What perennial flowers take root best in the conditions of the Urals and Siberia


Not all cultivated plants can withstand the climatic conditions of the Urals and Siberia. This creates certain difficulties for summer residents and owners of their own houses living in this region. Many people are afraid to buy interesting plants for their sites that have been blooming for many years, as they are not sure that they will survive the harsh winter. Therefore, they are limited only to lawns and annuals. But Russian breeding does not stand still, and every year new varieties of plants that were previously considered unsuitable for this climate are zoned in nurseries. So today you can pick up both perennial flowers for Siberia and ornamental shrubs for the Urals. But which of them are the most unpretentious and frost-resistant - let's figure it out in more detail.

The most unpretentious undersized perennials

Low-growing plants are always appropriate in the landscape, because they can be used to decorate the edge of the lawn, the foreground in flower beds, and create living borders. If we analyze the most profitable low-growing plants for Siberia, then only a few will be included in this list.

Contender # 1 - primroses and snowdrops

Will delight before everyone else. They hate heat, but they get along well in high humidity and coolness. If in the southern regions they try to plant these plants in the shade so that the roots do not burn out over the summer, then Siberians can decorate absolutely any piece of the site with primroses.

Primroses can be grown from seed by planting in early March in containers on the windowsill or by dividing the bushes after the plants have faded

Contender # 2 - lilies of the valley

They are distinguished by their ability to get along in any conditions, adapting to the local climate. If you take a whole flower bed under the lilies of the valley, then it will be decorative all season, since fragrant white bells will scatter over the glossy dark green leaves in May, and by August they will be replaced by red berries (poisonous!). Lily of the valley stretches the rhizome by 30 cm per season, so that in a couple of years it will tighten the entire area that will be assigned to it. You even have to fence the edges of the flower garden with pieces of slate to stop the roots from spreading. In one place, the flower can grow up to 40 years.

It is better to postpone planting lily of the valley if there are small children in the house, because they are attracted by the beautiful color of poisonous berries

Contender # 3 - violets (pansies)

The plant has a two-year development cycle, i.e. in the first year after seed germination, it increases the aerial part, and the next summer (June-August) pleases itself. It can reproduce by self-sowing, although housewives prefer to grow in boxes. Suitable for combined flower beds, because before the flowers appear, it looks quite inconspicuous.

Pansies (or tricolor violet) for the first year are grown in a bunch, in the far corner of the site, and in the second year they are transplanted into the main flower garden

Contender # 4 - daisies

Very delicate miniature plants of the Aster family. They are considered perennials because the flowering cycle of a daisy is the same as that of a pansy, and then it is simply sown by itself. Used to decorate alpine slides, as blotches on the lawn, etc. With free division, daisies gradually run wild and become small. Therefore, the breeding process is better controlled, periodically replant and divide too large bushes.

Daisies can decorate thin strips of earth along the lawn, creating a semblance of white milk streams, because they are not afraid of mowing

Perennial flowers of the second tier, up to half a meter

The second tier, i.e. for low-growing plants, it is customary to plant those whose height does not reach half a meter. Among such perennials that are suitable for the Urals and Siberia, two groups can be distinguished: with beautiful buds and with decorative leaves.

Beautifully flowering plants

Bright perennials are distinguished by the fact that they cannot be decorative all summer long. As a rule, after flowering, the aboveground part of the plant becomes inconspicuous and gradually dies off in order to lay the buds for the new season. This is especially true for tuberous and bulbous, which thus protect themselves from overspending. And yet, those weeks of bright flowering that they give are so spectacular that every summer resident tries to decorate his flower beds with at least a couple of copies of such plants.

Which of this list is suitable for the Siberian climate:

  • Tulips. For cold climates, it is worth taking varieties that ripen earlier than anyone else. These include simple and double early tulips. Both varieties begin to bloom in May, but in Siberia, this period can move forward by half a month. Simple early tulips grow up to 40 cm, terry tulips - up to 25 cm. They require annual digging and drying so that the bulbs do not become smaller.
  • Daffodils. A child of two times - so they call him, because he tries to bloom in a period when winter is fighting against spring. It is convenient for growing in cold climates because it does not require annual digging, does not freeze in winter and is unpretentious to the soil. But new, only bred varieties are distinguished by very large buds, which require an indispensable garter. Thin peduncles from wind and rain can break in the midst of ripening.
  • Iris reticulated. An amazing perennial that can freeze clean and be reborn from one surviving bud. In comparison with bearded irises, it is less common, but in no way inferior to older brothers in decorativeness. Between the thin, pointed, like swords, leaves, by May, high peduncles with small but numerous flowers shoot out. Due to unusually bright blue-yellow, violet-white, etc. colors, they are visible from afar. They withstand very severe frosts, but do not like wet places. Therefore, they are not planted in the lowlands.
  • Iris bearded. This group of plants is distinguished by both beautiful fleshy leaves that do not lose their decorative effect until late autumn, and large flowers that delight the eye from May to June. For the Urals and Siberia, irises are just a find: they are frost-hardy, beautiful all season, do not need frequent transplants. The Siberian iris variety with large blue-blue flowers was bred especially for the cold climate. It is capable of producing peduncles up to a meter in height, although the bulk of the leaves is located in the region of 50-60 cm.

