Video about trimming the spirea. Each plant requires special care. Spirea is no exception. For example, spirea requires annual pruning for normal growth. But when and how to do it - look at the video.


Growing radish: sowing technology and care

Radish is a vegetable crop that is widely cultivated all over the world. It was even grown in space - on the International Space Station during experiments with plants. Being one of the earliest vegetables, it is very popular in Russia, since greenhouse radish ripens in April and becomes the first salad crop that can restore the body's supply of vitamins after a long winter. Gardeners love radishes for their short ripening times and relatively simple growing technology.


Care features

Eustoma is a difficult indoor culture to care for. For a friendly growth, a plant needs certain conditions.

  • Lighting. Loves bright light, the sun, but suffers from the action of its direct rays. Placed on the south window, shade in the heat. It grows well on the street - in the summer, the flower is taken out to the balcony or dripped in a pot in the garden. In the fall, they move back to the house.
  • Watering. The soil is moistened when it dries 2 cm deep. Water it sparingly, avoiding waterlogging and stagnation of moisture. Water is used standing or rainwater. Avoid the complete drying out of the earthen coma.
  • Humidity. Neutral to any air humidity. It is not recommended to spray the flower.
  • Top dressing. During the period of green mass gain, complex nitrogen-containing fertilizers are used. During the budding and flowering period, fertilizers with potassium and phosphorus are applied.
  • The soil. The soil in which eustoma will grow well is a homemade mixture of peat and decayed bark. Most store-bought soil is not suitable for growing it.
  • Transplants. A flower is transplanted only in case of urgent need. Eustoma reacts painfully to transplants. Transplanting is allowed immediately after wintering. Even minor damage to the root system can result in the death of the flower.

Advice! After flowering, the stems of the flower are cut off, 2-3 internodes are left on them. In winter, they are kept at a temperature of 10-15 ° C, occasionally watered, fertilizers are not applied. They are transferred to the heat when young shoots appear. Gradually introduced into the usual care regimen.


How is the grafting of pelargonium

Despite the ease of care and reproduction of ampelous pelargonium by seeds, another method is more often used - cuttings.

Reproduction by cuttings has an undeniable advantage - daughter plants retain all the properties and appearance of the mother pelargonium, which is extremely important in relation to varietal bushes.

The tops of young vertical shoots, 7–10 cm long and with two pairs of opened leaves, are used as planting material. The best time for harvesting cuttings is from February to March, as well as from the second half of July to the end of August. In this case, reproduction of ampelous pelargonium and planting care is the simplest and most effective.

The cut pieces of the stems are left at room temperature for several hours so that the cut treated with coal powder dries up, then the cuttings are planted in a wet peat-sandy soil mixture, deepening by 3 cm.

For better rooting, pelargonium cuttings need:

  • temperature about 20-22 ° C
  • moderate soil moisture, so as not to cause rotting of the lower part of the stem.

After a month, young plants acquire their own roots and they can be transplanted in containers with a diameter of 8-10 cm. Further care for pelargonium at home does not differ from what adult plants receive, and the young bushes will begin flowering in the coming spring.


The best types and varieties of juniper

Juniper unique. It is appreciated both for its natural appearance, reminiscent of the fresh air of mountain forests, and for its amazing uplifting aroma. Juniper planting Location on allows you to get valuable medicinal raw materials, but what is useful we will consider juniper below, but for now we will focus on the varieties of this culture. Let's try to figure it out what juniper in principle, and how to plant certain varieties of it.

First of all, you should find out to which group of plants belongs to the juniper, gymnosperms this is plant or not... According to the general classification, the bush belongs to conifers with a small the size of the cones. In nature, it is often found in Crimean and Caucasian mountains, but some species are found on other continents.

Juníperus Communis

Underneath this Latin name the common juniper is hiding. This shrub wins hearts at first sight. His creeping shoots will turn any garden into an untouched corner of nature, and if you form a culture in the form of a tree with pyramidal crown, but will become an excellent centerpiece for a flower arrangement. The plant red bark and narrow needles that do not change color even under the influence of exhaust gases. Ramified root system provides the culture with the necessary moisture and nutrients, even on stony soils.

