Gumi, gorgeous and tasty: how to grow an elegant shrub with healthy berries


Can't decide what to plant new in your garden? Do you think which plant is better: beautiful or healthy? Then stop your choice on gumi, it combines both qualities. This original shrub will become a decoration of the garden, and in two or three years will delight you with a delicious vitamin harvest. The Japanese, by the way, call the fruits of gumi longevity berries. And that's not all the pluses. Gumi is undemanding to care, rarely gets sick, and pests do not like him. But the green inhabitants of the garden will be happy with such a neighbor, because he enriches the soil with nitrogen.

Gumi: origin, history of distribution

Gumi, despite almost a century of cultivation on Russian soil, is still an exotic plant. He is well known in Altai, in Primorye, in the Far East, but he came to the European part of the continent not so long ago.

Gumi is one of the most ancient plants. According to some reports, his ancestors appeared when dinosaurs were still alive, in the Cretaceous period.

The homeland of gumi is China and Japan. At the beginning of the last century, a beautiful berry bush was brought to Sakhalin. Now the culture is successfully grown in the Krasnodar Territory, Moscow Region, Bashkiria, Tatarstan, even in the Tomsk Region and Udmurtia. This immigrant fell in love with Ukrainian and Baltic gardeners.

Description of the plant

Gumi is the Japanese name for a shrub that has taken root in Russia as well. The scientific name of the plant is multiflorous oak. The most famous closest relative of gumi is sea buckthorn.

Appearance

An adult bush looks very elegant. It features a harmonious pyramidal crown.

Gumi bush will decorate your site

Shoot length up to 2.5 meters. Speckled, harsh foliage with raised edges, silvery-green in spring and summer, acquires a rich golden color in autumn. Light brown bark with an olive or reddish tint. The bottom of the branches in some varieties is covered with small thorns.

Gumi leaves, silvery green in summer, turn golden in autumn

In late May or early June (it depends on the climate) creamy yellow gumi flowers bloom. The tubes with four-pointed stars at the end hang on long stalks and are distinguished by a pleasant aroma. According to some, it is similar to the smell of lilacs. Gumi is a generous honey plant.

Gumi flowers are dull, but very fragrant

The fruits ripen unevenly. And this also gives a decorative effect to the shrub. On one branch at the same time you can see green, yellowish and red berry beads. They are elongated, reminiscent of an elongated cherry or dogwood.

Gumi fruits ripen not evenly, but within 3-4 weeks

Elongated berries reach a weight of 2 grams, sometimes more. They are covered with a strong and transparent skin. At the time of full ripeness, silvery-white specks are clearly visible on it. Inside is juicy pulp and a medium-sized ribbed bone.

The taste of gumi fruits is sweet and tart, they are compared with overripe cherries, apples, persimmons, pineapples.

Gumi berries are often called silver cherries because of their characteristic specks.

Gumi starts bearing fruit 3-4 years after planting. It takes about 45 days from setting the fruit to full ripeness. It is possible to collect up to 8-9 kg of berries from one bush of a 6-year-old gumi, plants over 10 years old give up to 15 kg of harvest.

The Japanese believe that the fruit of the multiflorous oak tree has anti-aging properties. They contain many useful substances for humans: carotenoids, flavonoids, amino acids, pectin, vitamins C, A, P, E, macro- and microelements. Therefore, the inhabitants of the Land of the Rising Sun are advised to eat fresh berries. They perfectly tone up, restore disturbed blood circulation, help with diseases of the digestive system.

Gumi habits and preferences

Like most oriental plants, gumi prefers a mild, temperate climate. Therefore, a harsh wind, especially in combination with a low temperature, can be fatal for a shrub. Young shoots cannot withstand frost below 30 degrees. In winter, they need protection. However, a bush that has suffered from the cold recovers its strength during the season and gives more growth. The older the branches, the higher their frost resistance.

