Beets have been used for cooking since ancient times. For more than two thousand years, breeders have bred many varieties and hybrids that differ in both appearance and taste. Beet seeds also differ depending on the variety and its characteristics.
The modern assortment makes it possible to choose the optimal plants for planting in regions with different climatic characteristics, be it Siberia, the Urals or the Moscow region. Drought, heavy rainfall and frost will not pose a problem when grown outdoors, if you give preference to weather-resistant varieties.
This article describes the most popular types of beets and varieties recommended for planting on a personal plot. Most of the plants perfectly adapt to any climate, show resistance to diseases and pests.
Particular attention should be paid to the growing season, which will ensure the full maturation of the root crops.
The root crop is characterized by an even, rounded, ball-like shape and a dark red center of the soft structure (there is no division of the pulp into rings). The vegetable is juicy, has a neutral taste, weight - 220-500 gr. It takes 95 days from the moment the shoots appear above the soil surface to harvest. The hybrid is resistant to flowering.
A highly productive hybrid with a ripening period of 60-100 days. The product of Dutch producers is appreciated all over the world for its stable yield, delicate, slightly sweet taste and the ability of the vegetable to remove radionuclides from the body. When mature, beets reach a weight of 110-500 grams. The plant is not subject to flowering and shooting, fruit cracking.
In just 95-105 days after the appearance of young shoots in the beds, harvesting can begin. The root crop reaches a mass of up to 300 grams, its shape corresponds to the name - rounded with smooth contours. Culinary experts highly appreciate the variety for its sweetish taste and lack of unpleasant bitterness. The culture is cold-resistant, so it can be planted in regions with difficult climatic conditions.
You can collect root crops 100-120 days after the seedlings appear in the garden. The weight of medium-sized beets reaches 150-200 gr., The shape is round. The culture is distinguished by strong immunity, which manifests itself in resistance to cercospora, shooting. The harvest is stored for a long time, until the next season.
Cold-resistant plant with a vegetation period of 95-120 days. Root crops are characterized by medium size, round shape, and pleasantly tasting pulp. Vegetable weight reaches 180-300 grams. Gardeners often plant burgundy table seeds before winter to get an earlier harvest.
A moisture-loving plant with oblong fruits, the weight of which reaches 320-500 grams. The cut has barely noticeable rings, the skin is thin, the flesh is sweet in taste. The culture is demanding on watering and soil fertility. The crop storage period exceeds 6 months.
The plant is single-sprout, which excludes thinning of the beds. The ripening period of root crops is 120-135 days. Beets are characterized by a round shape, dark burgundy color and small size (weight up to 200 gr.). Rings are poorly visible on the cut.
Feature: delicate structure of the pulp without signs of fibers.
The purpose of the fruit is universal. Vegetation lasts 110-120 days. The mass of the root crop reaches 270 grams. Feature of the culture: belonging to the one-sprout type, which excludes the thinning procedure. Young shoots can withstand light frosts and an abundance of moisture.
Harvesting begins 110-120 days after the seedlings appear above the soil surface. Up to 480 centners of vegetables are harvested per hectare, of which more than 80% correspond to the marketable type. The weight of one copy is 230-380 g. The variety is resistant to flowers.
The growing season lasts 115-120 days. Beets have a sugar-like taste, tender pulp that cooks fairly quickly. The culture tolerates drought and cold weather well. Fruit weight - 350-480 gr.
Weakly leafy plant with a vegetation period of 125-130 days. The root crop is formed in a cylindrical shape with a length of about 26 cm, weighing 360-420 grams. The red pulp has no rings.
Vegetation lasts 115-125 days. The culture forms friendly shoots and ripens up to 250-500 gr. The round-shaped vegetable is distinguished by its high taste characteristics, a long storage period, and resistance to a humid environment.
