It is very convenient to have a "green" bed on a windowsill or balcony. Practical housewives do just that, because dill is good both as a component of any salad and as a seasoning for hot dishes. In winter, fragrant greens will remind you of the warm summer and replenish the vitamin reserve.
Such a seemingly simple matter as planting dill on the windowsill also has its own nuances, without which the first experience can be unsuccessful. In this article, we will reveal all the subtleties and secrets of growing bright, lush and many beloved greenery.
Many people think that growing dill at home on a windowsill is very easy. All in all, I threw the seeds into the ground and it’s ready, water it from time to time and wait for the harvest. With this approach, instead of fragrant thickets of green dill, in the planting box, pitiful, yellow-green blades of grass on a thin long leg with rare herringbone leaves stick out. But if you apply basic knowledge of agricultural technology and responsibly approach the purchase of planting material, choose a suitable soil for planting and devote a part of your time to caring for plants, then the result will not take long.
To choose the right dill seeds for your home garden, you need to know the characteristics of the varieties.
By their nature, dill seeds germinate for a very long time, because they contain a large amount of essential oils. Therefore, before planting, they must be soaked in warm water for 5-8 hours. High-quality seeds will sink to the bottom, and empty and non-emerging ones will float on the surface. After the specified time, drain the water and place the seed in a slightly pink manganese solution at room temperature for 2-3 hours. This will help disinfect the seeds and prevent possible diseases.
The soil for planting must be fertile. You can buy it in the store, or you can cook it yourself in the autumn. To do this, you need to take soft garden soil and mix with purchased seedling soil, if possible, add a little wood ash if possible. If only a purchased substrate is used, then vermicompost must be included in its composition, and the addition of coconut fiber will also be useful.
Balcony flower boxes are ideal as "beds"; in the absence of such, pots are also suitable. But in a small container, dill will be cramped and it will grow worse. Do not forget about the drainage and holes at the bottom of the planting container. Broken pieces of brick or small pebbles are placed on the bottom of the pot so that excess moisture can be released during watering.
Seeds pre-dried on a paper towel can be sown without indentations, sprinkled on top with a thin layer of dry earth. It is also possible to land in grooves with a depth of about 1-2 centimeters. Having previously moistened the soil, put the seeds on the bottom and sprinkle on top with peat or loose substrate.
Dill can be planted in any order, but the plants should not "crowd" on a small patch. To prevent this from happening, the seeds should not be sown with a pinch, but laid out one by one, hooked with a pre-moistened toothpick or match. Separately growing bushes are stronger and more branched. After sowing, sprinkle the top layer of earth from a spray bottle and close it on top with cling film, making a indoor mini-greenhouse.
Seed boxes are placed on the sunny side. As the soil dries up, the seedlings need careful watering. The favorable temperature for germinating seeds is 17-18 degrees. Until the dill emerges from the ground, lowering the temperature background is not desirable.
The first shoots will appear in a week. More friendly shoots will be in about 10-12 days.
Sowing and waiting for the first greens is half the battle. The most difficult task is to preserve and grow a decent harvest, because small blades of grass are quite capricious and require constant attention.
After the appearance of green shoots, the film should be removed from the box. If dill is grown during a long daylight hours, then the care consists in timely watering, removing weeds, spraying and periodically turning the "bed" 180 degrees so that the sprouts do not lean towards the sun and grow evenly.
After cutting, dill does not grow back and so that there is always a fragrant seasoning on the table, it must be sown periodically.
Dill growing in winter is not much different from spring growing. Preparatory work and care for young shoots remain unchanged. But in cold weather there is very little sun, and without ultraviolet radiation, the plants will be weak, stunted and completely unappetizing. Therefore, they will need additional lighting. If the seedlings are on the window, then they can be illuminated only in the morning, by turning on a special lamp for 5-6 hours. If the containers with seedlings are located far from natural light, then the backlighting should be throughout the day, about 15 hours.