Juníperus Green Carpet. Green carpet in english means "green carpet", which explains a lot, what does it look like plant. This creeping undersized the variety was obtained in the course of selection work with wild plants from coastal zones of Norway. The resulting culture is small, about 30 cm, but due to the lush evergreen shoots it looks great in the flowerbed.

Juníperus Gold Cone. Variety gold con brought out in Germany. Columnar crown of bushes up to 2 meters high is somewhat similar to cypress, therefore, a slender tree will adorn any site. The color of the needles depends on the season. In the warm season, she with yellow tips, in the middle of summer it becomes bright green, and in winter it becomes creamy or brown. This is a coniferous plant growing rapidly, increasing in size by several tens of centimeters per year. Gold horse often planted in gardens or near commemorative obelisks for landscaping. They are usually coupled with Christmas trees and other tall conifers.

Juníperus Blue Carpet. Horizontal blue carpet undersized, no more than 60 cm in height. But such compactness should not be misleading, because just one plant can take up a space of up to 2 square meters. The needles have a light gray-blue color. Attitude to light positive, so the culture is planted in sunny areas. It normally tolerates a lack of moisture and nutrients, therefore it is used in landscaping rocky slopes. A separate variety - blue compact, which is smaller. In addition, there is a variety horizontal blue forestwhich forms a dense vegetation carpet on the soil surface.

Juníperus Sentinel Pencil Point. Spectacular Canadian grade by shape vertical the crown resembles a sharpened pencil. The location of the needles on the branch dense, and the shoots are close. These are adjacent to each other, so the tree looks flat and tidy, and shaping does not cause problems. The needles are small, saturated green colors... Variety sentinel will look great in composition with others coniferous or deciduous trees, or as part of the alpine slides.

Juníperus Sabina

In latin the name of this variety is not known to many. Most gardeners know this juniper under the name of the Cossack or sabina... If you need to decide which is the most unpretentious juniper variety, then exactly Cossack in landscape design will be the best choice. It is frost-resistant, tolerates drought normally and perfectly cleans polluted air, therefore it is often planted in cities and near industrial facilities. Another popular variety of Cossack juniper is variegated or variegatak... He is completely unpretentious, and the correct formation of the crown of the Cossack varieties allows you to create original flower arrangements.

Juníperus Blue Donau. Translation of the name of this spectacular garden juniper - "Blue Danube». Structural features allow to rank blue donau to medium-sized varieties. Escapes sprawling, but even a ten-year-old shrub can reach a meter in height with a diameter of 1.5 meters. One of the most fast growing shrubs, so it is planted as a hedge. The main thing is to know how to form suitable crown.

Juníperus Tamariscifolia. One of the most beautiful varieties of Cossack juniper, which is valued for its original domed crown. Escapes outstretchedgrow horizontally or obliquely upward. Due to this, they are partially intertwined and form a very dense crown. Worry about what kind of soil does he like such a juniper is not necessary, because it normally takes root even on poor rocky soils, therefore it is often used for landscaping slopes.

Juníperus Horizontalis

If you need to green a large area, planting a horizontal juniper will be the best choice. it recumbent the shrub grows rapidly, and the flexible shoots quickly cover a large area. Green needles sometimes take on a bluish tint, and for the winter they become burgundy. Natural habitat - North America, where it grows predominantly on the slopes rivers. The culture is often grown on the trunk.

Juníperus Golden Carpet. Variety golden carpet different from other types needles coloring... It is almost golden, and since the shrub is a ground cover, it forms a beautiful yellow-green thick carpet. The only drawback of the bush is that it grows slowly, but you don't have to propagate the culture on purpose. Thin shoots are evenly distributed over the surface and take root over time. Thanks to this, the juniper creeping in garden decoration extremely popular.

Juníperus Mint Julep. Juniper of this variety forms dense thickets. it dwarf a fast-growing shrub that practically spreads along the ground. Branches are long, growing to the sides or up. In this case, the side branches can bulge, giving the plant a natural, untouched appearance. Due to this unusual appearance, the variety has found a wide using in landscape design.

