Cucumber Adam F1 - a versatile hybrid for any climate


The number of varieties and hybrids of cucumbers is huge, and it is very difficult to choose the right one. Among the best is far from the newest hybrid Adam F1: it has an excellent taste and good yield, it can be grown in any conditions, the first greens appear quickly.

Description of cucumber Adam, its characteristics, growing region

Adam F1 is a parthenocarpic hybrid obtained in Holland. It is the fruit of the work of the famous seed company BejoZaden B. V. In this organization, they are engaged in obtaining new varieties of various vegetable crops. The hybrid came to Russia in 1989, but only in 2002 was it entered into the State Register of the Russian Federation and recommended for cultivation in all climatic regions.

Since the cucumber Adam F1 can be planted both in the open field, and in temporary greenhouses, and in permanent greenhouses, it makes no sense to limit the regions of its cultivation. It is known both in the south of the Stavropol Territory and in the Leningrad Region; it is planted by amateur gardeners and farmers in large agricultural enterprises.

Adam F1 is an early ripe cucumber, the first fruits are picked 45–52 days after germination. Differs in high productivity, up to 10 kg / m2. Indeterminate, but the height of the bush with vertical culture is not prohibitive. It is on the trellis that it is customary to grow this variety. For pollination of female flowers, bees and other flying insects are not required, at the same time, the availability of plants for insects does not affect the shape of the fruits and their quality, which explains the possibility of growing the variety in the open field.

Stems are thick, light green, leaves are small, their color is from green to dark green. Possesses high resistance to a complex of diseases, in particular:

  • powdery mildew,
  • cucumber mosaic,
  • olive spot.

Zelentsy have a rich dark green color, small tubercles, with white pubescence. Their length is about 10 cm, diameter is 3-4 cm, weight is about 90 g. The fresh fruit tastes very good.

It should be borne in mind that the taste qualities of such parthenocarpic varieties of Dutch selection as Amur 1801, Atik, Yildo, Infinity are rated slightly higher: they are characterized as excellent.

The fruit of the Adam variety has an ordinary cucumber aroma, there is a sweetish aftertaste. In a cool place, the fruits are stored for up to 2 weeks. Regarding the direction of use, the data in the State Register are contradictory: both salad and canning purposes are indicated, which, apparently, indicates the versatility of the use of the crop.

Appearance

The appearance of Adam cucumbers favorably differs from varieties that in the recent past were called the offensive word hothouse. Both in shape and color, it meets all the features of a traditional crispy cucumber, and the presence of tubercles and pubescence only emphasizes the elegance of this cucumber..

Cucumber Adam in shape is a classic of the genre: appetizing both outside and inside

Advantages and disadvantages of a hybrid

The popularity of the cucumber Adam F1 is due to the merits noted by experts and amateurs. The positive qualities of a hybrid include:

  • good yield;
  • early but extended fruiting;
  • excellent presentation of Zelentsov;
  • good taste;
  • the ability to transport and the safety of the crop;
  • resistance to major diseases;
  • self-pollination.

The noted characteristics make it possible to recommend the hybrid to novice gardeners. But you should also take into account the disadvantages, which are few, for example:

  • inability to use seeds from their harvest;
  • thin peel, forcing you to handle greens with caution.

A feature of the cucumber Adam is that it feels equally well both in the greenhouse and in the open field, both the yield and the quality of the fruits practically do not depend on the location.... Are there still such cucumbers? Of course there is. The variety of varieties both in the lists of the State Register and in any store is such that it is very difficult to choose the right one; a description of the characteristics of the variety, its cultivation and use, as well as reviews of experienced gardeners, who always pay attention to when choosing a variety, can help.

There are amateurs who every year try to test all the new hybrids that have been born, but this is becoming more and more difficult. There are summer residents who prefer traditional old varieties and get good yields from the well-known Nezhinsky, Altai, Competitor, etc. In addition, you can get your own seeds from varieties (not hybrids). It is difficult to give recommendations on the choice of a variety when there are many hundreds of them. Probably, it is still more correct to choose a variety for yourself by trial and error.

