Tyto alba - Barn Owl


BARBAGE


The barn owl, an incredible and beautiful bird of prey, unfortunately too often a victim of popular beliefs that secure it from misfortune.

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom

:

Animalia

Phylum

:

Chordata

Subphylum

:

Vertebrata

Class

:

Aves

Order

:

Strigiformes

Family

:

Tytonidae

Subfamily

:

Tytoninae

Kind

:

Tyto

Species

:

Tyto alba

Subspecies

:

Tyto alba affinis

Subspecies

:

T. alba alba

Subspecies

:

T. alba bargei

Subspecies

:

T. alba bondi

Subspecies

:

Tyto alba contempta

Subspecies

:

T. alba crassirostris

Subspecies

:

T. alba delicatula

Subspecies

:

Tyto alba deroepstorffi

Subspecies

:

T. alba detorts

Subspecies

:

T. alba erlangeri

Subspecies

:

Tyto alba ernesti

Subspecies

:

T. alba furcata

Subspecies

:

Tyto alba gracilirostris

Subspecies

:

T. alba guatemalae

Subspecies

:

T. alba guttata

Subspecies

:

T. alba hellmayri

Subspecies

:

T. alba hypermetra

Subspecies

:

T. alba insularis

Subspecies

:

T. alba javanica

Subspecies

:

T. alba lucayana

Subspecies

:

T. alba meeki

Subspecies

:

Tyto alba nigrescens

Subspecies

:

T. alba niveicauda

Subspecies

:

T. alba poensis

Subspecies

:

T. alba pratincola

Subspecies

:

T. alba punctatissima

Subspecies

:

Tyto alba schmitzi

Subspecies

:

T. alba stertens

Subspecies

:

T. alba subandeana

Subspecies

:

T. alba sumbaensis

Subspecies

:

Tyto alba thomensis

Subspecies

:

Tyto alba tuidara

Common name

: barn owl

GENERAL DATA

  • Body length: 32 - 40 cm
  • Wingspan: 105 - 110 cm
  • Weight: 430 - 620 gr
  • Lifespan: 1.8 - 2 years in the wild (17 years in captivity)
  • Sexual maturity:1 years

HABITAT AND GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

The barn owl, scientific name Tyto alba belongs to the great order of the stringiform which includes the nocturnal birds of prey where we also find, for example the owl and the owl, and is the only representative of the family Tytonidae in Europe.

It is a bird that is found in all continents with the exception of Antarctica and in all environments, from urban to rural habitats. Generally it does not live at high latitudes and prefers open environments and requires cavities where to nest such as hollow trees, cracks in the rocks but also granaries, ruins, artifacts, etc.

In Italy the barn owl is present almost everywhere, including several small islands, with the exception of the alpine areas.

The Tyto alba species includes many subspecies including the Tyto albaernesti which is found in Sardinia and Corsica which has paler and smaller individuals.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The barn owl is a medium-sized bird among the nocturnal birds of prey and has sexual morphism as the females are a little larger than the males and also differ in the color of the plumage as the chest is usually white in color but in the female it also remains speckled. of black dots; the back has a brick color with scattered spots on the feathers and the whole thing gives the barn owl a very elegant and formal look.

It has long legs with tarsi and poorly feathered toes with curved claws. The fingers are positioned in such a way as to have two in front and two behind (for example the eagle has one finger in front and three fingers behind) and one of the rear fingers has the ability to rotate if necessary, for example to better grasp a preda.

They have a very large and rounded head, devoid of ear tufts (what we find in the owl), light brown in color with a heart-shaped, white facial disc and two large dark eyes and a light colored beak.

Barn owls have very sharp eyesight both day and night with a field of view of 110 ° with binocular vision that is overcome thanks to the ability to turn the head up to 270 °.

They have the ear cavities placed asymmetrically and very large which allows them to better localize the sounds generated by a prey with a truly surprising ability to evaluate the movements of the prey. The barn owl's ears are very sensitive and can be closed with small flaps if the noise is too loud.

They have the ability to fly silently thanks to the particular conformation of the flight feathers (they are the feathers responsible for flight).

The barn owl has a very short lifespan (1.6 - 2 years maximum), usually most survive only one breeding season as the mortality rate can reach up to 75% in the first year of life.

CHARACTER, BEHAVIOR AND SOCIAL LIFE

The barn owl is a solitary animal or at most lives in pairs.

It is a nocturnal bird of prey for which its life takes place at night while during the day it remains hidden in shelters such as tree cavities, rock cavities, barns, bell towers or other artificial structures. Only if the night hunt was not successful, you can see it flying by day in search of food.


SERIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS DRAWING THE BARBAGE

They are sedentary animals and are hardly migratory.

COMMUNICATION AND PERCEPTION

The barn owl is an animal that communicates both with the body and with vocalizations.

The behavior, when he feels in danger, is characteristic: he spreads his wings and bows so as to show his back to the intruder by waving his head back and forth. This mimicry is accompanied by loud whistles and sounds. If this behavior does not discourage the intruder then the barn owl throws itself to the ground and / or strikes with its paws.

The singing is very particular and generally characterized by an almost strangled cry, very harsh and not very powerful as it is not audible from a distance.

The sounds it makes can express discomfort, search for a mate, danger, call for help, etc. (on the side we present three videos showing different sounds emitted by adult barn owls and by chicks).

It has been observed that when in captivity they emit much less vocalizations.

Barn owls have the extraordinary ability to locate prey even when they are immobile and hidden in the vegetation thanks to their particularly sensitive hearing that is able to perceive the smallest movements.

They have a great view even in the dark.

EATING HABITS

The barn owl is a stenophagous nocturnal predator that is to say that it feeds mainly on micro-mammals such as mice, voles, shrews, hares, rabbits but also small birds, frogs, lizards, insects.

The hunt begins after sunset based on very sharp eyesight but, when the darkness is very intense, then it uses the sound to locate the prey.

Like all stringiformes, it has the habit of regurgitating balls (wads) of animal parts that have not been digested such as feathers, hair, bones. Therefore, heaps of these balls are found near the places where it ate or near the nest and are essential to understand the eating habits of this bird but also to understand the prevailing ecosystem in a given area in consideration of the fact that they are sedentary animals and therefore hunt in the area where the wads are found.

REPRODUCTION AND GROWTH OF SMALL

The barn owl is a predominantly monogamous species (although there are cases of polygamy). Once a couple is formed, they stay together for life.

The courting flight consists of a series of twirls in the air accompanied by acute vocalizations: generally the male chases the female who also emits high-pitched sounds.

The barn owl mates at any time of the year and usually once a year. If there is a great abundance of food, it can mate and then identify even several times a year. In general, sexual maturity is reached both in the male and in the female at one year of age and in consideration of the fact that they have a short life span (1.8 - 2 years) they often mate once or only twice in their life.

Barn owls generally prefer to renovate old nests rather than build new ones. They generally nest in synanthropic situations, that is to say in areas modified by man such as the internal and marginal areas of urban centers, for example in old tall buildings, farmhouses, barns, ruins and various artifacts.

From 2 to 18 eggs are laid (as an average 4-7) at a distance of 2-3 days each.The eggs are hatched for about 30 - 34 days after which the chicks are born and will be fed by the female for about 25 days after the hatching.

During the hatching period of the eggs it is the male who brings food to the female as well as during the 25 days following the hatching it is always the male who provides food for the whole family even if it is only the female who feeds the little ones by reducing the food into small pieces. . The female also eats the feces of the young for the first few weeks to clean up the nest.

The chicks leave the nest to make the first flight after 50 - 70 days from the opening but return at night for about two months. After which they permanently leave the nest.

PREDATION

The barn owl has few predators. Sometimes the chicks can be killed by stoats, snakes and even the eagle owl. The smaller subspecies cultivated are preyed on by the golden eagle, buzzards, peregrine falcon, owl and others.

STATE OF THE POPULATION

Barn owl is classified in the IUNC Red list (2009.2) among animals with a minimal risk of extinction in the wild LEAST CONCERN (LC) in consideration of its great diffusion and of the fact that its population, on the whole, seems to be stable.

SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND ECOSYSTEM IMPORTANCE

There are no negative effects of the barn owl on humans while it has a more than positive effect on rodent populations and therefore represents an advantage for agriculture and human life in general.

CURIOSITY'

The barn owl was first classified in 1769 by GiovanniScopoli, an Italian naturalist.

In Italy it is a bird protected by the law, but unfortunately in many areas there is a belief that having it on the roof of one's house is an indication of misfortune so it is chased and killed together with the other nocturnal birds of prey.


