Cabbage Slava: a traditional variety for pickling


You can't imagine a table without cabbage: it will come in handy for salad, and for cabbage soup, and for the second. For all these purposes, the old well-known Slava variety, which has been grown everywhere for a very long time, is perfectly suited. Every gardener knows the glory, many plant it annually.

The history of cabbage cultivation Slava

Back in 1940, two varieties were simultaneously included in the State Register of the country, differing in details: Slava 1305 and Slava Gribovskaya 231, obtained by the same breeders at the famous Gribovskaya selection station of garden plants (now the Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing). These were the first entries in the register: in just the 1940s, 7 varieties of white cabbage were registered in it, which are still well known. This, in addition to Glory, Golden Hectare, Amager, Belorusskaya, Moscow late, Number one Gribovsky. And it so happened that, despite the fact that there are now several hundred varieties on the list, these first ones are still reliable.

Glory is one of the varieties intended for industrial cultivation

Both Slava are mid-season varieties, Gribovskaya ripens a little earlier and is a little better stored, but the heads of Slava 1305 are slightly larger. Now Slava 1305 is more often planted; however, often on the seed packages it is not specified at all which of the varieties is being discussed. Both varieties are intended for commercial production, that is, for planting in large vegetable farms, but they are also grown by summer residents. Both varieties are allowed in all climatic regions without exception. Since the differences between them are insignificant, often qualifying terms are omitted and simply talk about the wonderful Slava cabbage.

Description of cabbage variety Slava

Slava cabbage is a plant with a raised rosette of leaves. The leaves themselves are medium in size, in an unfolded state, they are round in shape, painted in a grayish-green or green color. The leaves are covered with a waxy coating of significant intensity, slightly wrinkled, wavy at the edges. The head of cabbage is generally above average in size, about 25 cm in diameter, has a rounded or flat-round shape, weighing 2.2–4.5 kg.

Heads of cabbage are dense, contain a medium-sized inner stump. The outer part of the stump is short. On the cut, the color of the head of cabbage is whitish-yellow, on the outside it is covered with green leaves. The cabbage tastes very good. Heads of cabbage contain up to 5.6% sugars, up to 11% dry matter.

In appearance, the head of Slava cabbage is completely ordinary, similar to many others

Characteristics of the variety

Slava cabbage is a medium late variety. Heads of cabbage can be cut about 100 days after germination, but they reach optimum ripeness in 130–135 days. Ripening in the garden is amicable, if you wish, you can try the cabbage at the end of September, the mass harvest is carried out after the first frosts of medium intensity. Slightly tacked heads of cabbage turn out to be sweeter and juicier.

From a hectare of sown areas, from 600 to 900 centners of the crop are obtained, the registered maximum is 1250 centners / ha. Ordinary gardeners, depending on the intensity of care and soil fertility, remove from 10 to 15 kg / m2.

At the optimum temperature in the cellar (about 0 aboutC) cabbage is kept fresh for up to three to four months: keeping quality is not the main advantage of the variety; other varieties are chosen for long-term storage (from the old ones, for example, Amager or Moscow late). Glory is beautiful fresh and fermented: soon after harvesting it is chopped and stored in barrels (for mass production) or in cans (land-poor summer residents). At the same time, even fresh, its relatively short term Slava lasts without loss of taste and vitamin composition. The variety is used in dietetic food, especially for diabetes and obesity patients.

Sauerkraut is the best dish from Slava

Slava cabbage belongs to unpretentious varieties, even a beginner can grow it. She easily tolerates the vagaries of the weather, including serious droughts, but, of course, in this case, the yield will be reduced. This cabbage, with proper care, rarely cracks in the beds (although with prolonged autumn rains, this is possible). The crop easily transfers transportation over any distance. Disease resistance is average.

The main advantages of the variety are:

  • unpretentious care;
  • drought resistance;
  • great taste;
  • versatility of use;
  • high productivity.

The disadvantages are:

  • low resistance to fusarium and keel;
  • not very long-term preservation of the crop;
  • strong dependence of productivity on soil fertility.

However, any cabbage requires a lot of fertilization, and mid-season varieties are rarely stored until spring. Slava is still considered one of the best in salting and pickling, although she has serious competitors in this regard. So, among the relatively new varieties, the Dutch hybrid Atria F1 is good, it lies fresh for up to six months, and the heads of cabbage can grow up to 10 kg. The Dutch hybrid Miracle for salting F1, which has appeared recently, is distinguished by a high content of sugars and juice.

The new domestic Kvashenka variety, which contains a lot of sugars and ascorbic acid, is ideal for fermentation. The variety is very easy to care for, the heads of cabbage grow even, round, weighing up to 3.5 kg. In various regions, such new pickling varieties and hybrids as Megaton F1, Centurion F1, Iceberg F1, Morozko, Aggressor F1, etc. are respected. Against the background of the newest hybrids, the glory of Slava does not fade, it is still planted with pleasure by gardeners accustomed to traditional varieties ...

