Plumeria Repotting Guide – Tips On When To Repot Plumerias


By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden

If you grow the beautiful and exotic plumeria,you may have questions about its care. Growing the plant in a containerrequires repotting a plumeria yearly, in most cases. This encourages optimum growthand beauty. Plumeria repotting is not complicated, requiring a gentle touch andclean pruners. Let’s look at the specifics.

How to Repot Plumeria

Repot this small tree when it is dormant, in fall or winter.You can check the roots to make sure it is time to repot. If it has been over ayear, you’re likely to see a rootbound plant. This limits health and growth. Check the root system byremoving from the container.

Loosen the roots, removing old soil. If roots are spiralingaround the plant, gently cut through with a single cut, using sharp knife orpruners. Tease their roots downward with fingers.

Use a new container just a size above the one it grows in currently.Using a container that is larger than one size above leaves room for soil toremain too wet, which will damage the tree.

Have a well-draining soil mix ready. Add it one third up in thenew container. Put the prepared plant into the container and backfill, tampingsoil down as you go.

Water in lightly. Moisten the soil, but do not drench. Ifyou did not fertilize before dormancy, give it a light feeding of liquidhouseplant fertilizer high in phosphate.

Other Plumeria Transplant Tips

You may take cuttings from your plumeria to start new ones. Cuttings should be from the end of ahealthy, unblemished plant and 12 to 18 inches (30-46 cm.) long. Plant them ina small container and be careful not to overwater. You may include more thanone cutting in each container but allow room to work with each. These willlikely bloom the first year.

Get the soil right for repotting a plumeria. You may makeyour own soil mix from two parts each peat and potting soil and adding one-partcompost and one-part coarse sand. Mix well in preparation for your repotting.This will encourage fast drainage, needed to keep the tree from rot. Always becareful not to overwater.

Clean pruners between each cut with alcohol on a paper towelor an alcohol wipe. This prevents the spread of fungus and disease that mayattack your plumeria.

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Tropical Plumeria

Time To Re-Pot Your Plumeria

The best time to re-pot your Plumeria is during the winter. Most people don't think about it until after the plant has begun to grow in spring or summer. If you take care of this task while dormant, the plant is protected from shock and damage to leaves. It is just safer and easier to do. Re-potting will give the root system more room to grow and increases the plants ability to absorb nutrients and transport them to the trunk. It will encourage the plant to grow, be more healthy, and flower. Of course flowers are what we all want, right?

Here are the steps we take when transplanting our Plumeria to larger pots.

1. Start between late Nov to March

2. Your Plumeria needs to be re-potted when the roots start creeping out the drain holes or if the roots are packed together at the bottom of the pot.

3. Grab the lower part of the trunk and pull the whole root ball out of the pot.

4. Wash the dirt out of the roots.

At this point if you want to use the same pot, you can trim off about 15%-20% of the root ends. This will provide some room for your plant to grow in the same pot and defer some expense for another year. Only do this once per pot size as you don't want the tree to grow out of proportion with the root ball. This will eventually cause the root system to be too small to supply the tree with adequate amounts of water and nutrients. After trimming the roots, put the plants back into the pot and fill with well draining soil mixtures.

5. Have a pot ready to go that is 1 or 2 sizes larger than the original. You want to avoid using a pot that is several sizes larger as this can encourage bacteria to develop in the soil.

6. Plant the Plumeria in the new pot and fill in around and between the exposed roots with soil. 50% soil and 50% perilite is a good match to create a well draining mix. Cactus soil mix is also a great choice as it works well and is already made for you.

7. Wait for spring to arrive and enjoy another year of Plumeria fragrance!


How to Grow a Plumeria

Last Updated: February 12, 2021 References Approved

This article was co-authored by Monique Capanelli. Monique Capanelli is a Plant Specialist and the Owner and Designer for Articulture Designs, an innovative design firm and boutique in Austin, Texas. With over 15 years of experience, Monique specializes in interior botanical design, living walls, event decor, and sustainable landscape design. She attended the University of Texas at Austin. Monique is a Certified Permaculture Designer. She provides plant and botanical design experiences, from small gifts to entire transformations, to shoppers as well as commercial clients including Whole Foods Market and The Four Seasons.