The gumi treats the abundance of the sun, if it is not burning. Able to grow in partial shade, under the crowns of trees. The further south the area, the more shady the landing site can be. And in the northern regions, gumi will prefer to live in the very sun.

Gumi loves sunny places, but is ready to grow in a small shade.

Gumi prefers moist soil, but requires minimal feeding. The fact is that over the years, the plant itself fertilizes the earth. On its roots there are nodules with bacteria that produce nitrogen.

Video: getting to know gumi

Gumi varieties

In the home countries of the gumi - Japan and China - only the original plant variety is common. Local scientists were not engaged in the selection of this shrub. Apparently, they thought that there was no need to improve the natural form. And the breeders of our country have bred several varieties of multi-colored sucker, suitable for a harsh climate.

Now 7 varieties are registered in the State Register of Russia. They have been tested and recommended for cultivation.

Krillon variety

Launched on Sakhalin. It is a medium sized shrub that produces high yields in good conditions. Bright scarlet with characteristic dots, the fruits are very sweet, but devoid of aroma. They arrive late. The branches and undersides of the Krillon gumi leaves are covered with speckled growths (lenticels), a small number of thorns are found only on the underside of the shoots. Berries are distinguished by a high content of ascorbic acid. This variety is winter-hardy.

Krillon produces a late but bountiful harvest.

Taisa variety

This is the only gumi variety obtained in the Moscow region so far. A feature of the shrub is weak spreading. Straight branches with dark brown smooth bark. The hard foliage is smallish, rich green, glossy, without specks. The berries are medium-sized (weight 1.2 g), ripen early. It tastes sweet and sour. The Taisa variety tolerates frosts well, it is rarely affected by pests and diseases.

The Taisa variety is suitable for growing in central Russia

Sakhalinsky first grade

A shrub with a spherical crown. Branches are reddish-brown, thin thorns, painted in a lighter color, are located at the bottom. Leaves are dull, dense, curved, with small teeth along the edge. The flowers are fragrant, pale pink in color. The red, speckled berries ripen early. Each cherry weighs an average of 1.5 g. The taste is pleasant sweet and sour. The Sakhalinsky variety has a high and stable yield. Young shoots in severe frosts (from -30 ° C) without shelter can freeze slightly, but the bush quickly grows. The plant practically does not get sick, it is extremely rarely disturbed by pests.

Gumi Sakhalinsky is an ornamental and fruit plant with high vitality.

Moneron variety

This gumi is another pet of Sakhalin scientists. It is called universal. The size of the shrub is average (about 2 meters), there are few thorns, pointed leaves without marks. Berries weighing about 1.5 g, taste mildly sweet, slightly tart. Ripening period is average. The harvest is high. The variety is resistant to frost, diseases and pests.

Moneron is one of the most productive varieties of gumi

Shikotan variety (Tsunai)

The Shikotan variety (formerly known as Tsunai) was bred quite recently. It is distinguished by denser and larger fruits (their weight is 1.7–2 g). They are barrel-shaped, ripen in medium terms. The yield is also average, but Shikotan is highly resistant to low temperatures and is well resistant to diseases.

The Shikotan variety has large fruits with dense skin.

Variety Yuzhny

Gumi Yuzhny is a compact bush, one of the largest-fruited, berries weigh 2.3 g or more. They have a tart-sweet fresh taste. Fruit ripening period is average. The yield is slightly lower than that of other varieties. At the same time, Yuzhny resists frost well and rarely gets sick.

Despite the name, the Yuzhny variety tolerates low temperatures well.

Kunashir variety

This is the tallest shrub of all gumi varieties. It has straight olive green speckled shoots. Few spines are darker than the bark and located at the top. The leaf plates are shiny and large, green above, silvery below. The flowers are white-cream. The bright red fruits ripen late. They are large, the weight of the berry reaches 2.5 g. The taste is harmonious, sweet with a slight sourness. Productivity, frost and disease resistance are average.

