The English Garden is an intellectual's dream and a retreat for a creative person. Magnificent parks, gardens and a recognizable style of country estates are just a fraction of what the bygone era of the British Empire left behind.
The traits inherent in the English garden were formed as a result of the work of gardeners for several generations. Harmony of colors, careful selection of plants, simplicity and nobility of lines, an atmosphere of comfort - this is what the concept of an English garden is based on. When ennobling their corner of nature, gardeners often turn their gaze to the classical canons.
The popularity of the English garden has only grown over the years. Bringing ideas to life that grab and hold the attention of many gardening enthusiasts is easy. It is enough to get acquainted with the basic concepts of site planning and layout of green spaces - trees and bushes, as well as flower beds and garden furniture.
An English garden is usually divided into several parts: a lawn, a front garden, a gazebo, a pond, a garden. A low fence made of stones or a fence made of perfectly trimmed bush will help to separate one zone from another. It is permissible to use forged gratings for fencing, but they should not be high and interfere with the view. The garden will be decorated with a small gazebo made of natural materials. The paths are winding, usually covered with gravel, but can also be paved with tiles of calm tones or stones - cobblestone or flat sandstone. Multilayer beds - where tall and low annuals are combined.
Hedges. This element of the garden is built from low bushes or tall perennial flowers. The visitor, moving along the paths, will be surrounded by the walls of a green labyrinth, which will add mystery and charm to the walk. If on the way there are various structures, for example, pillars, they must be decorated with climbing plants, creating the effect of an object floating in the air. The hedge should not be too high, also avoid pomp - elegant restraint should be the advisor here.
A maximum of three types of trees and several types of annual and perennial flowers can be selected. Of the trees, thuja, yew, hornbeam, oak are perfect. Flowers - roses, peonies, mallow, hydrangea and lily flowers, will perfectly complement the image of the garden with lavender planted on a vast area. It is necessary to immediately decide whether the owners like the warm color or they prefer cold shades. The abundance of colors should not be flashy, this is easy to achieve if you correctly combine bright accents with a calm and restrained general background. From the bushes, you can create topiary - a living sculpture that is obtained as a result of a directed change in the shape of a plant.
The craving for antiquity gave rise to many ideas for decorating your site with household items left over from your ancestors. For example, a great-grandmother's bicycle or a cart can easily become a stand for a flowerpot, and an old-fashioned rocking chair will perfectly fit into a corner designed for outdoor teas. It is better to paint garden furniture - benches, tables and chairs in bright colors, provided that they are in harmony with each other. Thus, even in winter, a snow-covered garden will look quite optimistic.
In general, the color scheme of the English garden is discreet, not flashy. Pale pink and soft green shades, olive and beige tones are preferred for flower beds, decor and furniture. A wicker fence looks good, as well as birdhouses and bird feeders made of natural materials. You can use oval baskets, clay or stone vases with plants on the site.
Decorative ponds and streams, decorated with stones, will give the garden a unique look and refresh the flower beds and trees in hot weather. An artificial grotto or ruins will perfectly fit into the composition. Marble sculptures are also welcome, of course of high quality. The neatness and cleanliness of the English garden are not striking, they are natural, as if they were born by nature itself. The house and the plot next to it are a single whole, repeating elements, common finishing materials and one color scheme indicate this.
Thus, it is not difficult at all to embody the basic ideas of an English garden on your own site. By adhering to certain rules, you can achieve impressive results. The traditional and still fashionable English garden has long won worldwide popularity and is by no means going to give up its positions in the near future.
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How to grow roses correctly.
Undoubtedly, roses are beautiful flowers, otherwise they are called - "the queen of flowers." Having correctly planted roses and having carried out the necessary care for them, you can get excellent results of your labor, creating your own rose garden for many, many years.
To do this, you must follow some simple rules for the cultivation of a wonderful culture.
The first thing to do and to approach this issue responsibly is to decide on a landing site.