Video: Adam cucumbers in the greenhouse

Features of planting and growing cucumber Adam

The agricultural technology of Adam cucumbers differs little from that for most early-ripening varieties of universal use. Both direct sowing of seeds into the ground and cultivation through the seedling stage are possible... In the south, if there is no need for early production, they do not grow seedlings, and in the northern regions the seedless method is rarely used.

Growing seedlings

Sowing seeds of cucumber Adam in cups is engaged in a month before planting seedlings in a garden or greenhouse. Planting seedlings in the garden is carried out at a soil temperature of at least 15 aboutC, as well as the transition of night air temperatures after 10 aboutC. In the middle lane, this is the beginning of June, therefore, sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out no earlier than the end of April.

The seeding time for seedlings for a greenhouse is determined by the quality of this greenhouse.

The preparation of seeds for cucumber Adam F1, like any hybrid, is not required. If there are shriveled seeds in the bag, it is best to throw them away. The seeds are not cheap, so they are planted one at a time. The capacity of the cups is at least 250 ml, it is better to take peat pots... If there are no components for your soil, you can buy it in a store, or you can make it from peat, turf, sawdust, humus.

The seeds of the cucumber Adam are sown to a depth of 1.5 cm, watered well, covered with glass and placed in a bright place with a temperature of 25-28 aboutFROM. After emergence in 5-8 days of seedlings, the temperature is reduced to 17-18 aboutC and leave it at this level for 4–5 days. Subsequently, cultivation is continued at 24 aboutHappy and 18 aboutWith the night.

There is no need to try to grow seedlings in a common box: cucumbers are planted in a garden bed, trying not to damage the roots even to a minimum.

Seedling care is simple: this is watering and, if the bushes stop growing, one feeding with a solution of complex fertilizer. Shortly before planting in the garden, the seedlings are hardened, taking them out for a short time to the balcony.

Planting cucumbers Adam in the open field and greenhouse

Cucumbers need fertile beds, even fresh manure is suitable for fertilization, the dose is 2-3 buckets per 1 m2... The best predecessors are cabbage, legumes, and potatoes. In the open field, warm beds are often prepared, in advance by burying a pillow of various organic waste into the ground. Planting seedlings of Adam cucumbers without shelter in the middle lane is carried out no earlier than the beginning of summer. Seedlings are removed with an earthen clod and planted without deepening. Water and mulch well. Direct sowing of seeds in a garden bed is carried out a week earlier, to a depth of 2.5–3 cm. Since they try to grow the cucumber Adam on a trellis, a dense planting is possible, after 25-30 cm.

Planting seedlings or sowing seeds in a greenhouse is carried out in the same way, the timing depends on the quality of the greenhouse: they do this when the required air and soil temperature is reached. Cucumber Adam is convenient to plant both at the side wall and opposite the entrance to the greenhouse (in the latter case, 2 rows are planted on both sides of the trellis).

You should not let Adam cucumber lash on the ground: with vertical cultivation, care is easier, and the yield is higher

Cucumber care Adam

In a greenhouse, the yield of this cucumber may be slightly higher, but in the open field, cucumbers are usually tastier. The main concerns are watering, feeding, forming whips, picking cucumbers on time. Watering is carried out in the evening with water warmed up in the sun. The frequency and consumption of water depends on the weather, but the soil should not dry out. It is loosened only to a shallow depth, the weeds are pulled out by hand.

Adam cucumbers are fed up to 4 times a summer, trying to use organic matter. First, 2 weeks after planting the seedlings, then with the appearance of the first flowers and during the period of intense fruiting.

When 4–5 leaves appear, the main stem of the Adam cucumber is tied with a soft ribbon to the support, then as it grows. When a height of 50 cm is reached, the side shoots are removed. After the central stem reaches the height of the trellis, it is pinched, and the side stems are pinched: to a height of 1 m above the 3rd leaf, up to 1.5 m above the 4th, up to 2 m above the 5th. The load on the plant can be regulated by removing certain lateral shoots. The old lower leaves are torn off as they turn yellow. Gradually, the main fruiting of this hybrid moves up the lashes; this is a normal process.

If space allows, indeterminate cucumbers can not be pinched at the top, but hang the lashes from the top wire of the trellis

The crop must be removed systematically, preferably every other day: this stimulates the appearance of new cucumbers. They do this early in the morning or late in the evening, helping themselves with pruning shears or scissors.

