varieties was taken in Holland, and as a result, tulips have become a symbol of this country. It was in Holland that both the most popular and collectible tulip varieties were bred.

And already at the end of the 19th century, tulips began to be grown in Russia. First, tulip breeding centers appeared in the south of the country: in Rostov-on-Don and in Sukhumi, and then, with the development of agrotechnical technologies, new varieties were developed in other Russian cities.

Classes and groups of tulips

In the special literature, all tulips are divided into 15 classes and combined into 4 groups. Moreover, the classification from grades 1 to 11 includes garden tulips, and from 11 to 15 grades - botanical tulips, cultural hybrids.

Plain early and late tulips and double early and late tulips are the most common known classes. These hybrids were bred at the beginning of the twentieth century, but despite this, not all of their varieties are widespread in our country.

There are so many popular varieties in categories such as Darwin's Hybrids, Liliaceous Tulips and Triumph Tulips. Now many new varieties appear among the Fringed, Parrot and Green-colored tulips. This is due to the growing demand for flowers in original colors and shapes. Varieties in the categories of Rembrandt-tulips, Foster's tulips, Kaufman's tulips, Greig's tulips are considered unpretentious in care. They are attractive for their large flowers and early flowering.

Other species, varieties and hybrids, bred on the basis of tulips of the already mentioned categories, constitute a separate class, in which each variety is not yet represented too widely, but brightly.

Tulips are also classified by flowering time: early flowering, medium flowering, late flowering and hybrids of these groups.

Blooming flower bed of tulips

Since there are so many varieties of tulips, it is impossible to list them all, as well as to highlight the most beautiful ones. All tulips are beautiful in their own way. The only reason why you should still navigate the varieties is that when growing you need to know how a particular variety is adapted to certain natural conditions. And if you form a flower garden from tulips of different varieties, then you can achieve the fact that your flower bed will be in bloom for 1.5 months, it is enough just to properly plant tulips according to the flowering period, therefore, the tulips are planted directly.

Popular varieties

If you want to see tulips blooming as early as possible, pay attention to the Foster, Kaufmann, Greig hybrids. They bloom in mid-April and bloom for a long time. Among the varieties in this group: Princess Sharman, Lenin's Memorial, Johann Strauss, Roseanne, Lovely Seprise.

Almost simultaneously with these tulips or immediately after them, early tulips, simple and double, bloom. These are such hybrids as Mr. Van Der Hoof, Peach Blossom, Electra, Willemsord, Epricot Beauty, Ruby Red and others. They are distinguished by large flowers and stems up to 50 cm tall.

In our latitudes, medium-flowering tulips are especially popular. These are hybrids of Darwin tulips and Triumph tulips. Their bloom falls at a time when the weather has already settled, and the flowers do not suffer from frost or winds. These tulips are distinguished by large flowers and bright colors. Mid-flowering varieties include Parade Record, General Eisenhower, Gordon Cooper, Tender Beauty and others.

But more than others, we have tulips of the Triumph class, which bloom in mid-May. Many florists grow varieties such as Lustige Vitve, Don Quixote, Keys Nelis, White Dream.

If you like flowers of unusual shapes and colors, then you should choose late-blooming tulips from Lily, Fringed or Parrot: Miranda, Up Star, Angelica, Alegretto, Uncle Tom. Parrot tulips are widely represented by such varieties as White Parrot, Red Parrot, Orange Favorite, Blue Parrot, Black Parrot.

Fringed are attractive with an unusual petal shape. The varieties Red Wing, New Look, Maya, Blue Heron are incredibly popular among both professionals and amateurs.

And lily-colored tulips also have a very beautiful structure of flowers, similar in shape to a lily. Among them, such hybrids as White Triumphant, West Point, Mrs. Mook, Red Shine, Jacqueline and many others are known.

