Detailed description of the veles grape variety


The Veles grape is a seedless variety that has gained popularity with most gardeners because of its many advantages. Has a good yield, simple care rules, and the fruits are attractive. A description of this variety is presented below.

Description of the grape variety Veles

Presented by breeders - as a result of crossing the varieties Sofia and Rusbol. The first time the variety was discovered at the breeder Zagorulko V.V. from Ukraine, in 2008. This is a hybrid of raisins grapes - without seeds. The most optimal growing conditions are considered to be a temperate climate. The most popular on the territory of Ukraine, Russia, Belarus.

Ripening period - early, well pollinated. The vine is growing rapidly. Each shoot has up to 3-5 inflorescences. The bush bears fruit well, so the vine is able to withstand a heavy load of bunches. The clusters themselves are large - weighing from 0.5 kg to 3.2 kg, have a conical shape. The first fruits can be harvested after 95 - 100 days after the beginning of the growing season - somewhere in mid-late August. On average, up to 5-6 kg of fruits can be obtained from one bush.

The variety is resistant to frost up to 20 ° C. But, all the same, it requires shelter for the winter. In regions where winter temperatures significantly exceed -20 ° C, this variety should not be planted, since there is a high probability of freezing.

Characteristics of berries

The berries are very large (1 berry - up to 6 grams). Ripe fruits are pink in color, with amber transparency, thin skin and pleasant aroma. The pulp is of good firmness, fleshy and juicy.

Due to its unusual taste and other excellent characteristics, the variety received the "Golden Bunch of Grapes" award.

Dignity

Many gardeners choose this variety for a number of advantages:

  1. The fruits are unusually pleasant taste and aroma.
  2. Doesn't require special conditions of care and landing.
  3. Young seedlings take root very quicklyabout.
  4. Subject to the minimum rules for caring for grapes, the plant pleases with a rich harvest.
  5. Berries have no pits.
  6. Both bunches and berries are good carry transportation even over long distances.
  7. Fruits hold on tightly to the branches - up to 47 days.
  8. Allows you to quickly and beautifully arrange a trellis.
  9. The fruits have ideal presentation, therefore ideal for selling in the market.

Disadvantages

The variety has only one drawback in cultivation and care - the viability of the bush decreases with increased humidity. The yield is falling. Abundant humidity will negatively affect the size of the berries, their portability, and taste.

Landing features

What are the important factors to consider when planting?

  • This grape variety can be grown and propagated by any method, with the exception of seeds. It is best to use seedlings, which can be purchased both in special nurseries and prepared independently. When choosing a seedling, pay attention to its integrity. It should not be damaged, especially for the root system.
  • Landing time. Both autumn and spring planting have their own advantages and disadvantages. Planting in spring is the ideal time, as there are warm days ahead, which will allow the seedling to quickly take root and strengthen. So the bush will more firmly survive the winter cold. When planting in spring, already in the second year, you can enjoy the first berries. Spring planting has two drawbacks - it is difficult to choose a high-quality healthy seedling and you can lose it with planting.

For autumn planting, the choice of seedlings is much larger, and there is enough moisture for the rooting of the variety. It is important to cover Veles well so that it is not damaged by low temperatures.

  • How to choose a site? Soil preparation. Velez, like most other grape varieties, requires well-lit areas to grow. To have good yields and healthy vines, you need to take care of the absence of drafts. The soil must be fertile and allow air and the necessary moisture to pass through well. Soil waterlogging is not allowed. Chernozems are best suited. When planting bushes and counting on a good harvest, you need to take into account the distance between the seedlings - at least 1-1.5 m. This will also prevent the vineyard from thickening.

Phased planting of Veles grapes

Features that must be taken into account

  1. Select and prepare the seedling itself. When choosing a seedling, its roots must be white, and a cut must be present. Before planting, the purchased plant is treated with agents for rapid root formation and placed in water for 24-48 hours.
  2. Prepare the pit earlier. For spring planting - prepare in autumn, for autumn planting - in 2 weeks. The area near the pit is fertilized and dug up.
  3. The dimensions of the pit should not be less than 80 x 80 cm. Put a mixture of fertile soil, humus and mineral fertilizers at the bottom.
  4. Place the seedling in the hole so that the root collar is on the soil surface. Fill the hole carefully so as not to damage the young plant and its roots.
  5. After filling the soil, the bush is watered abundantly with water (at least 2 buckets) and carry out mulching and loosening.

