Actaea - How to care for and cultivate your Actaea



Actaea racemosa

The Actaea they are delightful plants widely used for borders or as herbaceous shade plants.






: Angiosperms


: Eudicotyledons











: see the paragraph on "Main species"


The genreActaea of the family of Ranunculaceae includes perennials native to the wooded areas of the northern hemisphere. The clearings, the wooded edges, the humid shaded areas, the deciduous and coniferous forests, the depressions of the land, the banks of the streams and the marshy areas are their natural habitat.

They are rustic perennial plants that can reach up to 1 m in height. They are provided with rhizome, with toothed and compound leaves and white flowers, with small and feathery petals gathered in racemiterminal now rounded or elongated similar to spikes. They have particularly showy stamens that protrude from the petals. The fruits are variously colored berries (poisonous, if ingested), mostly red and white, which ripen at the end of summer-autumn.

During the winter season the plant loses all the aerial part and only the rhizomes (underground stems) live from which, every year, the roots and the aerial part are born.

Given its white, frothy flowers and colorful berries, it is very decorative when grown with a dark background.


There are several species in the genus Actaea among which we remember:


L'Actaea alba (or Actaeapachypoda) is a bushy perennial species with a stem up to 1 m long and tending to red, leaves up to 60 cm long with 3-12 oval leaflets.It blooms from the end of spring-early summer, producing white flowers gathered in racemic inflorescences that will form white round wands with a black dot.


The species Actaea erythrocarpa (synonymous Actaea spicatavar. rubra) is a bushy perennial plant with arched and red colored stems. It is characterized by pinnate leaves 40 cm long. It blooms in late spring-early summer, producing white flowers gathered in terminal racemes. Fruits are reddish-brown berries.


L'Actaea spicata (synonymous Actaeanigra) is a perennial species with a bushy habit with leaves composed of 9-15 leaflets, up to 60 cm long. Flowering begins towards the end of summer-early spring with white flowers arranged in racemes and followed by black berries.

It is commonly known by the name of goat beard.


L'Actaea racemosa (synonymous Black Cohosh) it is a perennial herbaceous species with a bushy habit, up to 3 m tall, with trilobate leaves of an intense green color and flowers united in raceme inflorescences of elongated shape very similar to spikes. It blooms from June to August.

The namebed bugcomes from the Latincimex "Bedbug" efŭgus "Which infuses", because the smell of the plant keeps insects away.

For its medicinal properties, see the "Curiosities" section.


L'Actaea a rustic and fairly simple cultivation plant, suitable for growing outdoors in gardens, as it is very decorative thanks to its clusters with colorful fruits.

It requires a cultivation in partial shade (the A. spicata in full shade) therefore it is advisable that it is cultivated in the shade of the trees. It can also be grown in the sun but in areas exposed to the north or west while maintaining good soil moisture.

It is resistant to low temperatures while it is not tolerant towards the wind which is not particularly welcome.


Throughout the spring-summer period, the soil must always remain moderately moist.


It requires fertile soils with a slightly acid reaction, possibly enriched with leaf soil and very well drained because it does not tolerate water stagnation.


Starting from spring and throughout the summer, administer a liquid fertilizer in half doses with the watering water once a month.

It is advisable to use a fertilizer that in addition to having macroelements such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) also has microelements such as iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), Boron (B), Molybdenum (Mo), Magnesium (Mg), all important for the plant. Therefore, do not trust the beautiful packaging or the famous name of the fertilizer: always read the label.


Although they are perennial plants, since they lose the aerial part during the winter period, they cannot be pruned. Only the parts that dry out or get damaged during the summer are eliminated, to prevent them from becoming a vehicle for parasitic diseases.


The flowering period for the different species is usually between the end of spring and early summer.


L'Actaea it multiplies by seed or by division of the plant (much easier to achieve thanks to the presence of the hizomes).


In spring the plant is extracted from the ground and its division is carried out. Gently divide the irizomes into several portions, each with at least 2-3 leaves using a clean, disinfected and sharp knife (in order to avoid fraying of the tissues). After that each single portion is planted individually using the same soil for the adult plants.


