The plant adenium (Adenium) is a member of the Kutrov family. This succulent is found naturally in Central and South Africa. In indoor conditions, such small trees or shrubs reach a height of about 0.35 m. The trunk of this flower is thick. The surface of glossy sheet plates is velvety. Quite large flowers are painted white or dark crimson. Such a plant has many other names among the people, the most popular is "Desert Rose", because this flower has a resemblance to a rose.

Brief description of cultivation

  1. Bloom... It blooms in April – July and September – October, but in some cases it lasts more than 6 months.
  2. Illumination... Needs bright sunlight.
  3. Temperature regime... During intensive growth - from 25 to 30 degrees, during rest - from 12 to 15 degrees.
  4. Watering... Carried out only after the soil mixture is completely dry.
  5. Air humidity... It should be increased, especially during the period of intensive growth.
  6. Fertilizer... They are fed throughout the growing season once every 4 weeks, for this they use mineral fertilizers for indoor flowering plants.
  7. Dormant period... November – March.
  8. Transfer. Young bushes need to be replanted every year, and adults only when needed.
  9. Soil mixture... Sod soil mixed with coarse expanded clay or with broken bricks.
  10. Reproduction... Generative (seed) method or vegetative: cuttings, grafting or layering.
  11. Harmful insects... Scabbards, mealybugs, spider mites.
  12. Diseases... The culture is highly resistant to disease. However, the bush may begin to lose foliage due to a draft, a sharp drop in temperature and a sudden change in keeping conditions.
  13. Properties... The plant sap is poisonous.

Home care for adenium

Illumination

When growing adenium at home, it needs bright sunlight, and it does not need to be shaded. In this regard, it is recommended to place it on a south-facing window. After the end of winter, when there was enough light, the bush will need to be accustomed to the direct rays of the sun gradually, otherwise burns may form on its stem. Another flower must be shaded in the event that direct sunlight falls on it for more than 5 hours a day.

Temperature regime

When growing such a crop at home, in the summer it needs to provide an indoor air temperature of 25-30 degrees. Experts recommend moving adenium outside in the summer, where it needs to be placed in a place that has reliable protection from rain.

In order for the flower to begin a dormant period, it is necessary to reduce the air temperature, as well as reduce the duration of illumination. During this period, the foliage turns yellow and flies around. In winter, in the room where the flower is located, the air temperature should not be lower than 10 degrees, while it feels best at this time at a temperature of 12-15 degrees. Make sure that the roots are not overcooled, otherwise the bush may die.

How to water

When caring for a flower grown indoors, he should ensure timely watering. This procedure is carried out immediately after the substrate in the container is completely dry. In winter, watering should be very sparse and sparse. If in winter adenium is kept at an air temperature of 15–20 degrees, then it is watered only after the substrate has completely dried out. If the bush hibernates in a cooler place, watering is carried out extremely rarely or it is completely stopped. Young bushes should be watered very carefully as well. When in the spring the bush starts growing for the first time, it will need to be watered 15–20 days after the buds appear and the bush begins to grow.

Spraying

During the period of intensive growth, the bushes need to be moistened with a fine sprayer. After the flowering begins, the bushes need to be moistened very carefully, since the liquid should not be on the surface of the flowers.

Top dressing of adenium

Top dressing of adenium is carried out in the spring, summer and at the beginning of the autumn period, they do this no more than 1 time in 4 weeks. To do this, use fertilizer for indoor plants, while the concentration of the solution should be from 1.5 to 2 percent.

Pruning

Pruning of bushes is carried out only if necessary, and this is done only in spring. To form a bush in the form of a tree, you need to shorten the side branches by 1/3 of the length. To form a bush, you need to cut it below. The formation of adenium takes quite a long time, and it is quite difficult, but if everything is done correctly and in a timely manner, the result will be impressive.

Transfer

The transplant of young plants is carried out annually in spring, and adult specimens are subjected to this procedure only if necessary. Experts recommend choosing a light-colored pot for planting, this will help protect the root system from overheating. For planting adult plants, choose wide and small containers. After transplanting, the bush should be watered only after 4–6 days, during which time the roots will have time to dry out.

The substrate should be loose, and it should consist of sod and leafy soil, as well as coarse sand (1: 1: 1), and a small amount of charcoal should also be added to it. The soil mixture for transplanting an adult plant should include a large amount of sod land, and broken bricks are also added to it. Don't forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.

Virulence

Such a plant contains poisonous juice, in this regard, after work with it is completed, hands must be thoroughly washed with soap. The flower should stand in a place that is inaccessible to animals and children. If you decide to decorate your home with adenium, then this must be taken with full responsibility in order to avoid poisoning.

