Detailed description of the Candy apple variety


The most beloved fruit of all - the apple, is considered the most revered of all fruits. This is a source of not only a vitamin, but also a huge aromatic pleasure when eaten by both children and adults.

Apple variety "Candy" - the best early variety in terms of taste among all varieties. The name "candy" got because of the delicate aroma of honey-candy taste.

Description of the variety of apples Candy

Follower of the great and famous biologist Michurin, famous biologist, breeder, head of the selection of fruit crops S.I. Isaev - is the founder of this unique variety.

The earliest fruits can be obtained in two years on a weak rootstock. On a medium-sized rootstock, fruiting occurs at 3 - 5 years of tree growth.

Fruit ripening occurs in early August. With constantly warm sunny weather, fruiting is possible at the end of July. In trees, fruiting becomes periodic with age.

Grows in temperate continental climates... It tolerates a cold climate and low temperatures well, has high winter hardiness and frost resistance.

Trees affected by severe frost easily recover, continuing to grow and bear fruit in the future.

This unique variety has a high yield.: from a 5-year-old tree, up to 50 kg of apples can be harvested, and from an older 10-year-old tree, up to 100 kg of fruits. At the same time, the yield is constant every year at the end of summer.

A bountiful, stable yield can be achieved on moist and fertile soils with good drainage. The "Candy" apple variety bears fruit even in darkened areas.

Apple trees need help with pollinating varieties, since it is itself a self-fertile variety. The following varieties can act as pollinators: "Golden Kitaika", "Red earlier", "Orlovim".

Variety "Candy" is not recommended for industrial cultivation due to difficult crown formation and poor transportation of fruits.

Apple-tree, variety Candy:

Breeding history

Apple tree "Candy" was bred in the 40s of the last century at the All-Russian Research Institute of Horticulture named after I.V. Michurin, in the city of Michurinsk.

"Candy" obtained by crossing famous Russian varieties: "Papirovka" and "Korobovka"... In Russia, state tests began in 1971.

There is practically no analogue of this kind in the whole world.

Characteristics of trees and fruits

Apple tree - strong, tall and fast growing... In the first three years, the height reaches 3 meters, then slow growth occurs, not exceeding 5 meters.

At the youngest age, it contains a narrow crown and branches located at an acute angle from the trunk. In an older tree, the crown is spreading, wide-pyramidal in shape and densely leafy branches.

Leaves are large and medium in size., leathery and durable, dark green in color. Contains a small inflorescence and flowers pink with white filling.

The fruits are round and small in size.... Slight ribbing along the surface is characteristic. On mature fruits, there is a weak waxy coating. The mass varies from an average weight of 80 to 100 grams, to a larger one - 150 grams.

The cover color throughout the fruit has a dark pink blush with streaks of red. Contains a large number of white subcutaneous dots.

The pulp has a creamy shade, excellent juiciness and a wonderful honey-candy taste.

The funnel of the fruit is wide, but not deep. The pith is heart-shaped with small brown seeds. The apple stem is of medium length, its wide part is located at the junction with the branch.

Storage of fruits is provided for 3-4 weeks.... During harvesting, the fruits should not be shaken off the branches.

Advantages and disadvantages

Benefits:

  • wonderful sweet taste and juiciness of apples;
  • intensely colored fruit skin, due to the high content of anthocyanins;
  • due to the high level of biological energy - there are no analogues in the whole world;
  • increased energy value, capable of extinguishing foci of inflammatory diseases in the human body at the stage of inception;
  • tree branches hold the weight of a huge amount of fruit well, without breaking;
  • there is no fruit drop;
  • the presence of antioxidant properties;
  • resistance to major infections;
  • possessing high winter hardiness and frost resistance;
  • fast, excellent and periodic fruiting;
  • there is no sense of acidity of the fruit.

disadvantages:

  • weak resistance against scab;
  • short shelf life of fruits;
  • poor transportation intolerance;
  • heavily thickened crown of trees requires periodic careful pruning.

Growing region

Apple variety "Candy" grows mainly in the European part of our country, as well as in Belarus and Ukraine, where this variety is very much appreciated in amateur gardening, due to its unpretentious care.

In regions with a cold climate and low temperatures - Krasnoyarsk, Kemerovo and Novosibirsk. In the central part of Russia, the cultivation of the variety takes place in the northern part of the Moscow region.