More than 2.5 thousand varieties of tulips have been bred. Not all of them are equally widespread. There are those that can be found in any flower bed, and there are varieties that in our area can only be grown in greenhouses or greenhouses, since the care of tulips is different. The selection of tulips is so huge that everyone will find a dozen or so varieties to their liking.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Liliaceae family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Perennial Plants
  7. Information about Herbaceous plants

Categories: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Blooming Bulbous flowers Liliaceae


Tulip - classes

Classification of tulips

Tulips (tulip, tulipa) Are by far the most popular spring bulbous flowers. There is, perhaps, not a single gardener who would not have at least 2-3 varieties on his site. And "advanced" amateur flower growers assemble a collection of dozens of tulip varieties (from early flowering to late flowering), selecting them in such a way as to create continuous flowering from April to early June.
Currently, more than 10,000 varieties of tulips are known and every year breeders develop more and more varieties. In order not to get lost in such a variety, all tulip varieties are divided according to the modern classification into 4 groups and 15 classes.
I group - early flowering tulips (class 1, class 2)
II group - medium flowering tulips (class 3, class 4)
III group - late flowering tulips (grade 5, grade 6, grade 7, grade 8, grade 9, grade 10, grade 11)
IV group - species and botanical tulips (grade 12, grade 13, grade 14, grade 15)

Let's consider each class of tulips in more detail.


In the photo: Tulip Cooler Cardinal, Tulip Princess Irene

Grade 1 - Simple early tulips (Tulipa single early)
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: end of April
Height of tulips: 25-40 cm
Tulip flower size: 6-8 cm in height
Tulip flower shape: goblet, non-double
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Simple early tulips (Tulipa single early) - have been known since the end of the 17th century. Simple early tulips are characterized by low peduncles (25-40 cm), strong and durable, which are not afraid of rain and wind. Flowers of simple early tulips are goblet, cupped, predominantly warm colors (yellow and red). Simple early tulips bloom early (end of April). In sunny weather, their flowers open wide. Simple early tulips are used mainly for growing in containers, pots, and for planting in curbs.

The most popular varieties of simple early tulips:
Tulip Apricot Beauty
Tulip Brilliant Star
Tulip Yokohama
Tulip Christmas Dream
Tulip Christmas Marvel
Tulip Couleur Cardinal
Tulip Merry Christmas / Tulip Merry Christmas
Tulip Mickey Mouse
Tulip Prinses Irene

Growing simple early tulips: see general tulip cultivation techniques.
Buy simple early tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Abba, Tulip Monzella, Tulip Monte Carto

Grade 2 - Double early tulips (Tulipa double early)
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: end of April
Height of tulips: 20-35 cm
Tulip flower size: 8-10 cm in diameter
Tulip flower shape: terry, wide-open
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Terry early tulips (Tulipa double early) - differ in small height - 20-35 cm. Terry flowers, mostly warm colors, in a fully open state can reach a diameter of 8-10 cm, do not fade for a long time. Terry early tulips bloom almost simultaneously with simple early tulips. Terry early tulips are used, mainly for potting, forcing in January-February and planting in open ground in the foreground.

The most popular varieties of double early tulips:
Tulip Abba
Tulip Viking
Tulip Willem of Orange
Tulip Queen of Marvel
Tulip Monsella
Tulip Monte Carlo
Tulip Montreux
Tulip Orange Nassau
Tulip Peach Blossom

Growing double early tulips: see general tulip cultivation techniques.
Buy terry early tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip White Dream, Tulip Don Quishott and Tulip simple late Parple Prince

Grade 3 - Tulipa triumph
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: end of April - beginning of May
Height of tulips: 40-70 cm
Tulip flower size: 8-10cm in height
Tulip flower shape: goblet, non-double
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Tulips Triumph (Tulipa triumph) - are characterized by large goblet flowers and high peduncles (40-70 cm). The color of flowers in Triumph tulips is very diverse: from pure white to dark purple. Triumph tulips bloom in late April - early May, for quite a long time and keep the shape of the glass well. Tulips Triumph are used very widely: both for cutting, and for decorating gardens and parks, and for forcing in the middle and late periods. Currently, Triumph tulips are the most numerous and popular class of tulips.