Barn owl

The barn owl (Tyto alba) is the most widely distributed species of owl in the world and one of the most widespread of all species of birds. It is also known as the common barn owl, to distinguish it from the other species in its family, Tytonidae, which forms one of the two main lineages of living owls, the other being the typical owls (Strigidae). The barn owl is found almost everywhere in the world except for the polar and desert regions, Asia north of the Himalayas, most of Indonesia, and some Pacific islands. [2]

Strix alba Scopoli, 1769
Strix pratincola Bonaparte, 1838
Tyto delicatula Gould, 1837

Phylogenetic evidence shows that there are at least three major lineages of barn owl, one in Europe, western Asia and Africa, one in southeastern Asia and Australasia, and one in the Americas, and some highly divergent taxa on islands. Accordingly, some authorities split the group into the western barn owl for the group in Europe, western Asia and Africa, the eastern barn owl for the group in southeastern Asia and Australasia, and the American barn owl for the group in the Americas. Some taxonomic authorities further split the group, recognizing up to five species, and further research needs to be done to clarify the position. There is a considerable variation between the sizes and color of the approximately 28 subspecies, but most are between 33 and 39 cm (13 and 15 in) in length, with wingspans ranging from 80 to 95 cm (31 to 37 in). The plumage on head and back is a mottled shade of gray or brown, the underparts vary from white to brown and are sometimes speckled with dark markings. The face is characteristically heart-shaped and is white in most subspecies. This owl does not hoot, but utters an eerie, drawn-out screech.

The barn owl is nocturnal over most of its range, but in Great Britain and some Pacific islands, it also hunts by day. Barn owls specialize in hunting animals on the ground and nearly all of their food consists of small mammals which they locate by sound, their hearing being very acute. They usually mate for life unless one of the pair is killed, when a new pair bond may be formed. Breeding takes place at varying times of year according to the locality, with a clutch, averaging about four eggs, being laid in a nest in a hollow tree, old building or fissure in a cliff. The female does all the incubation, and she and the young chicks are reliant on the male for food. When large numbers of small prey are readily available, barn owl populations can expand rapidly, and globally the bird is considered to be of least conservation concern. Some subspecies with restricted ranges are more threatened.


Tyto alba [alba] (= Tyto alba alba) (Scopoli, 1769)

  • сводка
  • система таксонов
  • synonyms
  • карта
  • eBird
  • Wikipedia
  • NatureServe
  • ITIS
  • Flickr
  • Аудио
  • Другие ссылки

Отряд:
Strigiformes
Семейство:
Tytonidae
Род:
Tyto

Научный:
Tyto alba alba

цитирование:
(Scopoli, 1769)

Справка:
SmellIHist.-Nat. p.21

Протоним:
Strix alba

Avibase ID:
03A2C37FB9EC5272

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 177853

  • Tyto alba alba: W and s Europe w Canary Islands and North Africa
  • Tyto alba guttata: Central Europe east to sw European USSR and ne Greece
  • Tyto alba ernesti: Corsica and Sardinia
  • Tyto alba erlangeri: Crete and Cyprus to sw Iran, ne Egypt and s Arabian Peninsula
  • Tyto alba [affinis or hypermetra]: Sub-Saharan Africa, Zanzibar, Pemba, Madagascar, Comoros
  • Tyto alba schmitzi: Madeira and Porto Santo I.
  • Tyto alba gracilirostris: E Canary Islands (Fuerteventura, Lanzarote and Alegranza)
  • Tyto alba poensis: Bioko (Gulf of Guinea)
  • Tyto alba stertens: Indian subcontinent to n Sri Lanka, sw China and s Thailand
  • Показать больше.

Источники, признающие этот таксон

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Barn Owl [Eurasian] (Tyto alba [alba])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Barn Owl [Eurasian] (Tyto alba [alba])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Barn Owl [Eurasian] (Tyto alba [alba])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Barn Owl [Eurasian] (Tyto alba [alba])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Barn Owl [Eurasian] (Tyto alba [alba])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Barn Owl [Eurasian] (Tyto alba [alba])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Barn Owl [Eurasian] (Tyto alba [alba])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Barn Owl [Eurasian] (Tyto alba [alba])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Barn Owl [Eurasian] (Tyto alba [alba])
eBird version 1.50:
Barn Owl (Eurasian) (Tyto alba [alba Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Barn Owl (Eurasian) (Tyto alba [alba Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Barn Owl (Eurasian) (Tyto alba [alba Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Barn Owl (Eurasian) (Tyto alba [alba Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Barn Owl (Eurasian) (Tyto alba [alba Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Barn Owl (Eurasian) (Tyto alba [alba Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Barn Owl (Eurasian) (Tyto alba [alba Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Barn Owl (Eurasian) (Tyto alba [alba Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Barn Owl (Eurasian) (Tyto alba [alba Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Barn Owl (Eurasian) (Tyto alba [alba Group]) [version 1]

Таксономический статус:

Статус вида: subspecies group (sometimes a species)

Этот таксон является подвидом Tyto alba


Tyto alba

The common barn owl (Tyto alba Scopoli, 1769) is a nocturnal bird of prey of the Tytonidae family.