Planting rules for seedlings

Saplings "Candy" can be planted in the ground in the spring and autumn periods. Warm days create optimal conditions for habituation and strengthening of the roots.

The main condition in the planting process is a movable groundwater level. The constant rise and not fall of water destroys the roots of trees, leads to their death.

You should not plant seedlings in places:

  • sandy dry;
  • dense clay;
  • wetlands;
  • near groundwater;
  • near crushed limestone and slabs.

Plant trees in autumn follows before their active growth.

The best soils for seedlings are:

  • sod-slightly podzolic;
  • sod-carbonate;
  • light loamy.

A pit for seedlings is prepared in advance, with the introduction of fertilizers, per 1 sq. m required:

  • for clay soil: sawdust, sand, lime, humus, mineral fertilizers;
  • for sandy soil: peat, superphosphate, clay, potassium, lime;
  • for peat soil: superphosphate, lime, potassium sulfate, manure, phosphate rock.

The pit should be prepared six months before disembarkation., it is necessary to dig up the earth with fertilizers up to half a meter.

The landing site is protected from the cold wind by artificial structures, you can use a fence, or natural ones - a forest, hills.

A few days before landing you should dig up the earth and shed it thoroughly. At the same time, it is required to get rid of the weeds by completely pulling out their roots.

Soaking seedlings in water for up to a day promotes moisture recovery. Broken roots should be cut off with a pruner or sharp knife.

The choice of a seedling is determined by the following criteria:

  • healthy bark;
  • the presence of 5 - 4 branches on the crown;
  • the presence of a graft 6 cm from the root;
  • many roots;
  • height - 1.5 m.

Sequence of planting seedlings:

  1. Distances between trees should be at least 2 m.
  2. The depth and diameter of the pit is: in good soil - 60 cm; on waste land - 70 cm, with a diameter of up to 100 cm.
  3. Mixed with fertilizers: organic - 1 bucket of humus; mineral - 200 g superphosphate, 300 g wood ash.
  4. The prepared mixture is filled in the pit by two-thirds. The root collar should be 5 cm above the soil, otherwise the process of decay and death of the seedling will occur.
  5. The roots must be spread evenly over the bottom of the pit.
  6. Strengthen the seedlings for stability with peg supports.
  7. Make a hole and water it, about 2 buckets per seedling. This provides the apple trees with survival and protects against freezing.
  8. Cover the hole with a layer of up to 5 cm. This facilitates the access of oxygen, moisture and crust to the surface.
  9. Tie the trunks of the seedlings with a cloth or roofing felt, from sunburn, frost and rodents.

It is strongly not recommended to whitewash the trees - lime burns the young bark, preventing growth.

Tree care

Seedling care in the first 2-3 years consists of removing weeds and constant watering. In the summer, it is necessary to water once a month using 3 buckets of water.

In autumn, on warm days, watering is necessary once every 3 days, 10 liters per tree. The trunks of the seedlings can be kept under black steam. In the summer, planting green manures promotes the decomposition of the leaf mass.

Fruit-bearing apple trees require watering according to their age: (1 year - 1 bucket).

Fruit trees need watering:

  • until the buds open;
  • 3 weeks after flowering trees;
  • 3 weeks before harvest;
  • after harvest, during leaf fall.

Watering the apple trees while harvesting is undesirable.

From rodents, after 5 years, apple trees must be tied with reeds, parchment or spruce branches. With the onset of frost, the trunks are mulched with manure. In warmer regional areas, hilling is carried out by 15 cm.

In early spring, seedlings are fed as follows:

  • April - urea - 2 tbsp. spoons for 10 liters of water;
  • May June - foliar feeding - a liquid solution "Ideal" or "Sodium humate" - 1 tbsp. false for 1 bucket of water;
  • September - root feeding - superphosphate - 2 tbsp. spoons in 1 bucket of water.

Top dressing with fertilizers containing nitrogen should be completed before mid-July, in order to avoid the maturation of the branches before frost.