Related article: Planting, growing and caring for bulbous irises - gardeners' secrets

For a couple of years, reticulated irises grow in tall bushes, so that they can become the center of any multi-tiered flower bed, but for rich flowering they must be periodically divided

Siberian iris was specially grown for a harsh climate, so it does not require shelter for the winter and special warmth in summer

Perennials with decorative foliage

In a pair of flowering plants, it is worth adding flowers with decorative foliage. They will create the backdrop for the flower bed and take the place of fading plants when they begin to lose their beautiful appearance. Among the most spectacular and picky ones are hosts, astilbe, badan, liatris, variegated variegated, various types of stonecrops and buzulnik.

Perennials get along well in Siberia, which do not lose their spectacular foliage both before flowering and after it. These are chrysanthemums, rudbeckia, phlox, doronicum.

The photo shows: 1 - astilbe of different colors, 2 - stonecrop, 3 - liatris, 4 - buzulnik. They can be combined to create several tiers in the flower garden.

A real decoration of a Siberian or Ural flower garden can be:
1. - chrysanthemums, 2 - phlox, 3 - rudbeckia, 4 - doronicum

Specially for Siberian conditions, a special type of clematis was grown - clematis burning. It is so winter-hardy that it does not require any winter shelter.

Clematis pungent differs from other types of clematis in small flowers, which are poured over the bush in summer, like small pointed stars

But the most spectacular, undoubtedly, will be roses. In cold climatic conditions, varieties grafted on rose hips successfully survive, which are stronger and more hardy than their own rooted ones. The most unpretentious are park and floribunda. More on video:

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For a flower garden, you should always select plants that grow well enough on the one hand and do not require special care conditions. You need to proceed from the following considerations:

  1. The most important thing - climatic conditions of the region... In this sense, everything is quite simple - the shops usually sell seeds and seedlings that are suitable for local weather conditions. Detailed information on specific types of perennial and annual flowers and the rules for caring for them - in the following sections.
  2. Further you need to proceed from the nature of the soil on the site - there are more and less capricious views. They will be able to grow on different soils, but in the case of poor soil, you will have to make an effort to constantly fertilize it.
  3. A very important point - how often can you be at the dachato take care of your pets. If there is not much time, this is not a reason to give up the flower garden. You can simply choose those varieties that can easily tolerate a small (7-10 days) drought.
  4. And finally, no less important point is color combination of plants, as well as their correspondence in height. In this regard, there are a lot of ideas for inspiration - after all, you can create 2 large or 4 small flower beds. And also make up whole flower arrangements, which will consist of plants of different heights and create an additional feeling of space and upward aspiration.

IT IS INTERESTING

It is especially interesting to choose flowers for a large composition with a single idea. For example, it will be one large flower bed in the shape of a butterfly or flower clock.


Top 10 popular frost-resistant perennials for Siberia

# 1: Juniper

Juniper is a very profitable ornamental shrub in every sense. Although the name of this plant has southern "notes", almost all of its varieties are successfully grown in the harsh Russian climate, including the northern regions. Junipers love moisture and well-drained planting sites. Penumbra is the best place for this plant. The most successful varieties: Blue Carpet, Daursky, Pfitseriana Aureya, Akari and others.

# 2: Ryabinnik

Fieldfare is a universal contender for the Ural garden. It grows well, both in the shade and in the sun, loves watering and periodic mineral fertilizing, grows up to 3 meters. This Siberian unpretentious shrub is prized not only for its decorative foliage, which plays with different colors throughout the season. Its thick white or pink blooms fill the garden with aroma and romance. The fieldberry blooms for at least 30 days, and blooms in different ways, depending on the beginning of the heat in the region. A month of stable warming - and your fieldfare is all in bloom!

# 3: Snowberry

Snowberry is an amazing ornamental shrub with rounded dark green leaves. In spring, the varieties of the snowberry bloom, and by summer, its branches are dotted with pink or white round fruits. This plant is classified as a shade-tolerant, unpretentious perennial shrub. Its most frost-resistant variety is the Chenot snowberry. Its pink fruits, while not edible, can help pollinate nearby plants by attracting bees.

# 4: Erantis Siberian

The first lark of your spring garden may be the surprisingly bright yellow flowers of erantis. Delicate buds often appear directly from under the snow, as if in a hurry to tell all Siberian residents that spring has come!

A powerful root system allows the spring plant not to freeze out in the harsh Ural conditions. It is absolutely unpretentious to care for, grows quickly and pleases the owners with abundant spring flowering.

# 5: The True Bedstraw

An amazing plant with thick yellow flowering panicles looks very stylish in any garden. The bedstraw is not only decorative, but also a medicinal flower. Decoctions of its flowers and leaves help to overcome depression, ulcerative colitis, liver and kidney pathologies.

This perennial, hardy to any conditions, grows well in the sun, in partial shade, on hills, flower beds, near hedges or near the porch. The bedstraw blooms all summer. In our region, you can also grow fragrant bedstraw, which will fill your garden with a thick aroma from May to June.