It is recommended occasionally, about 2 times a month, to feed with complex fertilizers, it will be good to water it with urea, preparing a solution according to the attached instructions. The right temperature for good growth of greenery is 17-19 degrees. But a non-critical downgrade won't do any harm either.
Dill grows at home at any time of the year. Between March and September, this may not cause any particular problems. And in winter and late autumn, such a business will be quite troublesome and will entail additional cash costs. Periodic fluorescent lighting will increase power consumption.
How to grow dill at home in winter
Many people try to grow dill on the window in winter, but not everyone succeeds. This spice is more difficult to cultivate indoors than to expel green onions or root parsley. The problem is that dill, despite its unpretentiousness, is photophilous. In apartments, even in summer, he may not have enough light. It is all the more difficult to get a harvest in winter, when the daylight hours are short.
The success of growing dill on the windowsill at home during the off-season consists of three factors:
One way to grow geraniums indoors is by planting seeds. They should be brown, dense, oblong in shape. It is better to purchase seed in specialized shops for the garden and vegetable garden. Only in this case can one expect that the flower will grow in the desired shade, be beautiful and durable.
When buying seeds, you should pay attention to the plant variety, since the order of flower care, the frequency of watering, the required microclimate, as well as the color and size of the plant depend on this.
There are more than 250 varieties of this culture, so it is quite easy to find the one you like. Pelargonium is of two types: blooming and scented. For indoor cultivation, white, red and fragrant geraniums are often chosen. How to properly grow pelargonium from seeds? This will be discussed further.
The moon helps flower growers in planting, picking, processing from pests and diseases, transplanting, etc. And when choosing the timing for sowing lobelia for seedlings, it is recommended to seek help from the lunar calendar of 2021 to determine favorable and unfavorable numbers.
Best days to plant lobelia:
Days on which sowing is not recommended:
Green crops in the apartment are assigned the brightest places, while taking care that the direct rays of the sun do not fall on the pots.
If sowing dill even at home takes place from March to August, plants create lush bushes on well-lit windowsills and do not require additional lighting.
But most often dill is grown at home in the winter. And here you cannot do without artificial illumination of landings. It is best to hang a special phytolamp at a height of 50-60 cm from the home plantation, giving the spectrum necessary for the plants. If this is not possible, white fluorescent lamps will do. Taking into account the illumination, daylight hours for dill on the windowsill should last up to 13-15 hours. This measure is especially important at the stage of emergence, until the plants have risen and matured.
By receiving the required amount of light, the bushes will not lean against the window pane, stretch out and look weakened.
How to grow dill on a windowsill so that the supply of greens to the table is uninterrupted? Unlike parsley, which for a long time releases new leaves instead of the harvested ones, dill practically does not form greens after cutting. Therefore, 14–20 days after the first sowing, the next batch of seeds is sown. In this case, on the windowsill there will always be dill ready for harvest with marketable greens of approximately 10 centimeters in length.
For growing on a windowsill, dill can be planted from March to August, getting greens at home all year round. The culture is not demanding on temperature, but the best will be the range from +16 ° С to +20 ° С. To get dill seedlings at home, the plant needs at least 15 hours of daylight.
Plants tolerate transplanting well at a young age. If the planted seeds have sprouted too densely, then the seedlings can not only be thinned out, but transplanted into another container. The first 3-4 days, the transplanted bushes should be covered with newspaper or a light cloth from the sun's rays.
Dill can be easily grown on a windowsill in the spring. Warmth, bright sunlight will provide everything necessary for the development of the plant. Growing dill in winter at home is different from spring and autumn.
Tips for beginners on how to grow dill on a windowsill in winter:
Dill is a long day plant, so the best place to grow the spice is the sill of a south or southeast facing window.
Dill grows well on the balcony. A large amount of sunlight, fluctuations in day and night temperatures, high air humidity help to get strong, not elongated plants with dark green lush foliage on the windowsill.
Before planting at home, you need to soak the dill seeds. Due to the preservative essential oils, the emergence of seedlings is delayed. This time will be reduced if you carry out pre-sowing treatment - soaking:
Only drowned seeds are suitable for sowing, floating ones are not viable.