During the season, fruiting trees are fed with fertilizers 4 times:

  1. April - 500 g of urea.
  2. After watering, by the time of flowering, they insist in 20 liters of water:
    • potassium sulfate - 80 g;
    • liquid superphosphate - 100 g;
    • urea - 50 g.
  3. After flowering, dissolve in 20 l of water:
    • dry "sodium humate" - 2 g;
    • nitrophoska solution - 100 g.
  4. After harvesting, bring under each tree:
    • potassium sulfate - 300 g;
    • superphosphate - 300 g;
    • humus - 1 bucket.

How to trim correctly?

Pruning has a qualitative effect on the yield of the variety., helps to maintain the shape of the crown of the tree. The pruning process is carried out in the spring before flowering and in the fall after the entire crop has been harvested.

The crown of trees itself is thinning out, due to its spreading shape. These procedures must be done, otherwise the trees may die.

Summer pruning of the Candy apple tree is not recommended due to the intense circulation of internal tree sap.

Pruning should be done for branches:

  • growing inside the tree;
  • directed parallel to another growing branch;
  • located at an acute angle;
  • touching or intertwined;
  • thickening the crown of the tree;
  • small twigs;
  • cracked or broken.

Young seedlings are pruned after planting... The top of the trunk is cut with a secateurs, and the young buds are left below. This will help the trees grow properly in the future.

Young branches are easily cut with pruning shears, and stronger branches can be cut off with a saw.

Diseases and pests of the apple tree

The variety is resistant mainly to all diseases, except for scab. Effective methods are: removing the bark from old trees, whitewashing the trunks for the winter.

Pest control measures - spraying via:

  • 3% oxychloride solution or Bordeaux liquid, until bud break;
  • the drug "Raek" - 2 ml per 10 liters of water, up to 4 treatments;
  • preparation "Skor" - 2 ml per 10 liters of water, per tree from 2 liters to 5 liters of solution;
  • the drug "Olekuprit" - 400 g per 10 liters of water, in the spring for the elimination of honey plants, aphids, ticks and scale insects;
  • drug "Karbofos" - 60 g per 8 liters of water, from leaf pests.

Also, apple trees are attacked by pests: mice and hares. In the fight against rodents the trunk and lower branches are tied with a spruce tree.

Apple variety "Candy" - an unpretentious popular plant from gardeners. The minimum cost of growing such a beautiful tree will be gifted with magic apples with an alluring taste.

Such a wonderful variety should grow in the garden of every connoisseur of apples.

Apple-tree Candy or my favorite "zalepuha":


Apple variety Candy - description and photos, reviews of gardeners

Do candy grow on trees? It turns out they are growing. And the candy apple tree gives them. Children love its fruits for a reason. The increased sugar content with the aroma of caramel conquers from the first tasting. Even green apples are sweet. The many benefits that gardeners speak positively about make Candy's popular.

Consider a detailed description of the Candy apple variety, photos, reviews of gardeners in order to find out the quality characteristics of the fruits, the features of agricultural technology.

  1. Variety characteristics
  2. Benefits of the variety
  3. disadvantages
  4. Description of fruits
  5. How to choose seedlings
  6. Apple tree planting rules
  7. Pruning
  8. Nutrition and feeding
  9. Disease and pest control
  10. Harvesting and storage
  11. Gardeners reviews

Description of the apple tree

Candy belongs to the fast-growing varieties. After planting in just three years, it easily gains 3 meters in height. After that, growth slows down slightly, but does not stop. A fully formed tree does not exceed 5 meters in height.

His crown is spherical, the branches are very strong and elastic. Leaves are dark green in color, fleshy.

Apple-tree Candy belongs to frost-resistant varieties. Even after severe frosts, it continues to bloom and give a good harvest. Therefore, it is not uncommon in Siberia to meet a gardener who grows this variety in his garden.

Many gardeners give preference to growing "Candy" on a dwarf crown-forming base. With this cultivation, it bears fruit already in the 2nd year of its life. At the same time, the maximum height available for a tree is 1.5 meters.

It should be noted, however, that such trees have irregular fruiting. Every year the harvest gets worse and the size of the fruit decreases.


Landing

Saplings of this variety take root equally well when planted in spring or autumn. However, when planting trees in the autumn period, it is necessary to calculate the planting time so that the seedlings do not have time to grow before the onset of cold weather, and can also take root before winter.

For the cultivation of this variety, well-lit areas with loose and fertile soil are selected. This apple tree grows best on sandy loam or loamy soils.

