Yucca elephant


Yucca elephantipes is a tree-like evergreen plant from the Asparagus family, native to Guatemala and Mexico. One of the main differences of this species is the trunk, which resembles an elephant's leg. Under natural conditions, the plant reaches a height of about 9 m, and the diameter at the base of the trunk is about 4.5 m.

The upper part of the plant consists of several straight, densely growing shoots, covered with leathery bright green leaves with a glossy surface. They are about 10 cm wide and more than 1 m long. In the summer months, the yucca begins to bloom. On long (90-100 cm in length) peduncles, inflorescences of large white bell-shaped flowers appear, after which oval-shaped fruits are formed with a length of 2 to 2.5 cm.

Yucca elephant care at home

Yucca elephant, with good content, feels great as a houseplant. The basic rules for caring for a flower are simple and within the power of every florist, regardless of experience in floriculture.

Location and lighting

Yucca is a light-loving plant that needs bright sunlight for 10-12 hours a day. Direct sunlight is not dangerous for the flower, but shady conditions will negatively affect the appearance of the leafy part. A slight partial shade in rare cases and a short period is allowed. The place of cultivation can be window sills on the south, east and west side of the room.

During the warm season, the plant can be placed outdoors. During short light days, the yucca will need additional lighting.

Temperature

The favorable temperature for elephant yucca should not go beyond 20-25 degrees Celsius. The plant does not like higher temperature indicators and will not tolerate without regular ventilation. Fresh air is necessary for a flower, but cold gusts of wind and drafts are undesirable.

In winter, when the houseplant goes into a dormant period, it is recommended to keep it in a cool room with a temperature of 10 to 20 degrees Celsius. Shoot growth stops during these months.

Watering

Irrigation water should be separated and moderate in temperature (from 18 to 22 degrees). It is recommended to water the yucca only after the top layer of the substrate has dried by about half a centimeter. The soil should not be constantly wet or dry for a long time. Both conditions are dangerous for the development of an indoor flower.

Watering the plant when it is dormant should be very sparse and with less water.

Air humidity

Additional humidification of elephant yucca in the form of spraying is recommended only in winter, when the room is heated by central heating or electrical appliances, and the air becomes dry.

The soil

The recommended composition of the soil mixture for growing yucca elephant: 3 parts of sod land, 2 parts of coarse river sand and leafy soil. The soil should be nutritious, loose, neutral in composition and with good moisture and air permeability. When purchasing ready-made soil mixture for palm trees, it is recommended to add a small amount of sand to it.

A flower pot needs a tall and voluminous one. Since yucca is a rather heavy plant, and the soil for it is light, then when planting, a layer of coarse pebbles or small pieces of granite (for weight) should be placed on the bottom of the container, and then a drainage layer. This will prevent the flower from tipping over due to its weight.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Complex top dressing for indoor deciduous plants is applied to the soil with the plant throughout the growing season once every 2 weeks. No fertilization is required in autumn and winter.

Pruning

In nature, elephant yucca reaches a very high growth, and at home, the height of the room for the plant also becomes small as it develops. As a precautionary measure, it is recommended to prune the top of the plant from time to time. This procedure will not damage the flower in any way, and its development will continue due to the appearance of young lateral shoots. It is important that pruning is done before the start of the growing season.

Transfer

Since young plants grow very quickly, in the early years they must be transplanted every season into flower pots of larger volume and size. With age, the frequency of transplants decreases, and adult cultures do not need this procedure at all. For mature large plants, it will be enough from time to time to replace the top layer of the old soil with a new one.

Reproduction of yucca elephant

Seed propagation is unpopular due to the low germination of seeds, which is significantly reduced every year.

The method of propagation by apical cuttings is used quite often. The tops of the shoots should be rooted in wet sand and then planted in regular potting soil.

The most common method is to propagate with parts of the trunk, which can be obtained by pruning a highly overgrown plant. A stem fragment with a length of at least 10 cm is placed in wet sand and left there until roots appear.

Diseases and pests

The main pests are spider mites and false scale insects. You can get rid of them only with the help of chemicals with the appropriate action. "Actellik" is a reliable and proven remedy for fighting these insects.

The main diseases are root rot and leaf spot. The cause of these diseases is improper (over-watering) and low room temperature. Violations of the rules of care can lead to rotting of the stem of the flower. At the initial manifestations of diseases, it is recommended to renew the plant. The top of a houseplant or a healthy part of the trunk should be placed in wet sand to form new roots. With severe lesions, yucca is very difficult to save.