Systematics -
From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Animalia Kingdom, Phylum Chordata, Aves Class, Strigiformes Order, Tytonidae Family and therefore to the Tyto Genus and to the T. alba Species.

Geographical Distribution and Habitat -
The barn owl is a common bird on all continents except in Antarctica.
It is widespread in Latin America and Europe, except in the coldest environments, such as the Alps and Scandinavia. It is less common in North America and in Canada and completely absent in Alaska. There are many specimens of various subspecies in Africa. They are also present in Indochina and Australia.
The Tyto alba is a bird whose typical habitat is represented by the areas of open countryside and the edges of the woods where they often hunt for food.

Description -
The barn owl recognizes itself as having a length between 34 and 40 cm, with a wingspan of almost one meter. The weight varies from about 200 grams for the smallest subspecies (such as in the Galápagos Islands) to over 500 grams like the barn owl in North America, while the European barn owls weigh from 300 grams (male) to 400 grams (females).
Characteristic is its heart-shaped facial disk and tuft-free ears. The upper parts are tawny-golden in color with black and white, while the lower parts are white or fawn. The plumage is generally very bright. The large white heart-shaped disc is also white in color, while the eyes are black and the beak are white and reddish.
There is a slight sexual dimorphism between males and females. In females, usually larger, the colors are darker.
The barn owl can also be recognized for its swinging flight when approaching the hunting grounds.

Biology -
Tyto alba is a sedentary, nesting and partial migratory bird.
The reproduction period is from March to November, with ordinary periods between April and May, but sometimes it also nests in October and November. It nests in niches, various cavities, nest boxes, etc. He therefore does not build a nest but merely places his eggs in a sheltered and well-hidden place.
The female lays 3 to 15 elongated, rough and opaque white eggs which it hatches for 32-34 days (one, sometimes two broods per year). The male feeds the female during the hatching and both then take care of the offspring. The offspring is nidicola and leaves the nest after about 6 weeks, but remains nearby for some time. There have been cases in which parents have continued to feed the young ones caught by the man, if exposed in outdoor cages.
In freedom he can live over 21 years.

Ecological Role -
The barn owl is a stationary bird in the true sense of the word, and generally does not even undertake brief excursions. This bird has no natural enemies and does not fear humans.
Of nocturnal habits in which it crosses the countryside with a wavy, silent and light flight grazing the ground. When it flies it emits a hoarse and unpleasant cry.
The barn owl is therefore active at night, and occasionally also during the day, hunting for small mammals and small birds in particular it feeds on mice, rats, shrews, moles, nfibis, reptiles and large insects.
In the cities it often captures the larks, the nightingales, the thrushes and the finches that are found in the cages hanging outside the windows.
It swallows the whole prey, and the bones and other indigestible parts are regurgitated in the form of small spheroidal masses called wads.
The barn owl is protected by law, but unfortunately, in some places, even today, its appearance on the roofs of houses is interpreted as an index of doom and death, triggering real hunting in the population that also involves many other nocturnal raptors.

Sources
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
- C. Battisti, D. Taffon, F. Giucca, 2008. Atlas of breeding birds, Gangemi Editore, Rome.
- L. Svensson, K. Mullarney, D. Zetterstrom, 1999. Guide to the birds of Europe, North Africa and the Near East, Harper Collins Publisher, United Kingdom.


Tyto alba - Barn Owl

Отряд:
Strigiformes
Семейство:
Tytonidae
Род:
Tyto

Научный:
Tyto alba

цитирование:
(Scopoli, 1769)

Справка:
SmellIHist.-Nat. p.21

Протоним:
Strix alba

Avibase ID:
96B91A6873827284

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 177851

  • Tyto alba alba: W and s Europe w Canary Islands and North Africa
  • Tyto alba guttata: Central Europe east to sw European USSR and ne Greece
  • Tyto alba ernesti: Corsica and Sardinia
  • Tyto alba erlangeri: Crete and Cyprus to sw Iran, ne Egypt and s Arabian Peninsula
  • Tyto alba [affinis or hypermetra]: Sub-Saharan Africa, Zanzibar, Pemba, Madagascar, Comoros
  • Tyto alba schmitzi: Madeira and Porto Santo I.
  • Tyto alba gracilirostris: E Canary Islands (Fuerteventura, Lanzarote and Alegranza)
  • Tyto alba poensis: Bioko (Gulf of Guinea)
  • Tyto alba stertens: Indian subcontinent to n Sri Lanka, sw China and s Thailand
  • Tyto alba thomensis: São Tomé (Gulf of Guinea)
  • Tyto alba furcata: Cuba, Cayman Islands and Jamaica
  • Tyto alba [pratincola or lucayana]: S Canada to n Mexico, Bermuda, Bahamas and Hispaniola
  • Tyto alba [guatemalae or subandeana]: W Guatemala to Panama, Pearl Islands and Colombia
  • Tyto alba bondi: Bay Islands off n Honduras (Roatán and Guanaja)
  • Tyto alba hellmayri: Guianas to n Brazil, Margarita I., Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tyto alba niveicauda: Isle of Pines (off Cuba)
  • Tyto alba contempta: W Colombia to Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru
  • Tyto alba [tuidara or zottae]: Brazil s of the Amazon to Tierra del Fuego and Falkland Is.
  • Tyto alba bargei: Curaçao
  • Tyto alba punctatissima: Galapagos Islands
  • Tyto alba insularis: St. Vincent, Bequia, Union, Carriacou and Grenada
  • Tyto alba nigrescens: Dominica (Lesser Antilles)
  • Показать больше.