Kunashir variety is the tallest shrub

Berry variety

This gumi is not included in the Russian State Register, but it can be found on garden plots and on sale. The variety was bred in the Donetsk region (breeder Vladimir Mezhensky). The bush is small, height up to 1.5 meters. The fruits ripen early. Medium-sized sweet-sour berries (1.5 g).

The Yagodka variety was bred in the Donetsk region and feels good in the local climate.

According to information from the Internet, two more varieties have been bred in Ukraine: Kiev Jubilee and Urozhainy Vavilov. But there is no official data on these plants.

Video: forms of gumi of Ukrainian selection

Planting gumi

The multifloral goof is a non-capricious plant that is ready to live almost anywhere. But he will delight with a good harvest if certain conditions are created.

Requirements for the place of growth

Above all, choose a quiet area, sheltered from the cold winds, for gumi. The bush does not like elevations, it is tolerant of low places. The fibrous roots are located at the top layer of the earth, so groundwater will not interfere. But a swampy place where water stagnates on the surface for a long time will not work.

Gumi is a long-liver among shrubs. It is capable of flourishing and producing crops for up to 30 years.

The multiflorous oak soil prefers neutral or slightly acidic. If the acidity is high, lime the area. In addition, the soil must pass moisture and air well. On heavy loams on the eve of spring planting or in October, add 8-10 kg of rotted manure per square meter and dig up.

Gumi is a self-pollinated shrub. He sets fruit even if there are no similar plants nearby. But the yield will be much higher when relatives grow nearby.

Planting a young plant

Gumi seedlings are offered to buy online. However, in transit, the root system may suffer from drying out. Therefore, it is best to purchase plants from nurseries or garden centers. There you can choose a copy with the best qualities.

When buying, pay attention to the following characteristics: the height of the seedling is from 30 to 50 cm, there are at least two or three shoots, with a diameter of about 7 mm. Bushes of the first or second year of life take root more successfully.

Gumi seedlings do not tolerate shipping well, so it is better to buy them in nurseries or specialized stores.

The best time to plant gumi is early spring, but late autumn is also good. In this case, be sure to cover the plant from frost.

Sequencing:

  1. Prepare a pit of medium size (about 0.5–0.6 m in diameter, up to 0.5 m deep). If you are planting several plants, leave a distance of at least 2.5 m between them.
  2. Lay a drainage layer of pebbles or broken red brick at the bottom of the pit.
  3. Pour a mixture of humus and sand on top. Another option is to add 30 g of nitrogen fertilizer, 200 g of superphosphate and 700 g of wood ash to the soil.
  4. If the seedling is tall, more than 70 cm in height, cut it to 40-50 cm. Cover the cut with pitch.
  5. Remove the plant, along with the clod, from the pot. Do not shake off the roots.
  6. Place in a hole and cover with soil, deepening the root collar to 4–6 cm.
  7. Use your hands to gently press down on the ground near the stem.
  8. Water the bush well (about 12 liters of water).
  9. Mulch with humus, peat or sawdust.

Gumi prefers that the root collar be 4–6 cm deep when planting

How to plant gumi seeds

Experienced gardeners, who already have gumi, assure that it is easily propagated by seeds. But there are certain difficulties. Soft bones quickly lose their germination, attempts to preserve them often end in failure. Therefore, only fresh seeds should be taken for cultivation.

Gumi bone is soft and dries quickly

Sowing is best done in the fall, right into the open ground.

  1. Choose a site suitable for gumi, ideally it should become a permanent place of residence for a young plant.
  2. Make small holes 5 cm deep at a distance of 20 cm.
  3. Place the gumi seeds in the holes.
  4. Sprinkle with wood ash and cover with soil.
  5. Above the plantings, build a shelter made of frost foil.
  6. In winter, make sure that the bed is covered with snow.
  7. Gumi should appear in spring.