Roses are quite sensitive to light and heat, so they should be planted in places that are well lit and reliably protected from cold winds.
It is recommended to plant roses in spring, as soon as the soil has warmed up well. Planting in the fall is not entirely the right thing to do, because not every rose bush is able to fully take root before the onset of frost and may die.
Before planting, it is necessary to inspect the roots: remove all damaged parts by cutting them to living tissue.
The planting hole for the rose should be wide and deep so that the roots of the bush after planting are spacious. Also, after planting, do not forget to water the bush abundantly.
It is recommended to cover the seedlings with a non-woven material to protect them from the bright spring sun. It will be possible to remove the shelter when the ground is completely warmed up, and the size of the shoots reaches about 5 cm.
For spring planting of roses, it is advisable to prepare the soil in the fall.
- dig spacious holes to a depth of 1.2 m with a diameter of half a meter,
- fill with drainage (branches, large crushed stone, expanded clay),
- put a mixture of garden soil and humus on top, adding mineral fertilizers.
Taking into account the size of the variety of rose bush, the interval during planting can be observed from half a meter to one meter. In general, the distance between the bushes is determined individually.
Large spray roses look great in single plantings, but in a rose garden, on the contrary, it is necessary to maintain a distance from a meter to one and a half from a neighboring bush.
If your rose bushes look miniature, they can be planted to create borders, a distance of sixty to seventy centimeters is enough for them.
Climbing roses love "loneliness". If you have a desire to create a "wall" of climbing roses, then you need to plant seedlings at a distance from a meter to two.
Common rose care is loosening the soil, weeding, feeding, watering, fighting diseases and pests, pruning and shaping the bush.
For good development and flowering of roses, they need to be fed. Usually, the first feeding is carried out in the spring, the second in the middle of summer.
It is also recommended to water the roses abundantly once a week, preferably in the early morning or evening.
It is recommended to constantly loosen the soil near the bush so that it does not overcompact around it, since the roots need constant access to oxygen.
You need to prune roses every spring, until the buds begin to awaken. When examining a bush, you need to remove weak and diseased shoots, old and dry stems, remove shoots.
With the onset of cold weather, you need to think about how to properly cover the rose bushes. It is also necessary to choose the optimal time for warming roses, for example, the beginning of November.
Many make a big mistake, excessively "wrapping" their roses for the winter from frost, after which the roses die due to the drying out of the bushes. No need to cover roses for the winter with spruce branches or branches - so roses die in the spring.
Three or four times per season, roses must be sprayed with special agents to combat fungal diseases, rust and pests.
Some recommendations of experts for hilling potatoes.
Everyone who planted potatoes in their summer cottage knows that after planting it needs to be hilled.
Not everyone knows how to do it correctly and when to start hilling. There are some small tricks and nuances here.
According to experienced gardeners, the hilling of potatoes should be started as early as possible. The guideline in all recommendations is the height of the shoots, approximately from 14 to 20 cm.
Early hilling replaces both weeding and the recommended loosening of the soil. Also, after hilling, the potatoes seem to accelerate growth. Under favorable weather conditions, potato bushes will grow and get stronger literally before our eyes.
How often do you need to sprinkle potatoes?
Basically, two hilling are carried out, the second being carried out 2-3 weeks after the first, but before the potatoes bloom.
Also, if you see that the grown bushes are falling apart, the nest is not formed along the ridge, but grows across or in breadth, tubers begin to peep out of the ground, it is necessary to hilling in any case.
What is the best time for hilling?
The first thing to remember, when hilling, we disturb the soil, touch the shoots, the underground part of the plant. In hot weather, this factor may not play for the good of growing potatoes, the plants may wither. Therefore, in hot weather, potatoes should be spud in the morning or in the evening, during the period of the least activity of the sun.
The best option is to huddle after rain. Wet soil falls off the ridge less. Adding moist soil to the base of the stems, we stimulate the formation of additional underground shoots, on which potato tubers are formed, which will help to increase the yield.