Yuka is an elephant giant. Features and conditions for growing yucca


Yucca palm: cultivation and care. Features of yucca palm care

Yucca is an evergreen tree plant. His homeland is considered to be North and Central America. Here yucca is widely used. The flowers are rich in sugar and the fibers are highly durable and are used to make clothes, ropes and paper. Currently, the geography of yucca distribution is extensive: Mexico, the United States of America, South America, Europe. Some species grow in the Caucasus. At home, with proper care, it can be grown everywhere.

The decorative palm tree, the photo of which you see, grows up to four meters in height. Therefore, it is often used to decorate halls, offices and large rooms. The combination of these plants of different heights in one flowerpot is very appropriate and looks amazingly beautiful. At home, the palm tree does not bloom so quickly, you need to wait until the plant becomes an adult.


Yucca - description, useful properties, application

Yucca sounds intriguing ... But in fact, it is an ordinary evergreen plant. When you look at it closely, a woody stem catches your eye. As for the leaves, they are formed at the end of the branches, trunk, and come in different shapes. The most common are linear-lanceolate, with sharp ends.

The flowers of the yucca are white, large, drooping bells that gather in one panicle. But the yucca fruit is a fleshy berry. Some plant varieties have no stem at all, and the plant is a kind of bunch of leaves. Today there are many different types of yucca. Most of all it is popular in Mexico, America, it is often cultivated in Southern Europe.

What is this plant? How beneficial is yucca? How to use it correctly for medical purposes?

Plant care

Yucca is unpretentious in care. The main thing is to try to plant it in the sun, water it moderately. In addition, trimmed trunks are often sold, which have lateral shoots, a still fragile root system. Acclimatization is important for the full development of the plant.

The main condition for caring for yucca is watering. Do not over-water the plant, otherwise the root will start to rot, and the plant loves to be sprayed. It is worth noting that the yucca loves dim sunlight, while it needs to be fed at least once a month.

Attention! In winter, so that the plant does not freeze, the yucca needs to be covered. Yucca grows best in the Crimea, in the Caucasus. She is a decoration for the interior. Often there are elephant, garden, filamentous, aloe-leaf yucca.

How to transplant a yucca correctly? This should be done every 2 years, preferably in the spring. For these purposes, a soil mixture is selected, in which clay-turf soil, humus, it is also recommended to fertilize the soil with river sand, peat. Yucca propagates by rooting the top of the stem.

Why can the leaves of a plant turn yellow? Improper care creates a lot of trouble. For example, dry air leads to leaf deterioration, they darken over time. But brown spots on the leaves begin to appear due to the fact that the plant is not watered enough. Also, do not over-water the yucca, otherwise the leaves will begin to turn yellow sharply.

Benefit

The plant is often used to make durable fiber. The leaves are rich in steroid sapogenins, so corticosteroids are prepared from them. It is worth noting that yucca has anti-inflammatory, antihistamine effects. The plant also contains a lot of chlorophyll, enzymes, antioxidant components and other substances.

Yucca leaves

The fleshy leaves contain plant mucus, steroid saponin - thiogenin, anthraquinones.

Due to these components, the leaves are actively used to produce hormonal corticosteroids, and they, in turn, have anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects. Dermatologists use the juice externally.

But a decoction is prepared from some parts of the plant, then they are added to the bath and they treat skin diseases that lead to dryness and itching of the skin.

The plant is thermophilic, usually blooming at night with beautiful creamy, white bells that smell good and resemble the smell of soap. The fruits can only be found in wild plant species, because they are pollinated by a local butterfly).

Plant extract

The drug has a healing, bactericidal effect. Yucca flowers contain a lot of selenium, zinc, steroid sapogenins, sugar. It is used as a cosmetic product for skin and hair care. This is one of the best natural ingredients with which you can normalize the work of the intestines, stomach, and reduce flatulence.

Yucca extract is used to support the immune system, renew the cellular system, slow down aging, and get rid of a nervous breakdown. Due to the fact that yucca contains a lot of saponins, you can get rid of the unpleasant smell of feces.

Yucca application

The plant activates the body, completely cleanses it, in some situations increases pressure, improves the functioning of the respiratory organs. Yucca helps fight metabolic disorders, relieves intestinal polyps, catarrh.

