St. John's wort


The flowering plant St. John's wort (Hypericum) is a member of the St. John's wort family, but previously this genus was part of the Clusiaceae family. Under natural conditions, St. John's wort is found in regions with a temperate climate, and also under the tropics in the southern regions of the Northern Hemisphere. It is very widespread in the Mediterranean. The name of this genus is a romanization of the Greek word, which consists of 2 roots, in translation meaning "about" and "heather". This is because St. John's wort is a herb that prefers to grow near heather. This genus unites about 300 species. However, in mid-latitudes in natural conditions, the most common St. John's wort and St. John's wort, or perforated. These species are cultivated, like the evergreen St. John's wort, grown as ornamental plants.

Features of St. John's wort

St. John's wort, or medicinal, is also popularly called hare blood, St. John's wort, St. John's wort, red grass, blood, ailment, blood man. From a thin, but powerful rhizome, several branched dihedral shoots grow annually, which reach a height of 0.8 m. The green erect shoot gradually acquires a brown-red color shade. On the smooth surface of the stem there are 2 longitudinally located grooves. Opposite sessile leaf plates are entire and have an oblong-ovoid or elliptical shape. They are about 30 mm long and about 15 mm wide. Many glands are located on their surface, due to which the plant is called perforated. Regular flowers of golden yellow color have long stamens, which have grown together in 3 bunches. These flowers are collected in racemose-corymbose apical inflorescences. Flowering begins in June and lasts 20-30 days. The fruit is a polyspermous triangular capsule with a mesh surface. The ripe fruit cracks.

St. John's wort. Useful, medicinal properties of herbs, contraindications, recipes of traditional medicine

Growing St. John's wort in the open field

Planting St. John's wort

Medicinal and garden St. John's wort can be easily propagated by seed. There is nothing difficult in planting and growing this plant. Sowing is carried out at the beginning of the spring period or in October. In autumn, freshly harvested seeds can be used for sowing. When sowing in spring, the seed will need stratification; for this, it must be combined with moistened sand and poured into a glass jar or a plastic bag, which is placed on a refrigerator shelf intended for vegetables for 6-8 weeks. If the sowing was carried out in the fall, then the seedlings in the spring will appear relatively early, while the seedlings will be dense. But if the spring turns out to be sultry or dry, then the appearance of seedlings can not wait at all, or they will die. When sowing in spring, the plants are characterized by slower development.

The site for planting must be prepared in advance, so, for winter sowing, this is done in the summer, and for spring sowing - in the fall. For sowing, it is recommended to choose a sunny area that has good protection from cold winds. Well-drained soil should be sandy or loamy. Onions and carrots are considered the best predecessors of St. John's wort. After digging, the soil must be hoed twice, and then the surface of the site is leveled with a rake. When digging, peat compost or rotted manure should be added to the soil (3-4 kilograms per square meter). The prepared soil must be well shed, after which they begin to sow. Seeds are sown in rows, with the row spacing being 15 to 20 centimeters. It is not necessary to bury the seeds in the ground, but they must be sprinkled on top with a thin layer of earth or sand. Then the crops are watered very carefully. If the sowing was carried out in the spring, then to accelerate the emergence of seedlings, it is recommended to cover the area with a film.

St. John's wort care

In the first year of growth, this plant blooms extremely rarely, but despite this, it still needs good care. During the growing season, it is necessary to weed the site at least three times, and it is also necessary to ensure that the soil surface is all loose. Don't forget to water St. John's wort in time. Starting from the second year, the soil must be harrowed in spring, while last year's shoots must be cut off. Watering is carried out only after the topsoil on the site dries out. If there is a drought and heat, then the number of waterings will need to be increased. If it rains very often in the summer, then you will not have to water this plant at all.

St. John's wort is a perennial that, over the years of its growth, can significantly deplete the soil, as a result of which the yield will rapidly decline and the soil will become poor. To prevent this from happening, you need to regularly fertilize the soil. For top dressing, it is recommended to use Nitroammofoska, it is introduced into the soil at the beginning of the spring period (1 square meter 8 grams), and re-feeding is done before St. John's wort blooms.

This culture is highly resistant to frost, therefore, it is not necessary to cover it for the winter. If a very frosty winter comes out, then the bushes may freeze, but during the next growing season they will recover relatively quickly. In the event that a very cold winter with little snow is expected, then, just in case, it is recommended to cover the area with St. John's wort with spruce branches.

