When to thin out radishes correctly and how to feed it


Radish is considered the most popular early ripening crop and belongs to green vegetables. The leaves and roots contain a large amount of vitamins. At first glance, it may seem that growing this crop is a simple process. However, in order to get a rich harvest, you should remember the basic rules for growing and do not forget to thin out the seedlings.

Do I need to thin out radishes?

Radishes are usually planted with frequent sowing to help the crop break through and not be drowned out by weeds. In addition, this is done so that poor seed germination does not affect the future harvest.

Radish care consists of:

  • glaze;
  • thinning;
  • loosening;
  • top dressing.

Approximately 5 days later, when the first shoots have appeared, the first thinning should be carried out, since radish is a photophilous crop and will stretch out from shading and shoot early.

The optimal distance between shoots is 2-3 cm. Shoots with expanded cotyledon leaves can be transplanted to a new place. And plants with small leaves are destroyed.

In addition, due to thinning, the leaves of the plant take a horizontal position. This position prevents the appearance of arrows.

It is also recommended to carry out the first weeding together with thinning, since during this period weeds begin to actively grow in the beds.

When and how to thin out the garden bed correctly?

It is difficult to say exactly when the radish should be thinned out. Usually, the second time should be thinned out after about a month. It is necessary to leave a distance so that the root crop can grow and develop. For this, the seedlings are thinned out at the rate of 5-6 cm between the plants. Torn root vegetables can already be eaten.

Basic rules for thinning:

  1. Thinning is recommended after watering.
  2. The optimal time for thinning is Vespers.
  3. Around the seedling, you should hold the ground with one hand, and pull the plant out of the ground with the other hand. This simple procedure will reduce the risk of possible capture of a neighboring plant.

After thinning, you need to compact the soil with your hands and pour the remaining shoots with warm water. To improve aeration, it is recommended to loosen the soil in the aisles.

To avoid the thinning procedure, you can mix radish seeds with semolina or sand.

How to properly water seedlings

If this culture is not regularly watered, then the roots will grow dry, bitter, hollow. However, the plant should not be poured either, since the root crop will rot. Therefore, in order to get a good, rich, crispy and sweet harvest, it is necessary to control the dosage and moisture supply. It is recommended to loosen the soil after each watering.

To avoid early and premature flowering of the plant, it is recommended to water the radish in small portions 2-3 times a week. This procedure helps to reduce the temperature of the soil. In addition, it is necessary to control the land, and as it dries up, water the beds with the plant.

In hot weather, you may need to water this plant daily.

The first time the soil is watered immediately after sowing the plant.

An important point when watering is the watering depth:

  • first, the garden is watered so that the water penetrates to a depth of 8 cm;
  • when the roots are formed, the plant should be watered to a depth of 15 cm.

For irrigation, simple clean water, a solution of tobacco or ash, and herbal infusion are suitable. It is recommended to combine watering with pest prevention. Radish has a developed root system and in some varieties the root can germinate up to 30 cm in depth.

This should be taken into account when watering, it is necessary that he has enough moisture for nutrition. Improper moistening and drying out of the soil can lead to plant shooters, dry and empty root crops.

A few hours before harvesting, the last watering of the plant is carried out. Thanks to this, the roots will be tasty, juicy and will be able to last longer.

How to feed radishes for a good harvest

Radish requires nutritious soil, and for this the soil needs to be fed. However, this cult can accumulate nitrates. For this reason, fertilizing should be done carefully and chemical fertilizers should be avoided.

In the fall, the main fertilization takes place. When digging, organic matter is added to the soil. In the spring, before planting, complex mineral fertilizers are added to the ground. Such feeding is sufficient on fertile soils.
Poor infertile soils need feeding, which is carried out along with watering.
As fertilizers during the growth of radishes are perfect:

  • potassium chloride;
  • superphosphate;
  • a solution of poultry manure or slurry.

However, it should be remembered that oversaturation with nitrogen can cause the bush to shoot, and not to build up the root crop.

It is recommended to mulch the radish planting with compost. Such a growing scheme allows, when watering a vegetable, useful and nutrient substances to gradually penetrate into the soil and feed the roots of the plant.

In addition, at the top, the soils can be fertilized with humus and peat. However, their layer should not be higher than 1 cm. Thanks to this procedure, less moisture evaporation occurs, and it is retained in the ground.

When growing radishes in greenhouses, ventilation should be carried out after each watering to reduce the risk of blackleg disease.

Nitrogen fertilizers are applied during irrigation at the rate of 20-30 g per square meter. It is contraindicated to fertilize radishes with fresh manure, since such fertilizing will cause the flowering of the plant, and not the development of the root crop. To harvest a rich and large crop of this crop, it is recommended to regularly weed and loosen the aisles.