In addition, yucca stops the inflammatory process, relieves pain in gout, arthritis. Natural components - saponins act in the form of steroids, and do not have any side effects.

Taking yucca products can increase endurance and lower blood cholesterol. Yucca is actively used in dermatology. Prepare decoctions from the plant to treat dermatoses. Also, yucca helps to heal neurodermatitis, eczema, lichen pores and psoriasis.

Yucca juice is recommended to be used for various skin rashes that are triggered by viruses. Yucca is included in various fees for the treatment of prostatitis.

How to prepare a decoction from a plant? You need to finely chop the yucca, mix it with a large burdock, Manchu aralia, elm leaves, garden parsley, sowing alfalfa, smelly black cohosh, red clay, capsicum, lobelia. You only need 2 teaspoons of the collection, fill it with water (500 ml), boil everything over low heat for about 20 minutes. Then wait an hour, the product should be infused and become concentrated. Drink the medicine in 100 ml, a course of one month.

Yucca fibers are used in the form of dietary supplements, they are put in cream, shampoos. With the help of an unusual southern plant, you can calm your nerves, purify the air, and create a pleasant environment.

So, yucca is an interesting and beautiful plant that can be used for decoration or medicinal purposes. If you plant a yucca in a flowerpot, combine business with pleasure.

Your windowsill will be decorated with a beautiful plant that can be used for medicinal purposes. Elephant yucca is especially beneficial. It is she who is actively used for medical purposes. The sap of the plant is part of many hormonal preparations.

Her hometown is Guatemala, Mexico. Don't you have a yucca yet? Be sure to buy yourself this plant!


I bought Yucca in a store two years ago. The price was rather high - 700 rubles, but I bought it as soon as I saw it. It was probably love at first sight.

Well, I bought it, then I did not understand the colors at all, I brought it home .. And then I had fear and doubts - can I cope with her leaving? Will my beloved beauty wither away?

I didn't know anything about her at all. I found information on the Internet about leaving, watering ..

In two years, Yucca has fluffed up her leaves. Unfortunately, I have not photographed Yucca before, which I regret a little, I would like to feel the contrast between her appearance then, after the purchase, and her appearance now.

So, the air in our apartment is dry, even too much. Yucca lived all summer on the balcony, where she felt great, the rest of the time she lives on the closet. (So that the children do not touch)

I transplanted it into purchased soil for ficuses, into a larger pot, once, after purchase.

I water it a couple of times a week, because as I said, we have very dry air, once I left for two weeks and she stood completely without watering. But nothing terrible happened, only the very tips of the leaves were dried up.

I read on the Internet that Yukka supposedly likes to stand in the cool in winter, so she moved to the corridor, where the front door is, it's cool and there is little light.

As a result, her leaves became pale, somehow narrow, and new "rosettes" of leaves began to grow rapidly - these leaves grew pale green.

And in general, she somehow stretched out and looked ugly. I rearranged it in my own way, on the closet.

There she seems to feel comfortable. The children will grow up, I will put her on the floor, after all, a palm tree)).

It's spring now, I put it on a sunny windowsill, a little darkened. Once I forgot it there and forgot the window ajar, and in the evening it froze on the street and as a result, my Yucca's leaves were damaged from one side.

I cut them off with scissors, and that was all there was to it.

From the frequent dragging of the pot and the rather dry and light soil in the pot, the stem of the flower began to dangle a little and tilt in one direction or the other in the pot. Apparently, you will have to change the pot.

I fertilize with agriculture for succulents, or for decorative leafy indoor flowers, rarely fertilize, as I recall, according to the instructions.

The leaves of my beauty dry a little - yellow spots and dashes appear where there are creases, but this is all because of the dry air in the room.

Friends and relatives always pay attention to this flower, ask where it took, how much it costs.

My Yucca is tall does not grow. Its trunk was treated with something so that it would not grow.

In general, the flower is not particularly whimsical, do not be afraid to start it, thinking that you will not cope.


Types of yucca for home cultivation

Today, on store shelves you can find different versions of yucca, most often they offer elephant variety... The plant got such an unusual name because over time, the trunk of a perennial at the base becomes like the leg of the largest terrestrial animal on the planet. This type of yucca takes root better than others in indoor conditions and grows and pleases its owners for many years. Yucca elephant leaves are somewhat reminiscent of an hourglass. In the upper part, they rush sharply to the sky, and in the lower part, to the ground. Although the yucca is elephant and perfectly takes root at home, it nevertheless grows very, very slowly.