No. 6: Small-flowered Clematis

Clematis is an ideal plant for the Siberian climate. This unpretentious plant blooms with thick white flowers. Thanks to the climbing branches, this perennial is great for creating hedges, gazebos, arches and balconies.

# 7: Maiden grapes

If you need to close an unsightly fence, a barn or decorate any buildings, then girlish grapes are exactly what you need! This unpretentious decorative perennial vine can withstand severe frosts, grows on poor soils in the shade or in the scorching sun. Its small berries, like precious stones, hang down in compact bunches. Grape leaves have the ability to change color: in spring - juicy green, in summer and autumn - from yellowish to burgundy.

# 8: Magonia

Magonia will delight you with bright green beautiful glossy foliage throughout the year. This plant, rather, can be attributed to shrubs. Mahonia bloom in early May, releasing panicles with yellow flowers, similar to mimosa or lily of the valley. We definitely recommend all Siberians to plant Mahonia in their garden. She is not afraid of frost and can bloom even in winter! Well, isn't it a godsend for the harsh Siberian weather?

# 9: Phlox

Phlox are wonderful flowers for colder regions. They are frost-resistant, easy to care for and breed. Bright and fragrant phlox inflorescences, like torches, fill the garden with colors throughout the warm half of the year. Better than others in cold climates, paniculate and spotted varieties of these flowers of domestic selection take root.

# 10: creeping periwinkle

White, lilac or blue periwinkle flowers refresh even the darkest parts of the garden. The waxy green leaves are round or oval in shape, and are no less decorative than the flowers themselves. This ground cover perennial is one of the most problem-free "inhabitants" of any garden. Judge for yourself: it grows by itself, multiplies by itself, eats by itself, loves coolness and partial shade. All that is required of you is to choose and plant it in your flowerbed.

Of course, this is not the whole list of perennial applicants for decorating your site. We also advise you to pay attention to hosts, bergenia, liverwort, tulips, daffodils, frost-resistant varieties of decorative poppies, snowdrops, winter-hardy shrubs and other plants for the garden in cool climatic zones.


Perennial plants for Siberia and the Urals

To make a beautiful and organic perennial flower bed, you will need a variety of flowers and plants. Multi-tiered flower beds look especially great, for the creation of which you will need ground cover, undersized, medium and tall perennials. But not all perennial plants and flowers are suitable for Siberia and the Urals, since frost resistance should be an absolutely mandatory characteristic.

Low-growing and ground cover perennials

It is almost impossible to do without ground cover and low-growing perennial plants when making the landscape design of your summer cottage. It is with their help that it is traditionally customary to decorate the edges of the lawn, the foreground in the flower beds, or to create live borders.

Low-growing perennials that challenge nature and are successfully grown in Siberia and the Urals include:

Pansies (viola)

Important! On our website you can find all the detailed information about growing pansies.

Scylla (Proleska)

Thyme (thyme)

Pinnate carnation (Hungarian)

Carnation herbal

Note! How to grow marigolds on your site is described in detail here.

Broad-leaved bells

Juniper horizontal

Ideas for decorating and fencing flower beds from plastic bottles ...

Flower beds of petunias: ideas for a beautiful design of flower beds ...

Planting alyssum on seedlings and in open ground: care and ...

A flower bed of wheel tires with your own hands: photo ideas for a flower garden

By the way! You will find everything about planting and caring for junipers in this article.

Khosta plantain

Siberian Kandyk

Ideas for decorating and fencing flower beds from plastic bottles ...

Flower beds of petunias: ideas for a beautiful design of flower beds ...

Planting alyssum on seedlings and in open ground: care and ...

A flower bed of wheel tires with your own hands: photo ideas for a flower garden

Medium and tall

After the undersized, medium-sized perennials, which include both flowers and decorative deciduous plants, are usually planted in the background.

Medium and tall perennial plants suitable for planting in Siberia and the Urals include the following joyful crops:

Note! Grow astilba will help you this material.

Alpine aster

Important! How to plant asters and properly care for them - read here.

Adenofora (Bell)

By the way! Find all about growing tulips in this material.

Snapdragon

Note! You can read the detailed article about planting and growing snapdragons.

Advice! To grow a delphinium in your garden, read this article.

Swimsuit (Hot)

Herbaceous peony

Yes, roses can really be grown in Siberia! Just do not rush into all seriousness, but choose specimens of Siberian selection.

This perennial in Siberia or the Urals can bloom with great pleasure almost all summer.

Clematis tungut

Bedstraw

Dicentra (broken heart)

Bearded iris

Iris net

Siberian iris

Lily of the valley (cage)

Veronica gray

Thus, thanks to the tireless work of breeders in recent years, both in Siberia and the Urals, it has become possible to compete with nature and grow excellent perennial flowers. It is noteworthy that it was now up to the novice summer resident too. However, this must be done by rationally selecting plants that are adapted to the most severe climatic conditions.

By the way! If you do not agree with the proposed list of perennial flowers for Siberia and the Urals, or you know more suitable plants, then do not hesitate and write the names in the comments.

Video: perennials for Siberia and the Urals

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