Plants can also multiply by seed in autumn, sowing in good seed soil. When the seedlings are large enough to handle, they should be planted outdoors in April. They can also be sown directly at home in April, subsequently thinning out the seedlings at the indicated distance.

The planting density, considering the subsequent development of the plants, must be about 60x60 (60 cm along the row and 60 cm between the rows).

The seedlings born from seed grow much slower than those born by dividing the plant and begin to flower only from the second year and only from the third year the plant can be divided.

This practice is much more laborious than the division and more demanding also considering that the seeds retain their germinability only for a few months.


They are not plants subject to parasitic attacks. Occasionally rust can affect them.

The leaf margins dry out

This symptomatology appears when the soil is not sufficiently moist.

Circular spots of reddish color

If you notice this symptomatology it is very likely that you are in the presence of the so-called rust caused by different fungi. If neglected, the spots gradually merge until the whole leaf dries up. are that the propagation organs of the fungus.

Remedies: it is good to immediately eliminate the affected leaves and intervene with copper-based chemicals following the instructions given in the pesticide package.


Berries are very toxic when ingested.

The name Actaeae comes from the Greek aktaia "Elderberry" for its resemblance to the elderberry plant.

L'Actaeae racemosa it is an important medicinal plant. Already the American Indians used the rhizome of the plant for the preparation of various remedies for rheumatism, snake bites, menstrual pains, to promote childbirth, etc. Today it is used as a phytotherapy remedy for the treatment of menopause disorders: flushing, headache, sweating, ringing in the ears, palpitations, nervousness, irritability, sleep problems and depression. In addition, it is a valuable aid in the treatment of back pain, menstrual disorders and osteoarthritis.

Christmas rose (hellebore): planting and maintenance tips

The Christmas roses, also called hellebores, are very rustic perennials native to central Europe, and naturally grow in undergrowth, scrub and mountain meadows. The plant grows in a compact tuft that can reach 30 cm in height. The jagged leaves are persistent, more or less dark green and the flowers that resemble scrub roses are white marked with pink or purple, sometimes mottled with green in the center. They bloom in winter or early spring, at a time when flowers are rare in the garden.

We offer you 2 complementary varieties of hellebores, both for color and for staggered flowering.

Tips for planting narcissus

Daffodils are planted from September to December : early planting favors better rooting, guaranteeing a beautiful flowering the following spring. Plant the bulbs in groups of 5/10 on any good garden soil, dig deep, fairly rich, sunny or slightly shaded. Contrary to other bulbs, narcissus tolerate fairly humid soils in winter, and are perfectly resistant to summer drought, which is necessary for the formation of flower buds. The bulbs are buried 2/3 times the height of the bulb, ie from 10 to 20 cm in depth. Water lightly after planting.

You can grow daffodils in pots and planters, especially dwarf forms and odorous varieties. Place the bulbs in one third of loose earth, one third of good potting soil, and one third of coarse sand.

Diagnosis of manic depressive disorder

A fundamental step in the diagnosis of bipolar disorder is to exclude the existence of other (possible) causes for extreme mood swings (which could, for example, also be the side effect of some drugs). For this purpose, doctors and psychotherapists may also ask questions and laboratory tests. But also interviews with people close to the patient to understand if, and how, their behavior has changed. [3]

The different phases, and the related signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder


++ ** The Dix Croix ** ++

Group: Administrator Posts: 51,090 Location: * + From the Gothic Mana's Castle + *

Also from the Gothic Bible, I take inspiration for a topic that really intrigued me.
Gardening experienced by the gothic culture.
Well, a lot of goths have claimed to take care of plants and gardens, a little. details.

CREDITS: Google, The Gothic Bible (pages 261 to 266)

When it comes to flowers, one immediately thinks of roses or black orchids, but they are very difficult to recreate.
Well how to find a rose without blue, purple and dark red undertones at the base of the petal?
David De Marco of the Black Rose Floral Company talks about his black rose.

The Black Rose, a legend given that at the moment there is no completely black rose, despite urban legends and the most absurd stories of growers who continually hybridize red roses with the most intense color in order to obtain the darkest rose to offer at the market, or those of flower growers who sneak into private gardens at night who claim to have produced the black rose and pluck entire shrubs.