Another alternative to the homemade elephant variety is considered yucca aloe leaf... This plant is somewhat similar to dracaena: the same long pointed leaves and a "slender" trunk. Unlike the elephant variety, the aloe-leaf yucca is very demanding on the temperature regime in the room. Therefore, the grower will have to constantly maintain comfortable conditions for the yucca, otherwise it will begin to shed its leaves, and then it will die altogether.

Many breeders choose for cultivation not only well-known, but also rare varieties of yucca, which are not so often found in flower shops. These include the yucca Trekulu, Whipplu, Sizuyu, Radiant and others.


Application in medicine

The healing properties of yucca found their way into recipes folk medicine:

  • For arthritis, arthrosis, gout and bursitis, a decoction of the roots is used. To prepare it, grind the roots (1 tablespoon) and fill them with water (0.5 l). Put the mixture on fire, bring to a boil and simmer for a quarter of an hour. Then remove the broth from heat and leave for another hour. Take the filtered broth 1/2 cup three times a day.
  • For the treatment of eczema, psoriasis and neurodermatitis, lotions or ointment from the leaves are used. To prepare a decoction for lotions, take the leaves of the plant (50 grams) and fill them with water (3 liters). Bring the mixture to a boil and after the broth has cooled, use it as a lotion, applying it to the affected areas. Ointment for treatment is prepared as follows: take leaves (10 grams) and mix them with melted lard (100 grams). Simmer the mixture in a water bath for 6 hours, then filter it through cheesecloth and pour into a jar. Apply the cooled ointment to the affected skin. A decoction of the rhizomes of the thyme is used for washing ulcers.
  • For gastrointestinal diseases (ulcers, gastritis, Crohn's disease and intestinal inflammation), drink a decoction from the leaves of the plant: take 10 grams of crushed raw materials and fill with water (500 ml). Bring the mixture to a boil and turn off the gas. Drink the broth three times a day. If the gastrointestinal tract is disrupted, they also take a decoction - pestlets.
  • For the treatment of diabetes mellitus, pharmaceutical preparations with yucca extract are used or they prepare a decoction on their own. To prepare the product at home, you will need: root, stem and flowers. Take the prepared raw material (50 grams) and fill it with water (3 liters), boil the mixture and let it cool. Take half a glass three times a day. The beneficial properties of sainfoin are also used to treat diabetes.
  • To get rid of prostatitis, use a collection of herbs: the roots of yucca, burdock, hydrangea and aralia, as well as the herb of parsley, alfalfa, black cohosh and lobelia, mix in equal parts. Take raw materials (two tablespoons), pour water (0.5 liters) and simmer over low heat for a quarter of an hour. After removing from heat, leave the product for another hour, and then filter and take half a glass three times a day. Continue the treatment for a month.


Yucca content

The optimum temperature for keeping yucca in summer is + 20 ... + 25 degrees, in winter at rest - about +10 degrees. In the cold season, you should protect the yucca from hypothermia and drafts; a sharp drop in temperature most often leads to the death of the plant.

If the temperature is too high in winter, combined with a lack of lighting, the yucca grows: the bases of its shoots are strongly stretched, the leaves become thinner, brighten and hang, losing their natural density and juicy color. On a weakened yucca, pests appear (spider mites, mealybugs); its leaves turn yellow and fall off.

Yucca species that are sensitive to dry air should be regularly sprayed with boiled water at room temperature from a fine spray. To increase the humidity around the yucca, you can place the pot with the plant on a pallet with a moistened layer of gravel.
Spraying yucca in the sun can cause sunburn stains on its leaves.
The most common types of yucca in indoor floriculture - Yucca elephantipes and Yucca aloifolia - do not require spraying.

The frequency of watering yucca depends on many factors: the size and material of the pot, the size of the plant, the characteristics of the substrate, temperature and humidity.
In the warm season, the yucca is watered abundantly - but only after the topsoil has dried to a depth of about 5 cm.At a moderate temperature of the content (+18 degrees and a little higher), a large yucca is watered about once a week for 10 liters of soil, 2 -2.5 liters of settled water at room temperature. In hot summer, the yucca is watered more often, but do not forget that the soil in the pot must dry out between waterings.
In the rest of the year, watering of the yucca should be moderate (in winter, watering is reduced), otherwise its roots rot from stagnant water in the substrate, and the plant may die.
In case of mistakes in care, the yucca leaves roll up into a tube, the edges and tops of the leaves turn brown on the leaves with brown spots with a yellow edging from the spread of a fungal infection.

