Planet Mars - Panorama - Video


Panorama of the planet Mars

Here is the planet Mars.

The footage was taken by NASA's Opportunity spacecraft which has been on the planet Mars since January 2004, and these images were taken in November 2010.

The video was processed using material from NASA, the American space agency.

NASA has released a panorama of Mars (VIDEO)

NASA has released a video of Mars, shot with the help of Curiosity.

The panorama is composed of images taken of the mountain range in the Gale crater, the shooting was made just before the winter solstice on Mars, the planet's sky was clear, this allowed us to obtain many details.

Curiosity is a third generation complex, it has a chemical laboratory. The landing of the rover on Mars took place on August 6, 2012. At the beginning of 2018, Curiosity "walked" the planet 18 kilometers.


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Mars and man. Myth and myths of the red planet

To forge the myth of Mars, man did not wait for the July 15, 1965 when the American space probe Mariner 4 sent the first close-up images of its surface to Earth. The red and ferrous planet of our neighbor in the solar system has crossed the centuries in the history of civilizations, sciences and art. Known (and often feared) since ancient times, he was the god of war in classical Rome, a red star, a harbinger of war omens. When science joined mythology, scholars such as Aristotle began to calculate its distance from our planet when Mars passed behind the disk of the Moon.

In the 17th century, the development of optical instruments made it possible to observe the red planet in much more detail. Also Galileo observed Mars, but the first to draw a map of the surface was the Dutchman Christiaan Huygens. In 1666 the Italian Giandomenico Cassini he was the first to register its revolution around its own axis (24 hours like the Earth).

In the 19th century, thanks to the technological revolution that allowed Giovanni Schiaparelli of observing dark streaks that he called "channels", the myth of the possibility of life forms on Mars was fueled. In the years of Jules Verne's fantastic travels, the red planet becomes the protagonist and often antagonist of the science fiction stories of the late nineteenth century: the most representative work is recognized in the work of the British writer Herbert G. Wells "The War of the Worlds", the first and paradigmatic example of an alien invasion of the Earth by the inhabitants of the red planet. Wells' idea will be revived in 1938 by Orson Welles who simulated a Martian invasion in New Jersey by interrupting radio broadcasts, a twist to present the series "War of the worlds". During the following century the golden age of Mars in fantastic literature continues with the"Martian Tales"by Edward R. Burroughs and especially with"The Martian Chronicles"by Ray Bradbury, 28 short stories about the conquest of the planet by a terrestrial crew. The work, from 1950, inaugurates the two most fertile decades in the history of science fiction in cinema and literature. Mars colonizes or is colonized by terrestrials, enters the world of comics and television series. He appears in the first video games, on pinball machine panels, in Looney Tunes cartoons (with Marvin the Martian). At the beginning of the 70s if Pink Floyd mentions the Moon, they choose Mars David Bowie in 1971 ("Life on Mars?") and Elton John in 1972 ("Rocket Man").

The cinematic strand continues and will include clever parodies such as Mars Attacks! by Tim Burton (1996) ironic summa of science fiction of the 50s-60s. At the beginning of the new millennium, two NASA rovers reach the surface of Mars: they are Opportunity and Curiosity. On 20 September 2015, the latter sends revolutionary images to Earth, which indicate the presence of salt water on the red planet. Just as Ridley Scott presented in Toronto "The Martian", with Matt Damon taking up the sci-fi themes of half a century earlier. The myth of the red planet and its fantastic inhabitants continues.

The interest of geologists

The rover is specifically exploring the Glen Torridon region, immortalized in the shots released by NASA, since January 2019. It is an area very rich in clay minerals trapped in the sedimentary rock layers, which is why it is of great interest to planetary geologists. The study of these rocks, also thanks to the high resolution images captured by Curiosity, can provide important information on the history of the climate of Mars.

How's this for 2020 vision? Over the holidays, I took a series of high-res photos of my hometown on #Mars. This panorama is made up of a crisp 1.8 billion pixels. It's my most detailed view to date.

Perseverance, the NASA rover landed on Mars

The first images taken by the rover that landed on Mars after a journey that began 7 months ago

There couldn't be a better name than Perseverance for the NASA / JPL (Jet Propulsion Laboratory) rover which at 21:43 tonight arrived on the surface of Mars, even if on earth the confirmation arrived only at 21:55, since the radio signals take about 11 and a half minutes to cross the space up to us. And another seven minutes were required to complete the descent to the red planet, to slow down the capsule, release the heat shield, fire the exoskeleton rockets to search for an optimal landing spot and then free Perseverance with its twenty cameras and, for the first time, the microphones that will pick up the noises of the Martian winds for the first time.