Sandy or heavy clay soils are not suitable for growing this variety. Also, do not plant this apple tree in lowlands or places where groundwater comes too close to the soil surface.

The site for planting these apple trees is prepared in advance - preferably in six months. fertilizers are introduced into the soil for digging.

Usually, for each type of soil, certain fertilizing is required:

  • river sand, rotted sawdust, dolomite flour or wood ash, humus, complex mineral fertilizers are introduced into heavy clay soil
  • clay, lime, high moor peat, potassium salts, superphosphate are added to dry sandstone
  • rotted manure, lime, phosphorus flour, potash and phosphorus fertilizers are added to the peat soil.

For these apple trees, space is needed; for this, planting holes are dug at a distance of 2.3 m between them. The depth of the planting holes should be about 0.65 m, and the diameter should be about 1 m.
At the bottom of the pit, a layer of nutrient substrate is laid, consisting of turf and humus (10 kg each), 2 glasses of wood ash, 1.5 glasses of superphosphate.

The amount of such a substrate should not occupy more than 2/3 of the hole. A hill is formed from it, next to which a support is driven in. The seedling is placed on the top of a hill, its roots spread over the slopes of the hill.

From above, the pit is filled with soil, it is carefully compacted. 25 liters of water are added to each trunk circle. After the moisture has been absorbed, it is necessary to mulch the trunk circle with any organic matter.The thickness of this layer is 4-6 cm.

Further care for this variety includes the following agrotechnical measures:

  • regular watering
  • loosening the trunk circle
  • removing weeds around trees
  • mulch application
  • shaping and sanitary trimming
  • carrying out preventive measures and combating diseases and pest attacks
  • correct collection of ripe fruits.

From the beginning of May to the end of September, these apple trees are watered every 25-30 days, and from 2 to 8 buckets of water are brought under each tree, depending on the age of the apple trees. The older the tree, the more moisture it needs.


You can plant a seedling in the soil both in spring and in autumn. It is better to do this on warm days - the warmth will create optimal conditions for the quick strengthening of the roots. For planting, you should choose a light loamy, soddy-carbonate and soddy-slightly podzolic soil. Avoid planting trees in dense clay, sandy, and waterlogged soils. Plant seedlings in pre-prepared planting pits, on the bottom of which pour fertilizers. You need to plant trees at least at a distance of 2-2.5 meters from each other.

Spring leaving comes down to carrying out formative pruning, and in the summer period, top dressing should be carried out: organic - add humus (1 bucket), and mineral - add wood ash (300 grams) and superphosphate (200 grams). It is also necessary to carry out weeding in the near-trunk circle and periodically water the young tree. In the summer months, it is enough to put 3 buckets of water under each tree once a month, and in the fall (on warm days) it is enough to pour 10 liters of water under one plant every 3 days. Watering should be stopped during harvest.

The variety is highly resistant to almost all diseases of this fruit crop and only has low immunity in front of scab. For effective control, it is necessary to remove damaged areas of the bark and whitewash the trunks for the winter.


Apple tree growing rules

How to choose seedlings?

It is better to do this in nurseries. Choose healthy seedlings, not older than 2 years. The roots must be developed, the central roots must be at least 30 cm long. Sprinkle them with water before transporting them.

It is advisable to immerse the seedlings in water before planting if the roots have dried out.

Landing dates

The Candy apple variety is recommended to be planted in the ground in autumn, at the beginning of September. But you can do this in the spring, from mid-April. In the first case, the plant has time to take root by winter. In the second over the summer, it will get stronger and better take root.

Top dressing and watering

After planting, for the first two months, water every week unless it rains. Then cut them down to once every 2-3 weeks. In the heat, it is recommended to water by sprinkling in the evening, so as not to burn the leaves. Organic and mineral fertilizers are used for feeding.

Apply fertilizers in the following order:

  1. In April, after planting, use 0.5 kg of urea. Ash can be used, 3-5 glasses per square meter.
  2. In the second half of May, at the time of flowering, feed with a mixture of fertilizers. To do this, within 7 days, you need to insist in 20 liters of water 100 g of superphosphate, 80 g of potassium sulfate and 20 g of urea.
  3. When fruit formation, use a solution of 100 g of nitrophoska, 2 g of sodium humate, diluted in 20 liters of water.
  4. After harvesting, add a mixture of humus, 0.3 kg of potassium sulfate, 0.3 kg of superphosphate.