Some gardeners claim that spring sowing gives better results than winter sowing. But for this it is necessary to preserve viable seeds and arrange stratification for them - an imitation of winter.

  1. Separate the gumi seeds from the pulp, place in paper and keep cool, not drying out.
  2. In late September or early October, transfer the seeds to a container and mix with wet sand, sawdust, or moss.
  3. Place the container in the refrigerator or cellar (temperature 0 to +3 ° C).
  4. After 4-5 months (February-March), plant the seeds in seedling boxes.
  5. After frost, transplant the shoots into the ground.

There is another way to grow gumi from seeds. This is a cross between autumn and spring sowing.

  1. Place fresh seeds in a box with damp sand, sphagnum or sawdust.
  2. Immediately bury it in the ground to a depth of 30 cm. For the winter, insulate the place where the seeds were buried.
  3. In early spring, a month before sowing, take out the box and bring it to a warm place.
  4. Moisten the seedbed regularly.
  5. Wait for the seeds to hatch and then plant them in seedling soil; keep crops on a sunny windowsill or greenhouse.
  6. With the arrival of stable heat, transplant the shoots to the street.

You can try to save gumi seeds until spring, they are kept in the refrigerator or dripped on the site

Gumi breeding methods

A new specimen of the multifloral sucker can be obtained from seeds, and also from young green shoots - cuttings and cuttings.

Reproduction by layering

In this way, the number of plants is increased in late spring before the start of the growing season.

  1. Select healthy branches at the bottom, preferably closer to the horizontal direction.
  2. Make grooves in places where the cuttings will take root. Pour about 5 cm of humus there.
  3. Make shallow transverse cuts in the bark on the branches, sprinkle them with Kornevin.
  4. Lay the shoots so that the cuts are in the grooves, sprinkle them with earth on top. Take care that the leaves of the cuttings receive sunlight.
  5. Water the grooves abundantly, mulch with humus or peat.
  6. Moisten the cuttings regularly to avoid drying out the soil.
  7. Over the summer, carry out the hilling of the rooting sites 2-3 times.
  8. For the winter, cover the layers with leaves, and then with snow.
  9. In the spring, when the root system is formed on the branch, separate the cuttings from the mother plant.
  10. Grow a new specimen in a pot until the roots are completely strong, then plant it in a permanent place.

Propagation by cuttings

By the middle of summer, young green shoots of gumi grow up to 20-30 cm. Then you can start grafting.

  1. Cut the tops of young shoots with 2-4 leaves about 10 cm long.
  2. Immerse the sections for 10-15 hours in a solution of stimulants (indolylbutyric acid, indoleacetic acid, naphthylacetic acid or heteroauxin).
  3. Cut the upper leaves in half, tear off the lower ones.
  4. Prepare a greenhouse or container.
  5. Fill a container with coarse sand.
  6. Plant the cuttings 7 cm apart.
  7. Water the plantings, cover with a lid or plastic. Place in a well-lit place without direct sunlight.
  8. Maintain high air humidity, make sure that the sand does not dry out.
  9. Rooting of cuttings takes one and a half to two months.
  10. After root formation, transplant the plants into separate containers, keep in a cool room in winter.
  11. Plant the young bushes outdoors in late spring.

Video: growing from green cuttings

Gumi care

The multiflorous oak is a very patient and undemanding shrub. But he also needs care, like any cultivated plant.

The main condition is sufficient watering. Gumi hardly tolerates drought. Therefore, in the heat it is abundantly moisturized (up to 25 liters of water). Mulching the soil around the bush will reduce the frequency of work.

Gumi hardly tolerates drought, so it is watered abundantly in the heat.

The superficial roots of gumi grow up to one and a half meters wide, and weeds obstruct the access of air. Weeding and loosening will help, but only it should be shallow, otherwise you can damage the root system.

Weeds obstruct air access, so it is best to remove them

Breeders have tried to improve the frost resistance of gumi. However, in central Russia and to the north, young shrubs must be protected from the winter cold.

