We all love tasty and healthy food. Closer to August, watermelons ripen, lovers of their bright taste and juicy sweet flesh again enter into an argument about this fruit belongs to berries or fruits? Or maybe some vegetables? Let's figure it out.
Opinions are divided on this issue, even botanists have not yet come to a unanimous opinion. In everyday communication, it can be called a berry. Scientists tend to classify it as a pumpkin, or classify it as a false berry.
From a botanical point of view, calling it a berry is rashwhy:
If we consider the fruit as a garden fruit with juicy pulp growing on a tree, then immediately it becomes clear that watermelon is not a fruit.
But if you omit the fact that it grows on melons, in everyday communication, it is permissible to call it a fruit.
In Russia, large-scale cultivation takes place in the Volga region and in the Urals, but the Astrakhan Territory is truly considered the center for the cultivation of this crop.
In terms of appearance, there are different varieties. The color of the rind and core may vary, but taste is not affected with proper plant care.
The usual type of berry is its dark green color with light stripes.
It is often included in the diet menu, because it is more than 80% water... Office workers and people leading a sedentary lifestyle can afford a fairly large amount of this fruit.
Its pulp contains 27 to 38 calories per 100 grams.
It contains (nutritional value 100 grams):
The pulp of the fruit is rich in vitamins:
Giant Watermelon Berry:
The rich composition has a beneficial effect on almost the entire human body. It can be eaten by pregnant women, as well as with diseases of the kidneys, intestines, cardiovascular system and anemia.
You can also use pumpkin to relieve headaches, just apply a fresh crust to the forehead and temples for 7 minutes.
If after the holidays tormented by a hangover, you need to taste a little watermelon.
It is also used to improve skin condition by adding pulp to various body and face masks.
Naturally grown plants are very beneficial... Unfortunately, they are often made using nitrates, which accelerate growth.
A person in good health, when eating such a fruit, may not notice the negative effect.
A healthy body gradually accumulates harmful substances, which at any time can manifest themselves in the form of weakness, insomnia and nervous disorders. Immunity may deteriorate sharply.
A person with digestive tract problems, a small child or a pregnant woman can almost immediately feel unwell, manifested by a deterioration in general condition, vomiting and nausea.
Small children should be given this delicacy with caution., not earlier than a year.
This must be done gradually, you can pour the squeezed juice into a spoon for the child and monitor the baby's condition, because it can cause allergies.
You can not eat the fruits of the plant if you suffer from:
There are several ways to save you from possible infections and poisoning:
You can check the ripeness of the watermelon by pressing on the fruit, if the bark is bursting, it is ripe.
You can make sure that there are no nitrates by dropping a little pulp into the water, if it turns pink - you should refrain from using it, if the water has only become cloudy, you can not be afraid.
About the benefits and dangers of false berries and the rules for choosing it:
To get a popular delicacy, it is enough to have equal amounts of sugar and fruit pulp in the house.
To prepare this dish, you need to take 6kg of watermelon and 2kg of apples.
The modern name "watermelon" was borrowed from the Turkic "χarbuz", and it, in turn, from the Persian language. In Persian, χarbūza meant melon. The word melon was understood as "huge cucumber".
Watermelons come in various shapes: round, oval, spherical. If grown in a special form, they will grow in the shape of a heart or even a human face, but require delicate care.
Square watermelons have gained popularity in Japan. Initially, they were conceived for convenience when stored in a refrigerator, but often they did not mature and they began to be sold as souvenirs.
Nutritionists consider it possible to consume up to 2.5 kg of fruit per day for a healthy person.
Contained in the false berry lipoken is an antioxidant... It helps the body fight various diseases. By consuming foods that contain it, you can prevent asthma or cancer.
Choline, which is part of the fetus, is able to suppress chronic inflammation. Its use improves immunity and health.
Interesting Watermelon Facts:
If we turn to dictionaries, then in them we will see that watermelon is called a perennial creeping plant of the pumpkin family or melons.
You can approach this issue scientifically and call the fruit a false berry.
In general, no matter how the product is named, it is only important what pleasure and benefit we get by using it.
With the arrival of spring, delicious and juicy watermelons are being sold in shops and in numerous agricultural markets. Many of us may be wondering if such a fruit is a vegetable, a fruit, or is it a berry, according to scientists. Let's take a closer look at what a watermelon is, and tell you in more detail about this garden culture.
Watermelon belongs to the pumpkin family and, depending on its variety, can be a one - or a perennial plant. This culture is characterized by a strong branched root, which can go to a depth of more than a meter.
The stem of this plant is creeping with long pinnately dissected leaves. This culture is distinguished by active vegetation and, after planting, quickly forms ovaries, which can ripen, depending on the variety, in 40-60 days.