Kishmish vine care

Important aspects of caring for both young and mature vines:

Watering

The grapes require extensive watering, but not frequent watering. 3-4 abundant watering per season is enough for him: during bud opening, before the ovary of flowers, during the formation of the very fruits. After that, mulching is mandatory.

Top dressing

They actively influence the growth and high-quality fruiting of Veles. Both organic and mineral complexes can be used as top dressing. But it is worth remembering that an excess of minerals will negatively affect the fruits.

Bush formation, pruning

This process is simply necessary, since it allows you to get rid of unhealthy branches, direct the growth of branches in the right direction, and regulate the quality of bunches. It is better to prune and form a bush in autumn, but it is also allowed in early spring. For this, the shoots are shortened by an average of 7-9 eyes. In regions where winters are very harsh, it can be shorter. In the spring, the obligatory removal of weak, dry branches.

Mulching

Correct mulching will help to increase the efficiency of irrigation. For grapes, it is best to take forest moss, sawdust, peat. The middle layer of mulch is no more than 3-4 cm.

How to vaccinate?

Only healthy rootstocks and cuttings should be selected. The stalk is cut with a wedge, and the split rootstock is well cleaned. After the stalk is placed in the stock, it is tightly pulled together with a strong cloth.

Wintering

Velez requires mandatory cover for the winter. Young plants can be covered with plastic bottles, pouring leaves, hay or straw into them. And for a more mature vine, use a film, forming a tunnel from it.

Diseases and pests

Veles is resistant to hybrid diseases, but can often be affected by fungal diseases. Once the color or bunches of grapes are affected, they cannot be saved, therefore, it is important to take timely preventive measures. For spraying, specially selected preparations or herbicides are selected.

Veles grapes have practically no competitors in their field. The fruits have good characteristics, and the prices for seedlings are affordable. In addition, thanks to the good quality of fruits and transportability, Veles can be a good way to make a profit.


The author of the hybrid form of grapes Veles Vitaly Vladimirovich Zagorulko took the first steps in viticulture back in 1980. At first it was only a few bushes of Asian and European selection. A few years later, he was interested in grape varieties bred by breeders of research institutes of plant growing in Russia, Ukraine and Moldova.

The first successes of V.V. Zagorulko grape selection at the beginning of the twenty-first century became the hybrid forms of Nectaria and Plek. The most successful of more than 30 hybrids, Vitaly Vladimirovich considers Libya grapes. V. Zagorulko together with the Yalta Institute of Viticulture "Magarach" offered Libya for state tests. In 2014, this variety was included in the register of the State Commission of the Russian Federation for the Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements.

An amateur breeder created 8 seedless grape hybrids, but Veles is considered the most successful growers. In 2010, this grape received two gold medals at the Golden Bunch competition in the nominations of folk and professional tasting.

Kishmish Veles is obtained by crossing two grape varieties - Sofia and Rusbol.

Video about Veles

Sofia is the winner of the competition "The Best Grape Bunch of Ukraine 2009". Grapes of V. Zagorulko's selection of early ripening period, 110-115 days pass from the appearance of leaves to harvest.

  • Very large pink clusters of this variety weigh 1–1.7 kg.
  • Berries up to 3.5 cm long, have a well-pronounced nutmeg flavor and contain one or two seeds.
  • Its frost resistance is up to 21 ° C.
  • Resistance to fungal diseases 3.5-4 points.

Rusbol is a breeding kishmish of the Yakov Ivanovich Potapenko All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking.

  • The fruits ripen in 115-125 days.
  • Berries up to 1.6 cm in diameter amber are collected in loose clusters weighing 500-600 g.
  • Its frost resistance is 25 ° C.
  • Resistance to fungal diseases 3.2 points.