Testimonials

Cucumber Adam F1 - one of the many excellent early-fruiting cucumbers, universal use. Its undoubted advantage is that it grows well regardless of the place of planting, and caring for it is not difficult.

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Cucumber Magdalena F1: description and characteristics of the variety, reviews and photos of the bush, planting and care

Dutch cucumber varieties are on the list of the most popular among gardeners and farmers in various Russian regions. Vivid descriptions of hybrids with photos attract attention, and in practice it turns out that all these characteristics are fully confirmed. Despite the high cost of seeds, summer residents prefer Dutch varieties and hybrids, knowing that they will get a good result. The main thing is to take into account the peculiarities of the variety and crop cultivation, to follow the recommendations of the breeders.

What are the differences between Dutch cucumber varieties

Holland is a country that from year to year occupies a leading position in the selection of hybrid cucumbers. Breeders aim at obtaining plants that are resistant to infections, pests, and adverse weather factors. High yield, attractive appearance and taste are important.

Cucumber seeds from various Dutch companies are on sale. Among the most famous are: Nunems Anza Zaden, Bejo Zaden, Seminis, Royal Slice. The line is extensive, so every summer resident chooses a suitable variety or hybrid according to detailed descriptions.

The Dutch are appreciated for the following benefits:

  • good taste
  • ability to withstand adverse conditions (short-term drops in temperature, drought)
  • high yield rates
  • good resistance to various infections
  • lack of voids and bitterness (signs are at the genetic level)
  • plasticity of plants (quick adaptability to different climatic conditions).

Dutch varieties are successfully grown in summer cottages, in vegetable-growing farms. Gardeners note the simplified care of the crop, especially for parthenocarpic species. For farmers, keeping quality and suitability for transportation, stable, friendly ripening of fruits, and uniformity of zelents are important. Many Dutch hybrids are suitable for mechanized harvesting.

Choosing the right Dutch cucumber variety

Every year, new products from the Dutch selection of cucumbers appear in stores. Old varieties, already tested and tested in different regions, are not losing ground, promising new hybrids are being actively bought up. The line includes cucumbers of various ripening periods, parthenocarpic and bee-pollinated, lettuce and for pickles, conservation.

Parthenocarpic cucumbers

Species that do not require pollination form an ovary without seeds in the pulp (or with a small amount). Fruitful hybrids that have shown themselves well in the conditions of the Russian regions.

  • Athena is an early parthenocarpic; Zelentsi are distinguished by their delicate taste. Fruit type - gherkins, large lumpy, suitable for conservation and salting. This hybrid is often grown in winter shelters with high yields. Feature: suitability for long-term transportation
  • cucumber Bettina - a hybrid from the group of early cucumbers, bred by breeders of the Nunems company. Recommended for OG ridges, gives dense aligned greens up to 10-12 cm long. Taste qualities are excellent
  • cucumber Madita F1 - stayer cucumber, starts fruiting at 37-40 days, quickly yields. Fruits 6-8 cm long, even, with a dense structure. Feature of the plant: limited branching, which simplifies planting care
  • cucumber Monolith F1 - beautiful, slightly elongated greens (length up to 12 cm) hang on the bushes during the ripening period. High yield (10-11 kg / m²), excellent taste characteristics. Fruits are suitable for long-term transportation
  • Karina is an early and fruitful species that bears fruit in shelter and on open ground ridges. Zelentsy are even, small, pulp without bitterness and voids. Recommended for workpieces (conservation, salting)
  • cucumber Baby Mini - in terms of ripening - mid-ripening, forms many dense, even fruits up to 7 cm long. According to reviews, one of the best hybrids for conservation. Impressive yield indicators - 18 kg / m²
  • cucumber Magdalena F1 - considered one of the best gherkin type hybrids. Zelentsy are harvested at the stage of pickles and gherkins, collection rates - 8-9 kg / m²
  • cucumber Karin F1 - a bouquet-type cucumber, up to 5-7 ovaries are formed in one node. Zelentsy ripen gradually, but the maximum yield is possible only with full and frequent feeding. Fees - up to 15 kg per square meter
  • cucumber Platina F1 - a demanding hybrid for feeding, distinguished by vigorous growth, strong strong bushes with numerous shoots. Fruits are dark green, small (up to 7-8 cm long), with juicy crunchy pulp.