Flowers are both dioecious and hermaphrodite. During fertilization, a spherical or oval pumpkin is formed, the color of which can be from white to green, with various patterns in the form of a grid and stripes. The flesh of the fruit is raspberry, red or pink with a sweet and juicy taste.
Having dealt with the question, a watermelon is a berry or a fruit, and having found the exact answer, let's move on to the beneficial properties of the fruit. So, watermelon - the benefits and harms to the health of the human body, which are the positive aspects when consumed and who should refuse excessive eating of the sweet fruit:
In addition to all this, watermelon is widespread in home cosmetology, from which face masks are made, because the beneficial substances contained in it have a beneficial effect on the skin, helping to maintain its youth.
It is better not to use watermelon for nursing mothers, in order to avoid the appearance of diathesis in the baby, but pregnant women can eat a false watermelon berry, but without undue zeal. Pregnant women should definitely monitor the removal of fluid from the body and, if there are problems with the release of fluid, it is better not to consume watermelon yet.
It is quite difficult to say unequivocally what the watermelon belongs to. Some botanists refer it to pumpkins, as do the fruits of a melon, cucumber or pumpkin, others - to berries. It has both common and different characteristics from the named species. One thing is certain, the watermelon is not a fruit, because it does not grow on trees, but spreads along the ground.
Did you know? The largest watermelon in history was grown in the USA (2013) and weighed 159 kg.
Supporters of pumpkin point to a similarity in appearance - however, unlike pumpkins, watermelon does not have a void inside, and the seeds are located throughout the pulp. And although this fruit has a lot in common with the berry, there are also distinctive characteristics: it has a hard skin of lignified cells that we cannot eat. Because of this, the watermelon is considered to be a false berry. Thus, it is not entirely true to say that it is the largest berry in the world.
A berry in botany is a multi-seeded or single-seeded fruit with a thin skin and juicy pulp. Watermelon partially matches this description, but some of its characteristics are strikingly different from those that are characteristic of berries:
Scientists classify watermelons as pumpkin berries. In another way, these berries are called "false".
The difference between pumpkin berries and ordinary ones lies in their outer layer: as a rule, it is thicker. The watermelon shell, unlike the thin skin of other berries (cherries, cherries), cannot be eaten: it contains nitrates, which are very harmful to the body.
It is worth noting that outwardly, the watermelon does not at all look like the usual berries. It is much larger, and therefore people conclude that it cannot relate to berries. However, the size does not in any way affect the belonging of the fetus to one of the categories.
Another reason why watermelon shouldn't be called a berry is the way people eat it. Watermelon cannot be eaten whole, it has to be cut. You don't need to do this with berries.
The controversy of the botanists never stops. Some call to consider watermelon a full-fledged berry, others insist on the name "pumpkin". Pumpkins also include melons, pumpkins, cucumbers, and squash. Watermelon, by the way, has a close external resemblance to melon, which is officially classified as pumpkin.
It is still impossible to say that a watermelon is a berry. Most scientists recognize it as a false berry, which, by the way, is also considered to be a strawberry.
Most people believe that watermelon is a fruit, basing their opinion only on external similarity. Watermelon really looks like other fruits and matches their size.
Fruit is a succulent fruit of a garden plant that grows on a tree and is suitable for human consumption. Based on this, it can be stated that:
In an everyday sense (by no means in a botanical sense), it is possible to assert that a watermelon is a fruit.
Claims that watermelon is a vegetable are rare.
The term "vegetable" is also absent from botanists. This word is used only in culinary terminology. A vegetable is a part of a plant suitable for consumption, as well as any solid food of plant origin. Therefore, it is impossible to say that watermelon is a vegetable.
According to one of the encyclopedic dictionaries, vegetables are "all garden plants suitable for consumption." If we consider a watermelon from this point of view, then it can be called a vegetable. However, in this case, all fruits and even berries that are familiar to people will have to be called vegetables: apples, bananas, strawberries, raspberries.
Most of us don't even think about a watermelon - it's a berry or a fruit, or maybe a vegetable, and then, we start looking for the right answer. To give the correct answer to this question, first of all, it is necessary to turn to science, or rather to the answers of scientists in agriculture, vegetable growing, and melon growing.
According to scientists, as well as Wikipedia describes, watermelon belongs to the berry, but there are some amendments here. If you carefully study the botanical properties, it becomes clear that the watermelon is a false berry.
In addition, you will not see a watermelon on a tree or shrub, its stems creep along the ground like vines.
Let's see why a watermelon is not a fruit or a vegetable, but a false berry. The fact is that the edible shell, like other berries (currants, gooseberries, etc.), is absent and we do not eat the watermelon rind with pulp. It is the cork part (the interlayer of a delicate greenish color of lignified cells, located between the thin green striped skin and the pulp) convinces to attribute the watermelon to a false berry.