To do this, the shoots are bent to the ground or tied together, and then covered with burlap or special material. The roots are insulated with foliage or hay. In winter, more snow is poured around the bush. This will protect the plant from freezing and provide moisture in the spring.

A young bush of gumi must be protected from frost if you live in central Russia

The multifloral goose, as already mentioned, enriches the soil with nitrogen itself, and therefore does not require fertilization with manure or compost.

An adult plant needs a phosphorus-potassium feed. In the spring, after the snow melts, you can make such a cocktail for gumi: a glass of wood ash and a tablespoon of superphosphate. Or add Kemiru-Universal to the soil. The shrub is fed the second time after flowering.

In the first 5-7 years, it is better not to cut gumi. This can provoke the awakening of dormant buds and excessive thickening. The ten-year-old plant already needs sanitary pruning. Frozen, broken and intertwined branches are removed in spring.

Another advantage of gumi is that it does not form offspring. Therefore, you do not have to deal with the growth around the bush.

Diseases and pests of gumi and measures to combat them

Gumi has excellent health and strong immunity. But still, sometimes it gets sick or surrenders to pests.

Phylostictosis (brown spot) is a fungal disease. Large brown spots appear on the leaves, then they crack, forming holes. The leaf dries up, the berries die.

Treatment consists in removing all affected shoots. Then the bush is treated with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid, copper sulfate or fungicides: Raek, Skor, Strobi, But, Tersel.

Brown spot not only threatens the appearance, but also ruins the crop

In a rainy summer, gumi berries can infect moniliosis, or gray fruit rot. This fungal disease is easier to prevent than to cure.

For prophylaxis in early spring and late autumn, treat the shrubs and soil around a 2-3% Nitrafen solution. Before flowering, it is useful to spray the plant with any fungicide or 1% Bordeaux liquid. Rotten cherries must be removed and destroyed so that the disease does not spread further.

Gray rot is difficult to fight, it is better to prevent it

Of the pests for gumi, only aphids are terrible. This small insect settles in colonies on the plant, multiplies rapidly and is capable of ruining the entire crop.

Now there are many drugs against aphids: Iskra, Inta-vir, Tanrek, Aktara, Komandor, Aktofit. Processing is carried out before flowering and immediately after it, before the fruit ovary. Berries sprayed with chemicals are allowed to be eaten only after 5-6 weeks.

Aphids are one of the rare insects that gumi is afraid of.

Growing gumi in different regions

Gumi is a native of the East. But in recent years he has proved that he can live in the conditions of the Russian Non-Black Earth Region, in Siberia, the Baltic States and Ukraine. Consider the features of growing a plant in different regions.

In the suburbs and central Russia

When planting gumi on your site, you should choose the most sunny place. But even in this case, the timing of flowering and ripening of berries can be postponed by 2-3 weeks. And the young bush will begin to bear fruit a little later. But the most dangerous for him are the first frosts, when there is still no snow. Therefore, the main task of the gardener is to cover the heat-loving plant for the winter.

In the northern regions

It is known that many-colored sucker manages to cultivate even in Western Siberia, in the Tomsk region. There were planted gumi bushes from the St. Petersburg nursery. Not all plants took root, some died after the first wintering. But some specimens are healthy and bear fruit.

To preserve young gumi bushes in northern climates, some gardeners take them home for the winter.

Especially caring gardeners recommend transplanting young plants in the fall into a container and taking them into the house. At the same time, gumi will not shed its leaves and may even bloom and give fruit. And in the spring, the bush is returned to the site. Attempts to grow gumi all year round as a houseplant have been unsuccessful.

Video: many-flowered sucker in Udmurtia

In southern Russia and Ukraine

In warm regions, the problem of cold weather is not so acute. Although young gumi should be covered for the winter, like roses.