When germinating, it gives one sprout, which facilitates thinning of the beds. A round dark cherry root crop ripens in 120-130 days, reaching a weight of 280-350 grams. The plant is resistant to various diseases, pests, withstands adverse weather conditions. The crop is easily harvested due to the shallow immersion of the vegetable in the soil.
Used for all types of processing. Harvesting begins 100-120 days after sprouting. Round beets are usually small in size, weighing 240 grams.
Feature: cooks quickly.
The variety was bred by Dutch breeders. The growing season is 95-115 days. Fruits are round, small in size, weighing up to 230 gr. The pulp has an intense red color, without annular borders. The plant is cold-resistant, tolerates drought and a humid environment.
Dark look of beets with missing cut rings. The ripening period is 83-98 days. The shape of the vegetable is round, weight - 240-450 g. The variety is resistant to diseases, keeps well, has a pleasant taste.
A hybrid bred by Dutch breeders. Harvesting begins 90 days after the emergence of seedlings in the garden. You need to plant using the scheme: 30x60 cm. The vegetable is formed in a cylindrical shape weighing up to 430 grams.
Mid-season plant with a growing season of 120 days. Root weight - up to 600 gr., Shape - cylindrical up to 16 cm in length. Strong immunity is manifested in resistance to many diseases, unfavorable climatic conditions. The harvest is stored for a long time (until March).
A high-yielding variety with high palatability. The nutritional value of the vegetable is preserved even when processed and frozen. Dark red pulp of a uniform color without signs of rings, fruit weight - 250-500 gr. Harvesting begins 125 days after the emergence of young shoots.
The growing season is 120 days, the weight of the root crop is 240-450 grams, the shape is round with smooth contours. The plant is sensitive to a humid environment, easily tolerates drought, is not afraid of autumn frosts.
Feature: juicy pulp with a sweetish taste.
The plant tolerates frost well, but does not like a humid environment. The ripening period is 120-130 days. Beets weigh up to 300 gr. The pulp is juicy with a dense structure of a uniform color (no ringing).
High-yielding variety, resistant to flowering and stemming. The growing season lasts 120-135 days, the weight of the root crop reaches 125-340 grams. Faint pink rings are visible on the pulp. The vegetable is distinguished by its ability to cleanse the body of toxic substances and radionuclides.
Root crops have an oval-cylindrical shape with various curvatures, their weight does not exceed 350 grams. The plant reacts well to fertile soil and fertilizers, is resistant to adverse weather conditions. Productivity is consistently high. The shelf life of fruits without loss of valuable properties is more than 7 months.
The small head has a rounded-flattened shape, the weight does not exceed 350-500 grams. The color of the middle is pale pink, the taste is sweetish. Egyptian flat is not prone to stemming and flowering, tolerates temperature drops, excessive soil moisture.
Feature: can be sown before winter.
Moderately cold-resistant variety, not subject to flowering. Ripens in 80-120 days. Rounded fruits weighing up to 500 gr. characterized by a neutral taste and the absence of annular borders on the pulp. Features: long shelf life, drought resistance.
A high-yielding crop with a maturation period of 120-130 days. The fruits are formed in a round shape of medium size, the weight reaches 230-280 g The flesh of a rich burgundy color has no rings, it is neutral in taste with a slight sweetness. The plant is susceptible to watering and feeding.
Harvesting is possible 125 days after the emergence of shoots above the soil surface. The mass of round fruits reaches 350 grams, the pulp has a dense structure, the skin is thin. Among culinary experts, the variety is valued for its versatility, juiciness and quick preparation.
Vegetation lasts 120 days. The hybrid is a high-yielding species that is resistant to flowers and stems. Beet mass - 350 gr., Shape - regular round, dark pulp without ringing.
Feature: high taste and marketability, long shelf life.
Rounded-flat fruits in ripe form are hung over 300 gr. The vegetable is highly valued among culinary experts due to its versatility and great taste. The growing season is 125 days, the plant is resistant to diseases, the shelf life exceeds 8 months.