Juníperus King of Spring. Juniper king of spring can be safely called the king of the garden. Young branches first grow horizontally, and then change direction and are located at an acute angle. One more characteristic cultures - in different colors of needles. The shade depends on the age. Old needles are yellowish-green, and young ones are bright green. This is not quite common the combination distinguishes the shrub from other cultivated plants in the garden.

Juníperus Squamata. This tall treelike juniper by birth from asia, or rather, from mountain eastern regions. In nature, the height of the culture can reach 3 meters, although in gardens it is usually shaped like a shrub. Scaly juniper of this variety is highly decorative due to the unusual color of the needles. Her main shade is dark green, but on top she silvery.

Juníperus Dream Joy. In terms of growth intensity, this juniper belongs to average varieties. The annual growth is no more than 15 cm. The main color of the needles is gray-green, but the young growth is painted in a juicy greenish-yellow hue, which creates a pleasant contrast with the main color of the crown. This variety of juniper tolerates pruning well, therefore it is suitable for creating hedges and flower arrangements.

Juníperus Chinensis

This Latin name hides the Chinese juniper, which is most often used in landscape design. This ephedra chinese became the basis for the creation of many varieties with pyramidal or columnar crowns. But the most valuable are mix varieties that combine two shades of needles. Regardless of the species, the Chinese juniper has a dense crown and rich green needles, which give the culture a special decorative value.

Juníperus Stricta. According to Wikipedia, this variety is relatively new, as it was bred by Dutch breeders in 1945. At first glance, this is an ordinary juniper with conical or a pyramidal narrow crown. But as it grows, the diameter of the tree becomes larger (up to one and a half meters), and the densely located side branches with bluish-green needles make this culture a real decoration of the garden, therefore stricto in landscape design used quite often.

Juníperus Virginiana

Juniper Virginia - this is forest plant that can be found in North America. IN wild conditions, this culture reaches 20 meters in height, but in culture it is much more compact. The crown is pyramidal, becoming spreading with age.

Juníperus Gray Owl. This short, lush shrub was developed by Dutch breeders in the early 20th century. The crown is of an irregular shape due to the different direction of growth of the branches: the skeletal branches are slightly raised and directed horizontally, and the lateral branches grow downward. Needle length medium, scaly needles, unusual bluish-blue color with white tips... If a planting and care in the open field carried out correctly, the diameter of the shrub can reach 3 meters.

Juníperus Canaetii. Juniper Virginian Canaertii was bred at the end of the 19th century, but is still actively used in landscape design. Virigna canaherty up to 5 meters high with a pyramidal crown. Initially, it is quite dense, but thinns over time, but this does not diminish the decorative value of the culture. The attractiveness of the tree is increased blue cones, which are formed in large numbers on adult specimens.

Juníperus Scopulorum

This is the Latin name for rocky juniper, which is widespread in forests North America. Determined, rocky juniper - is it a bush or a tree, the answer is cannot be unambiguous. Juniperus can be as a tree up to 10 meters in height, and a low shrub. It grows normally on any soil, but needs shelter, since young shoots can freeze slightly in winter.

Juníperus Moonglow. This is an original variety of rocky juniper with a rounded crown and blue-gray needles. The culture grows rapidly and grows up to 20 cm of shoots in a year. Variety munglow considered one of the most beautiful varietiestherefore it is often used in hedges and alpine slides.

Juníperus Blue Carpet. Shrub juniper is great for care and cultivation in the country... Prefers lighted areas, but also suitable for shade... There are no problems with cultivation, since the shrub normally tolerates a lack of water and low soil fertility. commonly used as groundcover plants, and drooping shoots perfectly set off hydrangea other tall varieties flowers.

Juníperus Plumosa. This variety was created on the basis of medium and Chinese shrubs. The branches are spreading, in the form of an inverted arch. There is a separate variety - plume aurea with golden needles. The plant slowly grows green mass, therefore it is suitable for creating bonsai.

Juníperus Pfitzeriana Compacta. Breeders crossed Cossack and a Chinese variety and got this hybrid uniperus... It is distinguished by strong growth and a spreading crown up to 5 meters in diameter, but more compact varieties with round crown.