Pruning

When planting, you need to cut off the top of the seedling to form a crown. Then pruning is carried out in the spring before the apple tree blossoms and in the fall after harvest. Damaged, improperly growing branches are removed, i.e. those that grow inward or at an acute angle. It is imperative to prune old trees, this will increase the yield of apple trees.

Preparation for wintering

Cover the tree trunk with leaves or peat before frost. Cover the roots with spruce branches. After the snow has fallen, shovel it to the trunk and compact it so that the soil and roots do not freeze. To protect the trunk, the first 5 years, you need to whitewash with chalk, then lime. Use a mixture of 3 kg of slaked lime, 500 g of copper sulfate and 10 liters of water.


Apple-tree Candy

Experienced gardeners plant several varieties of apple trees on their homestead, often among them there is a variety of Candy, the fruits of which are distinguished by their juiciness and sweetness. If the care of the crop is appropriate, the first Candy Apple will appear in July.

General information about culture

The creation of the variety is credited to an employee of the I.V. Michurin, a selection expert, scientist S.I. Isaev. He crossed the Papirovka and Korobovka varieties and got a new variety - Caramel or Candy tree. In industry, this type of apple is not used, but it is dearly loved by amateur gardeners.

On a note! There are alternative names: apple variety Caramelka, apple-tree ranet Candy, apple-tree Sweet Tooth. Sometimes the Caramel apple tree is confused with Candy, but their description is very different.

The variety is characterized by early ripening of fruits. Bears fruit for 4 years after planting. The apple tree got its sweet name for the corresponding, almost honey flavor of its fruits. Many gardeners affectionately call the tree Candy or the Apple tree Candy bowl.

Important! Caramel has a high yield. So, a five-year-old tree can produce up to 50 kg of fruit during the fruiting period, while an apple tree with a 10-year growth - up to 100 kg.

Characteristics and description of the apple variety Sweetie

The culture belongs to frost-hardy and hardy species. Even after significant damage, it is able to quickly recover.

According to the description, the Candy apple tree is a fast growing crop. In the first three years, the apple tree reaches a height of 3 meters, but then its growth stops, on average the plant grows up to 5 m. The crown is spherical, not too lush. Even young shoots are durable and flexible, heavy apples will not break them.

Three-year-old apple tree "Candy"

The formation and growth of an apple tree will depend on the type of rootstock. Even cold winters are not terrible for the Candy variety, after which the culture can easily regain its strength, gain color and give apples on time.

The leaves are dense and deep green. They are both large and small in size. The tree has small inflorescences with white and pale pink flowers.

Fruit characteristics

Fruits have not only an attractive appearance, but also excellent taste. On average, each apple can weigh from 85 to 115 g, but it happens that the fruits even reach 150 g. The color of ripe fruits is yellowish, with red streaks and blush. There are small dots under the smooth skin. The fruit is round in shape, with a slightly beveled base. The pulp of the fruit is white, juicy, with a sweet taste, contains iron and vitamin C.

Good apple harvest "Candy"

The tree bears fruit well, the harvest in the season is very high. From one tree - up to 100 kg.

Diseases and pests

Despite the fact that the Caramel apple tree is resistant to various ailments and rarely undergoes an invasion of pests, sometimes the culture is overcome by scab. Periodically inspect the undersides of the leaves for velvety light green spots.

If you do not take action, over time, the leaves begin to fall off, they must be immediately collected and burned. And the near-stem section, including for preventive purposes, should be treated with a 10% solution of ammonium nitrate. This is done in the spring.

Disease "Scab" on the leaves of an apple tree.

Agrotechnics

The tree prefers sunny areas, so it is better to plant seedlings on the eastern side of the garden area. Since this is where the sun shines in the morning.

Landing

The earth must be pre-saturated with useful additives. Such processing:

  • will improve the soil structure
  • will make it looser
  • reduce soil acidity
  • moisture will easily penetrate into such soil.

5 days before planting, the earth is completely dug up and loosened. Weeds are removed along with the roots. Fertilizers are also added there. The digging depth should be at least 50 cm.