The most popular varieties of tulips Triumph:
Tulip Abu Hassan
Tulip Akela
Tulip Arabian Mystery
Tulip Barcelona
Tulip Blue Champion
Tulip Wonderful
Tulip Garden Party
Tulip Golden Melody
Tulip Hollandia
Tulip Caravelle
Tulip Kees Nelis
Tulip Cream Perfection
Tulip Lucky Strike
Tulip Leen van der Mark
Tulip Los Angeles
Tulip Negrita
Tulip New Design
Tulip Orange Cassini
Tulip Oscar / Tulip Oscar
Tulip Purple Prince
Tulip Page Polka
Tulip Peer Gynt
Tulip Prince Charles
Tulip Silver Dollar
Tulip Snowstar
Tulip White Dream
Tulip Flyer

Growing tulips Triumph: see general tulip cultivation techniques.
Buy tulips Triumph by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Parade

Grade 4 - tulips Darwin hybrids (Tulipa Darwin Hybrid)
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: early May
Height of tulips: 60-80 cm
Tulip flower size: 9-12cm in height
Tulip flower shape: goblet, non-double
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Tulips Darwin hybrids (Tulipa Darwin Hybrid) are very large in size: tulips reach 60-80 cm in height, and the diameter of flowers of some varieties can exceed 10 cm. The appearance of the first tulips Darwin hybrids made a real sensation - before their appearance it was considered impossible to combine a very large classic goblet flower and early flowering (early May). In addition, tulips of this class have the purest and most intense red color. Although, of course, there are varieties of tulips and other colors: from all shades of red to two-tone. Flowers in Darwin's hybrids tolerate spring frosts well, are resistant to the variegated-petal virus, and remain in cut for a long time. And although the class of tulips Darwin hybrids is not numerous, they are widely used in floriculture and for decorating garden plots, and for forcing in February-March, and for obtaining high-quality cuttings.

The most popular tulip varieties are Darwin hybrids:
Tulip Apeldoorn
Tulip Apeldoorn's Elite
Tulip Beauty of Apeldoorn
Tulip Golden Apeldoorn
Tulip Golden Parade
Tulip Oxford / Tulip Oxford
Tulip Parade
Tulip Pink Impression
Tulip Striped Apeldoorn

Growing tulips Darwin hybrids: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy tulips Darwin hybrids by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Menton, Tulip Renoun and Dicentra Spectrabeles

Grade 5 - Simple late tulips (Tulipa single late)
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: from mid-May
Height of tulips: 60-75 cm
Tulip flower size: 7-10 cm in height
Tulip flower shape: goblet, non-double
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Simple late tulips (Tulipa single late) are rather tall (60-75 cm) and powerful, have large goblet-shaped flowers with a square base and wide obtuse petals. The color of simple late tulips can be very diverse: from white to black, from pale pink to purple, and many varieties have a two-tone color. Simple late tulips bloom in mid-May and have a high reproductive rate. Simple late tulips are widely used in landscaping, some varieties lend themselves well to forcing, and thanks to their strong peduncles, they are good for cutting.

The most popular varieties of simple late tulips:
Tulip Avignon
Tulip Dreamland
Tulip Georgette
Tulip Ile de France
Tulip 'King's Blood
Tulip Queen of Night
Tulip Maureen
Tulip Menton
Tulip Orange Bouquet
Tulip Pink Diamond
Tulip Primavera
Tulip Shirley

Growing simple late tulips: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy simple late tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Ballad, Tulip White Triumphant, Tulip Ballerina and Anemone White Splendor
Grade 6 - Tulipa lilyflowering
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: second half of May
Height of tulips: 50-60 cm
Tulip flower size: 7-10 cm in height
Tulip flower shape: lily-shaped, non-double, the edges of the petals are bent outward
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Lily-colored tulips (Tulipa lilyflowering) are easily recognizable, as their shape resembles a lily flower - graceful glasses with petals bending outward and pointed at the ends. Lily-colored tulips are quite tall (up to 50-60 cm in height), have strong peduncles and flowers of various colors. Lily-colored tulips bloom in the second half of May and, despite their scarcity, are widely used for landscaping gardens and parks, for cutting, and some varieties for forcing.

The most popular varieties of lily-colored tulips:
Tulip Aladdin
Tulip Ballade
Tulip West Point
Tulip Maytime
Tulip White Triumphator
Tulip China Pink

Growing lily-colored tulips: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy lily-colored tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Davenport and Tulip simple late Queen of Knight

Grade 7 - Fringed tulips (Tulipa crispa, Tulipa fringed)
Planting time for tulips:
end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: from mid-May
Height of tulips: 50-80 cm
Tulip flower size: 6-9cm in height
Tulip flower shape: goblet, non-double, along the edges of the petals - fringe
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Fringed tulips (Tulipa crispa, Tulipa fringed) - a class that has collected varieties of tulips of different origins, united by one main feature - a needle-like fringe along the edges of the petals, reminiscent of frost. The height of fringed tulips can vary from 50 to 80 cm.The color of the flowers is very diverse: from white to purple and dark chocolate. Depending on what classes of tulips were used in the breeding of a particular variety, fringed tulips differ in flower size, flowering time and the purpose of the plants.