It is much more important to prevent the death of shrubs from drought. It should be planted in partial shade so that the tree crowns give coolness. Gumi hardly tolerates heat, hot air. He prefers high humidity in summer. It is necessary to ensure timely and abundant watering not only of the roots, but also of the crown of the plant.

Video: how gumi grows in Ukraine

In the Republic of Belarus, gumi is still a very rare plant. Nevertheless, local gardeners recommend covering it from frost in winter and protecting it from heat in summer.

Testimonials

Gumi or multiflorous goose is a beautiful and useful shrub. It combines decorative appearance with a good harvest of vitamin berries. Currently, interest in this plant is increasing. Perhaps soon gumi berries will become as familiar to us as cherries or plums.

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I am a philologist by education. My hobbies are reading, traveling, caring for my garden and pets. Therefore, a lot of what I am writing about is not theory at all, but a practice I have gone through personally.

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Its fruits contain many useful substances that not only tone up the human body, but also slow down its aging. According to scientists, the fruits of gumi are unique in that they contain seven essential amino acids for humans. In Japan, these fruits are extremely highly prized and are widely used to improve the health of the cardiovascular system and the gastrointestinal tract. But their main purpose is a vitamin and mineral supplement to food, especially recommended for little Japanese and especially loved by them. Many of our experts believe that gumi in our country has not yet received sufficient distribution, as it deserves, but it is a matter of time: in the current critical conditions of the natural environment, a person will increasingly need affordable and safe natural vitamin products, which in this case can be obtained using the fruits, leaves, stems and even the roots of this plant.

Gumi, or multiflorous oak, is capable of setting fruits as a result of self-pollination, however, it has been noticed that its yield is higher when there are several such plants nearby. Gumi is very decorative during flowering, its flowers are elongated, bell-shaped with a unique and pleasant aroma that attracts bees. The fruits are bright red, covered with silvery dots. They are easy to harvest as they are attached to the shoots with long, slender stalks. As a rule, the shape of the fruit is cylindrical, up to 2 cm long and about 1 cm in diameter, with dark red pulp and a bone inside. Gumi fruits can be eaten fresh (as a dessert), frozen and decorated with them in winter, as well as dried and used in decoctions or infusions. Many mouth-watering processed products can be prepared from the fruits of the multifloral sucker - this is luxurious jam, bright compotes, sweet jelly, saturated juices and, which is important for lovers of home winemaking, strong and tasty wines.

Planting, breeding and leaving

Some consider gumi an unpretentious plant both in relation to the winter cold and its ability to reproduce. Others believe that it is better to cover the plant from the winter cold, especially in the first years of its growth. Gumi "gets away" from the cold weather in May, which occurs in many Russian regions, because it blooms only from mid-June and blooms for a month. Its flowers can be white, silvery yellow or cream. When the plant is placed in the sun or under the crowns of trees, it bears fruit annually, but the yield is higher the less shade it is.

Propagating by seeds of gumi is not difficult, as amateur gardeners believe. To avoid stratification, they recommend sowing seeds in the fall in open ground, where they will naturally prepare for germination and sprout in the spring. There are reviews of some gardeners about the poor germination of gumi seeds.

It is recommended to propagate by cuttings green, cutting them 7-10 cm long from the side shoots of the current year. The top two sheets are cut in half. Cuttings with a heel take root better. It is advisable to treat the cuttings with stimulants (heteroauxin, naphthylacetic acid, etc.). Cuttings root well in coarse sand under a film with normal care for 1.5 - 2 months. At the same time, there should be enough light, but the sun's rays should not fall on the cuttings.

Reproduction by layering

The soil for gumi requires neutral, the plant does not like an excess of acidity. Planting is best done in early spring or late fall when the soil is moist. It is advisable to make the distance between the bushes 2 - 3 meters, and the planting holes up to half a meter deep. A mixture of fertile soil with compost, humus and sand should be introduced into the hole, and drainage from pebbles or other materials should be made at the bottom of it. It is advisable to add up to 30 g of nitrogen fertilizers, 200 g of superphosphate and up to 700 g of wood ash to the soil mixture. With the further care of gumi, additional feeding is also necessary.