Источники, признающие этот таксон

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Barn Owl (Tyto alba) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Barn Owl (Tyto alba)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Barn Owl (Tyto alba)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Barn Owl (Tyto alba) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Barn Owl (Tyto alba) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Barn Owl (Tyto alba) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Barn Owl (Tyto alba) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Barn Owl (Tyto alba) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Barn Owl (Tyto alba) [version 1]

Таксономический статус:

Статус вида: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

Этот таксон является подвидом Tyto [alba or javanica] (sensu lato) некоторыми авторами

Добавить в список воспроизведения:

Вы должны войти в систему, чтобы просмотреть информацию о визировании. Чтобы зарегистрироваться на myAvibase нажмите здесь.

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Другие связанные понятия

Бурский: Nonnetjie-uil
Арабский: الهامة
Asturian: Curuxa
Белорусский: Ciпуха, Сіпуха
Болгарский: Забулена сова
бенгальский: লক্ষ্মী প্যাঁচা
Бретонский: Ar gaouenn wenn
Каталанский: Òliba
Catalan (Balears): Òliba
Montenegrin: kukuvija
Créole (French): chawan
Чешский: Sova pálená
Уэльский: Tylluan wen
датский: Slørugle
Немецкий: Schleiereule
Греческий: Ανθρωποπούλλι
Greek (Cypriot): Ανθρωποπούλλι
Английский: Barn Owl
English (Kenya): Barn Owl
Эсперанто: turstrigo
Испанский: Lechuza común
Spanish (Argentine): Lechuza de campanario
Spanish (Bolivia): Lechuza de campanario
Spanish (Chile): Lechuza
Spanish (Colombia): Lechuza Común
Spanish (Costa Rica): Lechuza ratonera
Spanish (Cuba): Lechuza
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Lechuza Blanca
Spanish (Spain): Lechuza Común
Spanish (Honduras): Lechuza
Spanish (Mexico): Lechuza de campanario
Spanish (Panama): Lechuza Común
Spanish (Peru): Lechuza de Campanario
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Lechuza
Spanish (Paraguay): Lechuza de campanario
Spanish (Uruguay): Lechuza de Campanario
Spanish (Venezuela): Lechuza de Campanario
Эстонский: Loorkakk
Баскский: Hontza zuria
персидский: جغد انبار
Финский: Tornipöllö
Фарерский: Hjartaugla
Французский: Effraie des clochers
Фризский: goudûle
Ирландский: Scréachóg Reilige
Гаэльский (шотландский): Cailleach-Oidhche Gheal
галисийский: Curuxa
Гуарани: Suinda
Мэнский: Screeaghag Oie
Haitian Creole French: Frize
Иврит: תנשמת
хинди: Chavu kuruvi
Хорватский: Kukuvija
Венгерский: Gyöngybagoly
Индонезийский: Burung Serak Jawa, Serak Jawa
Исландский: Turnugla
Итальянский: Barn owl
Японский: men-fukurō
японский: メ ン フ ク ロ ウ
Japanese (Kanji): 面 梟
грузинский: ბუხრინწა
Cornish: Ula gwyn
Kwangali: Suunsu
научный: Strix alba, Tyto alba, Tyto alba alba
Люксембургский: Schleiereil, Tuermeil
Литовский: Liepsnotoji peleda, Liepsnotoji peleda
Латышский: Plīvurpūce
Malagasy: Tararaka
Македонский: Кукавија
малаялам: വെള്ളി മൂങ്ങ
Moldavian: Strigă
малайский: Burung Jampok Kubur, Burung Jampuk Putih, Burung Pungguk Jelapang
Мальтийский: Barbaġann
непали: गोठे लाटोकोसेरो
Голландский: Kerkuil
Норвежский: Tårnugle
Sotho, Northern: Leribisi
Польский: plomykówka, płomykówka
Pinyin: cāng-xiāo
Португальский: coruja-da-igreja / coruja-das-torres
португальском (Бразилия): Coruja-da-igreja
Portuguese (Portugal): Coruja-das-torres
Romansh: Tschuette velada
Румынский: Strigă
Русский: Cипуха, Сипуха
Словакский: plamienka driemavá
Словенский: pegasta sova
Shona: Zizi
Албанский: Kukuvajka mjekëroshe
Сербский: kukuvija obična
Сесото: Sephooko
Шведский: Tornuggla
Суахили: Bundi Babawatoto
тамильский: Koogai Andhai
тайский: นก แสก
Thai (Transliteration): nók sàeek
туркменский: peçeli baykuş
Setswana: Lerubise
Турецкий: Peçeli Baykuş
Tsonga: Xinkhovha
Украинский: Сипуха
Вьетнамский: Chim Cú lợn, Chim Cú lợn lưng xám, Cú lợn lưng xám
Коса: Isikhova
Китайский: 仓 鸮
Chinese (Traditional): 倉 鴞
зулу (зулусском): isiKhova