There are 16 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

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Plumeria trees have large, lush leaves and striking flowers that are often strung onto Hawaiian leis. They thrive in warmer climates, but you can totally still grow one in a pot indoors if you live somewhere that experiences freezing temperatures. [1] X Expert Source

Monique Capanelli
Plant Specialist Expert Interview. 22 September 2020. We’ve put together the ultimate plumeria care guide to help you nurture and grow your very own. The steps below will walk you through everything you need to know, like how to plant plumeria, water it, and give it the conditions it needs to thrive.


How do you care for a Plumeria plant

1# Soil requirements

The Plumeria is an addition to wonderful scenery very suitable for the cultivation vessels. Although it is a resistant plant and does well in any type of soil, Plumeria does best in well-drained soil, either in the soil or in pots. A soil with very good drainage and excellent use of other beneficial organics.

Potting is recommended if moving the plant is necessary because it takes time. If you want the appearance of Plumeria growing in the soil, bury the plant in the nursery pot. You can dig it up when the seasonal temperature drops.

2# Sunlight requirement

Like most flowering plants, Plumeria trees need a lot of sunlight for proper flowering. If you grow the plant in pots, it will do best in the afternoon shade otherwise, direct sunlight or at least 6 hours of sunlight is preferred.

3# Watering the Plumeria Tree

When watering Plumeria trees, remember that they don’t like wet feet. Water frequently when the plant has a lot of foliage and flowers, usually from March to late November. Water only when the soil dries out.

When summer rains come and are actively growing, there is no need to think about watering. When the leaves start to fall, stop watering. Do not water the plant again until you see new leaves. Watering the plants while they are in lethargy leads to the death of the plant.

4# Plumeria Fertilizer

Like most flowering plants, a Plumeria fertilizer provides high levels of phosphorus, especially when the flowers are growing. Look for a fertilizer with a high average number, like 10-30-10. If you are applying a liquid fertilizer with a high phosphorus content, apply it once every 4-5 weeks.

Do not overfeed with nitrogen or you will end up with longer, weaker stems and less flowering, as nitrogen stimulates the growth of foliage.

5# Best growing temperatures

Plumeria does well at average temperatures ranging from 65°-85°degrees Fahrenheit. The plant tolerates high temperatures, although you need to water it more often. Bring the plant indoors when temperatures drop below 55 degrees Fahrenheit.

6# Plumeria pruning to control size

Prune Plumeria tropical just to control their size, shape or remove sick and broken branches. Avoid tearing or damaging the bark when removing long, heavy branches. The plant can tolerate pruning throughout the year, although pruning in winter reduces Plumeria flowers in spring.

7# Young plant transplant

In early spring, when the roots of the plants fill the plant’s container, move them to a larger pot. Make sure that the larger pot has drainage holes to help prevent root rot.

8# Take a winter break in the plumeria trees

Most varieties of Plumeria fall asleep in the winter months, requiring a good night’s sleep. Store them in a cold room, garage or basement. Make sure the temperature does not drop below 55 degrees Fahrenheit.


Comments (13)

Beachplant

It will start to go dormant soon. Leave it alone. In the spring, I do mine in February but you may want to wait till March, cut it back. Let the cuttings air dry for 2-3 weeks. Put them in a pot of good potting soil, water well then set them aside & ignore them. Don't water. When you see signs of new growth then you can start watering & move them to a sunnier location. I put my cuttings in the back under the trees, they get a little water when it rains but no supplemental watering. When they start to sprout or grow I start watering regularly. Don't let them get too wet or they will rot. If you cut the tree back in early spring the sap will not be in the limbs yet and you will have less damage to the tree.
Tally HO!

Carolann_z8

Thanks Tally. I just found a site that gives some info. on them.

I don't think it says when to repot but it says pertty much what you said about rooting cuttings.