You need to feed the yucca in spring and summer, with an interval of two to three weeks. This plant responds well to feeding with infusion of mullein, horse manure, leaf humus. Belarusian fertilizer "Peat oxidate"(a product of peat processing) is perfect for feeding yucca and other indoor plants.
You can feed the yucca with complex mineral fertilizers - carefully, diluted solutions. The best results are given by foliar dressing (a solution of mineral fertilizer is sprayed on the leaves from the bottom side).
You cannot feed the plant immediately after transplanting, as well as if the yucca is sick.

Often yucca grows with one trunk, but you can achieve branching. In order to grow several tops of the yucca, choose a young, well-rooted plant with a height of at least 30 cm (the higher the better).
In spring or early summer, during the growth of the moon, the yucca is cut off with a sharp knife or blade (a 5-10 cm long stalk), but leaves should remain on the stem - the more leaves, the better. The slices are sprinkled with crushed coal. The cut off top of the yucca can be rooted (see the method below), and the remaining stem over time grows new shoots from the awakened buds.

It is better to replant the yucca in the spring, or, if necessary, in the summer. This plant thrives in a well-drained substrate. When transplanting yucca to the bottom of the pot, be sure to fill in the drainage from expanded clay, fine gravel or broken brick. It is better to choose medium earth mixtures. If a mixture with peat is used, then it must be neutralized to neutral values ​​(pH 6.0-6.5). It is advisable to add coarse sand (up to 30% by volume) to the earthen mixture.
When transplanting yucca, it is advisable to preserve as much as possible an earthen lump around the roots, therefore it is better to transship rather than transplant a healthy plant. A transplant is required when the roots of the yucca have begun to rot from excessive watering. Rotten roots are very soft and creep under the fingers, a rotten smell emanates from such roots - they must be removed when replanting the plant.

If, from excessive moisture in the substrate, the roots of the yucca began to rot, and dark spots and softened areas appeared on the trunk - but at least a few leaves and part of the trunk remained light in color, hard and elastic to the touch, then you can try to grow new roots in the affected plant in two ways :

1. Rooting the healthy part of the yucca trunk using the air-lay method. On the living part of the stem (above the decaying part at least 10-15 cm, and from the top not lower than 60 cm), remove the bark with a sharp knife with a "ringlet" 0.5 cm wide. In the place of removal of the bark and a little higher, tie the trunk yucca with wet sphagnum moss, and on top of it - with plastic wrap, so that moisture does not quickly evaporate from the moss. Moss should be kept moist at all times, moistening it with a spray bottle if necessary. After 2-3 weeks, the plant usually has new roots above the bark. For another two weeks, the roots grow, without removing the moss and film from them. When the new yucca roots grow and branch out, the top of the plant with the new roots is cut off below the bark. Sprinkle the cut with crushed coal, dry it slightly and plant the plant in a new pot with fresh substrate. The soil should consist of garden or humus soil and coarse sand (at least a quarter of the total soil volume).
Another way to re-root an affected plant is simpler, but also more risky.

2. Rooting a healthy part of the yucca trunk in a mini greenhouse... With a sharp knife, cut off the living part of the plant from the decaying one. It is desirable that the length of the resulting cutting be no more than 30 cm, and the remaining living part of the trunk can be rooted separately. Sprinkle the cut of the cutting with crushed coal, dry it a little and plant the cutting in a pot with wet coarse sand. To ensure increased air humidity, the cutting is covered with a large jar on top or a mini-greenhouse is arranged: 3-4 thin sticks are inserted vertically into the pot with the cutting so that they are higher than the cutting itself, and cover the pot with the cutting with a transparent plastic bag, tying its edges on pot. The renewed plant takes root after a month and a half, it is important not to overmoisten the soil, but also not to let it dry out.


Yucca elephant - gardening

June 29, 2016 Natalia

Do you see the beauty in the photograph? This is a filamentous yucca. Photographed literally last Saturday. A few years ago, a neighbor shared her seedlings, and since last year she began to bloom. We will talk about the peculiarities of growing yucca today in the "I love flowers" section. By the way, yucca can be grown both in flower gardens in the open field and in greenhouses. And why this flower can be called the queen of jeans, you will find out further.