Should hilling be applied?
Inventive gardeners are always trying to find alternative solutions to the use of certain methods of caring for plants on the site, and hilling potatoes is no exception. For example, one such method is to fit under a black non-woven material, which makes the hilling procedure unnecessary. It has also been proven that the way of grooming - uncooling works effectively.
When hilling potatoes, we carry out the following actions:
But it turns out that similar problems can be solved in exactly the opposite way.
When uncooked, the growing tops, instead of lifting them up, are spread along the ground. The soil or you can use grass, straw is poured on top, leaving only the tops of the shoots on the surface. As they grow, everything repeats itself.
In the garden, the landscape design of which copies the English style, there should be no clear straight lines, even squares or circles. If you have the opportunity to arrange a pond on your site, which in the English tradition is considered one of the most striking manifestations of style, implement it so that it cannot be distinguished from a natural reservoir. Water lilies and lilies will convince you of the naturalness of the pond, and the weeping willow growing on the shore will provide an atmosphere of peace and quiet. The English landscape allows you to put benches in the most secluded parts of the garden - and you can be sure that this will not harm the landscape.
organization of a recreation area: a table and chairs near the house in the English garden
A terrace made of orange stone and surrounded by a neat wall two or three bricks high will look great near the house. Lanterns and vases of flowers will look great on this wall. Hinged flowerpots should also be used to decorate the window sills of the garden house. Petunias work well as flowerpots. Choose any garden plants that you prefer and that suits your climate, but do not forget: everything should be natural in an English-style garden.
The English park is divided into zones using paths. All paths should lead to some significant place: to a bench, a house or a gazebo. Often on such paths, steps are made that perform a decorative function.
to create an English garden, a smooth lawn is taken as a basis
Garden paths can be paved with any material. At the same time, it is important that the color of the path is combined with the palette of the surrounding plants, and she herself looks harmonious in their environment.
Small fountains and fontanels can often be found in English parks. However, look that they are not clearly defiant or unnatural in color - they should not be gazed at!
stone path in the English garden
It is clear that all water sources in the English park have decorative functions, but at the same time it is possible to use individual purely French elements when creating a garden in the English style.
For example, having made a terrace, you can drink traditional English tea in the evenings and admire the amazing beauty of the British garden.
The small number of artificial structures that are allowed to be placed in an English-style garden must adhere to the basic rule of style - everything should look natural! Therefore, if you intend to put an arch, then make sure that it is quickly wrapped in vines. If it is necessary to install a border, then let it be made of natural stone. Paths can be made from gravel or sawn wood. Try not to have straight lines and well-defined boundaries - let them disappear into the lawn! A bridge with forged lace handrails will naturally fit into the English landscape, and you can use this method of decoration without a reservoir. In this case, under it you can plant those plants that love shade.
more flowerpots in the english garden
The English style garden is very similar to the shadow garden. In such a park, you will not only enjoy the amazing beauty of the landscape, but also take a wonderful walk in the fresh air!
Greenery and colorful flowers in the yard are an obligatory attribute of a summer cottage, thanks to which the territory looks more organic and natural. When decorating a backyard area, you can combine, combining various types of plants with each other, for example, weaving plants and grass, complemented by flowers of different shades. For example, on the lawn, you can combine bush roses and small violets.
When choosing a plant for landscaping a site, you need to take into account not only the characteristics of the territory, but also your willingness to engage in gardening. If there is no time and desire for this, then it is better not to spend money on expensive decorative flowers, but to arrange the site with a lawn and conifers. To divide the site into zones, you can use a hedge, which can also be made of coniferous or climbing trees.
The original solution is the construction of a complex vertical flower bed.If this idea seems unrealistic, then you can create a beautiful flower bed by planting flowers in a barrel, old car ramps or a car cart. In general, with the help of any available materials, you can make an attractive and unusual flower bed, pleasing with its appearance.