The ripening period of Veles grapes is 100–105 days. Raisins are made from the fruits of this grape, eaten fresh and harvested for juice or wine. This plant inherited from its parents:

  • vigorous bush
  • large clusters of pink color (from 600 to 2000 g)
  • nutmeg flavor
  • berries weighing up to 5 g
  • thin skin, which, when consumed, is almost imperceptible
  • a bunch of conical shape, sometimes with a wing, medium density or loose
  • frost resistance up to 21 ° С
  • load on the bush 35-40 fruiting vines
  • resistance to fungal diseases 3.5 points on the 5 point Gusfeld scale.

When testing a grape variety, experts assess its resistance to damage from diseases and pests. In the twentieth century, the German breeder V. Husfeld developed a system for assessing the sustainability of grapes in points, which was named after him:

  • 0 points - there are no diseases and pests
  • 1 point - weakly affected by diseases and pests (less than 5% of the total mass of the bush)
  • 2 points - highly resistant (less than 10% of the total mass of the bush are affected by diseases and pests)
  • 3 points - relatively stable (less than 25% of the crop is affected, the surface of the leaf apparatus, shoots, etc.)
  • 4 points - susceptible varieties (from 25 to 50% of the plant)
  • 5 points - the bushes are very strongly affected by the disease (from 50 to 100%).


Description of the grape variety Veles

As already mentioned, Veles is a domestic grape variety. They bred it by crossing the varieties "Sofia" and "Rusbol". The author of the variety is the famous Ukrainian breeder V.V. Zagorulko. This variety is raisins, that is, there are no hard seeds in the berries. Despite this, the appearance of Veles, unlike other types of raisins, is very beautiful: the berries are large, of a wonderful pinkish-purple hue, the clusters are very heavy.

The bunches of this variety are of stunning size and weight. Very often a bunch of Veles reaches a mass of 3 kg, and sometimes exceeds 4 kg. The smallest of the specimens will weigh 600 grams - more than a standard bunch of many other grape varieties. The length of the bunch is 18 cm, the structure is loose, the shape is a cone.

The berries are distinguished by a wonderful appearance: the weight of one berry is 4-5 grams, the color is pink, the pulp is transparent, amber. Since the seeds are not felt, this grape is very good when fresh, like all "raisin" varieties. Fruit aroma - pronounced nutmeg.

It should be noted the outstanding yield of this variety - an average of 4-6 kg of high-quality fruits are harvested from one bush. However, if the care is provided more thoroughly and thoughtfully, the yield can be significantly increased. I must say that the Veles variety is stable, and every year, with equal care, it brings about the same number of bunches. Productivity does not depend on weather conditions or the age of the bush. How to plant Isabella grapes read here.

The variety can be considered as frost-resistant - it is able to withstand cold temperatures down to -21 degrees. However, in most regions of our country, shelter for the winter is still required.

A feature of the variety is the active formation of fruiting stepchildren by it. Thanks to this feature, it is possible to harvest twice a season - in August and then in October for the second time. However, this opportunity is available only if you live in a warm region in the south of the country.

The disadvantages of the variety include poor tolerance by shrubs of large amounts of precipitation. If it rains a lot during the ripening period, the fruits usually crack. Read about the features of the Cabernet Sauvignon grape variety here.

The video shows a description of the grape variety:

In this case, the fruits ripen 3-3.5 months after the beginning of the vegetative period, that is, quite early. As a rule, the harvest can be harvested at the end of August. By the way, this variety is also good because the ripe fruits do not crumble, and the bunch in any case retains an excellent marketable appearance.


Description of the plant and the specifics of growing

The vine is powerful, has a great vigor of growth, well-ripening shoots (2/3 of the length and more). Perennial parts of the bush are covered with reddish, coarse-fibrous bark.

The leaves are simple, large, rounded, more often three-lobed, moderately dissected, dark or light green, reticulate-wrinkled. The lateral notches are lyre-shaped, with a rounded base. The petiole notch is open, vaulted, narrow, with a sharp bottom. The denticles are dome-shaped, low and wide. The flowers are greenish, small (3-5 mm in diameter), bisexual. The plant does not require additional pollinators to form ovaries.

Bushes are fast-growing, densely leafy

Fruitful shoots from 70 to 98.8%, on average, the load on each is 1.1-2.1 bunches. The most developed shoots should be left for fruiting. The quality of the future harvest directly depends on the length of the pruning of the fruit arrows. It is considered advisable to cut short - by 2-4 buds, or medium - by 6-8.