Radish needs to be thinned out. Without this procedure, the root crop will grow small and deformed, since the seedlings will fight among themselves for the necessary conditions for growth: water, food, light. Therefore, many gardeners carry out radish thinning at least twice - the first time after germination, and the second time about a month after planting.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3jML1dhiRDQ


When to plant radishes in a greenhouse in spring

When to sow radishes in the spring in a greenhouse

When to plant radishes in the spring is a fairly frequent question for gardeners who have decided to grow the harvest of these vegetables on their backyard plot. To answer it, you need to take into account factors such as weather conditions, whether the greenhouse is heated. If the greenhouse is not heated, then in spring, radishes can be planted in March-April, but first make sure that the soil is soft at a depth of at least five centimeters, if heated, starting in February. If radishes are planted in a heated greenhouse in the last month of winter, the roots will be formed in 50 days, in March - in 30-35 days, in April - in less than a month.

How to plant radishes in a greenhouse in spring

If you decide to plant radishes in a greenhouse in spring, then you need to think about the state of the soil in advance and in the fall, if required, feed it with compost, dig up the soil and level it. The choice of planting material also needs to be approached with all seriousness. Preference should be given to large seeds that reach 2.5 mm or more.

For planting in a greenhouse, the following varieties are preferred: "Early Red", "Zarya", "Rova", etc. It is not difficult to calculate the seed consumption. On average, one square meter requires about five grams of seeds. To select seeds, it is enough to sift them through a sieve with a hole diameter of two millimeters, and to disinfect them, treat them with a solution of potassium permanganate.

It is necessary to sow the seeds by hand, trying not to thicken them, place the seeds at a distance of a couple of centimeters from each other, so that you do not have to thin out the radishes in the future. The distance between the rows is 6-10 centimeters, the planting depth is one centimeter.

How to care for radishes in a greenhouse

Radish germination occurs even at a fairly low temperature of only +2 degrees, however, it is much faster to see seedlings while maintaining the temperature of +16, which is optimal for a given crop. +18 degrees.

After you notice massive shoots, try to keep the greenhouse temperature below 10 degrees to avoid over-stretching the seedlings. After five days, the temperature can be raised to +20 degrees during the daytime and + 10 at night.

Plants need to be watered at least once every two to three days, in no case allowing the soil to dry out. In order to avoid the appearance of all kinds of pests, it is recommended to treat the plantings with a mixture of tobacco dust and wood ash.


More or less experienced summer residents understand that it is necessary to plant radishes in the spring. It is possible later, of course, but now are the most favorable days for a generous harvest. And the first radish in spring is just a joy for the soul.

Many summer residents mistakenly believe that you can sow a radish and forget about it, they say, it will grow itself. However, even such an unpretentious plant needs care. The most important thing is to choose the right sowing time. This is often the period from late March to May, depending on the region.

Therefore, we cannot answer with complete confidence the question of whether it is time to sow radishes. After all, we do not know where you are going to grow it: in Odessa or in Arkhangelsk. But you yourself can navigate by looking at the thermometer. After all, the most important thing for radish is the optimal temperature regime.

How to sow radishes correctly

The optimum air temperature for sowing radishes is 15–20 degrees above zero. This is the best range for growing this spring vegetable. You can sow radishes at a temperature of 10 degrees, but then the seedlings will have to wait about a week, or even more. Normally, radishes emerge in 4–5 days.

So when to sow radishes outdoors? Experienced gardeners recommend not to rush, but to wait for warm days. Most often, the most favorable period for sowing radishes is mid-April. Do not be afraid to sow radishes right away in open beds, even if frosts still occur, he will calmly transfer them.

Remember that radishes need periodic watering. However, you do not need to water with cold water, otherwise the plant will slow down in growth. Water that has been in the sun for a day is ideal.

How to sow radishes in a greenhouse

Many gardeners who have acquired a greenhouse grow radishes in it. But you need to know exactly when to sow radishes in the greenhouse and how to do it right. Sow of course radish in the greenhouse in spring can be early. It all depends on what heating means you use. If the shelter is heated, then you can start growing radish even in January, and in buildings without additional heating in March.

It is also important to find the right type of radish. Greenhouse varieties are suitable for early planting in shelters, and for planting in open ground - more hardy. It is important to pay attention to this, otherwise the radish can go into the arrows and not give a harvest.

Also, it will not be superfluous to germinate radishes before planting. So he will give a harvest faster, and some summer residents are convinced that he will be many times better.

Fertilizing radish

Do I need to feed the radish? In principle, the growing season for radish is short, which means that it needs little nutrition. However, it would be rash to land it in empty ground. Before planting, you need to add a bucket of compost and a glass of wood ash to the ground. This will be enough to get a good harvest of radishes.

It is also worth dusting the radish leaves with wood ash between waterings, this will protect the plant from cruciferous flea beads. If you have not fertilized the soil, the radish will need to be fed after the first leaves appear. Then it is advisable to apply nitrogen fertilizers.

The second time you can feed the radish when the roots appear. Then it is better to apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizer, but in no case nitrogen. It is also worth making sure that the radish does not grow too densely, then the stems are stretched out and the root crop grows small and hollow.

Now you know when to sow radishes. If you follow all these recommendations, you will soon get your first harvest. Even from the very memory, this fresh and slightly pungent smell of fresh radish appears in the air. A quick harvest to you, dear gardener!


Thinning

If the usual planting method was chosen, then you will have to think about how to thin out the carrots correctly and when to do it.