The soil structure should be as follows:

  • If the earth is clay, then it must be mixed with sawdust, sand, rotten leaves, lime and mineral additives.
  • If the soil is sandy, the following components are taken: clay soil, peat, lime, superphosphate and potash fertilizers.
  • If there is a large amount of peat in the soil, it is worth adding phosphate rock, lime, potassium sulfate, superphosphate additive and manure.

Important! If there is a lot of groundwater in the area with peat soil, trenches are dug along the perimeter of the territory and drainage is laid on their bottom.

Green manure plants are also planted there, including peas, buckwheat, oats, lupine and mustard. After they grow, you need to dig up the soil again, right with the plants.

Planting sequence and technology

Saplings are best planted in the fall. The days are still warm, so the culture will have time to adapt and endure the winter cold.

Here are the rules for planting seedlings a gardener must follow:

  • A place is chosen where there is no accumulation of spring melt water, and the groundwater is deep.
  • Each planting hole is pulled out to a depth of 60 cm, and up to 80 cm in diameter.
  • After planting, you need to immediately pour in 2.5 buckets for each seedling. In warm weather, watering is carried out once every three days.
  • To retain moisture, the hole is mulched with compost.
  • To protect a young tree from rodents, exposure to frost and sunburn, it is wrapped with a cloth or roofing felt.

It is not difficult to take care of the Candy variety if you follow all the planting rules.

Pollination... The tree is self-fertile, so pollinators need to be planted nearby: apple varieties such as Grushovka, Kitayka, Krasnoe, Orlovoe and the like.

Watering. It should be regular. Newly planted saplings are watered every week, provided there is no rain. Later, watering is carried out once every 2-3 weeks. In hot weather, watering should be increased to twice a week, and several buckets will be needed for each tree.

But it is worth remembering that the tree does not like excess moisture. On hot days, you can also use the sprinkling method, but this should be done in the evenings so that the sun's rays do not burn the apple tree foliage.

How to loosen the soil

In order for the air to circulate freely in the root soil, it is necessary to constantly loosen it at a distance of 50-60 cm from the stem part and at a depth of up to 40 cm.In autumn, hilling is carried out by 20 cm and mulching of the near-stem area with peat additive, humus or compost. After that, straw or dry grass is lined with a layer of 5 cm on the organic layer.

Mulching prevents weeds from spreading.

How to trim

Seasonal pruning not only forms the crown of the tree, but also promotes better fruiting. If you cut off old branches in time, the apple fruits will be larger.

The best time to trim is:

  • Spring before the buds appear
  • Autumn after the whole crop has been harvested

In summer, pruning of candy apple trees is not carried out due to the intensive circulation of juices in the plant.

Advice! So that the apple tree in the future has a well-groomed crown, immediately after planting the seedling with pruning shears, its top is cut.

To properly prune a tree, you need to know which branches are considered unusable:

  • Growing inward, at an angle
  • Twigs that are intertwined or overlapping
  • Extra shoots that can thicken the crown
  • Unnecessary small twigs and twigs
  • Damaged or cracked branches.

So that the Yummy apple tree does not lose its juices, all the cuts are covered with garden pitch.

We cover the cuts with garden pitch.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Like any other plant, the Candy apple tree has its pros and cons.

The advantages of this variety include:

  • High yield
  • Frost resistance
  • Fruits appear early, already in the middle of summer
  • Apples taste great
  • Resistance to disease and insect attack
  • Unpretentiousness.

Early apple harvest "Candy"

Negative qualities of the Sweets variety in comparison with other apple trees:

  • The need for additional pollination
  • Often scab attacks the Candy apple tree
  • Crown formation takes a long time
  • Apple tree Caramel is not used for industrial cultivation
  • Apples spoil quickly, so they cannot be stored or transported for a long time. At room temperature, fruits also disappear soon.

Apple-tree Candy is widely grown by amateur gardeners. The variety is not used in industrial production due to its short shelf life. However, the tree's yield is high and the fruit is sweet and aromatic. Another advantage of this variety is its unpretentious care. All that is required for him is planting in a lighted and not very humid place, timely watering and top dressing. The variety easily tolerates cold weather, is not susceptible to diseases and pests. The only disease that overcomes the Candy apple tree is scab. But if preventive measures are taken in time, the disease will bypass.



Previous Article

Stenocereus beneckei f. inermis

Next Article

Prairie Garden Design: Tips For Creating A Prairie Style Garden