Yucca is filamentous. Characteristics and appearance of the plant

Filamentous yucca is a perennial evergreen shrub that belongs to the Agave family. Leaves linear-lanceolate, flat, basal, growing from a rosette, blue-green, 30 to 90 cm long and 2-4 cm wide, with a sharply pointed soft or hard top. Threads hang along the edges of the leaves, which

time may fall off. Inflorescence - panicle 1 to 3 (4) m high. Flowers creamy white, yellowish white or white with a greenish tinge, drooping, 5 to 8 cm long, 6 petals.

There are a lot of plant varieties. The most common species is the Yucca elephantipes. In length, the leaves reach from 30 to 75 cm, in width - from 5 to 8 cm. The flowers of this amazing plant almost one to one "copy" the field bell, only they are huge in size and, as a rule, white.

Yucca filamentous is grown in gardens, orchards and even offices around the world. The widespread use of yucca is due to the fact that it is unpretentious and resistant to frost. When planted correctly, the yucca will be able to withstand frost up to 30 degrees and, surprisingly, bloom. Although in areas with severe winters, it is still better to shelter it for the winter.

If your region is famous for harsh winters, buy only a well-established, acclimatized plant, preferably from a local greenhouse, and be sure to ask the seller for details of caring for it in winter. With proper care, yucca will beautify your area for a long time.

Yucca is filamentous. where does it come from and where does the thread

The filamentous yucca is called because of the filamentous processes at the ends of the petals of the bell-bud. This flower has another name - “tree of happiness”. Astrologers claim that yucca cleanses the environment from the negative energy of unkind thoughts. I don't know if this is so, but a positive mood from looking at a flowering plant is definitely guaranteed to you.

Yucca is native to North America. It also grows wild in Mexico, Jamaica, Bermuda. About 40 species of yucca are found in these places. It grows in dry and sunny places. Yucca is very popular among the local Indians, who use it as a medicine in the treatment of certain diseases, for making ropes, soap and even fabrics. Over time, this plant migrated to Europe. There are about 40 varieties of filamentous yucca, and there are specimens without a stem.

By the way, the first denim was made from Yucca thread. The fact is that yucca bears fruit in its native places. The fruit is like a capsule that contains seeds and a substance like cotton. Very strong fabrics, ropes and even ropes are made from it. In our area, we will not see fruits, because only one butterfly pollinates it - the yucca moth. In our latitudes, it is not found.

Experts say that jeans made from yucca thread are so high quality and durable that they are inherited. True, in our time, jeans made of pure yucca are practically not found. No thickets of this plant will be enough to provide jeans for everyone. But some yucca is added to expensive denim.

Yucca is filamentous. Planting and leaving

When planting, keep in mind that very good lighting is necessary for filamentous yucca to bloom. There are no strict requirements for the composition of the soil. The main thing is to avoid waterlogging, otherwise the roots of the plant will begin to rot. However, the lack of watering in dry weather will not lead to anything good either. The main thing is that there is no stagnation of water in the soil.

A place suitable for filamentous yucca is on a slope, with light partial shade from trees. Although in fact it can grow even on sand, the main thing is to provide it with conditions far from damp. Loamy soil is best mixed with sand. If you plan on growing yucca in pots, buy a good nutrient medium. Ready-made earthen mixtures (for palms, yucca, dracaena, ficuses), which are sold in stores, or mixtures made by yourself, are suitable.

Young plants require sod and leafy soil, humus and sand in a ratio of 2 × 2 × 1 × 2. When compiling an earthen mixture for adult plants, we exclude humus from the composition and mix sod and leafy soil and sand in a ratio of 3 × 2 × 2. Drainage is also important, both when planting in pots and planting in open ground.

When planting in open ground, we make a pit for yucca at least 80 cm deep and at least 40 cm in diameter.Then pour pebbles or fragments of brick into a hole, 5-10 centimeters, and then fill it halfway with coarse sand, and even better with fallen leaves (they are valuable as fertilizer), mix the sand with ash - this will only improve the effect.

Watering and feeding in open and indoor growing

Watering the filamentous yucca should be done carefully. Abundant watering is needed only in the warm season. If the summer season is not dry, then natural watering is enough for her, and in case of drought, once a week is enough. In between waterings, the soil should dry out to a decent depth.