This is the fifth rover that man has sent to Mars since 1997, and the answer to the question of why we continue to invest in these missions after we have found traces of water, organic substances, methane and more, we must think that this time the probe terrestrial landed in a former lake, so we will have a good chance of finding more obvious traces of a past Martian life. And then because Perseverance, which left Cape Canaveral on July 30, 2020, will be able to collect samples and analyze them, stow them until, in a year or two, another probe reaches it and takes these samples to Earth. It will do this with an analysis tool called Sherloc (nothing to do with the investigator, but the acronym for Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics & Chemicals), a radio scanner that measures how the elements present in the samples reflect particular radio waves.

The rover will also carry out an experiment to test the generation of oxygen on the Red Planet potentially useful for bringing humans aboard future missions, while the small and the Ingenuity helicopter will be able to validate the use of flying drones. Ultimately Perseverance will have to demonstrate a high scientific return to continue working beyond its primary mission of at least one Martian year (687 Earth days). But if successful, the mission could serve as a crucial turning point in the exploration of the planet.

This is the first photo taken by Perseverance that shows us the soil of Mars.

Mars (NASA / JPL-Caltech)

Why on the red planet

Mars is a planet that is potentially habitable in the future, so it is worth getting to know it better as we found water on Saturn's moon, Enceladus, and on Jupiter's moon Europa. Last year, a highly controversial discovery, that of phosphine in the atmosphere of Venus, spurred some claims about life on the planet, although experts say further investigation will be needed to understand whether the phosphine signature is spurious or persistent. Where does it come from. While there is something special on Mars that has actually spurred three new missions that have recently arrived and are currently approaching. Meanwhile, it is a planet close enough to Earth that it can be visited relatively easily with current technology, with the two planets, ours and the red one, aligning giving us the best launch opportunities every two years or so. Finally, its atmosphere is difficult to cross but not impossible.

Another feature of Mars are surface rocks that show evidence of the planet's evolution through much of the solar system's 4.5 billion years of history. Precisely for this Perseverance can give its best, landing in the Jezero crater, a place where water once flowed, similar to the rich Nile delta in Egypt today. And since any microbe leaves biological traces in the rocks, we will have a very good chance of discovering the red planet's past from these biological forms. Perseverance is therefore a very important mission and demonstrates that it is essential to continue to explore it. Well, last October, NASA's Sofia flying telescope illuminated the Jazero crater with its radio waves, discovering that under the ground there could be a large amount of water.

In the history of human space exploration we have been up there several times. The Opportunity probe (2004), also from NASA, was designed to last 90 days and instead lasted almost 15 Earth years during which it conducted epic explorations. A few days ago both the Hope mission of the United Arab Emirates and the Chinese Tianwen-1 arrived in Martian orbit to begin their work. Both nations have ambitious plans in store: Hope will serve as a long-term weather station on Mars, gathering information about the atmosphere to look for weather and climate patterns, while Tianwen-1 is an orbiter-rover-lander combination that, among other things , could search for valuable water supplies beneath the Martian surface using radar they see in the ground. Even earlier, fifty years ago, NASA's Mariner launched in the 1960s suggested a world as dry as the moon. And only Mariner 9, an orbital mission that arrived in 1971 showed the diversity of Mars, including a vast canyon system called Valles Marineris and a series of fairly tall volcanoes. While two landing missions, Vikings 1 and 2 in the 1970s and 1980s searched in vain for evidence of life, while subsequent missions from the 1990s onwards searched for evidence of water on Mars, and we found quite a few. of evidence on the surface, in the polar ice caps and probably also underground. China's Tianwen-1 rover is expected to land in May and Europe plans to send the Rosalind Franklin rover in 2022. The Sojourner in 1997 tested mobility on Mars Spirit in 2005 and Curiosity in 2012 climbed mountains.

-> Mars seen at 360 ° and in high definition: the photos taken by the Perseverance rover ->

High definition photography

From the Perseverance rover comes the first exciting panorama of Mars in high definition and 360 degrees. Taken from the point where it landed, in the Jezero crater, it consists of 142 individual images taken with the Mastcam-Z camera last Saturday, three days after its arrival on the Red Planet. The photo was published yesterday by NASA.

The panorama, which is added to the other one published last Friday (which was not in HD, however), can be zoomed in. This way you can see details with a resolution of 3-5 millimeters. There Mastcam-Z from Perserverance it is similar to the one installed on the Curiosity rover, on Mars since 2012, but more capable, since it also has the zoom.

NASA has organized for today (at 22.00 Italian time) a question and answer session to discuss the panorama in detail, which will be attended by Elsa Jensen, from the group that manages Mastcam-Z, and Kjartan Kinch, from the University of Copenhagen. HANDLE

TAG: Mars, space

Video: Amazing HD Mars Panoramic Images

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