Note that you should not eat the fruit to the very crust, because nitrates can accumulate there! It's good if the cultivation of watermelon took place in our own garden, but who knows what they sell to us in stores ...
Based on the grounds of experts and scientists, watermelon cannot be directly attributed to pumpkin (like melon and pumpkin), because there are no hollow spaces inside the fruit, and the seeds are located over the entire area of the pulp, and not in a bunch.
From all this, we can conclude that watermelon is not a fruit or a vegetable, but a real false berry of large sizes!
There are different varieties of watermelon, which differ in size, taste and degree of sweetness.
The most popular and sweetest varieties at the moment:
There are several versions of how to correctly name the fruits of this plant. To identify the correct one, you need to consider each of them.
In botany, a fruit is defined as an edible fruit with a juicy pulp, the place of growth of which is a tree. This description only partially fits the watermelon, as it has a juicy flesh. But it does not grow on trees, but on an annual herb, which means it is not a fruit.
A vegetable is the fruit of an annual herb that has a savory taste. Due to the fact that watermelon contains a large amount of sugar, it is impossible to attribute it to vegetables. Although this definition is partly appropriate due to the fact that the plant is a perennial herb.
Important! At the household level, the definition of "vegetable" includes many fruits that do not fit this classification according to botany: potato tubers, carrots, cabbage heads, heads of garlic.
This version is the most popular. It is based on the fact that the biological structure of watermelon is closest to berries. From a botanical point of view, this definition includes the fruits of shrubs or herbaceous plants, which have a juicy pulp, thin and soft skin and contain one or more seeds. The size of the berry can be of any size.
Watermelon almost completely fits this definition, with the exception of the skin. Unlike classic berries, it has a thick and firm rind that keeps the pulp from losing moisture for several months. Therefore, it is impossible to categorize it unequivocally.
Sometimes the question is: "Is the watermelon a berry or a fruit?" causes misunderstanding. Fruit, of course! Or maybe it's a berry after all? Or a vegetable? Let's figure it out: what type of plant does this striped miracle belong to, red and incredibly tasty.
From the life story of a watermelon
Let's try to find the answer to the question: "Is watermelon a berry or a fruit?" in the history of its appearance. According to botanists, watermelon is a creeping vine, which belongs to the herbaceous annuals of the pumpkin family. His distant great-great-
Adventures of a watermelon in Russia
The watermelon was brought to Russia quite late, somewhere in the VIII-X centuries. At the time when Kievan Rus was engaged in lively trade, it was brought from India. At first, it took root in the Volga region, but by the 17th century, by decree of the tsar, it began to be grown as a greenhouse culture even in Central Russia.
Victory watermelon procession
Today, there are more than 1200 different types of watermelons in the world. These are not only table dessert types with red juicy pulp, but also with yellow and orange ones. It is grown in almost a hundred countries. Most of all, it is cultivated by Russia, the USA, Bulgaria, Hungary, Greece, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and China.
Our watermelons in America
In the United States alone, more than 300 types of juicy, sweet and, most importantly, delicious watermelons are grown. Although we are accustomed to believe that the best watermelons we grow on melons in Astrakhan, American watermelon farmers can argue with us. With all our universal love for watermelon, we did not have a single national holiday for it - like, for example, Melon Day in Turkmenistan. But in the United States there is no dispute about whether a watermelon is a berry or a fruit. They just worship him. Over forty festivals are held in the country, the main character of which is a watermelon, announcing from time to time even a small settlement as the "watermelon capital of the world."
Round, square, striped ...
Is watermelon a berry or a fruit? What a difference actually! It consists of bark, sweet, juicy pulp and seeds. The shape, color and size depend on the bred variety and growing conditions. We are used to seeing round fruits, but rational Japanese paid attention to how much space is lost during their transportation, and brought out square watermelons, which can be loaded into a truck much more. True, in terms of taste, they are inferior to their round "brothers", as they are completely bland. Although Japan does not consider itself a watermelon country, its breeders are seriously involved in the plant. So, for example, they bred a variety with excellent taste, with good keeping quality, excellent transportability, but without seeds.
Watermelon is a cure for all diseases
Watermelon is almost 90% water. Therefore, it was believed for a very long time that it does not bring any benefit to the human body. But thanks to the chemical composition of their juice, watermelons are included in the diet for diseases of the stomach, kidneys, liver, as well as in the treatment of gout, in the prevention of kidney stones and anemia, and in some heart diseases. With the help of this "striped healer" diseases such as obesity, heart disease, arthritis and others are treated.
Is watermelon a berry or a fruit?
So after all, what is a watermelon? According to TSB, this is a pumpkin, that is, a multi-seeded fruit. Melon and even cucumber can be attributed to the same family. But we are used to calling it a berry, and it is so convenient for us.