When growing filamentous yucca indoors, watering in winter is carried out once a month, while you need to make sure that the earthy clod is not too dry. Remember that the roots rot from excessive moisture, and from excessive drying of the soil, they can dry out. Be sure to spray the leaves to simulate dew. Do this every day, but only with boiled water. Spraying the leaves with tap water leads to their rapid contamination with a precipitate of calcium salts, which not only worsens the appearance of the plant, but also disrupts its diet.

If the leaves are contaminated, the flower must be wiped. This should be done very carefully using a dry, soft cloth. Wipe the leaves only from the base to the tips. Otherwise, you will damage the "cilia" - very important organs that supply the plant with water.

A couple of times a season, feed the yucca with a complex mineral fertilizer, and in the third year (when the roots are finally stronger), you can also feed it with organic waste. For indoor cultivation, we carry out top dressing twice a month, alternating mineral fertilizers - for palm trees and decorative leafy plants - and organic fertilizers. Keep in mind that only healthy plants can be fertilized.

Yucca is filamentous. When a transplant is needed

In the open field, it is not necessary to transplant filamentous yucca, it can grow in one place for decades. For indoor cultivation, young plants should be transplanted annually, adults - once every 2 years, moreover, by the transshipment method. Between transplanting an adult plant in spring, it is necessary to remove the top layer of soil and add fresh soil instead.

A compulsory yucca transplant is required in several cases:

  • You just bought a plant and brought it home (give it time first — two weeks — to adapt).
  • The pot is too small for the root system, a larger vessel is required.
    • Roots rotted. In this case, an urgent transplant is required, before which the decayed roots should be removed. Before replanting the plant, dry the soil in which it is located. Remove the yucca from the pot, gently shake the soil off the roots.

Winter care

To prepare filamentous yucca for the winter season in an open flower garden, you need to tie the leaves in a bunch and put more fallen leaves on the roots - this will help save the plant from hypothermia. When grown indoors, in winter we place the yucca in a cool and well-lit place, preferably on a south window. Yucca winters well in cool conditions (not lower than +10 ºС) with moderate watering. Too high a temperature is also harmful.

when there is too much watering and it is hot in the room, the filamentous yucca grows strongly, and its roots quickly rot. With insufficient lighting in winter, in combination with a high temperature of the content, the shoots stretch out, become thinner, brighten, the leaves lose their inherent density, then turn yellow and fall off. In addition, under such conditions, pests may appear, as a result of which the yucca leaves also turn yellow and fall off.

Yucca is filamentous. Breeding features

The most common ways of yucca propagation are rooting in pieces of the trunk of at least 10 cm in length, rooting with lateral shoots and rooting at the top of the stem. For indoor cultivation, the latter method is very successful. It allows you to multiply the flower and adjust its height in height.

For propagation with the top of the stem, cut off the top of the plant with a sharp knife. Treat the cut site with sulfur or crushed charcoal and dry the cut for two hours, then place the plant in wet sand, to which add pieces of charcoal (birch charcoal is great, which is used for barbecue).

With this type of reproduction, yucca requires increased air humidity. Make a mini greenhouse by covering the shank pot with plastic wrap. Roots are formed within two months. The optimal time for yucca breeding in this way is late winter-early spring (February-April).

It is very easy to propagate filamentous yucca in the open field - with the help of lateral shoots from the root, which, if not weeded in time, will turn your plant into a large and sloppy bush. In the fall, they need to be separated from the mother plant and pre-prepared containers with fertile soil should be planted. After planting, the shoots must be watered abundantly and covered with a glass jar. The process of root formation on the shoot is quite long and during all this time it is necessary to ventilate the mini-greenhouse and monitor the soil moisture.

It is very important not to rush and wait until the process is completely rooted, and only then transplant it into open ground. In warm regions, you can plant yucca babies in August immediately in open ground. According to the reviews, it turns out well. We also plan to propagate the yucca by transplanting shoots in August. If everything goes well, I will write about the result in the comments or in the following articles.

Observe these conditions for caring for yucca and it will delight you for many years. And remember: it does not begin to bloom in the very first year after planting, but at least two years later. We bloomed in the second year, as the seedlings were given to us by rather adult ones. In the garden, filamentous yucca will make a successful composition for lower flowers that will shade it. To consolidate the material, I suggest watching a good video with sensible tips for growing this plant. There, the reproduction of yucca is suggested to be carried out by rhizome.

Video: filamentous yucca: plant features


Watch the video: How To Care For A Yucca Plant. Apartment Therapy


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