Juníperus Meyer. The decorativeness of this variety is explained by a wide multi-stemmed crown with drooping shoots and green-blue needles.Better than many other varieties, it takes root in a new place, it tolerates drought, lack of nutrients and the sun. Resistant to diseases and pests.

Juníperus Icee Blue. Icy blue - one of the most common varieties. Falling in love with this juniper with a bright green crown and a light bluish tint is simply impossible. Flexible shoots spread along the ground and form a dense carpet that harmoniously flows around obstacles and hangs down from hills.

Juníperus Blue Danube. Variety blue danub, his description and photo allow not only to be convinced of the attractiveness of the culture, but also to include it in the list of the best plants for the garden. High winter hardiness allows you to grow it in the Urals and in Siberia.

Juníperus Blue Star. This bush uniperus grows slowly, but for a long wait, the owner of the culture will be fully rewarded with its unusual appearance. Spherical the crown of the blue juniper is very lush, and the needle-shaped bluish needles perfectly set off other plants on the alpine hills. This allows you to actively use blue star in landscape design.

Juníperus Spartan. Juniper spartan in landscape design used especially often. It seems to be specially invented for pruning and creating plant compositions. With the help of a competent haircut, such a juniper can be easily turned into a real work of art. Winter hardiness is average, so this variety is grown mainly in the Moscow region, but with age, the tree's resistance to cold increases.

Juníperus Pfitzeriana Glauca. Glauka - medium-sized juniper, which is suitable and for partial shade, and for illuminated areas. At first glance, this plant similar to many other varieties, but it still has one important feature. In the warm season, the needles are silvery-green, but in winter they acquire an unusual purple-blue hue.

Juníperus Hornibrookii. If it took description for kids, it would be logical to call this variety a plant carpet or bedspread. The branches of this shrub are very dense and are located one above the other. Moreover, this shrub barbedso make your way through it thickets almost impossible. The variety is suitable even for Siberian climate, as it tolerates frost absolutely normally.

Juníperus Nana Aurea. Despite the fact that this evergreen juniper belongs to ordinary varieties, it is difficult to call it banal. Variety nana in landscape design appreciated for shoots growing horizontally. They are used to decorate slopes, rockeries and hills. The decorative value of the culture is given by yellow-green needles.

Juníperus Prince of Wales. Another horizontal juniper variety that will help revitalize shaded areas of your garden. Interested in what group does it belong to given culture, you should know that this juniper is creeping. Its numerous shoots can root on their own, so the bush quickly takes up the entire free area.

Juníperus Buffalo. The variety can be grown in arid climates, it is not sensitive to increased air pollution and frost. This makes it possible to grow it even in the northern regions. But it should be borne in mind that this culture loves light, so an open rocky slope will be the best place for planting it.

Juníperus Loderi. A shrub with the correct columnar crown will become a real decoration of the garden. Its bright green needles perfectly set off other plantings, and the shoots tolerate pruning well. Even young seedlings are not normally damaged by frost and drought. But in order for the plant to take root faster in a new place, it is recommended to place it in sunny areas with fertile soil.

Juníperus Horstmann. This type of juniper is the most unusual due to the raised branches with thin weeping shoots. Unlike other popular species, it does not like transplantation, and under the influence of gassed air, it begins to hurt and loses its decorative effect. Specimens dug up in the forest may not take root in the garden at all. At the same time, culture frost-resistant and hibernates normally even in a frosty winter with little snow.

Juníperus Skyrocket. In nature, this juniper is found in the forests of North America. One of the best crops for the garden, since the crown is directed strictly vertically, and the gray-blue needles serve as a real decoration of the site. The fruit of the bush - pineappleberry dark blue colors with gray bloom.

Juníperus Davurica

It is an extremely hardy variety that grows in forests. Altai, Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territories. His wood highly valued in industry, and needles with a pleasant smell - in folk medicine. The tree is also valuable for landscape design, due to the crown of the correct shape and rich green needles.

Juníperus Rigida

This Latin name denotes a juniper solid... Outwardly, this is the most common Far Eastern shrub, but it has a tree-like shape. It grows in the eastern part of Asia, but takes root well in other climates. It is unpretentious to care, but needs regular pruning.