The most popular varieties of fringed tulips are:
Tulip Black Jewel
Tulip Blue Heron
Tulip Burgundy Lace
Tulip Valery Gergiev
Tulip Davenport
Tulip Canasta
Mayan tulip / Tulip Maja
Tulip Fringed Elegance
Tulip Huis Ten Bosch

Growing fringed tulips: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy fringed tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Artist, Tulip Golden Artist, Tulip Hollywood Star

Grade 8 - Green tulips (Tulipa viridiflora)
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: from mid-May
Height of tulips: 30-60 cm
Tulip flower size: 6-9cm in height
Tulip flower shape: goblet, non-double, petals with a green back
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Green-flowered or as they are also called green-flowered tulips (Tulipa viridiflora) - a class that combines tulips that have a green back of the petals and keep it throughout the entire flowering period. Currently, green-flowered tulips are considered very fashionable. The height of tulips of this class can vary widely: from 30 to 60 cm. Flowers are 6-10 cm tall, the leaves are medium-sized, narrow. The middle of the petals, which is green in color, is usually thickened. Green-flowered tulips bloom from mid-May, they are used mainly for decorating gardens and parks, as well as for cutting.

The most popular varieties of green tulips:
Tulip Artist
Tulip Greenland
Tulip Spring Green
Tulip China Town

Growing green tulips: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy green tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Princess Irene

Grade 9 - Tulipa Rembrandt
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: second half of May
Height of tulips: 40-70 cm
Tulip flower size: 6-9cm in height
Tulip flower shape: goblet, non-double
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Rembrandt tulips (Tulipa Rembrandt) - the smallest class, combines all the variegated tulips. And although at first quite a few varieties were counted as it, later it was found that most of them are affected by the variegated virus, and do not have genetically variegated leaves. Rembrandt tulips have classic, rather large, goblet-shaped flowers, 7-9 cm high, with strokes and spots on a red, yellow or white background. The average height of tulips is 40 - 70 cm. Rembrandt tulips bloom mainly in the second half of May and are used as accents in the parterre area.

The most popular varieties of Rembrandt tulips (the class to which the tulip belongs is given in brackets without taking into account the variegation):
Tulip Cordell Hull (simple late)
Tulip Olympic Flame (Darwin hybrids)
Tulip Prince Carnaval (simple early)
Tulip Princess Irene (simple early)
Tulip Sorbet (simple late)
Tulip Ice Follies (Triumph)
Tulip Burning Heart (Darwin hybrids)
Tulip Orange Bowl (Darwin hybrids)
Tulip La Courtine (simple late)
Tulip Union Jack (simple late)
Tulip Mona Lisa / Tulip Mona Lisa (lily flowers)

Growing tulips by Rembrandt: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy Rembrandt tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Fleming Perroth

Grade 10 - Parrot tulips (Tulipa parrot)
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: second half of May
Height of tulips: 40-65 cm
Tulip flower size: up to 20 cm in diameter
Tulip flower shape: wide open, non-double, the edges of the petals are heavily indented
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Parrot tulips (Tulipa parrot) - have the most unusual and exotic appearance: petals with deeply cut edges, sometimes wavy, resembling disheveled bird feathers. The wide-open flower of parrot tulips can reach a diameter of 20 cm. The color of parrot tulips is very diverse: from snow-white to purple-black. The height varies, depending on the variety, from 40 to 65 cm. Parrot tulips bloom late, in the second half of May. Parrot tulips are planted, usually separately from the rest of the tulips, in the foreground to fully appreciate their unusual appearance.