These misunderstandings arise from the fact that when dark red roses are hybridized, the bud has the appearance of a real black rose when it appears, but when it ripens, when it blooms inside the petals, the real color can be observed.

The Black Rose Floral Company has however been able to offer goths an alternative, specializing in the preparation of completely black roses and bouquets that can also be ordered online.
They use fresh or dried roses that dye black, and black silk roses.

As for the black fiopri in nature, they are a real rarity, among the most famous we find the
Black pansy

the black violet,

the black carnation

the black tulip,

The Penny Black,

the black and white dove.

In exotic locations it is possible to find black flowers that are difficult to cultivate such as the Black Bat Plant, ((Tacca chantrieri)) which with its petals resembles the wings of bats.

The seeds of Tacca chanterii must be sown immediately after harvesting and take 9 months to germinate.

For those who know it, it argues that one way to give space to black in your garden is to focus on foliage such as Black Cohosh and Actaea simplex or James Compton Black Cohosh.

Other flowers to consider are the black knight iris which I find gorgeous.

and the asters Prince and Lady Black.

Some plants like Sambucus Black Beauty

and the Black Beauty heuchera darken according to the amount of sun they receive.

The black grass Ophiopogon planiscapus Black Knight, dark gray slowly grows and creates a pleasant sensual mantle in the garden.

Lysimachia nummularia aurea and world herb are excellent black pot herbs.

A trick with black plants is to avoid planting them under bushes where they will not appear in all their beauty because they will look like a black shadow on the ground.

Many goths surveyed admitted to growing goth gardens.
Some cultivating poisonous herbs such as Belladonna, but also wormwood, hyssop, nicotiana, black tulips (more tending to dark purple), Lavaglut red rose, ivy, daisies.

Some gardens become true works of art that combine beauty and architecture. even extravagant,
So free space for tombstones, crosses, goblins, butterflies, barbed wire, doll heads stuck on metal spikes, dragons, griffins, stone lions, ponds with fountains.

And if the plants die or dry out. still remain exposed. more macabre than that ^^

Other various related articles can be found reported in the index section
under the heading: Gothic Gardens-

Postural gymnastics: exercises for the neck

The right remedies to soothe and solve cervical problems with the constancy of physical practice, some useful tips and homeopathy

What does it mean to have cervical problems? Problems to cervical arise when the cervical area - in the neck band (first seven vertebrae numbered C1 to C7) - is inflamed. The pains affecting the vertebrae of the neck can be due to several causes: hereditary factor, physiological predisposition, abrupt motives (also due to sport), sudden changes in temperature or air blows, infections, mental tensions or working conditions. In relation to the latter case, the subjects most at risk are the video terminals, that is, those who often use the computer assuming an incorrect position of the head, neck and torso.

From a scientific point of view, the correct term to define cervical disorders is neck pain, referring specifically to the neck band that allows you to support the head. The mechanical structure of the cervical is composed of ligaments which hold the vertebral segments together and is enveloped by muscles (the trapezoids for the support of the head and the sternocleidomastoid for rotation) that allow movement in harmony with the spine. L'muscular system it also serves to leverage certain shoulder and arm movements.

There are three types of neck pain:
- real neck pain: causes pain in the affected area, dizziness and nausea
- cervico-cephalic form: characterized by symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, headache, impaired vision, hearing and swallowing
- cervicobrachial form: symptoms include tension headache and nausea causes pain in the back of the neck and arm, which often also radiate to the hand, causing pains and widespread tingling.

The cerivalgia, in its three types, presents itself with different modalities and symptoms depending on the subject.

Practice the postural gymnastics it helps to strengthen, stretch and relax the muscles, which during the day can be subjected to incorrect and in the long run degenerative positions.

Exercises suitable for fighting bad postural habits and preventing neck pain are:
to loosen the neck muscles:
- exercise n.1: with the help of your hand, tilt your head to the right and left
- exercise n.2: first move your head slowly and then more quickly backwards and to the left
- exercise n.3: move your head up and down, increasing the pressure over time

to stretch out your arms: first extend one arm and then the other at 90 ° and place your hand on the wall. With your fingers on the wall, push your arm as high as you can.

Alternate exercises throughout the week, practicing them 2-3 times (3 cycles with 10 repetitions).