Juníperus Sibirica

A low, creeping shrub with dense branches and light brown bark. Interesting fact: This variety of juniper is used not only in landscape design and folk medicine. Fragrant and healing brooms for the bath are made from its branches.

Juníperus Procumbens

In nature, this recumbent shrub is found in Japan. His height small, about 30 cm, but due to numerous creeping shoots and a dense crown, it forms a lush vegetative carpet. The needles are bright green, with white spots at the base. This variety is used as a ground cover plant, but in culture it is grown mainly in Japan, since the climate of other Asian regions are not suitable for him.

These are not all popular juniper varieties. For example, scaly Dream Joy has a high life expectancy and is suitable for landscaping rocky areas. Some are interested in where to find in the forest juniper in temperate climates. There is a separate type of shrub - daurian... He can be found in the Leningrad region, where is he is growing in the pine undergrowth. It is thanks to this place of growth that this variety is also called Leningradbut description culture practically does not differ from other conifers.

There are other, little-known, but no less beautiful varieties:

  1. Tamariscifolia: description this variety should start with the fact that it belongs to the Cossack varieties. This culture has many useful properties and contraindications, therefore, in folk medicine, it is used with caution.
  2. Variety repanda in landscape design used especially often. He has a dense thick spherical crown, so take care how to shape shrubbery, the owner of the cottage will not have to
  3. Spermint belongs to the Chinese varieties. This is a tree of medium height with a dense column-shaped crown and bright green needles.

Regardless of the variety chosen, you need to know how to grow this culture in the country. It will not be superfluous to have information about how it blooms juniper and does it bloom in principle, and what is the name of the leaves of this plant.

The benefits of juniper and its healing properties

Anyone who at least once felt how juniper smells will never remain indifferent to this culture. But besides pleasant smell and attractive appearance, this plant has pronounced useful propertiestherefore it is often used in medicine.

Juniper fruits, cones, have a unique chemical composition... They contain many vitamins, essential acids, micro and macro elements.

Let's take a closer look medicinal properties and methods of application culture:

  1. Essential oils of the culture have a pronounced diuretic effect. Therefore, fruit-based decoctions and infusions are used to relieve edema.
  2. Juniper berries have choleretic and antimicrobial properties. Due to this, they are used to treat diseases of the genitourinary system (for example, urolithiasis and various inflammations).
  3. Decoction on the basis of cones berries perfectly stimulates the digestive processes, therefore it is used to normalize the intestines and increase appetite.
  4. Berry infusions help thin phlegm. Taking such a medicine by mouth helps to cope with many diseases of the respiratory tract. There is even a separate name for infusion of berries in Latin, which only confirms the benefits of this culture and proves that it was used in antiquity.
  5. The herbal decoction is also used externally. The anti-inflammatory properties of juniper help relieve joint pain associated with gout and rheumatism. The broth is either poured into a bath or used as compresses on sore joints. The same composition is used to treat wounds and ulcers to speed up the healing process.

Juniper essential oils are good for calming the nervous system. A few drops of fragrant liquid can be added to a humidifier for a pleasant scent at all times. Ordinary juniper branches hanging around the house will do this well.

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Contraindications for use

Useful properties and application juniper in folk medicine does not make it a panacea at all. This plant has several contraindications.

  1. Any funds based on this culture are contraindicated for pregnant women. The fact is that essential oils can stimulate muscle contraction, increase the tone of the uterus, and even provoke a miscarriage.
  2. Long-term uncontrolled use of drugs based on it can lead to serious kidney problems. Therefore, the full course treatment should be no more than 2 months.
  3. Do not forget that any plants can cause allergies, therefore, before taking folk remedies, be sure to consult a doctor.

It should also be remembered that healing properties possess only fruit common juniper. Cossack variety cones poisonous, therefore, you need to be extremely careful when collecting.

Despite the presence of contraindications, this culture has an important value in nature and carries a huge health benefits.

Growing juniper in the country

Juniper is popular not only for its visual appeal, but also for its unpretentiousness. In nature, most varieties of this crop grow on poor rocky soils and often in harsh climates, so there are usually no problems with growing ephedra in the garden. But for those who want to know how to care for juniper in the garden, you should carefully read the theoretical information.