Veles grapes - characteristics

Veles grape is a hybrid of fast ripening, which was bred on the basis of crossing two varieties - Rusbol and Sofia. This is one of the best varieties. After almost 100 days, you can already harvest. The variety was bred as a result of the works of the Ukrainian breeder V.V. Zagorulko. Due to the presence in the genotype of the early maturing seedless Magarach, which ripens in 3 months, the Veles grape inherited these characteristics. The fruits of Veles can already be enjoyed at the beginning of August. It should definitely grow in your garden.

Despite the fact that this variety is seedless, it belongs to the 4th category, which is characterized by the largest number of seed germs.

This variety has very large berries and large clusters. A single bunch can grow up to 3 kg with good care.

The pink berries are gathered in conical bunches, which gives them a beautiful and elegant look. Each berry can reach 5 g in weight. The dense and transparent flesh of the berry tastes similar to nutmeg. The skin is quite tender and does not feel at all when consumed.
If the raisins grow in conditions of high humidity, then cracking of the berries is observed.

By the way, due to its amazing taste and attractive presentation, this variety received two gold medals in 2010 in Simferopol. At this time, the competition "Golden Bunch of Grapes" was held.

Tall bushes of Veles raisins are characterized by the presence of bisexual flowers.

Shoots have the property of fast ripening. Up to 35 eyes can form on one bush. Pruning of fruiting cuttings is carried out with the expectation of 6-8 eyes. With this variety, you can even lay a re-crop in one season, which ripens in mid-autumn. In addition, cuttings root very quickly and well.

Kishmish variety is characterized by high yield transportability. Due to their high presentation, grapes are instantly sold out in the market and in supermarkets.

Like many other grape hybrids, Veles is highly resistant to various diseases. He is not afraid of defeat by mildew and oidium. The plant is considered frost-resistant, even at -22 degrees, Veles does not die or be damaged.

The most important advantages of Veles raisins are amazing taste, high yield and long shelf life, as well as ease of care. For more information, you can watch a video description about the universal variety of raisins Veles.


Application area

Due to its good transportability, taste and marketability is very popular in the market. In addition, the early maturation period makes it possible to sell at a high price. Recommended for fresh consumption. For the preparation of high-quality raisins, most likely it will not work because of the low class of seedlessness.

At the moment, in terms of their best qualities, Veles grapes have practically no competitors among the zoned varieties of Ukraine, which contributes to a high excitement for it and a rather high price for planting material. You can buy from us both vegetating seedlings of Veles grapes, and those grown in the school after the autumn digging.


Reviews of the Veles variety on the forums

Last year, the harvest of Veles grapes began to be removed on August 5. At the same time, they did not wait for the "tails" of the bunches to ripen and they had to be removed. This year, in comparison with the past, the berries have a more intense color, nutmeg is well expressed and there are no rudiments. The variety is very good and I think it is a real breeding achievement.

I want to say that the Veles variety must be treated against rot with the Switch preparation. The bunches grow very large on the bush. To make them less rotten, after flowering, I leave a couple of side wings and pinch off half a bunch in length. Then the berries will ripen evenly and will not rot.

I really like the Veles grape variety. With fairly simple care, you can get a good harvest in August. We leave one bunch for one shoot, and before flowering, we pinch off the lower part of the inflorescence and the upper wing by one fourth. The result is a bunch weighing about one kilogram, which is strewn with tasty large berries. At the bottom of the bunch, the fruits are always more acidic than at the top.

I have been growing the Veles variety on my site for the fourth year. During this time, they have already harvested twice. This grape is a gentle creature that requires appropriate treatment. I planted it in a greenhouse, where it is always warm and light enough. First of all, during the season, work with bunches is required. They do not like to hang on the bush for a long time and shade. I would like to note the 100% maturation of the one-year growth. Our whole family loves this variety very much.

She planted a seedling Veles in a seedling container very early. In the spring it was cold for a long time, and I just could not land him in the open ground. Already I began to worry that he would not take root. But in the summer a stepson appeared, and I hope that he will grow well.


Watch the video: How To Grow, Planting, And Care Grapes in Containers. Growing Grapes At Home. Gardening Tips


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