С 24 июня 2003 года Avibase посетили 320 362 507 раз. © Denis Lepage | Политика конфиденциальности Перевод этой страницы на русский язык выполнила Виктория Маслакова


Tyto alba

(Tytonidae Ϯ Common Barn Owl T. alba) Gr. Τυτω however, τυτους tutous owl, night-owl the Common Barn Owl is the most widespread owl in the world, although recent work suggests that some of its subspecies, for example in the Americas and in Australasia, should be elevated to specific status "1. Strix, 2. Tyto B. (Strix Savigny). " (Billberg 1828) "Tyto Billberg, Syn. Faun. Scand., 1, pt. 2, 1828, tab. A. Type, by monotypy, Strix flammea auct. = Strix alba Scopoli. "(Peters 1940, IV, 77).
Synon. Aluco, Dactylostrix, Eustrinx, Flammea, Glaucostrix, Glaux, Glyphidiura, Heliodilus, Hybris, Megastrix, Nyctimene, Scelostrix, Stridula, Strigymnhemipus, Strix.
● (syn. Strix Ϯ Brown Wood Owl S. leptogrammica) "Genus Tyto Heine [Myrtha (!) Bp. 1854] "(Heine 1890). A purist replacement name.

L. albus white, dead white (cf. candidus glittering white) (see also albus).
● "76. ARDEA.. Alba. 17. A. capite lævi, corpore albo, rostrum rubro. Ardea tota alba, understand lævi. Fn. svec. 132. Ardea alba major. Will. orn. 205. t. 43. Raj. av. 99. n. 4. Habitat in Europe. "(Linnaeus 1758) (Ardea).
● ex "Cacatua" of Brisson 1760, and "Kakatoës des Moluques" of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 263 (Cockatoo).
● ex "White Sheathbill" of Latham 1785, and "Vaginalis" or "Chionis" of Forster 1788 (Chionis).
● ex "Fedoa canadensis, rostro recurvo" of Edwards 1750, and "Limosa candida" of Brisson 1760 (? Syn Limosa haemastica).
● "99. MOTACILLA.. Alba. 12. M. pectore nigro, rectricibus duabus lateralibus dimidiato oblique albis. Motacilla pectore nigro. Fn. svec. 214. Motacilla. Gesn. av. 618. Aldr. orn. L. 17. c. 23. Bell. av. 88. 6. Will. orn. 171. t. 42. Raj. av. 75. n. 1. Alb. av. 1. p. 49. t. 49. Frisch. av. . t. 23. f. 4. Olin. av. 43. Habitat in Europe. "(Linnaeus 1758) (Motacilla).
● former "Spatule blanche de L’Île de Luçon" of Sonnerat 1776. "Mr Ogilvie Grant argues for the adoption of Scopoli's name of P. alba, founded on Sonnerat’s plate. Although the bird is said to have come from Luzon, it is well-known that many of Sonnerat’s species were obtained in Africa, and set down in error as being from the Philippines. That this has been the case with the present species hardly admits of a doubt "(Sharpe 1898) (Platelea).
● ex "Guira Panga" or "Cotinga Blanc" of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Procnias).
● former "White-breasted Petrel" of Latham 1785 (Pterodroma).
● ex "Mouette cendrée tachetée" (= ☼) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 387 (syn. Brawl tridactyla).
● formerly "Gobe-mouche blanc huppé du Cap de Bonne Espérance" of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 234, fig. 2 (syn. Terpsiphone paradises).
● ex "Curiçaca" of Marcgrave 1648, and "Courlis à col blanc de Cayenne" of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 976 (syn. Theristicus caudatus).
● ex "Aluco minor" of Aldrovandus 1603, "Common Barn-Owl", "White-Owl" or "Church-Owl" of Ray 1676, and "Common Barn-Owl" or "White Owl" of Albin 1731 (Tyto).