Ideal for winter storage. The ripening period is 90-110 days, the weight of the root crop is 320 g, the shape is round, the color of the pulp is brick-red. Feature: high sugar content, high yield of marketable products.
The plant is high-yielding with a ripening period of 76-85 days. Differs in a unique taste filled with sweet notes. The pulp retains its firm structure even after heat treatment. Root weight - 150-230 gr.
The vegetable is stored for a long time without loss of valuable properties.
The culture is suitable for growing on almost any soil, shows resistance to many diseases, tolerates drought and cold weather. The ripening period is 125-135 days, the weight of beets reaches 400 grams.
The growing season is 75-100 days, the yield is up to 57 tons per hectare. The root crop has a flat shape, weight - up to 400 gr. The plant is resistant to flowering, responsive to fertile soil and moderate watering.
Early ripening with a 100-day growing season. Root crops have a round shape, smooth thin skin, dark burgundy pulp. The mass of an average vegetable is 250 gr. Beetroot does not crack during cultivation; even with long-term storage, it retains valuable properties.
Very tasty beets, high-yielding and resistant to flowering. The mass of the vegetable reaches 350-550 gr., The color of the pulp is dark red without ringing. Harvesting begins 115-120 days after sprouting.
It is characterized by high taste, lack of beetroot odor and bitterness. Vegetation lasts 115-125 days. Root weight - 350-400 gr., Shelf life exceeds 8 months.
A plant with an early ripening period (70-85 days). Round fruit with regular contours weighs up to 480 gr. Barely noticeable rings are visible on the cut of the pulp. Feature: strong immunity, resistance to humid environment and drought.
Hybrid of late ripening (130-150 days). The head is medium in size and has a rounded shape, weighing up to 350 grams. The variety is resistant to discoloration after cooking, the taste is rich in different notes.
Feature: deep bedding of the root crop.
Beets are widely used not only in cooking, but also as part of dietary and medical nutrition. Its value lies in the ability to improve liver function, cleanse the body of toxic substances. Vegetation - 120 days, fruit weight - 250-500 gr. Features: cold resistance.
The ripening period of the vegetable is 110-120 days. Not afraid of spring frosts. During the period of active growth, beets are demanding for watering and feeding. Fruit weight - 210 g, shape - round, red flesh without ringing. Detroit is virtually immune to disease.
Planting several varieties of beets will diversify the home menu and saturate the body of households with useful substances.
Beetroot is an indispensable vegetable on the human table. Many famous dishes cannot do without it: beetroot, borsch, vinaigrette, various salads. That is why they strive to grow this vegetable crop in any garden. Each summer resident chooses for himself the best variety of beets for open ground. It will depend on certain requirements: soil, climate, crop care. This article suggests the best varieties of beets for consideration.
Early beets differ in that the sown seeds give one sprout, so the plantings are not thickened, they can not be thinned out.
The skin of the fruit is thin, the middle is easy to remove, the middle is soft, suitable for squeezing juice. The nutritional value (set of nutrients, vitamins) of early ripening specimens is small and they are stored for no more than 2 months.
Let's consider the most demanded representatives.
Beet root spherical pulp is juicy, bright red, sweetish without bitterness.
The tuber grows small - up to 300 g. The crop ripens at the same time, the safety of the tubers is good. Cold resistant beets. In warm climates, it is possible to harvest 2 crops.
The shape of the root tuber is almost round, the flesh is juicy, without rings, of dark cherry color, it is characterized by increased sugar content.
Bordeaux has proven itself well among gardeners in various natural areas.
It does not need special care, it grows on a wide variety of soils. The fact that the root is not completely in the ground, but in half, makes it much easier to pick the fruit.
Grows in regions with different soil. It is famous for its excellent taste and dark raspberry color. There are no white curls. In some places, there may be light rings. Root crops reach a weight of 500 grams, have a thin skin. Maturation occurs in 98 days.