The most popular varieties of parrot tulips:
Tulip Black Parrot
Tulip Blue Parrot
Tulip Weber's Parrot
Tulip Rococo
Tulip Texas Gold
Tulip Texas Flame
Tulip Fantasy
Tulip Flaming Parrot
Tulip Apricot Parrot / Tulip Apricot Parrot
Tulip Estella Rijnveld

Growing parrot tulips: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy parrot tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Mount Tacoma, Tulip Angelica, Tulip Royal Acres

Grade 11 - Double late tulips (Tulipa double late, Tulipa paeonyflowering)
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: second half of May
Height of tulips: 45-60 cm
Tulip flower size: 10-12 cm in diameter
Tulip flower shape: spherical, densely double
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Double late tulips (Tulipa double late, Tulipa paeonyflowering) - have dense double flowers that look like peony flowers, therefore they are often called peony flowers. Double late tulips have strong peduncles 45-60 cm high. These tulips differ from early double ones in larger size and late flowering period. The color of double late tulips varies from pure white to black, and can be two-colored. Terry late tulips are used mainly for growing in gardens and parks.

The most popular varieties of double late tulips:
Tulip Angelica / Tulip Angélique
Tulip Uncle Tom
Tulip Upstar
Tulip Blue Diamond
Tulip Black Hero / Tulip Black Hero
Tulip Bonanza
Tulip Virosa / Tulip Wirosa
Tulip Carnaval De Nice
Tulip Casablanca
Tulip Mount Tacoma
Tulip Negritta Double
Tulip Orange Angelique
Tulip Orange Princess
Tulip Renown Unique
Tulip Sun Lover
Tulip Charming Lady

Growing double late tulips: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy terry late tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Anzilla and Scylla Sibirica

Grade 12 - Kaufman tulips (Tulipa kaufmanniana)
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: April
Height of tulips: 15-25 cm
Tulip flower size: 7-9 cm in height
Tulip flower shape: elongated, non-double
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Kaufman tulips (Tulipa kaufmanniana) - differ in the earliest flowering periods (sometimes begin to bloom in early April) and small height (15-25 cm). The flowers of Kaufman tulips are rather large, elongated, and in a fully open state they are star-shaped. The color can be very diverse: red, yellow, pink, more often it is two-colored. The leaves of many Kaufman tulips are purple-streaked and speckled. Kaufman tulips are used mainly for growing on alpine slides, in rockeries, for planting in curbs and under trees.

The most popular varieties of Kaufman tulips:
Tulip Giuseppe Verdi
Tulip Johann Strauss
Tulip Cluck
Tulip Showwinner
Tulip Fashion
Tulip Heart's Delight

Growing Kaufman tulips: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy Kaufman tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Candela, Tulip Purissima, Tulip Orange Breeze

Grade 13 - Foster's tulips (Tulipa fosteriana)
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: end of April
Height of tulips: 30-50 cm
Tulip flower size: up to 15 cm in height
Tulip flower shape: elongated, non-double, with a visible "waist"
Tulip planting distance: 8-12 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Foster's tulips (Tulipa fosteriana) - have larger flowers compared to Kaufman's tulips. The flowers are usually goblet or cupped, strongly elongated, as if with an intercepted waist, reaching a height of 15 cm.The height of the tulip itself is only 30-50 cm.The color of Foster's tulips is bright, red and red-orange, although sometimes yellow and pink. Leaves are juicy, slightly wavy, in some tulip varieties with purple strokes. Foster's tulips bloom after Kaufman's tulips - from the end of April. Used for planting under trees and in rockeries.

The most popular varieties of Foster tulips:
Tulip Yellow Purissima
Tulip Candela
Tulip Madame Lefeber
Tulip Orange Brilliant
Tulip Orange Emperor
Tulip Purissima
Tulip Sweetheart

Growing Foster's tulips: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy Foster's tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Pinocchio
Grade 14 - Greig's tulips (Tulipa greigii)
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: from the end of April
Height of tulips: 20-30 cm
Tulip flower size: 8-10cm in height
Tulip flower shape: elongated triangular, non-double
Tulip planting distance: 8-12 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Greig's tulips (Tulipa greigii) - rather short (20-30 cm), have large flowers with a wide base and slightly bent outward tips of the petals. The color of the flowers is predominantly red, orange or bicolor. Greig's tulips have their characteristic decorative speckled leaves. Greig's tulips bloom after Kaufman's tulips in late April - early May and their flowers do not fade for a long time. Greig tulips are used in the same way as Foster's and Kaufman's tulips - for growing in gardens, in curbs, on alpine slides and rockeries.