Dutch bee-pollinated varieties and hybrids

Their number is not as large as parthenocarpics, but they are all fruitful and with excellent taste. Planting in open-air beds is recommended, since insect pollination is necessary during the flowering stage. When cultivating in shelters, you will need to attract bees to greenhouses or manually pollinate the plants.

In the description of a number of cucumbers, producers indicate that replanting of pollinator varieties (with male flowers) is necessary. For every 7-10 bushes of a variety of bee-pollinated cucumbers for open ground, one pollinator bush is planted.

  • Ajax is a tall, powerful plant. Pollination by insects is necessary, so the hybrid is recommended for outdoor planting. Zelentsi are cylindrical in shape, up to 12 cm in length, weighing 90-100 g. The tubercles on the skin are large, white pubescence is present
  • Pioneer F1 - in terms of ripening, it is closer to late hybrids (50-52 days). A yielding and stable cucumber in yield, unpretentious in care. Not susceptible to fungal infections, shows tolerance to viral and bacterial diseases. Fruits with pimples, with black spines
  • Sonata is a rapidly maturing (40-42 days) species, recommended for planting in greenhouses, as well as for cultivation in beds. Stable yield, good fruit taste and early maturity are the main advantages of Sonata F1 cucumber
  • Lord F1 - is grown throughout the country, including in the regions of the Urals and Siberia. It showed itself well in areas with a cold climate, does not reduce productivity in unfavorable weather. Fruits with white spines, up to 11-12 cm long, good taste.
  • Levina F1 is a hybrid of the first generation, well-known to summer residents of Russia. Listed in the catalog of the State Register since 1994, grown on the beds in the OG. Fruits without bitterness, 9-12 cm long, good taste. Pollination by insects is necessary.

Popular varieties

Over the years of cultivation, many summer residents noted the most productive and hardy cucumber hybrids of the Dutch selection. They try to buy them every year, guaranteed to get good results.

Early ripe

The group includes species whose harvest dates start from 35-40 days. Such hybrids are characterized by an intense but short fruiting period:

  • Katya is a hybrid with open-type plants, forms smooth-fruited greens up to 20 cm long. Differs in high productivity, therefore it is recommended for year-round cultivation in shelters. Resistant to heat, able to withstand drought for a long time without reducing yields. Purpose - salad
  • Marinda F1 - since the 90s, a hybrid of the parthenocarpic type has been one of the most popular Dutch cucumbers. Gherkins are dense, even, beautiful, with a pleasant sweetish pulp. Begins the return of the harvest at 40-45 days, is distinguished by long-term fruiting. Usage: salads, any kind of processing
  • Passandra F1 - refers to salad types of culture. Ripens early (40-42 days), forms one green leaf in the sinuses. Bushes are powerful, strongly vigorous, indeterminate type. Fruits 17-20 cm long, smooth, with slight ribbing. The taste is excellent
  • Masha is a hybrid cucumber, in the sinuses of which, with appropriate care and full dressing, up to 5-7 ovaries are formed. Ripens after 43-45 days, suitable for growing on trellises and in spreading (in beds). Cylinder fruits are even, with a thin skin and dense pubescence, length - up to 8-10 cm
  • Ekol F1 is a disease-resistant gherkin type hybrid. According to the reviews of summer residents, the most delicious marinades are obtained from Ekol gherkins and pickles. Early (40 days), with intensive formation of ovaries, grows successfully on the ground in the open air, in shelters
  • Hector - needs bee pollination. The bushes are compact, grow well in dense plantings. The plant is of a generative type, the main crop falls on the central stem. An early hybrid (38-40 days), with high rates of collection of greens, suitable for harvesting by a mechanized method. Cucumbers of a dark green color, with a large number of large white-spiked tubercles
  • Pro F1 - belongs to the group of early cucumbers, has a stable yield even in an unfavorable season. It justifies its name by forming excellent greens up to 10-11 cm long. Fruit collection rates - up to 10-12 kg per 1 m². Cucumber Profi F1 does not need pollination, it is intended for conservation and pickling
  • Claudia is a popular Dutch hybrid from the originator, Seminis. Refers to medium early species, gives beautiful, emerald green greens with thin skin. The thorns are white, not prickly. Usage - conservation, salting, fresh
  • Maresa F1 - early ripening, zelents are ready for harvest already on the 36-38 day. Large lumpy fruits are very tasty, crunchy. The skin is firm, the flesh is juicy and slightly sweet. There is a characteristic cucumber aroma
  • Monisia - a hybrid of the first generation F1 is recommended for all regions of the country. In the State Register - since 2010. Plants are medium-growing, with large, slightly wrinkled leaves. The first crop is ready for harvest in 38-40 days. The resistance of the cucumber to various fungal infections is noted. Fruits are short, up to 8-9 cm, with black pubescence
  • Patron - forms smooth, without thorns cucumbers up to 12 cm long. On the skin, a slight whitish pubescence is barely noticeable. The taste is excellent. The fruits are used in salads, fresh. Breeders recommend growing the hybrid in a trellis method. The F1 cartridge grows well at home, bears fruit in pots and in containers on the windowsill or on the balcony.