In order for the culture to take root well in a new place, it is important to plant correctly:

  1. Many varieties of juniper shade-tolerant, but for planting it is better to choose a sunny place. This will help preserve the decorative effect of the shrub.
  2. The landing pit is prepared in advance. Its width and depth should be 1 meter in order to evenly distribute the root system.
  3. It is advisable to lay a drainage layer at the bottom of the hole (broken brick, expanded clay or crushed stone), since most varieties of ephedra do not tolerate stagnant moisture.
  4. When planting, the seedling is not buried, it is carefully sprinkled with soil and watered abundantly. Further, it is advisable to mulch the near-trunk circle with sawdust, peat or straw in order to prevent overheating of the soil, evaporation of moisture and the growth of weeds.

Many are interested in how to care for plants after landing... The juniper practically does not need special care. Most varieties tolerate drought well and do not need watering. But in a dry summer and in the complete absence of precipitation, moisture can still be introduced into the soil. The procedure is carried out once a month, pouring 2 buckets of water under each bush. Juniper grows poorly only if the seedling was originally sick or infected with pests.

Juniper is fertilized once a year, mainly in spring. For this purpose, nitroammophoska is suitable, which stimulates the growth of shoots in the new season. 50 grams of this substance is enough per square meter of planting.

The shrub also does not need a winter shelter, since it is adapted to sudden temperature changes and normally tolerates cold. But, even if some of the shoots freeze over the winter, they will quickly recover in the spring.

Protection against diseases and pests

Due to its pronounced smell and high content of essential oils, juniper is practically not affected by pests. But with high humidity or an unsuccessful chosen place for planting, the culture can hit illness.

  1. Rust. A disease of fungal origin, which is manifested by the formation of orange growths on bark and needles. All affected shoots are cut and burned to prevent the spread of the fungus over the site. For prevention, the bushes are sprayed with fungicides several times a season.
  2. Physiological drying out of needles. This pathology occurs predominantly in winter in junipers planted in the sun... Under the influence of ultraviolet radiation, active photosynthesis begins in the needles, but the root system cannot provide the necessary nutrition. As a result, the needles begin to dry out. To prevent this from happening, it is advisable to cover the bushes with non-woven material for the winter.
  3. Schütte. A fungal disease common to all conifers. The first symptoms in the form of yellowing of last year's needles begin to appear in early summer. Later, black spots form on the needles. Such branches are cut and burned, and the bush itself is treated with fungicides.

In case of improper planting, drying of the branches is often observed. This disease is provoked by several types of fungi at once, which develop especially actively in thickened plantings or in dense soil. If the lesion is minimal, pruning and spraying with antifungal drugs is carried out. But, if the bush began to dry out completely, it is better to dig it up and burn it in order to prevent the spread of the fungus to other plants.

Breeding methods and juniper transplant

Having figured it out, how to plant culture in open ground, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the breeding options. It should be clarified right away that the transplantation of an adult plant is practically impossible due to the developed root system and the branched crown of the shrub. This applies to both free-growing and standard varieties. But, if there is already a juniper on the site, that creeps on the ground, it can be used to obtain a young seedlings.

The seed breeding method at home is not practiced, as it requires the seeds need to be processed and cooked, and this takes a lot of time, and the first shoots will appear in at least a year.

It is much easier to propagate a juniper by layering. This method is suitable for undersized and creeping varieties. Branches that are close to the soil begin to form roots over time and take root on their own. It is enough just to cut such a branch and plant it in a new place. Another effective breeding method is with green cuttings. They are harvested from young plants, put in a solution of a root formation stimulator for several hours, and then planted in light and loose soil. When young buds form on a branch, this means that the cutting has taken root and rooted, and it can be planted in a permanent place.

Juniper is an amazing coniferous culture with an unforgettable aroma. It is often used in landscape design, and a rich selection of varieties and ease of care will allow even beginners to grow this coniferous shrub.


Watch the video: Spiraea Gold Mound Japanese Spirea. Terrific, Easy to Grow Shrub for 3 seasons of COLOR


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