Zone 9 Citrus Trees – Growing Citrus In Zone 9 Landscapes

By: Darcy Larum, Landscape Designer

Citrus trees not only provide zone 9 gardeners with fresh fruit every day, they also can be beautiful ornate trees for the landscape or patio. Large ones provide shade from the hot afternoon sun, while dwarf varieties can be planted in small beds or containers for the patio, deck, or sunroom. Citrus fruits are sweet or sour flavored, but the whole tree itself also has an intoxicating scent. Continue reading for tips on growing citrus in zone 9, as well as recommended zone 9 citrus varieties.

Growing Citrus in Zone 9

In zone 9, citrus trees are selected based on the size of the area. Dwarf or semi-dwarf varieties are best suited for small yards or containers, while a very big yard may house many large citrus tree varieties.

It is also important to select citrus trees based on whether they require a second tree for pollination or not. If you have limited space, you may need to grow only self-fertile citrus trees.

Certain varieties of citrus trees are also more resistant to pests and diseases, therefore, have a much better chance of providing you with years of fresh fruit. For example, most nurseries do not even carry Lisbon or Eureka lemons because of their susceptibility to scab. Do research on specific varieties when selecting zone 9 fruit trees.

When a citrus tree declines, it is usually within the first two years. This is because young unestablished citrus trees require extra care and cold protection. Most citrus trees require a location that rarely experiences frosts. Older, more established, trees have more resilience to cold and frost, though.

A few cold tolerant citrus trees which can reportedly survive short periods down to 15 F. (-9 C.) are:

  • Chinotto orange
  • Meiwa kumquat
  • Nagami kumquat
  • Nippon orangequat
  • Rangpur lime

Those said to survive temperatures down to 10 F. (-12 C.) include:

  • Ichang lemon
  • Changsa tangerine
  • Yuzu lemon
  • Red lime
  • Tiwanica lemon

Recommended Zone 9 Citrus Trees

Below are some of the most recommended zone 9 citrus varieties by species:


  • Washington
  • Midknight
  • Trovita
  • Hamlin
  • Fukumoto
  • Cara Cara
  • Pinneaple
  • Valencia
  • Midsweet


  • Duncan
  • Oro Blanco
  • Rio Red
  • Red Blush
  • Flame


  • Calamondin
  • California
  • Honey
  • Kishu
  • Fall Glo
  • Gold Nugget
  • Sunburst
  • Satsuma
  • Owari Satsuma

Tangerine (and hybrids)

  • Dancy
  • Ponkan
  • Tango (hybrid) – Temple
  • Tangelo (hybrid) – Minneola


  • Meiwa Sweet
  • Centennial


  • Meyer
  • Ponderosa
  • Variegated Pink


  • Kaffir
  • Persian lime ‘Tahiti’
  • Key lime ‘Bearss’
  • ‘West Indian’


  • Eustis
  • Lakeland

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Read more about Zone 9, 10 & 11

The Best Dwarf Fruit Trees

Related Articles

Dwarf fruit trees are a boon to the modern gardener. They take up much less space than standard trees and they're simpler to maintain, prune and harvest. In some instances, fruit quality isn't as high as that produced by standard trees, according to the University of California, but if you have a small garden and limited time, dwarf trees are an ideal option. Select fruit trees and varieties adapted to your climate and growing conditions for best results.

Blood Orange (Citrus x sinensis var.)

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The blood orange is a variety of the standard sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) known for its deep red flesh. The most common varieties are the 'Moro', the 'Sanguinello', and the 'Tarocco'. The red coloring is due to the high anthocyanin content, a substance common in many flowers but rare in citrus fruit. Blood orange trees are often grown in large containers and kept pruned to maintain a diminutive size. The trees are indistinguishable from sweet oranges—they have the same glossy green leaves, twisted branches, and spines.

  • Native Area: Spain, Italy
  • USDA Growing Zones: 9 to 11 may need winter protection in zone 9
  • Height: Up to 25 feet
  • Sun Exposure: Full sun

Planting Basics

A nursery Meyer lemon tree is planted in a hole twice as wide as the rootball and the same depth the top of the rootball should sit about 1 inch above the ground. If the tree was grafted onto another root stock, the graft union where the scion meets the rootstock should be several inches above the ground. After the tree begins to grow, apply one-quarter pound of 6-6-6-2 fertilizer under the tree and water it into the soil repeat every 3 to 4 months during the first year.

Watch the video: Βιολογική καλλιέργεια εσπεριδοειδών

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