If fed well, the farmer can achieve a good harvest from the borsch beet variety. More than nine kilograms can be grown on one square meter. Sowing is carried out in summer or winter. Vegetable juices, snacks, salads and first courses are prepared from this variety.
It is a mid-season, hygrophilous plant of an oblong configuration. The fruits have an elongated shape, thin skin. With growth, timely and abundant watering is required. You need to store vegetables for about 6 months. At the same time, there is no change in the presentation and aromatic taste.
The culture is one-germ, so the garden is not thinned out. The root crop ripens on day 120. The vegetable has a roundness. The shade is maroon. The sizes reach 200 grams. The cut is decorated with weak rings.
The pulp with a delicate structure, without fiber.
It ripens quickly on day 110, after sprouts begin to appear. One hectare grows 480 centners of sugar product.A large percentage has a presentation. One piece weighs over 230 grams.
Large and tasty spherical root vegetables. The weight can be up to 0.5 kg. The color of the pulp is uniform red. The fruits are tasty and soft. Cooked mulatto beets remain as bright as they were before cooking. You can store it all winter.
Ripe roots are harvested on day 115. 1 sq. m of land gives about seven kilograms of harvest.
The quality of beet seeds directly depends on breeding work. All varieties of vegetables have their own characteristics that play a role in preparing seeds for planting and further care. At the moment, more than 40 representatives of the varietal variety of beets are known, which are planted in open beds.
From such a wide variety, beet varieties that are especially popular and respected can be distinguished:
Interesting. It is very important to select beet seeds according to the area in which the beets will grow.
If we talk about the above varieties, then the Improved Red Ball will take root well in the climate of the middle zone, as well as such varieties of vegetables as Detroit, Bohemia and Egyptian flat.
In the suburbs, Lada and Buryak will perfectly take root. These varieties are well adapted to almost all areas of our country. Also, in the climate of the Moscow region, varieties such as Mona and Nohovski grow well.
As for Siberia and the Urals, Bordeaux 237 and Matushka Matryosha show themselves worthy in the harsh climate.
Growing beets in the photo
Currently, there is practically no vegetable garden where beets are not grown. Beet seeds can be sown both in spring, summer and autumn. In the spring, sowing begins when the soil temperature at a depth of 10 cm warms up to +8. + 10 ° С (end of April - May). Podwinter sowing is carried out in November and the earliest production is obtained (at the end of May, mid-June).
When planting beets in open ground, special varieties are used for winter sowing:
"Cold-resistant - 19" and others that are resistant to flowering.
To facilitate the care of beets when planting in spring, seeds are sown in grooves made at a distance of 15-20 cm from one another. Seeding rate of seeds is 1.5-2 g per 1 m2. The planting depth is 2-3 cm. The emergence of seedlings can take up to three weeks, and in the first period the plants grow very slowly. To accelerate the emergence of seedlings, seeds are soaked in "Epin" or another growth stimulator.
Beets can be planted with seedlings previously grown in a bright, warm room, or plants obtained by breaking through thickened crops can be used.
After planting beets, when looking after seedlings in the open field, the soil is treated with a rake across the sowing rows, and later weeds are weeded, systematically watered and loosened the beds.
Observing the correct cultivation technique, the beets are thinned out twice: the first - when 1-2 true leaves appear at a distance of 3-4 cm, the second - when the plants have 4-5 leaves and the root crop reaches a diameter of 3-5 cm, at a distance of 6 -8 cm. Young roots from the second breakthrough are used for food.
When growing and caring for beets outdoors, do not forget that this crop is very demanding on the soil. She needs a significant amount of nutrients, but during the growth period it consumes them unevenly. In the first month, he is quite content with what is in the soil. The root system at this time is poorly developed, so young plants assimilate only readily available nutrients. While developing, the roots penetrate deep into and to the sides, but most of them are still located in that layer of soil where there are the best conditions for moisture and air exchange. Be sure to consider this feature of growing beets and be sure to feed the plants before the leaves close.
