Fertilization of succulents


Succulents, or succulents, come from countries whose arid, dry and very hot climate allows for adequate growth.

By now succulents are present in almost all homes, indeed, those who do not have the so-called green thumb always throw themselves into their cultivation.

Our climate is not in the least comparable to equatorial climates and that is why succulent plants must be strengthened and protected, through suitable fertilizers.

Most succulents are relegated to pots and this makes nutrients more perishable. Therefore, they need to be reinforced.

Succulents need fertilizers that are specially designed for the variety of the plant; a principle that can apply to all plants is that they must be fertilized in proportion to their size and natural growth.

Let's try to understand what is meant by fertilization

Essential elements for the succulent plant

Succulents, like all plants, derive their nourishment both from the air, from the water, and from the earth in which they are located.

The elements that plants need are mainly nitrogen, potassium, calcium and phosphorus; obviously oxygen, carbon and hydrogen also have their importance.

Nitrogen is an element found throughout the plant, from the stem to the flowers; in the areas where cacti (cactaceae) live this element is not very present, while in the areas of green leaf succulents the presence of nitrogen is higher.

In any case, excessively abundant with nitrogen risks making fatty plants more fragile and weak.

Potassium for succulents is the element that determines the color of the flowering and the presence of any fruit, as well as guarantees a healthy and robust growth of the plant.

Calcium is essential for the thorns of succulents to grow sufficiently and also for the plant to be solid. An excessive amount of calcium causes the plant to turn yellowish. This element is highly present in the pozzolan and in the earth where we put succulents.

Phosphorus promotes fruit ripening and the presence of seeds suitable for sowing.

The fertilizers that are found on the market have these elements inside them, in the measure and proportion suitable for the plant in question. Each succulent plant will need certain doses that adapt to its climate, height etc.

When choosing a fertilizer on the market, you have to take into consideration the plant you intend to fertilize and buy a suitable one.

The dosage that could be good for almost all succulents is the one that balances nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium well. The mixture should be one part nitrogen, three parts phosphorus and five parts potassium.

  • Chemical fertilizers

    Fertilizers are chemical or natural compounds used to improve the properties of the soil and to feed plants. The latter, usually, autonomously absorb the nutrients disc ...
  • Mineral fertilizers

    Mineral fertilizers are fertilizers obtained through chemical processes or industrial processes. This, at least, is the classic definition of mineral fertilizers, which, in turn, come ...
  • Fertilizer production

    Fertilizers are chemical or natural compounds that serve to fertilize plants and the soil. Today, given the large-scale cultivation of millions of hectares of crops, it is no longer possible to do without ...
  • Ternary fertilizers

    Ternary fertilizers are chemical products containing the three macro-elements essential for plant nutrition: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. These fertilizers are usually indicated ...

How to use the fertilizer

Succulent plants must be fertilized sparingly and the best way to do this is to combine the fertilizer with the watering water; in this way the fertilizer reaches the deepest levels, where the roots are. Furthermore, by not directly inserting the fertilizer on the ground, the quantity of salts remains for a short period and this does not damage the plant.

When to fertilize

The fertilization process varies according to the plant. When you decide to repot, you can enrich the soil with a fertilizer, waiting a couple of weeks before proceeding.

During the life of the plant, it will be appropriate to fertilize by mixing the product with the watering. In this way the elements will enter the soil well, up to the deepest roots.

The best time to fertilize is that of the vegetative state, that is from the end of the reverse to the beginning of spring. This process allows the succulent plant to grow robustly and promote flowering. In the winter period, that of vegetative stasis, fertilization should absolutely not be carried out because there is a risk of incorrectly accelerating growth. Overgrowth results in a plant that is not aesthetically balanced and often not conducive to flowering.

Variants of fertilizers

There are natural and chemical fertilizers. Among the natural ones, we find those that arise from the grinding of organic materials such as the bones and horns of animals; another opportunity is to use dry manure which tends to release its nutrients slowly and for a long time.

How to read fertilizer labels

Fertilizers for succulents contain these main elements: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.

The labels show the quantities of these elements, which refer to a quintal of product. Eg if on the label it says that it contains 15-15-30, this product contains 15% nitrogen, 15% phosphorus and 30% potassium and the remaining other components. It is possible that one of the elements is completely missing and therefore there will be no percentage of it on the label.

So if you are looking for a fertilizer that has low nitrogen percentages, pay attention to the first value compared to the other two.

Fertilization of succulents: Other elements to consider

The PH of the soil, in which the succulents are located, must also be taken into consideration, especially because it is different from that of our land.