Collecting St. John's wort

St. John's wort will begin to bloom magnificently only 2 or 3 years after the appearance of seedlings. As soon as this happens, you can start harvesting the grass. The collection of raw materials must be done during flowering (from the last days of June to the first - July), and this must be done in sunny and dry weather. During the collection of raw materials, the upper 25-30 centimeters of the shoots must be cut off. For this, it is recommended to use a sickle, pruner or a sharp knife, but if the area is very large, then it is better to use a scythe. The collected raw materials must be sent for drying as soon as possible, if this is not done, its blackening and rotting will begin. For drying, the grass is laid out in a semi-dark room with good ventilation, while the temperature should be about 50 degrees. Remember to regularly turn and stir the grass to ensure even drying. As soon as the shoots begin to break easily, and the flowers and leaf plates crumble, we can assume that the drying process is over. The finished raw materials need to be laid out in ceramic or glass jars, and you can also use cardboard boxes or paper bags for this. It is necessary to store St. John's wort at an air temperature of 5-25 degrees for 3 years.

TIME FOR HARVESTING HERB from June 25 to July 30

Types and varieties of St. John's wort

St. John's wort (Hypericum ascyron)

The homeland of this species is the Far East, Japan, the southern part of Siberia, China and the eastern regions of North America. The height of such a perennial plant is about 1.2 m. In the upper part, the tetrahedral shoots are slightly branched. Oppositely positioned entire stem-embracing leaf plates have an oblong-ovoid shape, and on their surface there are many translucent glands. The length of the leaves varies from 60 to 100 mm. Their seamy surface has a bluish color. Flowers, reaching 80 mm in diameter, are yellow, they are located in 3-5 pieces at the tips of branches, there are also single ones.

John Gebler's wort (Hypericum gebleri)

Under natural conditions, such a plant can be found in Central Asia, Japan, Siberia, China and the Far East. The height of the branched bush is about 100 cm. Sessile leaf plates can be linear-lanceolate or oblong. At the tips of the stems there are rich yellow flowers, the diameter of which is about 15 mm. Flowering begins in July, and it lasts from 35 to 40 days.

St. John's wort (Hypericum olimpicum)

The height of this shrub is 0.15–0.35 m. The shallow root system is quite powerful. Linear elliptical leaf plates have a bluish color. Apical semi-umbellate inflorescences consist of yellow flowers, reaching 50 mm in diameter. Cultivated since 1706.

St. John's wort (Hypericum calycinum)

This species comes from the Eastern Mediterranean, Western Transcaucasia and the Balkans. The height of the bush is about half a meter. This evergreen species has leathery leaf plates that have an elliptical or oblong shape. Yellow flowers reach 60–80 mm in diameter, they have a large number of stamens. It has been cultivated since 1676. The Citrinum form is the most popular, its flowers are painted in yellow-lemon color.

St. John's wort (Hypericum nummularioides)

This species is semi-ample petrophyte, which means that it prefers to grow on rocks and stones. The height of this dwarf plant is only 5-15 centimeters. There is a large number of slightly branched shoots, which become woody in the lower part. Almost sessile light-gray leaf plates have an oval shape, and glands are located on their surface. The apical semi-umbrellas contain from 2 to 5 flowers.

St. John's wort (Hypericum patulum)

This species is found in Southeast Asia from Japan to the Himalayas. The height of this highly branched evergreen shrub is about 100 cm. Drooping open branches are colored brown. Thin naked young shoots are colored green-red or carmine. Leathery leaf plates have an elliptical or ovoid shape. Small-flowered inflorescences consist of large, rich yellow flowers with many long stamens.

St. John's wort (Hypericum androsaemum), or St. John's wort

In nature, this species is found in Asia Minor, the Caucasus and Western Europe, while it prefers to grow on mountain slopes, in forests and in gorges. This semi-evergreen shrub is fast growing and reaches a height of about 100 cm. Yellow flowers do not represent any decorative value. The unique berry-like fleshy fruits first change their green color to red, and by winter they turn black.

St. John's wort odorless (Hypericum x inodorum)

This species is among the most decorative. In such St. John's wort, leaf plates persist for a long time, and large fruits can be colored yellow, green, purple, red, white, salmon or black.

In addition to these species, they are also cultivated such as: St. John's wort, graceful, coarse-haired, Kamchatka, multi-leaved, Kalman, honeysuckle, etc.