Mid-ripening and late-ripening cucumbers

A group of cucumbers whose fruits are best suited for canning and pickling. They stand out in the line of other hybrids with a long yield, high resistance to the main diseases of cucumbers:

  • Zircon F1 - hybrid entered the catalog of the State Register in 2012. Very late (50-60 days), with a long release of greens. Usage: conservation, pickling, marinades. The pulp of the fruit is juicy, crunchy, slightly sweetish. It is noted that when creating comfortable conditions for growth, it gives off fruits until late autumn
  • Presto F1 is a mid-ripening hybrid, almost late ripening (48-54 days). Plants are strong, vigorous, characterized by high regeneration after stress. Cucumbers with dense pulp and thin lumpy skin, pleasant taste. Feature: the ability to withstand critical modes during cultivation (drought, excessive humidity, cold snaps)
  • Cupid F1 - enters fruiting late (55-58 days), but differs in the long-term return of zelents. Recommended for all types of greenhouses, open ridges. The fruits are dense, with medium-sized tubercles, up to 12-15 cm long. At the same time, a batch of zelents is ripening. The purpose is universal.

Features of agricultural technology

When growing cucumbers of Dutch selection, attention is paid to the characteristics of the hybrid, the recommendations of breeders for specific varieties. Achievement of the yield indicators declared in the description is possible only if the agricultural technology of the crop is observed, full-fledged dressing, and the correct formation of bushes.

Growing in a greenhouse

In glass, polycarbonate, film greenhouses, tunnels, cucumbers of the parthenocarpic group are often cultivated. They are resistant to various lesions of fungal infections, get sick less, quickly adapt during transplantation.

In most regions of the Russian Federation, seedlings are first grown, planting seedlings in shelters at the age of 22-25 days. In the middle lane, the landing dates are early May, in the regions of Siberia and the Urals - the last decade of the month.

4-6 days after planting, the bushes are watered, then irrigation is carried out regularly, preventing the soil from drying out. For a better result of planting in shelters, mulch with hay, grass, straw, peat. Mulch will protect against drought, waterlogging, exclude the growth of weeds.

Watering is increased from the moment of flowering, up to 5 liters of water is added under each adult bush. Use only warm and settled water, watered in the grooves, trying not to get on the leaf blades of plants.

Vigorous Dutch hybrids require regular fertilization. Organic and mineral compositions alternate, root and foliar procedures. Cucumbers respond well to the introduction of mullein (diluted in water 1:10), infusion of fermented herbs. But nitrogen compositions are permissible only at the beginning of the growing season; later, priority is given to phosphorus and potassium supplements.

An excess of nitrogen leads to an increase in the terrestrial part of plants, the rapid growth of shoots, leaf mass to the detriment of the ovaries. Therefore, with the onset of flowering, superphosphate, potassium sulfate, and wood ash are added to the dressing. Plants respond positively to fertilizing in a chelated form, as well as spraying on the leaf with solutions of iodine, boric acid.

When forming bushes, take into account the specifics of the hybrid (beam, normal, generative or vegetative type), growing conditions.