Reproduction methods

Growing adenium from seeds

With prolonged storage, the seed material of adenium loses its germination capacity, in this regard, only fresh seeds should be used for sowing. They are sown in the last winter or first spring weeks.

The container is filled with a substrate consisting of charcoal, sand and vermiculite. The seeds need pre-sowing preparation, for this they are placed in a solution of potassium manganese for 30 minutes, and then they are kept in a lukewarm solution of Zircon for several hours. Seeds must be spread over the surface of the substrate, and then they are covered with a thin layer of soil mixture. The crops are placed in a warm place (from 33 to 35 degrees), seedlings will appear after a week. If the crops are in a cooler place, then the seedlings may appear later or this will not happen at all. When the plants appear, they will need to be illuminated with fluorescent lamps, they will also need to provide regular ventilation, while the air temperature in the room should be at least 18 degrees.

After the flower has formed the first two true leaf plates, they gradually begin to look after it like an adult specimen. And when 2 more leaf plates are formed, the seedlings should be cut into individual containers.

Cuttings

Reproduction by apical cuttings is a rather complicated process, since they can easily rot. Cuttings are carried out in the summer or in the spring. The cuttings must be divided into parts, the length of which should be about 12-15 centimeters, then they must be dried by treating the cuts with charcoal. In order for the cuttings to take root, it is necessary to use perlite, a mixture of sand and charcoal or small expanded clay. It is necessary to pour sand or small charcoal around the root collar, thanks to this, the base of the stem will not rot. Cuttings need bright sunlight, while the air temperature should never be below 25 degrees. Waterlogging of the soil should not be allowed. If everything is done correctly, the cuttings will take root after 4 or 5 weeks.

ADENIUM. The most effective way to root cuttings of varietal adeniums on the "Flower Fairy" channel.

How to propagate by layering

In May and June, such a succulent can be propagated by air layers. Take a very sharp knife and use it to make a circular incision on the shoot (the stem should be 20 mm across). After the incision site dries up, it should be treated with a solution of a product that stimulates root growth. Wrap this place with sphagnum moss, which must be wrapped on top with opaque cellophane. Don't forget to systematically dampen the moss. After about 4 weeks, the roots should appear, then the layers are separated from the mother plant and planted in a container filled with a substrate intended for an adult bush.

Reproduction by grafting

To inoculate such a culture, you can use another adenium or Oleander. Make cuts in the scion and rootstock with a very sharp knife, then they are combined with each other, and then the plants are firmly held together (you can use a special spray). Make sure that the air temperature in the room is not less than 30 degrees, the air humidity should be high, and you will also need bright lighting. The new bush must be protected from direct sunlight, and the shoots that have appeared on the rootstock must be cut off immediately.

Adenium. Vaccination for dummies

Diseases and pests of adenium

Yellowing and flying around foliage

Adenium can begin to lose foliage due to the fact that the room is very cold, or it was placed in unusual conditions, and it can also happen due to a draft. To save a flower, you need to start taking proper care of it.

Falling foliage in autumn is considered quite normal, as the plant prepares for a dormant period.

Harmful insects

Such a culture is highly resistant to pests. But in some cases, ticks, scale insects and mealybugs can settle on the bush.

One of the reasons why Adenium does not grow

Varieties of adeniums with photos and names

Adenium boehmianum

This species differs from the rest in the color of the flowers. In pinkish-lilac or bluish-white flowers, the pharynx and corolla tube are purple.

Adenium multiflorum

The height of the bush is about 2.5 meters. The trunk branching at the top becomes lignified over time. Flowers of this type are similar to the flowers of adenium obessum, but there are more of them.

Adenium obesum (fat) (Adenium obesum)

The height of such a slow-growing plant is about one and a half meters. The gray-brown trunk, branching in the upper part, becomes lignified over time. Greenish-gray leathery leaf plates grow at the ends of the branches, their length is about 10 centimeters. In summer, corymbose inflorescences appear, they include white, red or pink flowers, reaching 60 mm in diameter.

Return of the Adeniums. A little about the formation of the crown and caudex of Adenium.


The adenium flower belongs to the Kutrovs' order. There are shrubby and arboreal succulents that grow in nature in the corpses of the Arabian Peninsula and Africa. Its discovery was made near the city of Aden.

The description and characteristics of this flower are unusual. The plant is poisonous, its sap was used by the aborigines for the purpose of impregnating arrows. The stems are light gray, strongly branched and have a bottle-shaped base at the base. Leaves are medium-sized, with pointed or rounded ends, glossy and fleshy.

The succulent plant begins to bloom in mid-spring and stops flowering closer to mid-autumn. Some varieties are characterized by an abundance of flowers in winter, but those gardeners who do not follow the rules for caring for a plant can only see this beauty in pictures. The color of the buds is varied: purple, pink, yellow, scarlet, white and red-black.