The most popular varieties of Greig tulips:
Tulip Ali Baba
Tulip Cape Cod
Tulip Orange Toronto
Tulip Oriental Splendor
Tulip Pinocchio / Tulip Pinocchio
Tulip Sweet Lady
Tulip Toronto / Tulip Toronto

Growing Greig tulips: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy Greig's tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Turkestanika

Grade 15 - Botanical tulips (Tulipa botanical)
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: end of April - beginning of May
Height of tulips: 15-30 cm
Tulip flower size: 3-7 cm in diameter
Tulip flower shape: star-shaped, non-double
Tulip planting distance: 6-10 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Botanical tulips (Tulipa botanical) - a class that combines all wild types of tulips. Botanical tulips, as a rule, are undersized, bloom early, the color of flowers (depending on the species) can be very diverse. Among the wild-growing botanical tulips, there are also multi-flowered species.Botanical tulips are indispensable for creating alpine slides and rockeries.

The most popular varieties of botanical tulips:
Tulip Dasystemon Tarda
Tulip Little Princess
Tulip Saxatilis / Tulip Saxatilis
Tulip Turkestanica / Tulip Turkestanica
Tulip Humilus Odalisque

Growing botanical tulips: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy botanical tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


In the photo: Tulip Senshl Touch
New group - Terry-fringed tulips (Tulipa double-crispa, Tulipa double-fringed)
Planting time for tulips: end of September - October
Blooming period of tulips: second half of May
Height of tulips: 45-60 cm
Tulip flower size: 10-12 cm in diameter
Tulip flower shape: spherical, densely doubled, along the edges of the petals - fringe
Tulip planting distance: 5-8 cm
Planting depth of tulip bulbs: 10-15 cm depending on bulb size

Short description
Terry-fringed tulips (Tulipa double-crispa, Tulipa double-fringed) is a new group of tulips, which has not yet been allocated into a separate class, but has recently been gaining more and more popularity every year. The combination of a large, densely double flower and a needle-like fringe along the edges of the petals creates a truly fantastic sight and attracts absolutely all eyes to these tulips.
In addition, every year breeders offer more and more chic novelties of terry-fringed tulips.

The most popular varieties of terry-fringed tulips are:
Tulip Golddust
Tulip Queensland
Tulip Kingston
Tulip Crispion Sweet
Tulip Cool Crystal
Tulip Lion King
Tulip Maroon
Tulip Mascotte
Tulip Matchpoint
Tulip Mon Amour
Tulip Sensual Touch

Cultivation of terry-fringed tulips: see general tulip cultivation technique.
Buy terry-fringed tulips by mail you can from May to August in our online store "Dream Garden" (see the corresponding section of the catalog)


Botanical analysis of a tulip. Description

Late Dayzistemon - wonderful flowers, lemon yellow with white tips of petals. Plant height 10 cm.

Botanical tulips is a class that combines all wild-growing types of tulips. Botanical tulips, as a rule, are undersized, bloom early, the color of flowers (depending on the species) can be very diverse. Among the wild-growing botanical tulips, there are also multi-flowered species. Botanical tulips are indispensable for creating alpine slides and rockeries.

Tulips are perennial herbaceous bulbous plants of the lily family. They deservedly enjoy wide popularity and are common in all countries with a temperate climate. Tulips are the most beautifully flowering among spring flowers and, moreover, are relatively unpretentious in culture.

Location: The site should be located in a sunny location and protected from the wind. It is important that it does not have irregularities in which water will stagnate in spring and autumn - this can lead to wetting and decay of the bulbs.
Soil: tulips are quite unpretentious plants and can tolerate any garden soil, but the best for them is loose, well-drained, moderately moist, i.e. loamy and sandy loam soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. Heavy loamy soil can be improved by adding sand and peat.
Landing: tulips are planted in autumn, when the soil temperature at a depth of 10 cm drops to 9-10 ° C, in the middle lane this is the second half of September - early October. Planting depth for garden tulips - 15-20cm, botanical -10cm. The distance between plants is 10-20cm. Garden tulip bulbs need to be dug up every year. It is better to change the place of planting tulips once every 4-5 years.
Reproduction: baby bulbs when digging up.
Usage: for landscaping, for cutting.