Approximate scheme:

  • in the first axils of the leaves (up to 3-4), the ovaries are removed
  • at a height of up to 50 cm along the growth of the shoot, pinch the lateral lashes for one ovary and two leaves
  • above leave a pair of ovaries and 2-3 leaves (up to a height of 130-150 cm)
  • pinch the lateral shoots above the third leaf, leaving 3-4 ovaries each.

Parthenocarpic species in a greenhouse are grown on trellises. This allows the culture to be provided with comfortable conditions for growth and fruiting:

  • good illumination
  • sufficient feeding area
  • uniform load on the bush.

As soon as the first fruits go, the greens are regularly removed from the bushes. Gardeners appreciate the "Dutch" for high-quality cucumbers that do not outgrow or turn yellow. But a delay in harvesting leads to a slowdown in the formation of new batches of fruits, a decrease in the overall yield.

Growing on open ground ridges

For planting on ridges, bee-pollinated cucumbers are used, which need the presence of insects during the flowering period. Dutch varieties are successfully adapting to the conditions of the area, they quickly begin to give good yields of zelents. It is recommended to plant the plants with respect to the distances (up to 45-50 cm), since powerful hybrids need freedom and a large feeding area. Grown in spread, sometimes supports with trellises are installed, as well as nets.

Watering taking into account weather conditions, the amount of precipitation. Until the cucumbers are blooming, watering is enough every 3-4 days, the norm is up to 1-1.5 liters under a bush. With the beginning of flowering and fruiting, in the absence of precipitation, 4-5 liters are applied under an adult plant. On the ridges, as in greenhouses, the soil must be mulched with peat, straw, hay.

Even on fertile soils, cucumbers require additional feeding. The culture quickly takes nutrients from the soil, requiring a constant supply of food. Even the most productive hybrids will not show their potential on poor soils and without additional fertilizing.

From the beginning of growing (about 18-20 days after planting the seedlings), the cucumbers are fed with nitrogen compounds (mullein, bird droppings, diluted with water). Then, during the period of the beginning of flowering and the formation of ovaries, potash and phosphorus supplements are added.

It is not required to form varieties in the garden, it is enough just to pinch too long side shoots. When grown in spread, plants form a solid green carpet on the ridges, therefore, when collecting greens, they try not to break shoots and leaves.

In cloudy weather and lingering rains, when insects do not fly, plants are manually pollinated using female and male flowers. Use a brush or cotton swab to transfer pollen. To attract bees to the beds, honey plants (clover, phacelia) are planted next to them, and the plantings are sprayed with sweet water.

Testimonials

On the site I grow up to 6-8 different varieties and hybrids. I love Lord and Marinda cucumbers very much, which bear fruit abundantly in any season. Dutch varieties are very productive and do not require any special care. But the bad thing is that you have to buy them every year, and the bags of seeds are expensive. True, the costs pay off, and one bag is enough for a couple of seasons.

Irina, Nizhny Novgorod

She used to be very skeptical about foreign hybrids. I had read in the newspaper and magazine for a long time about the yield and record harvests, but until I was convinced of this myself, I did not really believe. And I had to plant a Dutch cucumber because of the weather, when all the planted cucumber seedlings died from frost. A neighbor shared her Pasadena seedlings, and I have grown as many cucumbers from five bushes as I have never had from ten. And this was not a very good year for cucumbers. So now I always plant 2-3 bushes. I like Masha, Marinda.

For any gardener in the first place - high yield and good taste of cucumbers. Dutch varieties and hybrids fully meet these requirements, while they are disease resistant and versatile in use.


Most reviews about cucumber Adam F1 due to its positive properties. Gardeners note that the hybrid is characterized by rapid growth, continuous fruiting and high yields. Due to the visual appeal of the pods, the variety is in special consumer demand. An important priority is the presence of dense, crispy pulp and a large number of fruits that can be harvested from one bush.

Sergey Yuriev, Belgorod

Nina Simonova, Gomel

Olga Ivanova, Khakassia

Olga Kuznetsova, Moscow

Alexey Malofeev, Smolensk

Elena Alexandrova, Chelyabinsk

Fedor Uspensky, Kaliningrad

Anna Prokhorenko, Bryansk

Watch the video! Cucumbers varieties Adam F1


Watch the video: ΚΛΆΔΕΜΑ ΤΗΣ ΜΕΛΙΤΖΆΝΑΣ


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