ANIMAL HOLIDAY || Herb for 99 diseases

Hypericum properties: harm and benefit

Useful properties of St. John's wort

The herb St. John's wort contains a large amount of nutrients, thanks to which the plant has medicinal properties. This plant contains rutin, quercetin, nicotinic and ascorbic acids, sugars, saponins, carotene, choline, phytoncides, essential oil, bitter, resinous and tannins. Due to its rich composition, St. John's wort is used to treat a large number of diseases.

This plant is distinguished by antirheumatic, antiseptic, wound healing, choleretic, antibacterial, analgesic, diuretic and antihelminthic effect. It is used in both traditional and folk medicine.

The infusion of this plant, prepared in water, is used during the treatment of rheumatism, colds, diseases of the liver, bladder and stomach, hemorrhoids, enuresis, as well as female diseases and painful sensations in the head area. The fact that St. John's wort has medicinal properties has been known for a long time. However, not so long ago, scientists have found that it still has an antidepressant effect, and also has a positive effect on the nervous system. This is a very important discovery, because St. John's wort products do not cause the unwanted side effects that chemicals have in abundance.

This plant is also used for inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity (stomatitis, inflammation of the gums, pharyngitis, sore throat), for nervous disorders (insomnia, increased anxiety, depression), for diseases of the digestive system and biliary tract (cholecystitis, hepatitis, diarrhea, dyskinesia, hypotension gallbladder, low stomach acidity, bloating). The pharmaceutical drug Novoimanin, created on the basis of St. John's wort, is used in the treatment of purulent skin diseases (burns, abscesses and infected wounds), sinusitis, inflammation of the pharynx or phlegmon. This drug is very effective, so it even manages to suppress the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, which is resistant to a large number of antibiotics.

In alternative medicine, St. John's wort is used for gastritis, heartburn, palpitations, cholelithiasis, hepatitis, inflammation of the gallbladder, arthritis, joint pain, sinusitis, alcoholism, mental illness, skin infections. It is also used as a cosmetic product. It works well for dandruff, oily skin, cracked heels, acne, baldness, skin laxity and wrinkles.

Most often, this medicinal plant is used in the form of an aqueous infusion, medicinal tea, decoction and alcohol tincture. These funds can be made with your own hands. Herbal preparations are still quite widely used, in which this plant is present.

Recipes

The most popular recipes for remedies that you can make at home with your own hands:

  1. Infusion... 1 large spoonful of dried herb or 2 large spoons of fresh chopped mixed with 1 tbsp. freshly boiled water. The mixture is removed to a dark place, the infusion will be ready after 3-4 hours. The filtered product should be drunk 15 milligrams 3 times a day before meals. It helps with cystitis, gallstone disease, gastritis, colitis, pain in the head, and is also used to improve venous circulation and to increase blood pressure. Such a remedy is also used to rinse the mouth for mouth infections, as well as for colds. And compresses and lotions are made from it for skin inflammations. When bathing a small child, it is also recommended to pour this product into the bath.
  2. Decoction... One and a half large spoons of chopped St. John's wort should be combined with 1 tbsp. The mixture is poured into a heat-resistant dish (enamel or glass) and placed in a water bath. The product should warm up for 20-30 minutes. (no boiling). It is used for washing, rubbing the skin and rinsing hair, and inside the broth is taken for bowel disorders.
  3. Tincture... Vodka (7 parts) or alcohol (10 parts) must be combined with St. John's wort (1 part). The mixture is well corked and stored in a cool and dark place. The tincture will be ready in 3 days. Before taking the product inside, it should be diluted with water (1 teaspoon of tincture per 50 ml of water). Warming compresses are also made from it, which help with muscle and joint pain. The tincture is also used for inhalation and for rinsing the mouth.
  4. Tea... You need to pour 1 tsp into the teapot, after which 1 tbsp is poured into it. You can also add strawberries or lime blossom to the drink.This drink does not have medicinal properties, but it is used to strengthen the immune system.

How to prepare an infusion (decoction) of St. John's wort

Contraindications

This herb and the products made on its basis should not be taken by hypertensive patients during pregnancy. You also need to remember that they cannot be used for a long time, otherwise a not very pleasant aftertaste in the oral cavity, hives or painful sensations in the liver may appear. Long-term use of such drugs contributes to the deterioration of male potency, however, a few weeks after the end of taking St. John's wort, sexual function is fully restored. Also, taking these drugs helps to increase the sensitivity of the skin to ultraviolet rays, in this regard, when treating St. John's wort, sunbathing should be avoided, otherwise burns may appear or dermatitis may develop. An overly strong tea made from this herb can lead to pain in the stomach.