Plumeria trees are tropical and therefore must have conditions at least approximating tropical/subtropical in order to flourish. Plumeria do best in full sun with at least a half day's sun exposure to bloom properly. They do well when potted in an appropriate size pot to the size of the tree in well drained soil. The appropriate sized pot acts as a ballast for the tree so that it does not blow over in a breeze. The following is a list of items important to growing plumeria:

FERTILIZER HIGH IN PHOSPHORUS (NPK MIDDLE NUMBER)

WATER SOLUBLE FERTILIZER SHOULD HAVE A PHOSPHORUS CONTENT OF 50 OR HIGHER

GRANULAR FERTILIZER SHOULD HAVE A PHOSPHORUS CONTENT OF 20 OR HIGHER

PLANT IN A WELL DRAINED SOIL

MAKE SURE THE DRAIN HOLES IN THE POT ARE NOT CLOGGED, SO EXCESS WATER CAN DRAIN

PLUMERIA MAY BE GROWN INDOORS WITH GROW LIGHTS

PLUMERIA DO WELL IN SCREENED POOL CAGES IF THE CAGE IS IN FULL SUN

WHEN ROOTING PLUMERIA SUBMERGE NO MORE THAN 3 INCHES INTO THE SOIL FOR A 12" TO 16" CUTTING

DO NOT WATER PLUMERIA WHILE THEY ARE ROOTING

THE ROOTING PROCESS SHOULD TAKE 4 TO 6 WEEKS IN LATE SPRING AND SUMMER

ROOTING PLUMERIA IS SUCCESSFUL AT MINIMUM TEMPERATURES OF 60 DEGREES

YOU MAY USE ROOTING HORMONE IF YOU WISH, IN MOST CASES IT IS NOT NECESSARY

DARK REDS AND SINGAPORES ARE THE MOST DIFFICULT TO ROOT

BEGIN SLIGHT WATERING OF A ROOTING PLUMERIA WHEN THE LEAVES ARE WELL DEVELOPED

ONCE THE LEAF HEAD HAS FULLY DEVELOPED YOU CAN WATER NORMALLY

REGARDLESS OF POPULAR OPINION PLUMERIA LIKE WATER, JUST NOT TOO MUCH

WATERING SCHEDULE DEPENDS ON THE TIME OF YEAR

THE HOTTER THE WEATHER THE MORE WATER IS NECESSARY TO KEEP LUSH GREEN FOLIAGE

IF A BUD IS PRESENT IN A PLUMERIA CUTTING, IT MAY VERY WELL BLOOM WHILE ROOTING

WHEN DORMANT (WINTER, DECEMBER THRU FEBRUARY/MARCH), DO NOT WATER

REMOVE AND COLD DAMAGE IMMEDIATELY (CUT UNTIL CENTER IS WHITE

BEGIN WATERING AND FERTILIZING AT THE FIRST SIGN OF THE GROWTH TIP COMING TO LIFE (IT BECOMES WET LOOKING)

PLUMERIA ARE HARDY TO 33 DEGREES

IF GROWN INSIDE OR IN A GREENHOUSE, PLUMERIA ARE SUBJECT TO (WHITEFLIES, SPIDERMITES, & MEALY BUGS)

THEY ALL CAN BE CONTROLLED WITH WEEKLY APPLICATIONS OF INSECTICIDAL SOAP

ROOTBOUND PLUMERIA BLOW OVER IN A SLIGHT WIND, REPOT OR ROOT PRUNE

ESTABLISHED PLUMERIA TREES, GROWING IN THE GROUND CAN TOLERATE LOW WATER CONDITIONS (XERISCAPE)

PLUMERIA MAY BE PRUNED MOST ANY TIME OF THE YEAR, BUT WINTER IS OPTIMUM

DO NOT EXPECT FLOWERS FOR SEVERAL YEARS ON LIMBS OF SMALL TREES WHICH HAVE BEEN PRUNED

LARGE ESTABLISHED TREES ARE CAPABLE OF BLOOMING THE SAME YEAR THEY ARE PRUNED

PLUMERIA GROWN FROM SEED DO NOT NECESSARILY HOLD TRUE TO THE PARENT

ON AVERAGE, A SEEDLING WILL NOT BLOOM UNTIL IT IS 3 YEARS OLD

CUTTINGS ARE FAR AND AWAY THE BEST METHOD OF STARTING PLUMERIA

POTTING SOIL OR PERLITE OR A COMBINATON THEREOF ARE GOOD FOR ROOTING CUTTINGS


Watch the video: Growing Plumerias with Steve Hampson


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