Megaton is one of the trendy hybrids, but its seeds are expensive

Growing features

Like any mid-season cabbage, Slava in the southern regions can be grown without seedlings. Seeds are sown directly into the garden when the air temperature is stable above 10-12 aboutC and warming up the soil to at least 10 aboutC. The garden bed should be well filled with fertilizers in the fall, primarily with humus. The holes are arranged according to the scheme 60 x 60 cm. Several seeds are placed in the holes to a depth of 1 cm and the bed is covered with spunbond. Depending on the temperature, seedlings appear in 5-14 days. After the appearance of 3-4 true leaves in the hole, one plant is left. The seedless method produces stronger plants, but the harvest takes place about 2 weeks later.

Where this method is not possible, seedlings are preliminarily prepared by sowing seeds in April. Doing this in an apartment is not worth it: at temperatures above 18-20 aboutThe seedlings grow frail. It is better to use greenhouses; in most regions, the planting bed can simply be covered with foil for the first time. Usually in 2-3 weeks, when the real leaves begin to show, the film is no longer required. At least, immediately after the emergence of shoots, the film must be removed, and if it is still very cold, replace it with spunbond. The seedlings are transferred to a permanent place with 5-6 leaves, around the end of May.

It is advisable to grow cabbage seedlings in separate cups.

Too often, there is no need to water Slava, they do it once every one and a half or two weeks, but abundantly: they spend at least two buckets of water per square meter. Watering is stopped in September. If it rains, no watering is needed. Moreover, in order to prevent cracking of the heads, in rainy weather at the end of summer or in autumn, it makes sense to slightly twist the plant around its axis in order to deprive it of some part of the suction roots. Small hilling after irrigation is beneficial to Slava cabbage.

Frequent top dressing with a good filling of the soil with fertilizers is not required, you can only water the bed with the infusion of wood ash a couple of times, at the same time driving away the pests. But it is necessary to loosen the soil often, as long as the unclosed leaves allow. Heads of cabbage are first harvested selectively, as needed, and in October the entire crop is harvested.

Video: cabbage harvesting Slava

Reviews about Slava cabbage

Slava cabbage is one of the best pickled varieties. Although it has been cultivated for almost 80 years, many gardeners do not want to see any other mid-season cabbage on their plots.


The best varieties of white cabbage for sowing in your beds: a list with a photo

Each gardener tries to grow large and beautiful cabbage heads on the site. When choosing varieties, someone adheres to the traditional, time-tested ones, which have helped out more than once even in adverse weather conditions, and someone likes to experiment with new ones. If you choose early ripening, mid-ripening and late-ripening, then you can get the harvest all summer, and keep some of the heads of cabbage even until the next season.


Slava cabbage and its varieties

The traditional type of cabbage - white cabbage, has long been considered a Russian national product, although a vegetable comes from the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. Cabbage is so unpretentious that even old domestic varieties compete with new hybrids and still enjoy unprecedented success. One of them is the famous Slava variety, which has 2 varieties, no less popular than the eminent "namesake". We are talking about Slava 1305 and Slava Gribovskaya 231.

Slava cabbage is a very old variety, but it is still respected.

Both varieties have a long history, because the year of inclusion in the State Register is dated back to 1940. These varieties are allowed for cultivation in all regions of Russia. Purpose - open ground, so both types of cabbage are welcome guests on the garden bed in private households and on farm fields. The high gustatory quality of both varieties and their universal use in cooking are noted. But otherwise the characteristics are different.

Glory 1305

It belongs to mid-season varieties, from the period of mass shoots to the onset of technical ripeness, it takes from 101 to 132 days. Amicable ripening is noted. The leaf rosette is raised. Leaves are medium, round, with a pronounced wavy edge, green or grayish-green. The surface is medium-wrinkled, covered with a weak to medium-intensity wax coating. A round or flat-round dense head of cabbage is medium in size and weighs from 2 to 4.5 kg. The inner stump is of medium length, the outer one is short. Marketable yield 570 - 930 kg / ha. The maximum yield is 1250 c / ha. The variety is resistant to mucous bacteriosis.

Slava 1305 cabbage has excellent resistance to mucous bacteriosis

Slava Gribovskaya 231

Mid-season, but technical ripeness occurs 2 weeks earlier than Slava 1305. The final formation of the head of cabbage begins on the 100-110th day. A medium-sized, compact and raised leaf rosette hides a small but strong round-shaped head of cabbage. Its weight is 2.2 - 4.5 kg. The leaves are round, medium in size with a slightly wavy edge. Painted green or dark green. The surface of the plate is finely wrinkled, covered with a medium-intensity wax coating. Internal stump of medium length. The indicator of marketable yield is 658 - 891 c / ha. The maximum recorded yield is 1026 kg / ha. The output of marketable products is high - 91 - 97%. The variety is unpretentious to soils.