Colchicum beautiful (magnificent): description of the plant, photo

Colchicum gorgeous (or beautiful) is a low bulbous plant that produces flowers only in autumn: from late August to mid-October. The inflorescences are pure white, pink, pale lilac and purple in color. To leave the crocus is magnificent undemanding, but it is better to plant it in dry places, since the plant does not tolerate excess moisture. Top dressing is applied no more than 2-3 times per season.

  1. Description of the magnificent crocus
  2. Where does the plant grow
  3. Forms and varieties of beautiful crocus
  4. Autumn Queen
  5. Antares
  6. Grace (Gracia)
  7. Glory of Heemstede
  8. Giant
  9. Reproduction methods
  10. Corms
  11. Seeds
  12. Planting and care in the open field
  13. Landing dates
  14. Growing conditions
  15. How to plant correctly
  16. Follow-up care
  17. Diseases and pests
  18. Useful properties of the plant and contraindications
  19. Collection and procurement
  20. Conclusion

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Application

Daisies bloom very early - at the turn of March and April, so many people plant this spring flower in their gardens, in flower beds, in pots, and balcony boxes. It is worth decorating terraces and balconies with it in early spring. Daisies also look beautiful at home as unusual potted flowers.

In the garden

The flower of a garden daisy is double or semi-double, has a longer stem than a perennial, the plant can grow up to 20 cm. The color of flowers is very diverse, from white to various shades of pink, red and even burgundy. The flower remains on the plant for a long time, until June. Some varieties repeat flowering in late autumn.

Daisy - ideal for group plantings, goes well with other plants. It can be used successfully on the edges of lawns or flower beds. It goes well with other low spring flowers - dwarf daffodil, forget-me-nots.

An interesting suggestion is to add daisy seeds to the lawn mixture, which will create a real meadow around the house. Flowers will not interfere with cutting the grass - they will grow well again.

At home and on the balcony

The flower is ideal for balconies, terraces. Daisies look great as potted flowers planted at home. They are not too demanding on conditions, so they feel good in boxes and containers. The potted daisy is a very grateful plant, resistant to adverse conditions, caring for it is really very simple and pleasant.

To grow daisies at home with satisfactory results, it is important to water them regularly and remove faded blossoms. To decorate the apartment, the flower should be planted in multi-colored pots. Thanks to this, we will create a real spring in our home.

This flower can be planted on the balcony as early as March. Flowers look good when planted in groups. They can be used to create multi-colored compositions. They look very good in combination with other spring flowers that are resistant to low temperatures, such as pansies, and are a great addition to chamomile.

A flower planted in a container will bloom for several weeks. After flowering, it should be planted in the garden, where it will tie seeds and scatter them into the ground. Young plants will bloom next year.

Cooking and useful properties

The daisy is an edible flower. It is added to sandwiches, soups, salads. It will add an additional flavor note (slightly sour), decorate dishes beautifully, and maintain health.

Herbalists recommend fresh and dried daisy flowers for stomach problems, coughs, and rheumatic pains.

The raw material is a flower - Flos Bellidis. It contains:

  • tannins,
  • organic acids,
  • saponins,
  • essential oils,
  • a significant amount of mineral salts.

Action: in folk medicine, the flower is used as an antipyretic and general tonic.

  • metabolic disorders
  • menstrual irregularities
  • as a diuretic
  • as a laxative
  • lowers blood pressure and prevents atherosclerosis, therefore it is recommended for the elderly
  • the infusion is sometimes used as an expectorant for respiratory problems and as a mild astringent for infections of the gastrointestinal tract
  • externally used in the form of baths and compresses as an anti-inflammatory agent for bruises, skin rashes.

The adorable daisy flowers are beautiful spring decorations for any garden. They blend well with other spring flowers. They can be planted in flower beds, lawns, creating extensive carpets of beautiful colors. Their ability to tolerate almost any growing environment makes them ideal for planting in pots and balcony boxes. From varieties with longer flower stems, you can create graceful small bouquets that will become a charming decoration of any apartment or serve as an original gift for a loved one.



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