General description and origin

The first mention of lily-colored tulips is found in the sources of 1559. Initially, these flowers were not widely distributed: due to their sensitivity to cold and low resistance to rain and wind, they were grown only in warm Asian countries. The bulbs brought to Europe did not take root. However, in the 60s of the XIX century. breeding work began on the group - in particular, the crossing of its representatives with viable Darwin tulips. As a result, new lily-colored varieties and hybrids were bred that can grow in difficult climatic conditions.

At the moment, the group includes about 3% of the total assortment of varieties. Although these flowers are still demanding to care for and are slow to multiply compared to other varieties, many growers prefer them. According to the International Classification, lily-colored varieties belong to the sixth class of tulips, combining several different types.

Representatives of the group usually have a strong and high peduncle, up to 75 cm high. Stems are bare and leafy, but at their base a rosette is always formed, consisting of 2-4 elongated leaves. The petals are pointed, bending outward, a glass of a flower with a more or less pronounced constriction at the waist.

Flowers can be used both for cutting and as an element of landscape design. Suitable for growing in seasonal curbs, microboards and containers. In a flowerbed, they look especially good in the center or in the background. They look spectacular against the background of coniferous bushes or in a group of other spring flowers. Suitable for decorating alpine slides. It is desirable to plant them in rounded groups.
The variety belongs to late flowering: in the southern regions, flowering occurs in early April, in the middle lane - in the second half of May. Some varieties are suitable for winter and spring forcing.


In order for the plants to be healthy and delight you with their beautiful flowers, it is necessary to carry out a number of activities aimed at keeping them alive. For this, dressings are used, which begin to be carried out already in the fall.

During the growing season, carry out 3 times:

  • as the snow melts, bring in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (ratio 2: 2: 1 or 1: 2: 1).
  • in the budding phase, the need for phosphorus and potassium increases, nitrogen is less (1: 2: 2).
  • phosphorus and potassium (1: 1) are introduced during the period of mass flowering or immediately after it.

A very good result is given by the introduction of microelements, foliar dressing. Zinc and boron are especially important, which improve the condition of the plant and the yield of daughter bulbs.

Tulips need plenty of water, especially during the budding and flowering phase. For 1 sq. m flower garden needs 10-12 liters.

However, uneven moisture, excess nutrients cause cracking of the cover scales of the bulb, which can lead to rotting during storage.


Terry splendor assortment

Having shoveled more than one catalog, having studied the reviews of flower growers, we settled on varieties that can become a worthy decoration for any garden.

Top 5 early varieties

There are a great many beautiful early tulips with double flowers. The list includes specimens with additional characteristics such as amicability and duration of flowering, resistance to changeable spring weather and diseases, and strength of the stem. The latter quality is especially important for varieties with large, heavy heads.

    Abba is a Dutch undersized densely doubled variety. The flower is a magnificent scarlet glass 6 cm high and up to 10 cm in diameter. The outer row of petals is decorated with dark green backs. Cold-hardy, blooms in April and pleases with amicable flowering for 3 weeks.

Abba colors the flowerbed with flaming glasses
Zizania is one of the earliest tulips, blooming in March – April. It has an unusual color - dark pink petals are edged with a creamy white stripe. For early varieties, it is quite high (stem up to 45 cm), which is important for those who are engaged in forcing culture.

Zizania variety
Monte Carlo is a very spectacular variety with sunny yellow flowers that seem to have absorbed all the gold of the famous namesake city. The plant is low (up to 30 cm), blooms in April, retains decorative effect for two weeks.

Lush buds of the Monte Carlo variety with delicate green strokes on the backs of the petals
Double Toronto is an unusual flower obtained by hybridizing double varieties with Greig's tulip. The plant is bushy, multi-flowered, the petals are narrow, pointed, deep purple with a terracotta tint.

The vibrant colors of the Double Toronto hybrid
The orange princess is a tulip, time-tested and the love of flower growers. Flowers, bright orange with red strokes, similar to rosebuds, were first presented at the exhibition in 1983 and still have not lost their relevance. The plant has a strong 40-centimeter stem, long flowering, resistance to viral mutations.

Orange Prince is one of the large-flowered representatives of the terry family

Among the early tulips, other terry varieties stand out for their high decorativeness:

  • Royal Acres (purple)
  • Totem (boiling white with green stripes on the back of the petals)
  • Royalty (red with lighter edging and a green stripe in the center of the petal)
  • Red Princes (bright red with pearlescent tints).