For example, plants that come from South America need a soil that has a noticeable acidity.

Through the addition of certain chemical components, the soil can be realigned to the needs of the plant. Once the quality of the soil has been established, it will be possible to fertilize and obtain a nice succulent plant.

Succulent or succulent plants

The fat plants are widespread in Italy: in fact, they populate apartments and houses and are increasingly appreciated by those who have a green thumb. Their success is certainly due to ease of maintenance, but also their exotic charm.

They are also known by the term plants succulent, a name that derives from a particular fabric that composes them, which is capable of absorb excess water and store it inside to go to use when the plant needs it most. Precisely by virtue of this characteristic, the different types of succulents have the peculiarity of growing luxuriant even in arid areas, just think for example of the cacti that populate the desert of Central America, which use rainwater accumulated in the leaves to feed. , stems and roots. In fact, this explains the very fleshy appearance of these elements of succulents in case the plant is well hydrated.

Fertilization of succulents

Almost all plants need a good one fertilization to grow in a balanced way. All the more reason the fat plants, originating from countries with a climate completely different from that present in our latitudes and therefore deprived of some fundamental elements for growth. What elements to provide to fat plants to make them grow better? As with all plants existing in nature, it is necessary to guarantee succulents the right amount of nitrogen, potassium, calcium is phosphorus, while respecting the needs of the plant.

Provide to the fat plant the right dose of nitrogen, for example, means you will end up with a strong and healthy plant, while an overdose could weaken the plant and compromise its health. Growth imbalances could also occur with an excessive dose of potassium, which is responsible for the color of the flowering and the healthy development of the plant. One of the fundamental elements for the growth of a fat plant it is calcium, which, however, in an excessive dose can lead to a yellowing of the stem and foliage.

In short, to have strong, healthy and luxuriant succulents it is necessary to use a mix of all the elements necessary for its development, without exaggerating the doses and perhaps using the specific products on the market, mixed with irrigation water.

WHEN TO FERTILIZE SUCCESS PLANTS. The best time to fertilize succulents is between the end of the winter season and the beginning of spring, or at the time of vegetative growth, when the plant needs "support" to give its best.

Finally, remember that not all succulents need the same elements in equal measure, considering the structural difference between one species and another. The presence of thorns on the plant, for example, requires a greater supply of calcium, while succulents with green leaves will need a greater dose of nitrogen.

When to fertilize and with what?

It is important to choose the right fertilizer at the time of planting, precisely to prepare the soil to accommodate the plant. For this phase we recommend the professional “pelleted manure” fertilizer which allows a gradual release of the elements, with a corrective and soil improver function. The indicative required dose is 200-300 grams per square meter.

Naturdünger - Pelleted manure fertilizer - 25kg package

Given its completely natural composition, you may notice some odor in the first few days. how to say. of nature :) because it contains dried cow and horse manure and poultry manure (from non-industrial farms).

For the subsequent re-fertilization of plants already planted for some time, we recommend professional “Super hazel” fertilizer to favor the development, vigor and colors of the foliage. It is to be used during the vegetative growth period of spring (March / April, until May / June).

Super Hazel - Professional granular organic mineral fertilizer - 25kg pack

It has a higher "titration" and allows a greater "thrust" to already rooted plants. The quantity to be used is 100-150 grams per square meter.

For plants planted in pots and flower boxes we recommend the use of our professional soil, already mixed with the nutrients necessary for the success of the plant.

It is important to use quality fertilizers.

The ones we offer on our site are professional products, the same ones we use in the nursery. Our suggestion is the result of experience and knowledge gained over time.

The packages are in 25 kg bags, if you do not use all the product you can keep it for future use, as long as it is closed in a dry place.

Related products

Super Nocciolo - professional granular organo-mineral fertilizer

Naturdünger - professional pelleted organic manure fertilizer

3. String of Pearls [Senecio Rowleyanus]

Like many Senecios species, Senecio Rowleyanus forms very long stems, developing a number of small, round, pearl-sized leaves. This South African succulent can grow up to 1 meter when properly cared for.

These species thrive on a lot of light brilliant of Sun . But avoid exposing them to direct afternoon sun as the leaves can burn. Younger plants would like to water more than a mature string of pearls. In any case, water them when the soil is completely dry from top to bottom.

Senecio Rowleyanus produces very beautiful white, brush-shaped flowers with red stamens. Senecio succulents bloom once a year every summer.

Video: Fertilization

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