Apie knygas

Leidykla „Tyto alba“ dalijasi knygų naujienomis, kurios tiktų Velykų savaitgaliui. Skaitykite daugiau.

Skaitytojų mylima istorinių romanų autorė Gina Viliūnė pristato antrąją knygą vaikams „Kur dingo gandras Grantas?“. Šį kartą G.Viliūnė kviečia į Ventės rago ornitologinę stotį, kur prieš išskrisdami žiemoti į šiltuosius kraštus renkasi paukščiai. Skaitykite daugiau.

Lucinda Riley Lietuvos skaitytojams geriausiai pažįstama kaip „Septynių seserų“ ciklo autorė - vasarą pasirodys septintoji šio ciklo knyga. O ką tik lietuviškai išleistas „Meilės laiškas“, kurį pati rašytoja apibūdina kaip romaną, turintį trilerio elementų. Skaitykite daugiau ...

Straipsniai, interviu su autoriais, knygų ištraukos ir apžvalgos, vaizdo ir garso įrašai.


Tyto alba - Barn Owl

Отряд:
Strigiformes
Семейство:
Tytonidae
Род:
Tyto

Научный:
Tyto alba

цитирование:
(Scopoli, 1769)

Справка:
SmellIHist.-Nat. p.21

Протоним:
Strix alba

Avibase ID:
9212B358176CE765

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 177851

  • Tyto alba alba: W and s Europe w Canary Islands and North Africa
  • Tyto alba guttata: Central Europe east to sw European USSR and ne Greece
  • Tyto alba ernesti: Corsica and Sardinia
  • Tyto alba erlangeri: Crete and Cyprus to sw Iran, ne Egypt and s Arabian Peninsula
  • Tyto alba [affinis or hypermetra]: Sub-Saharan Africa, Zanzibar, Pemba, Madagascar, Comoros
  • Tyto alba schmitzi: Madeira and Porto Santo I.
  • Tyto alba gracilirostris: E Canary Islands (Fuerteventura, Lanzarote and Alegranza)
  • Tyto alba poensis: Bioko (Gulf of Guinea)
  • Tyto alba stertens: Indian subcontinent to n Sri Lanka, sw China and s Thailand
  • Tyto alba thomensis: São Tomé (Gulf of Guinea)
  • Tyto alba furcata: Cuba, Cayman Islands and Jamaica
  • Tyto alba [pratincola or lucayana]: S Canada to n Mexico, Bermuda, Bahamas and Hispaniola
  • Tyto alba [guatemalae or subandeana]: W Guatemala to Panama, Pearl Islands and Colombia
  • Tyto alba bondi: Bay Islands off n Honduras (Roatán and Guanaja)
  • Tyto alba hellmayri: Guianas to n Brazil, Margarita I., Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tyto alba niveicauda: Isle of Pines (off Cuba)
  • Tyto alba contempta: W Colombia to Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru
  • Tyto alba [tuidara or zottae]: Brazil s of the Amazon to Tierra del Fuego and Falkland Is.
  • Tyto alba bargei: Curaçao
  • Tyto alba punctatissima: Galapagos Islands
  • Показать больше.

Источники, признающие этот таксон

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Barn Owl [excl. insularis] ( Tyto alba [excl. insularis group] )
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Barn Owl ( Tyto alba [excl. insularis group] )
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Barn Owl (excl. insularis) ( Tyto alba [excl. insularis group] )
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Barn Owl (excl. insularis) ( Tyto alba [excl. insularis group] )
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Barn Owl (excl. insularis) ( Tyto alba [excl. insularis group] )
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Barn Owl (excl. insularis) ( Tyto alba [excl. insularis group] )
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Barn Owl [excl. insularis] ( Tyto alba [excl. insularis group] )
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Barn Owl [excl. insularis] ( Tyto alba [excl. insularis group] )
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Barn Owl [excl. insularis] ( Tyto alba [excl. insularis group] )
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Barn Owl ( Tyto alba )
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Barn Owl ( Tyto alba )

Таксономический статус:

Статус вида: species (alt)

Добавить в список воспроизведения:

Вы должны войти в систему , чтобы просмотреть информацию о визировании. Чтобы зарегистрироваться на myAvibase нажмите здесь .