Cabbage Slava Gribovskaya 231 - a fruitful and unpretentious variety


Planting features - how to plant seedlings correctly

Let's find out the main nuances of planting cabbage of this variety.

First, we note that Slava cabbage can be grown using both seedling and non-seedling methods. If the former is better to choose in areas with a cool climate, then the latter is perfect for the southern regions. You can grow cabbage both outdoors and in greenhouses. However, in most cases, gardeners and farmers choose open space.

In order for seeds or seedlings to take root as safely as possible in the open field, the air temperature outside at the time of planting should be about + 12-18 degrees. Moreover, it is important that by this time the return frosts have already completely passed. Seedlings are ready to move into the ground if they already have 5-6 fully developed leaves, and the bush has reached 15 cm in height. Usually, gardeners choose May-June for placing Slava cabbage seedlings on the garden bed.

Important: before planting in the ground, the seedlings must be hardened. This procedure will help plants to adapt faster outdoors without any major consequences.

As for the choice of the site and the soil, in this case it is important that the garden bed is well illuminated by the sun, and the soil is fertile with a neutral reaction. But after how many days the cauliflower seeds sprout, and how easy it is to grow a crop, is described in this article.

On the video - planting cabbage:

Slava cabbage is planted on the garden bed, leaving a distance of 60 cm between the bushes. Exactly the same distance should be between the rows. It is important to water the garden bed with plenty of water before placing the seedlings in the ground - this measure will help the bushes take root faster.

It is also worth learning more about when to plant broccoli for seedlings, and what results you can achieve.

It will also be helpful to know when to plant cauliflower seedlings in the ground.

But how to grow Brussels sprouts in the open field is described here: //gidfermer.com/sadovodstvo/ovoshhevodstvo/vyrashhivanie-bryusselskoj-kapusty-v-otkrytom-grunte.html

But is it possible to plant tomatoes after cabbage, and how to carry out planting work, is indicated in this video.


Growing seedlings

To get a good harvest, the seeds of Belorusskaya cabbage are sown in mid-May. This sowing period allows you to get heads of cabbage, suitable for processing and storage. To obtain an earlier harvest of white cabbage, you can sow some of the seeds in early May.

Before sowing, the planting material is not soaked. But it will not hurt to process it in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. The seeds of the variety are sown in fertile soil, pre-filled with boiling water, to a depth of no more than 1 cm.

Seedlings appear together on the 4th or 7th day. Immediately, you need to provide the seedlings with optimal lighting, otherwise the Belarusian cabbage will stretch out, which negatively affects the yield.

You can sow cabbage seeds in a nursery or immediately in separate containers so as not to dive. In this case, 2-3 seeds are placed in each glass. When the plants grow up, leave one, the strongest seedling.


Diseases and pests of cabbage

Lennox cabbage has average immunity and has good resistance to the following diseases:

  • black leg
  • mucous bacteriosis
  • vascular bacteriosis.

But this hybrid does not have immunity to such a disease as keela, therefore, gardeners often have to struggle with this misfortune. If the plants are affected by the keel already in the process of maturation of the heads, then it is too difficult to fight the disease. Therefore, all diseased plants are removed and immediately burned. And the remaining cabbage bushes should be carefully spud and watered more abundantly. In the fall, you should dig up the soil, adding beet tops to it.

Video about cabbage diseases

https://www.youtube.com/embed/Iuoh2hX1eQM
And when planting this vegetable crop in other beds, 1.5 cups of milk of lime are poured into each planting hole. In the area affected by the keel, plants are planted that can destroy the pathogenic fungus. These can be vegetables from the Solanaceae, Liliaceae, or Haze family, and Lennox cabbage can also be affected by the cabbage fly. You can fight it by spraying with special insecticidal preparations, or by folk remedies.


Testimonials

Let's get acquainted with the reviews about this cabbage variety.

  • Valery, Ryazan: “I plant cabbage in my dacha every year. I have tried many varieties, but now I am more and more inclined to the time-tested options.For example, I have been growing Slava cabbage for many years - and it has never let me down. The seeds sprout well, the seedlings take root almost completely. The variety gives a good harvest, besides, I like the taste of this cabbage. I recommend the Slava variety as unpretentious and hardy. "
  • Svetlana, Kaliningrad: “I grow various vegetables on my site - cabbage is a must. I plant several different varieties every year, but Slava - in any case. I like this variety for its taste, besides, the heads of cabbage ripen dense, maturing, and the care is standard. Sauerkraut and pickled, this cabbage is very tasty. I recommend Slava cabbage as a variety that is perfect even for cool climates. "

We examined the features of growing white cabbage Slava. As already found out, under this general name are two different species that have similar cultivation techniques. But whatever type of "Glory" you choose, in any case it will be able to surprise you with high yields, remarkable rapid growth and excellent marketability. And our advice will help in the cultivation of this wonderful garden culture.



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