Key recommendations

Before thinning carrots, there are a few helpful tips to read.

Quite often, the plant is grown outdoors. In this case, thinning should be carried out only in cloudy weather, so that it is not too hot outside. If it grows indoors, then you can get rid of the overgrowth at any time. The main thing is that the risen bushes are not in the sun at this moment.

You can also consult the lunar calendar to choose the most appropriate time to remove the growth.

During the work, the garden should be thoroughly watered. This is done to make it easier to extract the plant and at the same time not to damage the seedlings that are nearby. After thinning, carrots are watered again so that the soil around it could settle. Cuttings cannot be re-planted, so they can be thrown away immediately.

Instruments

To thin out the bushes, it is recommended to use special improvised means. Various tools are used for this. Some people prefer to remove excess leaves of carrots with tweezers. It allows you to get rid of even small leaves that are near the ground. However, most gardeners thin out carrots with scissors. Quite often they are used to speed up the workflow. Also, scissors are indispensable if you need to remove the bushes completely.

First thinning

Initially, bushes that grow thicker develop faster. The plant grows better and does not often get sick with dangerous diseases. However, after a while, young bushes do not have enough moisture and some of them begin to gradually die. Their leaves become dry, and the fruits stop developing altogether. It is because of this that they need to be periodically broken through.

Many gardeners do not know how to thin out carrots the first time. In this case, you need to break through the bushes in such a way that the distance between them is half that in the used layout. It is better to get rid of weak shoots in order to speed up the development of good bushes. Before starting the procedure, the soil should be well moistened to make it easier to remove unnecessary bushes. If they are planted too densely, then you can simply pinch the top of the unnecessary plants.

After all the bushes in the garden have been thinned, the soil is watered and compacted.

Second decimation

The next time the procedure is carried out after 25-30 days. If the carrots are overgrown, then they can be thinned out after 15 days. During this time, she should have a sufficient number of extra sheets that need to be disposed of. After the second thinning, the distance between the bushes should be about 5-7 cm. This will improve the process of root crop formation in the future.

It is not recommended to make too great a distance between the bushes, as this can negatively affect the size and quality of the carrot root crops.


Top dressing at the planting stage

If you are planning to get radishes in the open ground or under cover, you need to take care of feeding it back in the fall, when digging and preparing the beds. At this time, organic matter and mineral fertilizers are applied at the same time.For each m2 of beds, 0.5 buckets of rotted manure, 50 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potash salt are embedded in the soil.

Fresh manure, especially poultry manure, is not recommended: it contains too much nitrogen, besides, radishes tend to accumulate nitrates in root crops.

You can take any potassium fertilizers, including chlorine-containing ones: the vegetable tolerates this element well. The ratio of N, P and K for radish should be as follows: 38:12:50.

You can also feed radishes in the spring, before sowing seeds in the ground. To do this, the site is again dug up and 5 kg of organic matter, 1 tbsp of sifted ash, 10 g of carbamide, 40 g of superphosphate per 1 m 2 of area are introduced into the soil. Then organic matter and granules are embedded in the soil with a rake, evenly distributing them in the soil.

Another composition of spring fertilizers for radish is also possible:

  • humus - 3-4 kg
  • potassium sulfide and superphosphate - 25-40 g.
  • saltpeter - 10-15 g.

The dosage of the listed mixtures is per 1 m 2 of beds. In either case, mineral fertilizers can be replaced with ordinary ash, which contains all the necessary elements except nitrogen.

You can use complex mineral fertilizers and growth stimulants. Application rate - according to the instructions for use of the selected product. After embedding organic matter or granules in the soil, it must be well leveled with a rake so that they do not accumulate in one place.

Radish is not a very demanding crop for soil acidity; it can grow on neutral, alkaline and slightly acidic soils. But he does not like too acidic soils, so they need to be calcified in the fall or spring during the preparation of the beds.


Optimal timing of fertilization

Top dressing of radishes is carried out 1-3 times during the growth period. The first application of fertilizers is carried out in the fall, so that by the onset of the warm season, the soil has time to "recreate" the required chemical composition. The second time is in the spring, before planting the radishes in the open ground. Now they check the acidity of the earth using a special meter and, if necessary, adjust it. For the third time, the radish is fed after the appearance of 2-3 leaves. However, this is done only if fertilization is indispensable.


Features of seed preparation and sowing

Before sowing, it is important to prepare high-quality seed:

  • sort, separate the largest seeds
  • soak the seeds in a damp cloth for 24 hours
  • soak in hot water immediately before sowing
  • after soaking, treat with a growth stimulant (Vympel or Oracle preparations) and dry.

Late varieties of radish with large roots are planted in rows at a distance of 10-25 cm. The seeds are buried no more than 2 cm, otherwise they will sprout for a long time, the harvest will appear later, and in late summer and autumn this is undesirable due to a drop in temperature. Before sowing, the bottom of the seed grooves is moistened with water, since the sown bed is not watered. If you water the garden bed after sowing, a crust forms; loosening it can damage the emerging seedlings.



Previous Article

Yemen - Story of my trip to Yemen

Next Article

Colette potatoes - a guest from Germany at our dachas