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red )

Бурский: Nonnetjie-uil
Арабский: الهامة
Asturian: Curuxa
Белорусский: Сіпуха
Болгарский: Забулена сова
бенгальский: লক্ষ্মী প্যাঁচা
Бретонский: Ar gaouenn wenn
Каталанский: Òliba
Catalan (Balears): Òliba
Créole (French): chawan
Чешский: Sova pálená
Уэльский: Tylluan Wen
датский: Slørugle
Немецкий: Schleiereule
Греческий: Τυτώ
Greek (Cypriot): Ανθρωποπούλλι
Английский: Barn Owl, Barn Owl (excl. insularis), Barn Owl [excl. insularis], Western Barn Owl
Эсперанто: turstrigo
Испанский: Lechuza, Lechuza Común, Lechuza de Campanario, luchuza de campanario
Spanish (Argentine): Lechuza de campanario
Spanish (Bolivia): Lechuza de campanario
Spanish (Chile): Lechuza
Spanish (Colombia): Lechuza Común
Spanish (Costa Rica): Lechuza ratonera
Spanish (Cuba): Lechuza
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Lechuza Blanca
Spanish (Honduras): Lechuza
Spanish (Mexico): luchuza de campanario
Spanish (Peru): Lechuza de Campanario
Spanish (Paraguay): Lechuza de campanario
Spanish (Uruguay): Lechuza de Campanario
Spanish (Venezuela): Lechuza de Campanario
Эстонский: loorkakk
Баскский: Hontza zuria
персидский: جغد انبار
Финский: tornipöllö
Фарерский: hjartaugla
Французский: Effraie des clochers, Effraie des clochers (excl. insularis), Effraie des clochers [excl. insularis group]
Фризский: goudûle
Ирландский: Scréachóg Reilige
Гаэльский (шотландский): Cailleach-Oidhche Gheal
галисийский: Curuxa
Гуарани: Suinda
Мэнский: Screeaghag Oie
Haitian Creole French: Frize
Иврит: תנשמת
хинди: Chavu kuruvi
Хорватский: Kukuvija
Венгерский: Gyöngybagoly
Индонезийский: Burung Serak Jawa, Serak Jawa
Исландский: Turnugla
Итальянский: Barbagianni, Barbagianni comune
Японский: men-fukurō, menfukurou
японский: メンフクロウ
Japanese (Kanji): 面梟
грузинский: ბუხრინწა
Cornish: Ula gwyn
Kwangali: Suunsu
научный: Strix alba, Tyto alba, Tyto alba [excl. insularis group], Tyto alba [excluding insularis group], Tyto alba alba
Люксембургский: Tuermeil
Литовский: Liepsnotoji peleda
Латышский: Plîvurpûce
Malagasy: Tararaka
Македонский: Кукавија
малаялам: വെള്ളി മൂങ്ങ
малайский: Burung Jampok Kubur, Burung Jampuk Putih, Burung Pungguk Jelapang
Мальтийский: Barbaġann
непали: गोठे लाटोकोसेरो
Голландский: Kerkuil
Норвежский: Tårnugle
Sotho, Northern: Leribisi
Польский: plomykówka, płomykówka (zwyczajna), plomykówka zwyczajna
Pinyin: cāng-xiāo
Португальский: coruja-da-igreja, Coruja-da-igreja / Coruja-das-torres
португальском (Бразилия): coruja-da-igreja
Romansh: Tschuetta velada
Румынский: Striga
Русский: Сипуха
Словакский: plamienka driemavá
Словенский: Pegasta sova
Shona: Zizi
Албанский: Kukuvajka mjekëroshe
Сербский: kukuvija obična
Сесото: Sephooko
Шведский: Tornuggla
Суахили: Bundi Babawatoto
тамильский: Koogai Andhai
тайский: นกแสก
Thai (Transliteration): nók sàeek
туркменский: peçeli baykuş
Setswana: Lerubise
Турецкий: Peçeli Baykuş
Tsonga: Xinkhovha
Украинский: Сипуха
Вьетнамский: Chim Cú lợn, Chim Cú lợn lưng xám, Cú lợn lưng xám
Коса: Isikhova
Китайский: 仓鸮
Chinese (Traditional): 倉鴞
зулу (зулусском): isiKhova

С 24 июня 2003 года Avibase посетили 320 362 511 раз. © Denis Lepage | Политика конфиденциальности Перевод этой страницы на русский язык выполнила Виктория Маслакова


Video: Tyto Alba Barn Owl 3, Hissing of elder


Previous Article

Stenocereus beneckei f. inermis

Next Article

Prairie Garden Design: Tips For Creating A Prairie Style Garden