Adeniums from seeds: growing

First of all, we select the seeds. There are about 10 types of adeniums, each of them has its own characteristics. The most common and easy to care for - A. Obesum (Fat)... You can order seeds on AliExpress (which is unreliable), and on numerous sites on the Internet.

Preparing the container

Any container in the shape of a bowl will do, that is, a shallow, wide box.

We make many small holes in the bottom of the container, using a nail or screwdriver.

It is very good if there is a lid.

Seed preparation

Before planting, adenium seeds can be soaked for 3-4 hours (optional).

You need to be careful here - do not leave seeds for more than 4 hours.

Otherwise, negative consequences may occur: decay, the percentage of germination falls.

The water should be warm all the time, you can add potassium permanganate to it, growth stimulants (Epin, Ribav), fungicides - prevent rotting (Fitosporin).

You can plant seeds without preliminary preparation.

The soil

The soil should be loose and breathable.

Most, 50-60% is universal soil (Terra vita - one of the best brands).

Everything else is baking powder.

Better to use perlite, since it absorbs excess moisture when flooding, and with a lack of moisture, on the contrary, it gives the accumulated water to the flowers.

Vermiculite in large quantities, it is dangerous, as it helps to retain moisture in the pot for a long time.

You can use a little charcoal, brick chips, foam balls.

Sowing

We put drainage (small expanded clay, pieces of brick) at the bottom of the planting tank. Next, fill in the soil. We spread the seeds flat, without sprinkling them, but slightly pressing down with our finger. Now sprinkle the soil a little with water from a spray bottle or pour it from a teaspoon.

We place the container in a bag or cover with a lid. Each grade of adenium must be marked. If there are several varieties in one bowl, then we put toothpicks with the names of varieties attached to them near the seeds.

Growing temperature

We place the container with seeds in a warm place. For a central heating battery, for a shoe or towel dryer, there are many options. 28-35 ° C is the temperature required for successful germination.

In the morning and in the evening, we open the greenhouse and ventilate it for 30 minutes. When the top layer of the soil dries up, slightly moisten it with water.

Seedlings

The first "babies" will begin to appear in 3 days.

They look like plump green columns with two small leaves on top of the head.

All Adenium Seeds can germinate within two weeks from the moment of landing.

After the emergence of mass shoots, you need to place the container with them in a bright place.

It is undesirable to remove heating for successful germination, at least for 10 days.


Selection of species, varieties

Zinnia varieties differ in plant height, diameter of inflorescences, color of flowers and their shape. Some varieties are very original. The most common are graceful zinnias and narrow-leaved ones. In addition to them, interspecific hybrids, simply called garden zinnia, are often planted in gardens.

The graceful zinnia (Zinnia elegans) grows up to one meter, but there are dwarf varieties 20 centimeters high. Flowers of many colors are several centimeters in diameter, in some varieties they differ in shape.

Narrow-leaved zinnia (Z. angustifolia) is not so tall, has fewer varieties, yellow, orange or brown flowers about 5 cm in diameter. The leaves of the plant are narrow. It blooms very profusely and for a long time - until the first frost. When summers are cool and rainy, narrow-leaved varieties grow better than graceful varieties that suffer from disease.

Zinnia graceful blooms usually 12 weeks after sowing, narrow-leaved species earlier - some varieties after 7 weeks.


Features of the

If we talk about adenium, then it is the most beautiful desert flower, because it is not for nothing that it was called the “desert rose”. It belongs to the woody cacti of the Kutrov family. Africa is considered the birthplace of adenium, as well as the island of Socotra. In addition, the plant can be found on the Arabian Peninsula.

Now in nature, there are more than 50 species of this plant, which can grow even up to 10 meters. However, this is only possible in natural habitat. At home, you can only grow obese adenium.

At first glance, it seems to many that this plant was created by human hands, but this is not so.

Indoor succulent is slightly smaller in comparison with its relatives, its height reaches 35 centimeters. This is a beautiful compact tree or shrub, with a slight thickening at the very base. The curly stem is densely covered with flowers, a bit like a funnel. They reach 7 centimeters in diameter. Their color is different: from white to red. You can also find multicolored plants, in which the petals can be both ordinary and double. Most often they bloom in spring or summer, however, this can also occur in early autumn. It all depends on the type of succulent. Flowering begins at the age of two.

In addition, the plant has elongated leaves on small petioles. Most often they are green in color, but sometimes they are yellow or white. In addition, their surface can be either glossy or matte. Do not forget about the roots of this plant. They are often also called caudex. They are slightly modified. Thanks to this, the succulent makes itself water supplies during the drought. As the plant grows larger every year, its root system also increases. Roots grow underground, however, over time, some gardeners lift them up to admire the beauty of their curves.



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