Exercises suitable for fighting bad postural habits and preventing neck pain are:

to strengthen the back:
- exercise n.1: position yourself with your back at 90 ° with respect to your legs and first with one hand and then with the other move a weight back and forth, leaning your free arm on a support to help yourself
- exercise n.2: in front position with the torso straight and the legs slightly bent, push the back back and then forward, leaving the arms extended at the sides

to loosen the shoulders and shoulder blades:
- exercise n.1: place your arms behind your back, take one wrist and then the other, pulling it upwards and then downwards
- exercise n.2: touch the right shoulder blade with the left hand and vice versa with the other hand, stretching as far as possible
- exercise n.3: Roll your shoulders back and forth with slow, circular movements.
Alternate the exercises throughout the week, practicing them 2-3 times (3 cycles with 10 repetitions).

Don't miss the video with the exercises for neck pain: video 1 and video 2.

On the market you can buy comfortable pillows for the neck area that soothe neck pain, such as the latex pillow or the massage cushion, equipped with vibration that helps to release tension in the neck and spine.

Even the hot it helps to soothe neck pain, because it reduces the physical stiffness that can affect this area.

There nausea typical of the cervical can be fought with a wet patch on the forehead, a collar and rest to loosen the tract in which the vagus nerve is overstimulated. In fact, this symptom is caused by the presence of the vagus nerve, which as a result of muscle contracture can also lead to a disabling situation.

For those who love cuddles, they can be practiced gods massages by experienced staff.

Physical exercises can be more effective if combined with the use of natural remedies.

The recommended plants are as follows:
- Arnica montana: defined as the homeopathic anti-inflammatory, it is indicated for those who complain of a feeling of bruising, general soreness or muscle fatigue.
- Hypericum perforatum: it has an elective action in case of trauma to the nerve endings.
- Bryonia alba: it is used when the symptom degenerates into cervical arthrosis (the typical neck pain accompanied by severe dizziness that worsens with movement).
- Actaea racemosa(black cohosh): it is useful when you suffer from pain and tension in the nape, mainly due to bad posture (sitting position at the computer).
- Solanum dulcamara: it is the best remedy when ailments are caused by damp conditions.
- Rhus Toxicodendron: it is indicated for rheumatic pains in cold-humid conditions.

For more information on the product to use and its dosage, it is advisable to contact a herbalist or homeopath.

Properties of the homeopathic kit

  • Colocynthis is a homeopathic remedy used mainly in gynecology. This hemopathic strain is indicated for relieving menstrual pain.
  • Actaea Racemosa is a homeopathic medicine used for painful periods. This strain is used in menstruation related disorders.
  • Phosphoric Magnesia it is above all a spasmolytic because it has the property of calming spasms as well as muscle cramps. This strain calms the pain associated with menstruation.
  • Caulophyllum Thalictroides : This homeopathic strain is indicated to treat painful periods and rheumatic pains in the phalanges. This remedy is often used to promote the rules of hypomenorrhea.
  • Alumina is a homeopathic strain used f or promote hypomenorrhea rules in case of vaginal dryness.

Treatment of enlarged prostate with Black Cohosh

The potential of black cohosh in treating an enlarged prostate is uncertain, according to the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. While the center mentions in vitro studies indicate that black cohosh reduces the proliferation of prostate cancer cells, studies indicate that it has positive effects on an enlarged prostate.


Experts from the Mayo Clinic explain that the male prostate continues to grow as a man ages and can sometimes cause an enlarged prostate, or benign prostatic hyperplasia, which blocks the flow of urine. Treatment options include medications, laser surgery, and standard surgery, but not black cohosh.


The black grass cohosh comes from the root of a plant found in the forests of Canada and the east coast of the United States and is a source of pantothenic acid and vitamin A. Black cohosh is a dietary supplement typically used to treat menstrual related pains.


Because black cohosh appears to have different effects on different types of conventional cancer treatment, the American Cancer Society warns against its use as a cancer treatment. Black cohosh does not appear to affect radiation therapy, but it can make some chemotherapy treatments less effective.

Video: Cimicifuga. Actaea racemosa. By Dr Mayur Mahajan. Remedy for Menstrual problems.. explored in HHF

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