Beets prefer nitrogen and potassium from the main nutrients. During the formation of the tops, more nitrogen is consumed, and when filling the root crop, potassium is consumed. Phosphorus is required during the entire growing season in approximately the same quantities. The recommended fertilizer rate for top dressing in the first half of summer, g: nitrogen - 25, phosphorus - 20, potassium - 15, in the second - respectively 15:20:30 per 1 m2.
Beets are demanding on moisture, especially in the growth phase of rosette leaves. According to the correct technology for growing beets, the irrigation rate is 2-3 buckets per 1 m2.
Top dressing with potassium nitrate (20 g per 10 l of water) improves the taste and sugar content of root crops.
When growing and caring for beets, keep in mind that this is a long day plant. It makes high demands on light, the lack of lighting reduces the yield of root crops and degrades their quality. Therefore, when growing beets, choose a sunny location. The best precursors are white cabbage and tomatoes.
Beets are harvested at the onset of technical maturity, characteristic of the variety. For example, the variety: "Red ball" - on the 65-80th day after the emergence of mass shoots, "Bordeaux 237" - on the 80-105th day, "Egyptian flat" - on the 110-120th, and "Cylinder" and "Kuban borscht" can be kept in the beds for up to 130 days.
Intensive growth of root crops usually occurs in September with the onset of cool weather, therefore, beets for winter consumption must be sown so that the end of their growing season falls on the end of September - early October. For example, beets of the Cylindra variety, with a maximum period from germination to full maturity of 130 days, should be sown in mid-May, and the early-ripening Bordeaux variety for summer consumption can also be sown in April.
Unsweetened, and sometimes salty beets can happen if they are overexposed in the garden. Every 5-10 days, the loss of sugar content is 40-50%, while beets overgrown in the garden are poorly stored.
To keep the beets well, do not dig them in rainy weather and stop watering two weeks before the expected harvest time. Air the dug root vegetables with tops for several hours under a canopy. If the day is hot, then limit the drying time. Root crops should not wither. Then the tops are cut off, leaving the stalks above the head no more than 1 cm long. Root crops up to 14 cm in diameter are considered standard.
Watch the video "Growing beets", which shows all the main stages of planting and caring for the crop:
It is a very valuable food plant. The root crops of table varieties contain sugar, protein, fat, fiber, organic acids (malic, citric, etc.) "mineral salts (magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron, iodine, etc.), dyes, vitamins C, B1, B2 , R, PP and folic acid. In cooking, fresh beets are used to make vinaigrettes, borscht, side dishes, and sauces. It is also used dried, pickled and canned.
In the food industry, pigment substances in red beets are used for harmless coloring of products.
The beet pulp contains betaine, which normalizes blood pressure and prevents hypertension. Pectin substances contribute to the elimination of toxic compounds of lead and radioactive strontium from the body.
In terms of iodine content, beets take one of the first places among all vegetables.
In folk medicine, beets are used in combination with carrots and black radish to raise hemoglobin in the blood. Boiled beets are recommended for atherosclerosis, hypertension, diseases of the liver and kidneys, intestines, etc.
Raw beet juice can be drunk as a means of improving metabolism and strengthening the body. This root vegetable contains a unique set of elements and a large number of substances that are not subject to destruction during cooking. Beetroot is the "cleaner" of the body No. 1, it sanitizes the intestines, including by destroying putrefactive bacteria, and not only the mechanical action of cellulose.
Below you can read the description of the beet varieties recommended for growing in the middle lane.
When the middle of a vegetable has a rich dark red color, without white circles in the cut, it contains more vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals. For summer residents who seek to grow such a product, we present the best varieties:
Choosing a variety of beets for planting, summer residents, as a rule, sow 2-3 varieties. They carefully study all the characteristics of the novelty, learn its zoning (in which area it is preferable to plant this variety), create the most favorable conditions for planting and care.