We remind you that although some gardeners consider gumi to be an unpretentious plant, including one that is not afraid of frosty winters, you should still cover these plants for the winter, as we do with roses and grapes, especially in the first years of their development. The plant begins to bear fruit early. At the age of five, the bush can give up to 4 kg of fruit, and over time, with proper agricultural technology, its yield can rise to 30 kg. The bush does not require serious rejuvenation, bearing fruit in one place for up to 25 years.

As you can see, gumi deserves the attention of gardeners due to the above advantages. We wish you success in mastering this culture in your summer cottages!

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Planting gumi

You can plant a crop in spring (April) or autumn (until mid-October).

The main thing is to choose an even and well-lit area for the plant without stagnation of melt and rainwater. It is great if the place on the north side is protected from the cold wind and snow accumulates on it. Well-drained sandy loam or loam is preferred.

Before planting, the soil is dug onto a shovel bayonet and leveled. The distance between the bushes is 2-3 m, and the planting pits are up to half a meter deep. At the bottom, it is advisable to lay drainage from pebbles or broken bricks, then a mixture of nutrient soil with humus (1: 1), superphosphate (200 g) and wood ash (up to 700 g). A seedling is planted on this "pillow", its roots are straightened, covered with a fertile layer of earth, compacted and watered (10-12 liters of water under the plant). Then they must be mulched with peat, sawdust, humus or dry soil. This simple technique will allow you to save moisture and quickly take root in the plant in a new place.


Gumi: beneficial properties of the miracle berry

Gumi is an ornamental, evergreen, medicinal plant that is widespread in the south of Sakhalin, Korea, Japan and China. Gumi is the closest relative of sea buckthorn and shepherdia. Its green leaves are elliptical and resemble laurel in appearance. The berries are bright red in color and hang on long stalks. By their astringent taste, they resemble persimmons.

The plant grows to a height of about 3 m with a crown diameter of 2.5 meters. The root system is shallow. On the roots themselves, nodules grow, where nitrogen-fixing bacteria live.

Gumi blooms in June, and the fruits themselves ripen in mid-summer. Since this does not happen simultaneously, the harvest takes place in several stages. It is interesting that the plant bears fruit in the third year of planting. From one bush, you can get up to 10 kg of fruit. They are characterized by high transportability and do not let in excess juice. Gumi berries are delicious both dried and fresh. They can be used as jams, sauces, added to compotes and jams. Can be stored safely frozen for up to 8 months.

In winter, the plant stands out with light olive branches with rounded buds. In spring, it amazes with beautiful light cream tubular flowers. Gumi is a rather unpretentious plant, frost-resistant, not afraid of diseases and pests. The only thing that is required is to cover young shoots in winter with brushwood and leaves.

Gumi needs regular watering and annual feeding. This requires applying 8 kg of compost, 150 grams of wood ash and 30 grams of double superphosphate under each bush. Since the root system is close, it is best to mulch the soil. But the shrub does not need pruning.

Gumi is propagated in three ways: dividing the bush, seeds and layering. The seed method is the simplest. It is necessary to collect the fruits, peel them from the pulp and place them in paper bags before stratification. Then the seeds are mixed with sawdust and buried in the soil to a depth of 30 cm (for winter time). A month before planting, they are removed, placed in a plastic bag with a substrate and occasionally moistened. After all the procedures, disembarkation is made in boxes.

Gumi berries contain a lot of nutrients, amino acids, tannins and pectin substances. They are also rich in carotene, potassium, calcium and phosphorus salts. The amount of vitamin C contained in the berry is several times higher than that of black currants and citrus fruits.