The "Magnificent Five" of late-blooming peony tulips

Even more numerous is the late flowering family of the group of primroses of interest to us. It is impossible to single out the best ones. The proposed five were selected so that diverse varieties in flower shape, color, not only fashionable, but firmly occupied their niche in the market of bulbous plants were presented.

    Angelica is one of the old varieties that have not lost their relevance. Delicate pink with white stains, the flower smells amazing. As it blooms, coral tones emerge inside the bowl, making the tulip brighter. This variety also has a modern orange variety.

In the photo - tulip Angelica
Miranda is another old-timer who fell in love with its lush purple flower on a strong, slender peduncle, resistance to disease and the ups and downs of the weather. The densely doubled, almost monochromatic bowl has over 50 petals that last up to 3 weeks.

Miranda is one of the most attractive and viable representatives of the peony group.
San Laver - with all its appearance confirms the love for the sun, inherent in the name. The flower of the regular peony-shaped form unfolds in its splendor gradually - from orange-red buds to a multi-tiered combination of orange petals with scarlet and yellow veins. The buds open slowly, reaching 12 cm in diameter at the peak of flowering.

San Laver is one of those varieties that change color during flowering
Blue Diamond is a beautiful large-flowered purple-violet variety with a high degree of doubleness. The petals are wide, doubled, and due to the darker veins, they seem to be corrugated. The peduncle is low (25–40 cm), but strong, the plant is resistant to winds and lodging. It blooms from mid-May, it can also capture June.

In the photo - Blue Diamond, blue tulip
Double Touch are large double-colored balls, the delicate cream petals of which are framed with a crimson border. Expels a long (up to 50 cm) strong peduncle. The half-open bud is rather creamy, the bright edging is only indicated, during the flowering the glass gradually gains a pink color. They look amazing and stand in the cut for a long time.

Double Tachch variety - why not peonies!

When replenishing the collection of tulips with double varieties, consider the color of the flower:

  • Drumline, Virosa (wine red with cream border)
  • Yellow Pompom (orange-yellow)
  • White Touch (snow white)
  • Sinopel (green)
  • Rosario Double (pink, characteristic peony shape).

Fringed multilayer tulips

You cannot ignore the amazing terry beauties crossed with a fringed group. The needle edge adds splendor and decorativeness to the flower, they look very unusual both in the flower bed and in the cut.

  • Snow Crystal - snow-white balls with a needle-like fringe. A high leg (up to 80 cm) and a flower with a diameter of more than 12 cm make them indispensable for cutting.
  • Brest is a fringed multilayer variety. The red petals with light edging are adorned with white fringes.
  • Artichoke - an exotic hybrid will appeal to lovers of trendy green-colored tulips. The petals, greenish with pink highlights, really resemble artichoke scales.
  • Mascott is a pink double fringed tulip. The glass is small, 5–7 cm in diameter, but densely packed with petals, on a low (up to 40 cm) thick stem.

Tulip Mascott - it looks like the flowers are covered with hoarfrost

Other unusual terry varieties

Among the two-color tulips of the terry group, it is worth highlighting the Ice Cream series (we also call it Plombir or Ice Cream). Behind the outer edge of the crimson petals is a pale white "dessert" that appears as the bud opens. The photo below shows how charming and original the flower is.

Ice Cream Glasses - Ice Cream Series


Finally about distillation

To get luxurious tulips not only in spring and summer in flower beds, but also throughout the year for the holidays, gardeners are engaged in forcing. That is, you can grow bouquets when you need them. The process is simple, but it needs to be well understood once. There is another important point - not all flowers can be grown at home in trays. If you want to get bouquets by March 8, then for distillation use the following varieties of tulips - "Aruba" (raspberry), "Beauty Trend" (delicate white-pink), "Kasharel" (double pink), "Fest rosie" (pink ), "Lyuba" (like a flame), "Red Power" (scarlet), "Rems Favorite" (violet-white), "Strong Gold" (yellow).

That's how many varieties we have learned. Pick your favorites and plant in the coming season.



Previous Article

How to Grow and Care for a Paint Brush (Haemanthus albiflos)

Next Article

How to brew and drink hawthorn