Gumi has anti-inflammatory, tonic properties, prevents the development of sclerosis, has a beneficial effect on blood circulation.These berries are often used for cardiovascular diseases and stomach problems.

As for contraindications, gumi berries are not recommended for people suffering from diabetes.


Planting gumi, reproduction and care

Some consider gumi an unpretentious plant both in relation to the winter cold and its ability to reproduce. Others believe that it is better to cover the plant from the winter cold, especially in the first years of its growth. Gumi "gets away" from the cold weather in May, which occurs in many Russian regions, because it blooms only from mid-June and blooms for a month. Its flowers can be white, silvery yellow or cream. When the plant is placed in the sun or under the crowns of trees, it bears fruit annually, but the yield is higher the less shade it is.

Contradictory information is also given on the reproduction of gumi: some consider it best to propagate it by seeds, risking the plant's loss of its previously acquired qualities, others recommend reproduction by layering. Still others buy seedlings, as they claim - without problems, in nurseries, however, with the risk of buying something undesirable from the entire diverse family of suckers. The fourth set out their secrets of reproduction of gumi by cuttings. It seems that amateur gardeners, with their desire and enthusiasm, will have enough options for experimentation.

Seed reproduction

Propagating by seeds of gumi is not difficult, as amateur gardeners believe. To avoid stratification, they recommend sowing seeds in the fall in open ground, where they will naturally prepare for germination and sprout in the spring. There are reviews of some gardeners about the poor germination of gumi seeds.

Cuttings

Propagate by cuttings recommended green, cutting them 7-10 cm long from the side shoots of the current year. The top two sheets are cut in half. Cuttings with a heel take root better. It is advisable to treat the cuttings with stimulants (heteroauxin, naphthylacetic acid, etc.). Cuttings root well in coarse sand under the film with normal care for 1.5-2 months. At the same time, there should be enough light, but the sun's rays should not fall on the cuttings.

Multiflorous oak bush. © Dalgial

Reproduction by layering

On the gumi bush, branches are selected, inclined as low as possible to the ground. Under the planned layering, a rubbed humus layer up to 5 cm is poured. With a sharp knife, transverse cuts in the bark are made on the branch, which are then sprayed with Kornevin. The branch is pressed in several places with wire pins and covered with soil. In the case of a stubborn branch, you can press it with some kind of weight until it firmly takes its dense position to the ground.

For good rooting, the cuttings should be kept moist throughout the germination period. This operation is done after harvesting. The next year, at the end of May - beginning of June, the layers are carefully freed from the pins, dug out and checked for the presence of roots on them. Layers are cut off from the bush with pruning shears and divided into seedlings. Despite the roots developed on them, it is recommended to grow the seedlings in separate containers (pots) until the containers are completely filled with roots. Plants should be shaded in this case.

Multiflorous oak bush during flowering. © KENPEI

Planting and leaving

The soil for gumi requires neutral, the plant does not like an excess of acidity. Planting is best done in early spring or late fall when the soil is moist. It is advisable to make the distance between the bushes 2-3 meters, and the planting holes up to half a meter deep. A mixture of fertile soil with compost, humus and sand should be introduced into the hole, and drainage from pebbles or other materials should be made at the bottom of it. It is advisable to add up to 30 g of nitrogen fertilizers, 200 g of superphosphate and up to 700 g of wood ash to the soil mixture. With the further care of gumi, additional feeding is also necessary.

We remind you that although some gardeners consider gumi to be an unpretentious plant, including one that is not afraid of frosty winters, you should still cover these plants for the winter, as we do with roses and grapes, especially in the first years of their development. The plant begins to bear fruit early. At the age of five, the bush can give up to 4 kg of fruit, and over time, with proper agricultural technology, its yield can rise to 30 kg. The bush does not require serious rejuvenation, bearing fruit in one place for up to 25 years.

As you can see, gumi deserves the attention of gardeners due to the above advantages. We wish you success in mastering this culture in your summer cottages!


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